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Publication numberUS1228604 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 5, 1917
Filing dateNov 29, 1915
Priority dateNov 29, 1915
Publication numberUS 1228604 A, US 1228604A, US-A-1228604, US1228604 A, US1228604A
InventorsJohn P Sandell
Original AssigneeJohn P Sandell
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined divan and bed.
US 1228604 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. P. SANDELL. COMBINED mvmv AND BED.

APPLICATION FILED NOV. 29. I915.

a SHEETS-SHEET z.

Patented June 5,

' l,28,60&.

Jzzrerfir LY/mPQIZdeZZ/ m r NORRIS PSYERS co..PNOm-u1uo., WASNINGTDN, n. c.

J. P. SANDELL.

COMBINED DIVAN AND BED- APPLICATION FILED NOV. 29,1915

1,28,604h, Patented June 5, 1917.

3 SHEETS-:SHEET 2.

ms NORRIS n ma: 00.. FNOm-Llrnm. wnsumnmu. n. c,

J, P! SANDELL.

COMBINED DIVAILAND BED,

APPLICATION HLED NOV. 29. 1915.

1,.QQ8,604 Patented June 5, 1917.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 3- m1: lvnpms FEYERS mJmow-uman WASNINGmM n c.

" @FFlQF.

JOHN P. SANDELL, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

COMBINED DIVAN' AND BED.

Specification of Letters IPatent.

Patented June 5, 1917.

Application filed November 29, 1915. Serial Name.

To all whom it may concern:

.Be it known that I, J OHN P. SANDELL, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combined Divans and Beds; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact descrip tion thereof, reference being had to the ac companying drawings and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification- This invention relates to an improved combined divan and bed and consists of the matters hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

The object of the invention is to provide a structure of the kind described, which is of simple and economical construction and which is easily operated to change from one form to the other, and which at the same time presents the more desirable and necessary advantages both as to appearances and as to comfort of either form it is made to assume.

The various objects and advantages of my improved structure will appear as I proceed with my specification.

1n the drawings Figure 1 is a perspective view illustrating my improved combined divan and bed when in the form of a divan. i

Fig. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the same when in the form of a bed.

Fig. 3 is a vertical section through my improved combined divan and bedin a plane indicated by the line 33 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 1 is a similar view showing the changed relation of the various parts when it is used as a bed.

Fig. 5 is a detail horizontal sectional view, the plane of the section being indicated by the line 5-5 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is a detail. vertical section in a plane indicated by the line 66 of Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of one of the movable arm rest members forming a part of my improved combined divan and bed.

Fig. 8 is a detail perspective view illustrating an automatic catch which will be more specifically referred to later.

Referring in detail to that embodiment of my invention illustrated in the accompanying drawings 10 indicates as a whole my combined divan {and bed. It comprises a longitudinally extending heel board or front member 11 to each end of which there is attached by suitable corner plates 12 (see' Fig. rearwardly extending parallel end members 13 To the bottom edges of each end frame member 13 is attached a metallic strap 'or rail 14 which projects beyond the inner rear end of said frame members as indicated at 14 for a purpose which will presently appear. To each strap 14 is fixed in a suitable manner, a pair of caster wheels 15.

16 indicates as a whole a comparatively shallow box-like casing, open at its rear, which is operatively attached to the inner free ends of the divan frame end members 13 by means of hinges 17, 17. Said casing isiso made that when arranged in a vertical position, it forms the back for the divan and when swung downwardly about the hinges17, into a horizontal position, it will form the main frame for the bed. Said casing is thus a combination member and for convenience will be referred to as such in the claims.

The casing 16, comprises a front wall 18 in which is provided a black cushion 18 end walls 19 and top and bottom walls 20 and 21 respectively. The casing 16 projects a short distance beyond the end frame inembers 13 of the divan frame and is adapted to receive a standard sizeone piece bed spring 22 and mattress 23, respectively, held in place therein, in a manner presently to appear. Said casing isso hinged to the inner top edges of each end frame member 13 by the hinges 17 that when said casing is in its upright position as indicated in Figs. 1 and 3, the bottom wall 21 thereof will engage and rest upon the projecting ends 14: of the rails 14 before referred to. This construction, as is apparent, removes the weight of said casing from the hinges 17. When the casing 16 is swung about its hinges 17 into a horizontal position, as illustrated in Figs. 2 and 4, the front wall 18 thereof forms the bottom wall of said bed frame.

