US 1230873 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. R. CROSSLEY.
HEAD CLAMP AND EYELID HOLDER FOR SURGICAL OPERATIONS ON THE EYE.
APPLICATION HLED NOV. I8. l9l6.
1,230,873. Patented June 26, 1917.
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E. R. CROSSLEY. HEAD CLAMP AND EYELID HOLDER FOR SURGICAL OPERATIONS ON THE EYE."
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 18. I916- Patented June 26, 1917.
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HEAD-CLAMP AND' EYELID-I-IOLDER FOR SURGICAL OPERATIONS O].\l"".'l1-I1il EYE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 26, 1917.
Application filed November 18, 1916. Serial No. 132,009.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it knownthat I, ELIJAH R. GRossLEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Head-Clamps and Eyelid-I-Iolders for Surgical Operations on the Eye, of which the following is a specification. r
This invention relates to improvements in head clamp and eyelid holder for use in performing operations on the eye and has for one ofits objects the provision of an apparatus of this character by means of which the head of the patient may be securely held against movement and the eyelid held retracted during such operation.
A further object is to provide an apparatus of this character inwhich the parts are out of the way of the operator and are detachable for sterilization.
A further object is to provide an apparatus of this character which will be comparatively light, simple, durable, cheap and compact in construction and effective and eflicient in operation.
To-the attainment of these ends and the accomplishment of other new and useful objects as will appear, the invention consists in the features of novelty in substantially the construction, combination and arrangement of the several parts hereinafter more fully described and claimed and shown in the accompanying drawings illustrating the invention and in which Figure 1 is a side elevation of an appa ratus of this character, constructed in accordance with the principles of this invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view partly in ele-' vation and partly in section of a portion of the apparatus.
Fig. 3 is a detail perspective viewof the eyelid retractor.
Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the parts shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a side elevation of a modified form of the invention.
Fig. 6 is a View partly in end elevation and partly in section of the parts shown in Fig. 5.
' Referring more particularly to the drawings', the numeral'10 designates a supporting base which may be constructed of any desired size and material and is provided with cooperating clamping members 11, 12, which are mounted to slide toward and away from each other, so as to clampthe'side of the head. j
The clamping members are provided with a portion '13, which slides within a groove 14 within the support 10, and in order to effect the clamping and unclamping operation, any suitable means may be provided for moving them toward and away from each other, such as a screw 15, which is mounted within the groove 14 and has threaded engagement with each of the clamping members as at 16, and the screw may be provided with handles 17 at its extremities by means of which the screw may be manipulated and the threads on the screw are arranged right and left, so that when the screw is operated, it will correspondingly adjust the clamping members with respect to each other according to the direction of movement of the screw.
The clamping members are of any desired shape so as to grip the side of the head of the patient and hold the same immovable, and if desired, braces '18 may be provided which are adapted to rest upon the face of the support 10, and are connected with the clamping members so as to hold the members steady.
In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 1 to 4, the clamping members are provided with tubular portions 19, 20, into which uprights 21, 22 respectively telescope, and fastening devices 23 such as set screws may be provided for holding the uprights 22 in adjusted positions.
Extending across the space between the clamping members 11, 12,'are cross bars 24, 25, which have sliding or loose engagement respectively with the uprights 22 and 21, so as to permit the clamping members 11 and 12 to be adjusted toward and away from each other when desired.
Each of these rods are provided with heads 26 on the extremities thereof, and one of which heads may be removable in order to permit the rods to be detached.
Sliding upon each of the rods 24, 25, is a guide or holder 27, having a slot 28 through which an eyelid retractor 29, having a hooked end 30, is adapted to slide, and the holder 27, together with the retractor 29 is secured in position in any suitable manner such as by means of a clamp screw 31.
