US 1228258 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. I. SULLIVAN.
CARRIER OR COVER FOR CANTEENS 0R WATER BOTTLES, 84c.
APPLICATION men JUNE 24. 1916.
1,228,258. Patented May 29, 1917.
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CARRIER 0R COVER FOR CANTEENS OR WATER BOTTLES, @Lc.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 24, 1916.
1,228,258. Patented May 29, 1917.
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CARRIER OR COVER FOR CANTEENS 0R WATER BOTTLES, 6L0.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 24. 1916.
1,228,258. Patented May 29, 1917.
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UNITED STATE T OFFTG.
CECE-LIA I. SULLIVAN, OF \VORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR, BY MESN E ASSIGN- MENTS, TO UNIVERSAL PATENTS COMPANY, OF WOONSOCKET, RHODE ISLAND, A
CORPORATION OF RHODE ISLAND.
CARRIER OR COVER FOR OANTEENS OR WATER-BOTTLES, 8w.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 29, 1917.
Application filed June 24,191 Serial No.-105,535.
To all whom it may concern.
Be it known that I, OECELIA I. SULLIVAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Worcester, in the county of Worcester, State of Massachusetts, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Carriers or Covers for Canteens or Water-Bottles, &c., of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
The invention has relation, more particularly, to the closurediaps, flapfasteners, and carrier or coverbodies,' of carriers, covers, or jackets, on the order of those in which canteens or water-bottles, and the like, are incglosed and by which usually they are carr1e The invention includes novel features in the construction of canteen-carrier or cover closure-flaps, a simplified fastener-arrange ment, and an improved carrier or coverbody. The process of manufacture is sim plified in the case of carriers or covers embodying the invention, the waste which ocours in making prior carriers or covers is saved, and the cost of a carrier or cover is lessened. Carriers or covers having closurefiaps embodying the said novel features of construction, and having in connection therewith the simplified fastener-arrangement, present advantages in use over carriers or covers .having the customary clo-.
sure-flaps and fastener-arrangements.
The nature of. the improvement compr1smg the lnvention may be more clearly 1ndicated by referring first to the regulation canteen-carrier or cover now in use by the armed forces of the United States. The said regulation canteen carrier or cover has the top of the carrier or cover-body cut into special shape or outline, and so asto produce or form a blank having two oppositelyoutwardlydivergent, inclined ears or flaps constituting integral portions of such blank. These ears or flaps are adapted to be bent or folded forward over the shoulders of the canteen and around to the front of the cover, in the use of the carrier or cover, so that their free ends shall lie against the outer surface of the carrier or cover-front at somewhat widely separated places. Each ear or flap has fastening means of its own, of welllmownsnap-fastener or stud-and-socket type, the stud members of the two fastenerarrangements being fixed to the said front at laterally-opposite points, and a socketmember being fixed on each of the respective ears or flaps.
There is a number of material drawbacks and disadvantages in connection with regulation canteen-carriers or covers such as just described, and with the manufacture thereof. The shaping of the tops of the carrier or cover-bodies necessitates special operations and the employment of cutting machines, and the cut edge of a carrier-coverbody made of woven material has to be bound with tape around itsentire top, including the ears or flaps. The shaping operation entails the loss in waste of a large proportion of body-covermaterial', which is cut ofl in producing the projecting ears or flaps. With. the described construction and arrangement, employing separate fastening means for each ear or flap, and fastening the respective ears or flaps to the carrier or cover-front at laterally-opposite places, not only are duplicate fastenings employed, but each ear .or flap is fastened or unfastened by operations and motions separate from and additional to those by which the other ear or flap is fastened or unfastened. Thus, two separate fastening operations are required, and also two separate unfastening operations.
