US 1227443 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
w. E. JAMES.
APPLICATION FILED AUG; 14. 1915.
LQ27Q443, Patented May 22, 1917.
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WILLIAM E. JAMES, 0F PRIGHARD, ALABAMA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 22, 1917.
Application filed August 14:, 1915. Serial No. 45,558.
' To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM E. JAMES, a citizen of the United States, residing at Prichard, in the county of Mobile and State of Alabama, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Ice-Boxes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention is an improved ice box especially adapted for keeping bottled goods cold and also adapted for general refrigerating purposes, the object of the invention being to provide an improved ice box which embodies separated compartments for the reception of bottles, and which enables a bottle or other like vessel to be placed in or removed from the box without exposing the ice to warm air and without permitting cold air to escape from the box.
The invention consists in the construction, combination and arrangement of devices hereinafter described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of an ice box constructed in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the same.
The box 1 may be of any suitable size or shape and may be made of any suitable material and is here shown as comprising an upper chamber 2 and a lower chamber 3. The bottom 4t of the upper chamber and which also forms a partition wall between the chambers, is inclined forwardly and downwardly and in practice is made of ce ment or other suitable watertight material. The lower portion of the upper chamber 2 is also preferably, as here shown, provided with a lining 5, which lining may also be made of cement or of some other suitable material which will resist the action of brine. A rack 6, to support ice, is provided for the compartment or container 2 and is here shown as resting on and detachable from the upper edges of the walls of the lining.
A hinged cover 7 is provided for the upper chamber or container 2 and the front wall of the lower chamber 3 is also provided with a hinged door 8. On the front side of the ice box is a series of forwardly and upwardly inclined compartments 9 which communicate at their lower ends as at 10 with the compartment 2 and each of which is provided at its upper side with a cover 11, here shown as hinged as at 12. A drain pipe 13 leads from the lowest point in the bottom of the compartment or container 2 and is provided with a suitable valve 1%. An overflow pipe 15, provided with a trap 16, leads from the compartments 9 at a suitable level, near the upper ends of said compartments.
In the operation of my improved ice box the container or upper chamber 2 is kept supplied with liquid, preferably brine, in suflicient quantity to keep the wall 17 between said compartments 2 and the compartments 9 submerged and to also keep said compartments 9 nearly full, so that the brine forms a seal between the compartments 9 and the compartment 2. The bottles or other vessels containing the material to be kept cold are placed in the compartments 9 and in the brine therein the doors ll permitting this to be done and the seals formed by the brine preventing the entrance of warm air from without into the ice chamber and also preventing the escape of cold air from the ice chamber. The bottles or other vessels may in like manner be removed when desired. The ice in the chamber 2 keeps the brine cold and hence the brine lowers the temperature of the contents of the bottles. The compartment 3 may be utilized for general refrigcrating purposes. Should the brine reach an undesirably high level the surplus will escape through the trapped pipe 16. When it is desired to draw off the brine this may be readily done by the valved drain pipe 13.
Having thus described mydnvention, I claim A refrigerator box of the class described comprising a bottom wall, side and end walls and a hinged top wall, a partition wall secured interiorly within and to the side, end front and rear walls dividing the same into upper and lower chambers, said partition wall inclined downwardly and outwardly from the rear wallto its point of connection with the front wall, a coating of suitable waterproof material secured to the upper face of the partition wall, an ice rack arranged in the upper chamber above the inclined face of the partition wall, said front wall of the box inclined forwardly and outwardly to provide a series of compartments which communicate at their ing the contents of the articles from spoil- 10 lower end With the upper chamber, means ing.
for draining the Water from the upper In testimony whereof I aflix my signature chamber, and a hinged door in the front in presence of two Witnesses.
Wall to provide access to the lower chamber, said compartments adapted to receive WILLIAM JAMES various kinds of articles therein for hold- Witnesses:
ing the same Within the Water contained CHAS. M. ERDMAN,
Within the upper compartment thus prevent- OI-IAs. T. DUNCAN.
Copies-of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
' Washington, D. G.