In use, the head of the patient is placed upon a cushion 32 which rests upon the support between'the clamping members 11, 12 and the screw 15 is then operated to cause the clamping members to engage the side of the head and clamp the same, During this adjustment, the clamping members will have adjustment with respect to the bars 24', 25. l
the h a of th P t en i firmly damped t e, h ldel 2' re ad t d b position that tl e retractors 29 will be properly positioned so that the hooked end 30. ay he. ngage u d heey id nd w the eyelid i389, engaged, the retractor 29. is hf w th ou h t helder until the. ye i is retracted "to, the proper distance. The da pin el men 31 i en i ted and h eyelid W ll be et i in the r ra e position. The retractor will also serve to elevate the eyelid from the eyeball.
l Vh'en the parts are in this position, it will be manifest that the eyelids will not only be held retracted, but it will be impossible for the patient to move his head. Q
Furthermore, the eyeball will be exposed or opera i h' he h a he pa f. h holder clamp are so arranged thatthey W l be ea of t W ef t ep'e et h In the form of the invention shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the clamps 33 are provided with a solid body portion 8 which isjprefah i tly on ei a d. p oj above the body 3lis a tubular portion 35 into which a ste1n'36 telescopes and is held by'means of a fastening screw 31. Pivotally connected with the stem 36, are arms 38, 39, having guide openings 40, 11, therein re-, spectively for the rods 24, 25. The arms 38, 3 9.. are. adapted to beclamped in any position with respect to each other by means of a clamping nut 42.
With this improved construction it will be n anit'est that either one or the other of the rods 24, 25 may be adjusted into ditlierent horizontal planes and thereby elevate wer h 'ehea r and t elf he tractors may be raised or lowered with re spect to each, other. This adjustment also Pe mi t f hee ere e, e pr p r y P S f tioned with respect to thevarious, patients. It will also be obvious with these forms of the invention that the parts are detachably secured. together'in such a way, that h y sterilized.
While the, preferred forms of the invention have been herein shown and described, it is to be understood that various changes.
may be made'in the details, of construction,
ma ea ily enerated a d h part and in the combination and arrangement of the several parts without departing from the spirit of this invention.
What is claimed as new is:
1. A device of thecharacter described, emy n means. for lempi nd. hold the head, and means-for retracting and holding the eye lid. I
'2. A device of the character described, embodying a head clamp and holder, and means cooperating therewith for'retracting the eye lid.
3-. A, de ice f. the char cte deser e iembodying clamps adapted to engage the; side i? h hel h a an ea upp r by said clamps for, retracting the eyelid,
t A elevi f th e ara te rib di m- ,hedyies-e heed lamp f r ng th h a h nd m ans diel teh y eni l e ed' by; t clamp for engaging and retracting the eye 1id- 7 A1 selii-contained-device of the charac-,
ter escrib d, e. nhodyingv an adius ableh ad c ampi g me ns, nd ahadju ah y l retracting means, both of-said means being, adj tab e ndepend ntly. with respect. to each" other.
8'. A; deviceof thecharacter described,embodying ahead rest, clamps adjustably sup ported by the rest. for clamping the head, and an eyelid .retractor adjustably and detachably connected with the clamp.
9. A'device of the character described, 6111- bodying cooperating head clamps, av sup port upon which said clamps are adjustably mounted, supplemental supports adjustably:
connected with the clamps, and- :eyelid re; tractors adjustably connected with the sup.- plemental supports. 4
10. A device. of the character described, embodying cooperating head clanips, a sup.-
ehara ter de hed. n. dy n a head; r st uppo t, emp eme m port upon. which said clamps are adjlustably mounted, supplemental supports adjustably.
and detachablyi connected with the clamps, and eyelid retractors adjustably connected with the supplemental supports.
11. A device of the character described-,1
embodying head clamps tor engaging and clam ing. opposite. sides 0t. the headia support upon which the clamps are adjustabl'yQ mountedg supplemental supports adjustably connected; with the clamps" and: projectingi uprightly therefrom, a guide extending two subscribing Witnesses, on this 15th day from one of the clamps to the other and of November, A. D. 1916. adjustably connected With the supplemental supports, and an eyelid retractor adjust- GROSSLE'Y' ably mounted to move upon said guide. Witnesses:
In testimony whereof I have signed my IRMA M. BAKING, name to this specification, in the presence of J. H. J OGHUM, J 1'.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.