US 1229332 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
.I. H. SHAW.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 2911914 PatentedJune 12, 1917.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1- WITNESSES;
LVVENTOR. ya 4 m Mm WW A TTORNEY.
J. H. SHAW.
APPLICATION HLED JAN. 29. 1914.
Patented June 12, 1917. F?- 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
MUG/1M M A TTORNE).
' citizen of the lock are employed to COIl JOHN SHAW, OF NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGN OR TO SARGENT & COMPANY, OF HAVEN, CONNECTICUT, CORPORATION OF CONNECTICUT.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN H. SHAW, a. United States, residing in the city and county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Locks, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
particularly to locks in which a pin tumbler lock mechanism is housed in a knob, and
wherein both the knob and the pin tumbler such as alatch bolt. The pin tumbler lock is operative on the bolt at all times when the proper key is used, but the knob may be dogged by suitable mechanism in order to fine operation of the bolt from the outsideto the key mechanism alone.
I-Ieretofore the pin tumbler lock mechanlsm has usually been rigidly, connected with the knob shell so as to rotate therewith when the knob is turned, and the pin tumbler lock is secured to the escutcheon, or to the casing containing the bolt mechanism only through the intermediary of therotary knob spindle. By
ever, the pin tumbler lock is rigidly and fixedly secured to the escutcheon just as in the case where no' inclosing knob is emplayed, and the knob, or at least the inajor portion of the same, rotates about the pin tumbler lock, on which it has a suitable bearing.
The primary objects to provide an eflicient knob lock constructed along the lines above indicated; to furnish a structure in which the cap piece of the knob contains the pin tumbler lock and is fixed tothe escutcheon to form abearing for the rotatable part vide a construction in dle holds the key rod in place relatively to the key barrel or plug; to furnish a lock in which the means for securing the pin tumbler lock to the escutcheon also serves to secure the knob thimble to the escutcheon; and to generally improve the construction and operation of devices my invention relates.
which the knob spin-- To these and other ends, the invention- Specification of Letters Patent.
. .In the accompanying drawings, Q
This invention relates tolocks,and more operate a suitable bolt,
my nnprovements, llOW-' of my invention are which engage the threaded ends of of the knob; to proof the class to which- Patented June 11.2, 191 a.
Figure 1 is a front elevation of a knob lock embodying my improvements. I Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a fragmentary inner face view of the escutcheon to which the knob is ap:
4-is a section on line 4'l of Fig. 1. 5 is a section on line 5-5 of Fig. l 6 is a section on line 66 of Fig. 4. 1g. 7 shows the several parts of the knob lock in the relation wherein said parts are assembled,
'- Fig. 8 is a rear elevation of the cap piece for the knob, and of the pin tumbler lock mechanism carried thereby.
Fig. 9 is a front elevation of the knob shell detached.
Fig. 10 is a rear elevation of Fig. 9, and Fig 11v is a detail of the thimble. Referring to the drawings, my improved knob comprises in its general featuresa cap piece carrying the pin tumbler lock 21 and fixed to the escutcheon 22; 23 forming the majorportion of the knob proper, and rotatable about, and having a bearing on, the cap piece 20; a spindle 24 carried by the knob fixed to the escutcheon and through which said spindle extends. The pin tumbler lock -21 comprises a casing 26 secured to, or integral with, the cap piece 20, and it is likewise provided with a pin tumbler extension 27, and with a key plug 28, which rotates in an opening in the cap piece. sides of the casing 26 of the pin tumbler lock, the latter is provided with rearwardly projecting lugs 29, having screw holes 30, screws 31 screwed into' the pin tumbler lock and fixing it rigidly to the escutcheon 22, as shownin Fig. 5. The screws 31 also pass through openings 32 in a fia11ge33 at the outer end of the thimble 25, and the heads 34 of said screws are located at the inner face of the escutcheon, with theshanks of the screws passing through holes 35' in the escutcheon, whereby the pin tumbler lock and the thimble are both rigidly secured to fixed bearing for the correspondingly shaped front edge 23 of the knob shell 23, which a knob shell:
At opposite 6.0 the cap or disk 47 extends, and in which-it is seated in the manner shown in Figs. 4 and 5.