The invention has for one of its objects the elimination of all shaping of the bodyblank by cutting for the production of flaps, and the avoidance of waste of material such as heretofore has been incident to shaping. Another object thereof is to obviate necessity for binding with tape by enabling the carrier or cover-body and its closure-flap to,
be made of narrow webbing woven with flap and fasten it in closed condition. Another object is to guard against accidental escape of a canteen or water-bottle. from its cover in case the closure of the latter should accidentally become unfastened. A further object is to improve the appearance of the cover.
The features of the invention may be variously embodied in practice. The drawings show an illustrative embodiment, which I prefer, although sundry modifications may be made within the scope of the invention, particularly a sregards the broader phases of the latter.
In the drawings,-
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a canteen or water-bottle carrier or cover constituting the illustrative embodiment aforesaid, and containing a' canteen or water-bottle, with the said'carrier or cover closed and fastened. A
Fig. 2 is a rear elevation of the upper portions of the. canteen. or water-bottle carrier or coyer and canteen or water-bottle.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the canteen or water-bottle carrier or cover and inclosed canteen or water-bottle.
Fig. 4 is'a, front elevation of the canteen or water-bottle carrier or cover in open condition, with the canteen or water-bottle removed.
Having reference to the drawings,, The carrier or cover-body 1 will be shaped and proportioned in practice to inclose and fit. a. canteen, water-bottle, or other article, of therequired form. The canteen or water-bottle which is incased within the said. carrier or cover 1n Figs. 1, 2 and 3 1s or may be of well-known form, etc. At 2 is the projecting neck thereof.
The invention. provides a closure-flap which is of substantially V-shape, and which is combined with the carrier or cover-body by attaching the end-portions of. its divergent branches 3, 3*, by stitches 3", 3", Figs. 2 and 3, or other approved attaching or uniting means, to the top of the back part of the. body 1, at laterally-opposite places. The said V-shaped closure-flap is adapted to fold over the open top of the body so .as to encircle the projecting neck of a"canteen or water-bottle and embrace the lateral shoulders of the canteen or waterbottle at the top f the body ofthe latter, and so as to bring the junction 3 of thesaid branches against the carrier or cover front when the flap is drawn forward. and closed:
The means forfastening the closure-flap in closed condition is combined with the junction ofthe two branches, and withthe front of the carrier or, cover-body. The preferred fastener-means comprises, a, single.
fastener-arrangement of the gloveefastener or s'tud and-socket, type, with one member,
thereof, in this instance the stud 4, Fig. 4, applied to the carrier or cover-front, and the other member, in this instance the socket 5, applied to the junction of the flap. This is all that is required in practice, ordinarily.
In use, by a single operation and one motion, the V-shaped flap may be unfastened and swung back into an open position clear of the top of the canteen, water-bottle, or other contained article so as to leave the canteen water-bottle, or other contained article, free to be removed. After replacement of the canteen or water-bottle within the carrier or cover, the flap may be swung forward so as to cause it to encircle the neck of the canteen or water-bottle and so that its branches will bend or fold over both of the shoulders of the canteenv or Water-bottle, and then the flap may be fastened in its closed position, all by one motion. and a single operation.
The attainment of the stated objects of the invention will be obvious, in the main, from the drawings and the foregoing description.
As regards the elimination of, shaping by cutting, for the production. of flaps, thi results from the fact that the carrier or coverbody is made of a length. of flexible sheet material having a widthcorresponding with the height of the carrier or cover-body and simply having its ends brought together on the linel in Figs, 1 and 2 and secured by a seam, and the further fact that the. closure-flap is composed of a narrower strip that is doubled back upon itself on a bias line thereby making a diagonal fold which givesthe required Vo -shape by disposing, the opposite portiensof its length at the proper, angle withv relation to each other for the branches, 3?, 3?, of the closure-flap. The two thicknesses ofthe strip of which the 010-. sure-flap is fermed, occurring in the junction or apex of the closure-flap, are secured together by a triangular course of stitches 7, as shown clearly in Fig. 1.