To provide for an easy manipulation on the part of the operator in making the change from a divan to a bed, I find it convenient to attach to thebottom wall 21 of said casing, a longitudinally extending counter weight compartment 24.. 25 indicates a spring shade roller of familiar type which is mounted in suitable bearings formed on the bottom wall 21 of said casing. Said roller is provided with a pair of straps 26, 26, whichare adapted to be passed about the mattress 23 and to have their free ends engage with pins 27 secured ;.to.theainnera face of the top wall 20. When it is desired to remove the mattress for purpose of tlean ing or repair, the straps 26 may be readily disengagedvfrom thepins 27, and the mattress and spring then removed from thecasing. The top wall 20 is preferably made with ya v:longitudinally hinged. section 20 which may be folded down when the. casing is in. ahorizontal position, so as to present. a sitting edge to. the mattress.-

30 indicates the seat cushionof the usual ets/bei'ng'arranged. in aplane adjacent the.

endlmembers .13 .of the divan frame (see Figs.;5 and 6). The: front edgeof saidseat cushion is adapted to normallyrest upon the I top edgelof.thenheel. board .11 when. the device. isusedas a divan.- Should it be desirablel .to. remove the. cushion 80 for zany; reason, alltheoperator has to do is to impart annpward.movementxtothe rear edge ofthe. seat. cushion/.to-withdraw the pins 31 I from the slots 31 when it may then be re movedsentirely.

Projehtingfromth rear bottom surface ofwthe -seaticushionintermediatexits ends is a.lug;.,33, whichis adapted to engage with a forwardllyl extending springlatch 84L fixed I toitheabottom wall. 21 .of the casing, when theseatcushionSO as a-whole-is swung up wardly about its trunnions 31 in the slots. 31

into ran. upright. position a as is illustrated in dotted lines-iri Figs. 1 and 3. Y This construction 1 holds the: seat cushion in J a proper -position..relativeato the. casing 16 when said casing iisbeing swung. into a horizontal position, as :when making :the. change from a divanztowa bed and alsovwhen itis desired to sweep or otherwiseaclean beneath the de'- vice when used as a .divan.- When it is desired t0T.lO'W6I"rtl16 seat cushion again to. its. normalposition, .the: operatordepresses the spring latchl34 with the foot; a short extension r349. being provided for'that purpose. (See Fig. 8.)

35, 35 indicate..arm.rest. or rail members, whichwhen.thedevice is. used as a .divan, provides the finished arms ofthe divan and whichlwhen the device is used as a bed, are adapted .to be -movedou-twardly in a vertical planento-formthe head and foot railsre-. spectivelyi; thereof.. As the said :arm .rest

members are: alike with the eXceptio-ntof beingi ,..rightl and fleftii, a ,description of. one will suiiice for both. The -arm .rest-'mem--.

vertical. planein amanner similar to that of .a parallel. rule. Said hinges are attached to the end 'frame..member 13 adjacent its ends. and to the. inner facesof the .upright wall' of the .arm' rest. frame members v near its bottomedge. WVhen in use as a divan,

' eachlarmmrest- .member .85 is in a position closely engaging the associated end frame member 13 of the. divan frame which frame member is. then located in a plane intermediate. theupright outer and inner walls of the. arm .-rest\member, this. position being.per-: mitted .by .reason of construction of the inner upright. walhbefore described. The armrest-member 35 as a whole is lockedto the. associated divan frame end member '13, with its rear. edgeaengaging the ends of the casingfront walllS bymeans of a spring held latch37 fixedfto the inner face of the upright outer :wall. 35, said latch. engagingv with and projecting a short distance beyond anupright catch .13 on the inner-fa ce of said .divan frame end member 13 intermediate its ends. It is apparentfrom the foregoing description that when the arm rest is locked to the end frame member 13,..the casing 16. as: a whole is securely held against displacement or movement. about the hinges 17, by reason ofthe engagement of the rear end of said armrest-member with the ends of the casingzwall 18, and the inner face of tlie-- front,.upright wall 351 will engagevthe adjoiningrends of the heel. board 11 and end frame member 13of the divanfr ame so as to inclose. the same to. presentaa finished appearance thereto.