the portion of the pin tumbler lock extending rearwardly from the cap piece. The shell 23 is connected with the knob spindle 24 by a flange or web 36, which preferably joins the shell and the spindle in an in tegral manner. The web or flange 36 is interposed between the flange 33 of the thimble and the rear end of the case of the pin "tumbler lock, and is provided with arcuate slots 37 which clear the lugs 29, and permit the knob to have a limited turning movement. By referring to Fig. 6, it will be noted that the lugs 29 and slots 37 are tumbler lock and the thimble to the ing plate 39, groove 40 in shaped to conform to each other, but that the lugs are considerably shorter than the corresponding slots. In the normal position of the parts, as shown in Fig. 6, the lugs will be in the middle portions of the respec-,
tive slots so" that the knobshell may be turned to a certainv extentin either direction The'screws 31 not only attach the pin escutcheon, but they also secure the knob spindle 24 rotatively in an opening 38 in the escutcheon by clamping .against the inner face of the escutcheon the'sectional retainwhich extends into an annular the knob shank, as shown in Figs. 4 and 5. 1 The inner end ed to-fit a corresponding polygonal opening in a hub orro1lback*42, whereby the bolt (not shown)--is adapted to be retracted in any preferred manner. Adjacent the rollback 42 is a. second roll-back 43 adapted to be operated by the pin tumbler lock, for
which purpose said roll-back 43 is suitably connected to'a key rod 44 extending rearwardly from, and: rotatable by the key plug 28. The outer end of'thekey rodlis provided'with ahead 45, which is detacliably connected with the keylug preferably. 1n
the following manner. t the rear end-of the key plug, the latter-has attached thereto by screws 46, 'a cap or washer '47 interrupted annular; flange notches or seats 'in' which thelrespective ends of the head 45 are adapted to be held in such having an a manner that'the'key plug and'the key rod will be interlocked to -rotate. together. The head 45 is looselyseatedflnfthe.seat on the .rearend of the key pl g, and is held therein by .the knob spindle24, which is provided with an annular shoulder 48, that overlies .1 the head 45 when the" parts are assembled;
and holds the head to its seat. The shoulder 48 of the, knob spindle forms theback or -bottom of a circular recess or seat into which The operation of the device is substantially'as follows: When the hub 42 of the knob spindle 24 is not doggedby the usual knob shell incloses, and is rotatable about,
of the knob spindle 24 ,is'; provided with a polygonal portion 41 adapt-- gether and to the escutcheon.
presentlng I ll 329,332
night latch mechanism (not shown) the knob shell 23 may be turned. in either direc tion to an extent necemary to actuate the latch mechanism. A full rotation of the knob'shell, however, is prevented by the engagement of the lugs 29 with the edges of the respective slots 37 The cap piece 20 of the knob and he p1n tumbler lock remain stationary at all times. Whentheknob spindle 24 is rendered immovable, the lock may be actuated by a key inserted in the keyway of the pin tumbler lock, and adapted to release the key plug, which, in turning, will operate the key rod and itsroll-back in an obvious manner; The facility of manipulating the knob is not impaired by having the section 20 thereof stationaryv as the movable part is so located as to be readily grasped and turned.
v The knob shell is so'assembled relatively to the pin tumbler lock as to hold the key rod in operative relation to the latter. The main parts of the structure may be readily detached by removing the-screws 34 from the inside of the escutcheon, and disengag ing the retaining plate 39 from the knob be imme- The lock escutcheon will hold the parts firmly to- Of ourse, I have not attempted to illustrate or describe the various modifications of the. construction which may be adopted within the scope of the appended claims.
- What I-claim 1s:
, 1, The combination of an escutcheon, .a pin tumbler lock fixed to the same, and a bolt operating member rotatable about'said pin tumbler lock; substantially as described.
'2. The combination of an escutcheon, a
pin tumbler lock fixed to the same, and a bolt operating member rotatableabout said pin tumbler lock, and passing through the escutcheon; substantially as described;
3. Thecombination with an escutcheon, of
a pin tumblerlock secured thereto and rigid therewith, anda knob section inclosing said pin tumbler lock and rotatable relatively to the same; substantially as described.
4. The combination with an escutcheon, of a pin tumbler lock secured to and rigid with said escutcheon and located in front of said escutcheon, and a knob shell having a'rota- .table bearing on said pin tumbler lock; sub
stantially as described.
5. The combination wlth an escutcheon, of
a pin tumbler lock having a fixed art with radial pin tumblers, and. a movable ey plug,"13
I means for securing the fixed part of said pin tumbler lock to said escutcheon at the front ofthe latter, and a knob shell rotatable about said pin tumbler lock; substantially as described.