A lining of suitable material, usually felt, will be provided in some cases, but will be omitted in others. At 8. is the bottom, it being secured in place in thelower end of the carrier orcover-hody inv any approved manner, Figs. 2 and 3 show a wire hanger 11 attaehedby means of a tab 12 of cloth or other suitablegmaterialto the back ofthe carrier or coverbody, and designed to be engaged with abelt, shoulder-strap or other means of'support. Any other desired means of attachment may i be. employed.
As. is. apparent inFigs. 1 and. 2, theneck of the canteen. or waterrbottle extends up through the openingbetween the branches ofthe closure-flap, If, in use, the flapsfas; tener. should accidentally. become loosened, thelopenangle in the fiapwilhcatch against the screw top 9.,of the canteen .or waterbottle so as to prevent the canteen or Waterbottle from coming out of the pocket constituted by the carrier or cover body, which might happen on a galloping horse with the present regulation form of cover if the flaps of the latter should become unfastened. The screw-top 9 is as usual connected loosely to the body of the canteen or waterbottle by means of a chain 10, the outermost link of which is engaged with the stem of a headed pin 9 projecting from the closed end of the said screw-top.
The material employed for the carrier or cover-body and closure-flap preferably is woven fabric, although in ,some cases in which certain of the advantages of woven fabric are not necessary other flexible ma terial may be employed. As one special feature of the invention I employ for the carrier or cover-body a length of selvaged webbing having its ends united to each other on the line 1, and for the closure-flap a length of selva-ged webbing of the width desired. Thus the exposed upper edge of the carrier or cover-body, and both edges of the strip of which the closure-flap is composed, are firm finished edges and do not require to be bound with tape. The strip of which the carrier or cover-body is composed may, be woven of a width corresponding with the height of the said body, in which case both of its edges will be selvageedges, or it may be of a width double the height of the body, in which case it will be divided lengthwise along its middle line, and the selvaged edge of either longitudinal half will constitute the top-edge of a body.
The two layers of the junction or apex of the closure-flap due to the folding effects a reinforcement of such portion of the closureflap to give it the required thickness and firmness and enable it to hold the applied fastener-member securely, without the addition of other material.
I claim as my invention l. A carrier or cover comprising a carrier or cover-body and a V-shaped closureflap, with the divergent branches of said closure-flap adapted to fold'over the shoulders of a contained canteen or water-bottle, and said closure-flap attached by the ends of such branches to the back of the said body, combined with fastening means by Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the ends of the branches of the which the junction or apex of the said closure-flap is detachably engaged with the front of the said body.
2. A carrier or cover comprising a carrier or cover-body and a V-shaped closureflap formed with an opening between its branches whereby the closure-flap is adapted to encircle the neck of a canteen or waterbottle occupying the said body, with the said flap made fast to the back of the cover-body, combined with fastening means by which the junction or apex of the closure-flap is detachably engaged with the front of the said body.
3. A carrier or cover comprising a carrier or cover-body and a closure-flap formed ofa strip of flexible material doubled back upon itself by a bias fold forming divergent branches, and having the ends of the said branches secured to the back of the said body, combined with fastening means by which the junction or apex of the closurefiap is detachably engaged with the front of the said body.
4. A carrier or cover comprising a carrier or cover-body composed of a length of selvaged webbing having its ends united to each other, and a closure-flap formed of a strip of selvaged webbing doubled back upon itself by a bias fold forming divergent branches, with the ends of the said branches secured to the back of the said body, combined with fastening means by which the junction or apex of the closure-flap is engaged. detachably with the front of the said body.
5. A carrier or cover composed of a carrier or cover-body and a V-shaped closurefiap with its divergent branches adapted to fold over the top of a contained canteen or water-bottle and attached by the ends of the said branches to the back of the said body, combined with a single fastener device comprising a member carried by the front of the said body and a co-acting member carried by the junction or apex of the V- shaped closure-flap.
Intestimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
CECELIA I. SULLIVAN. Witnesses:
FRANK R. BATOHIELDER, CHAs. F. RANDALL.
Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. G.