To-the..bottomrsurface of .the ends of-the seat: cushion..30 intermediate the front and rear edges thereof is provided a tripping lug 30 which. projects: into the vertical plane of the freeend of the. arm .restmember 37 and which when. thedevice asa whole is operated. to make-the change from-a divan to a -bed, 'is. adapted toengage said latch so"- as to-release the: same. .from.locking engageof the divan by the arm rest members, which in themselves, are locked to the end frame members of the divan frame by the engagement of the latches 37 with the catches l3 on the said end frame members 13, the seat cushion 30 of course, being in its normal horizontal position wherein it is pivotally supported on the brackets 32, with its front edge resting upon the top edge of the heel board 11. It is now desired by the operator to make the change from a divan to a bed. The operator grasps the front edge of the seat cushion 30 and swings it upwardly about its trunnions 31. The projecting lug 33 fixed to the bottom rear edge of the seat cushion contacts against the body of the spring catch 34: projecting forwardly from the bottom Wall of the casing so as to depress and pass the same to engage the front edge thereof only. This looks the seat in a position approximately parallel to the upright casing 16. swinging-movement of the seat cushion as described, the trip lugs 30 on the ends thereof engage the latches 37 and raise them from locking engagement with the catches on the end members of the divan frame. Said arm rest members may then be swung vertically outward, away from the s end members 13 of the divan frame about the hinges 36, as before described, and the casing 16 as a whole then swung downwardly about the hinges 17 (the counter weight 24: assisting in preventing the rapid downward movement) until the front wall 18 thereof engages and rests upon (at its ends) the top edges of the end members of the divan frame, said casing thenbeing in a horizontal position with its end walls in a plane parallel and adjacent to the arm rest members 35 which now form the head and foot pieces respectively of the bed. When in this position the top wall part 20 may be swung about its hinges as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, so as to give free access to the mattress upon which the bed clothing may now be placed, and, a free sitting edge is presented by said mattress.

With the parts in this position and it is desired to change the device back into a divan, the bed clothing is removed, the bed frame as a whole (the casing 16) is swung about the hinges 17 into an upright position. The operator then steps on the projecting end 34* (see Fig. 8) of the spring catch 34 to depress the same beyond its locking engagement with the lug 33 on the seat cushion 30, which may then be swung downwardly about its trunnions which bear in the brackets 32 on the casing 16, until the front bottom edge of said seat cushion rests upon the top edge of the heel board 11 of the divan frame.

The arm restmembers 35 are then moved inwardly about the hinges 36 when the front During the upwardly,

inclined edges of the latches 37 will ride over and engage behind the associated catches on the end members 13 of the divan frame. The device now in all respects presents the appearance of a good substantial divan.

It is apparent that my improved structure possesses many advantages over structures of the present time for the same purpose. A full size standard spring and mattress, each of which are integral in themselves, may be used instead of the sectional folding springs and associated thin mattress which are not conducive to comfortable sleep.

Another advantage is that there is no possible manner in which the various parts may shift under the weight of persons 00- cupying the same (as when a divan or bed) .to automatically or partially make a change from one form to the other. It consists of but a few parts which cannot get out of order, and is simple to operate in making the change from one form of the device to the other. Also the spring and mattress may be easily removed for the purpose of cleaning and it is also possible to clean underneath the divan without moving the same as a whole.

While in describing my invention I have referred to the details of construction and arrangement of parts, I do not wish to be limited thereto except as may be pointed out in the appended claims.

I claim as my invention 1. A combined divan and bed, comprising a horizontally disposed frame having a front member and two end members, a combination, member hinged near one edge to the frame end members with its ends projecting beyond said frame end members, rail members connected to said frame, extending at right angles to said combination member and normally located within the planes of its ends but capable of movement beyond said planes, said rail members being adapted to become head and foot board members of the bed, a seat member normally resting at its forward edge upon the front frame member, devices extending from said combination member and pivotally connected to said seat member providing rear supports for said seat member, and means for locking said seat member to said combination member when said seat member is swung upon its pivotal connection with said combination member.