6. The combination ofa plate, a pin tumbler lock having radial pin tumblers, rigidly secured to said plate at one side of the same, said lock having a rotary key plug cooperating with said pin tumblers, a knob shell having a rotatable bearing onthe fixed part of said pin tumbler look at one side of said plate; a bolt-operating member extending fromisaid key plug through said plate a second bolt-, operating member connected with said knob to the other side thereof, and
shell and extending through said plate; substantially as described. I
he combination with an escutcheon, of.
a two-part knob, one part of said knob carrying a pin tumber lock and being rigid .substantially as" described.
with the. escutcheon, the other part of the knob being rotatable relatively to the first named part, and having a spindle passing through the escutcheon, a thimble surrounding said spindle, and a single means for securing the thimble and the fixed part of the knob to the escutcheon; substantially as described.
8. The combination a thimble secured thereto, a pin tumbler lock rigid with said thimble, and a knob section extending and rotatable about said pin tumbler lock, and having a spindle passing through said thimble and the 9. The combination with an escutcheon, of a knob cap piece, pin tumbler lock carried by saidcap piece,a*"thimble, means for. se curing the thimble and. pintumbler lock rigidly to the escutcheon, and a knob section having a,-rotatable bearing on said cap piece, and provided with through the escutcheon; substantially as described. 310. The combinationfwith an escutcheon,
' ofa pin tumbler lock fixed'to said escutcheon, a knob shell -"tumbler, lock, and
rotatable about said pin having a spindle passing through the escutcheon, andmeans. associated with said pin tumbler lock to limit the. turning movement of said spindle; substantially as described.-'
11. In a knob lock, the combination of a' a pin tumbler lock carried thereby, and having a key plug,
a key-rod, and asecond knob section holding said key rodin operative relation to said key plug; substantially as described. j
12. In a knob lock, thec0mbinati0n of a knob section, thereto, and hav ng a, key .plug, plug being'provided at its rear end with a seat, a key rod having ahead, and a second knob section having means overlying the tially as described.
with an escutcheon, of
a spindlepassing scribed. a pin 1 tumbler lock secured said keytherewith, a cap fixed to said lockand cutcheon,
a knob having a cap rigid with the escutcheon, and a rotatable operating shell bearing on said cap; substantially as described.
16. The combination of an escutcheon, a knob cap having a bearing, means for securing said cap to .said escutcheon, and a 'rotary knob shell having a spindle passing through the escutcheon, and provided with a part engaging said cap bearing; substan- 17. The combination of an escutcheon, a knob cap fixed to the escutcheon having a and a rotary knob shell having a rim engaging said bearing; substantially as described.
18. The combination of an escutcheon, a thimble secured thereto, a lock rigid with said thimble, and a knob section extending and rotatable abou said lock; substantially as described. 7 g
19. The combination of two knob sections,
a rotatable operating shell;
withan escutcheon, comprising two parts which are a. lock in one section having a key plug, a
separate key rod in the other section, and means for holding the key plug and key rod 111 operative connection With each other by the assemblage of said knob sections; sub
stantially as described.
20. The combination of an escutcheon, a pin tumbler lock, means for securing said pin tumbler lock rigidly to said escutcheon at. some distance in front of the escutcheon, a meinberrotatably. mounted on said pin tumbler lock and passing through said escutcheon, and bolt-operating means carried by,'said member at the inner face of the escutcheon; substantially as described. U e 21. "The combination of anescutcheon, a
pins tumbler lock, means for securing said i pin tumbler lock rigidly to said escutcheon,
a bolt-operating member inclosing said pin tumbler lock and rotatable about'the same,
- and having a spindle extending through the escutcheon, and a key rod connected vwith lock, and extending said pin tumbler substantially as dethrough said spindle;
22. The combination of an escutcheon, a pin tumbler lock secured thereto and constituting 'a knob section rigid with the es and a second knob section inclosrigid scribed.
all of said parts 24. In a lock, the combination of; an ,e,s- 15 cutcheon, a lock at the outside'of the escutcheon, screws for securing said lock rigidly to said escutcheon, and a rotatable bolt operating member surrounding said lock and passing through the escutcheon; substantially as described. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand on the 24 day of January, 1914.
JOHN H. SHAW.
R. R. CAMPBELL, BERTHA RAY.