2. A combined divan and bed, comprising a horizontally disposed frame having a front member and two end members, a combination member hinged near one edge to the frame end members with its nds projecting beyond said frame end members, rail members connected to said frame, extending at right angles to said combination member and normally located within the planes of its ends-but capa'ble offlmovement beyond saidplanes, said rail members being-adapted to become head and foot board membcrs 'of the bed, a seat: member normally resting-flat tionimembr andpivota'lly connected to said seat memberproviding rear supports for said seat member, and means for automati- -=cally locking sa1d seat member m substan tially parallel relation tosaid: combination member when said seat member is-swung -its' forwardedgefupontheifront frame mom-' ber, devices extending from said OOII'lbIIlEL- upon its pivotal" connection with said"com' bination member. a

3. A combined-divan LI1d b6d,* COIIlpI'1SlI g a horizontal-1y disposed frame: having a frontmember and two end members,a com-" bination member hinged near one edge to the frame end -memberswith its ends-"pro jeeting beyond said frame end members,

rail members-connected to said-frame, ex-- tending'at right angles to said combination member and normally located within the planes of its ends but 'eapablebfmovement beyond-said planes,said rail members being adapted to become head-and"foot boardmembers of the bed, a seat'membernor mally resting at its forward edge upon the front frame member, devices extending from said eombination member and pivotally con'- neeted to said seat member providingrear supports-for said seat member, said device being detachably conneeted to said seat member, and means for locking said seat member in substantially parallel relation'to said combination member when said seat 1 member is swung upon its pivotal connection with sald combination member;

4. A combined divan and bed, comprising a horizontally disposed framehaving a front member and two end-members, a comblnation member hinged near one edge'to the frame end members with its ends pro-' jeeting beyond said frame end members, said frame being provided with rear extensions to engage the bottom edge of said combination member when said combination member is in upright position, rail members connected to said frame, extending. at right angles to said combination member and-nor:

mally located within the planes of its ends, but capable of movement beyond said planes,

said rail members being adapted to become head and foot board members of the bed, a

seat member normally resting at its forward edge upon the front frame member, device's" extending from said combination member and pivotally'conneeted to said seat member providing rear supports for said seat' Copies of this patent ma be obtained for membery-and mea-ns for 'lo eking sa-id seat member in substantially parallel relation to saidcombination member when said seat frame end members with its ends pro ecting 1 beyond said frame end members, rail members connected'to Silld frame, extendlngat right angles to said combination member" and normally'lo'cated within "the' 'planesof its ends but eapable'ofmovement beyondsa-id planesy a seat member normally resting," at its forward'redge upon the front frame memberydeviees extending from said combination 1 member and 'pivotally connected to said seat member providing rear supports for said seat member, meansfor locking said member is in horizontal position, and means actuated in raising l therseat for unlocking the seat member from said rail members. I

6."A combined divan and bed comprising '80 rail members to said frame when the seat a horizontally disposed frame having a front-member'andtwo end'members', a com binationmember hinged near one edgeto the frame end members with its ends projecting beyond said frame end members, rail memhere connected to said frame, extending at right angles to said combination member andnormally located within the planes of itswendsbut capable of movement-beyond said-planes, a seat "member normally resting at its forward edge upon'the front frame member, devices extendingfrom said combination member and pivotally connected to said seat member providingrear supports for saidseat member, means for=loeking saidrailmembers to said frame when'the seat member is in'horlzontal poslt on, means actuated iniraising the seat for unlocking the seat member from said-rail members, and means for loekingsaid-seatmember in sub-- stantially parallel relation to said combination member when said seat member isswung upon'its pivotal connection with said combination member;

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as'my invention'I aflix my signature in the presence of two witnesses, this 26th day of November, A. D. 1915.

JOHN P. SANDELL.

Witnesses:

T. H. ALFREDs, KARL W; DoLL.

fivecents'each, by addressingthe Commissioner of Patents, Washington, 'D.-G.--

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2534175 *Sep 18, 1946Dec 12, 1950Anton LorenzSofa-bed with forward turning back
US2644170 *Apr 19, 1947Jul 7, 1953Kelcon CorpConvertible seat bed with forwardturning back
US4530123 *May 3, 1982Jul 23, 1985Marcel MathouRest bed, more specially for young children
US7607180Feb 14, 2007Oct 27, 2009Krueger International, Inc.Convertible seating furniture
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/43, 5/52, 5/55.1, 5/411
Cooperative ClassificationA47C17/165