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Publication numberUS1232095 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 3, 1917
Filing dateJun 7, 1916
Priority dateJun 7, 1916
Publication numberUS 1232095 A, US 1232095A, US-A-1232095, US1232095 A, US1232095A
InventorsHenry A Sass
Original AssigneeUllman Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1232095 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented July 3, 1917.

attozwcq D STATES PATENT ornron.



Patented July 3, 1917.

Application filed June 7, 1916. Serial No. 102,208.

To all whom it may comzem:

Be it known that I, Ilnnny A. SAss, a

citizen of the United States, residing at it) useful improvements in picture frames and. it pertains more particularly to the construc-' tion of the back.

I provide a new means or manner of scour ing the glass in the frame so that it will not drop out in taking out and putting in the picture which is to be framed.

I also provide a novel construction of pivoted clasps for holding in hinged back which is provide with a hinged support to form an easel. These clasps are made of flexible metal, and can, therefore, be adjusted and are pivotally mounted on the wood underneath the cardboard back and are designed to engage with the latter so as to hold the same snugly against the wood frame.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will hereinafter appear and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.

The invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which, with the numerals of reference marked thereon, form a part of this specification, and in which- Figure 1 is a substantially central vertical section from front to rear, as on the line 11 of Fig. 2, through a frame embodying my present improvement.

Fig. 2 is a rear view of the frame with 40 portions broken away.

.Fi 3 is an enlarged vertical section on the line 33 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged section on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2, looking in the direction of the arrows.

Fig. 5 is a perspective detail of a portion of the wooden frame showing one of the pivoted clasps thereon.

Like numerals of reference indicate like parts throughout the different views.

Referring to the drawings,

1 designates a picture frame of wood or any other suitable material which may be as ornamental in appearance as may be delace the sired and of any preferred sha e, these mattors not entering into the subJect matter of my prcsentinvention.

To the back of the frame 11 and hinged thereto, as at 2, is a back 3 of cardboard or any other suitable material, in the present instance being shown as made of a base 4. of cardboard and a covering 5 upon either side thereof, which may be of paper, linen or any other suitable material, or, as is evident, this covering may be omitted. In the present instance the back 3 is hinged to a member 6 of cardboard secured to the back of the wood frame in any suitable manner, the

members 2, 3 and 6 being formed of one piece scored at 2 and 3, and in the present instance this member 6 is shown as provided with a ring or the like 7 by which the frame may be hung upon the wall when desired. '75

For the purpose of supporting a frame on a shelf, table or other support, after the manner of an easel, I provide a supporting member 8 of cardboard or the like which may be covered with paper, fabric or other v or distended at an angle thereto, as seen in Fig. 1, to support the frame after the manner of an easel. 1

10 is a flexible ligament connecting the pivoted support 8 with the back 3. the said ligament 10 being adapted to be folded between the members 8 and 3 when the former is in its folded condition and when in its distended condition, as seen in Fig. 1, serv: ing to prevent undue movement of the member 8 away from the member 3.

One of the improvements in the construction and make-up of this frame is the special method of construction of the hinged parts of the backs of the frame and of the easel back. Heretoforc in the, manufacture of articles of this kind, the method used was to cut the cardboard Or other material which. was intended to be bent backward and forward (namely, to work as a hinge does) into two pieces, and it was necessary to paste the two pieces of cardboard or other material together by the use ofapiece of muslin, leather or other flexible material. This manner of construction, the same being done by hand, required considerable time to carry out. In addition to this, the result was not as strong and durable and did not have the ornamental appearance which the frame as now produced be me, has. My method of construction is to emboss or score the cardboard or other material in-an embossing machine, designed for the purpose. The embossing, or scoring, of this being done by machine, it is done very rapidly compared with the old method, described above, of pasting two pieces of cardboard together, etc.

This method of, constructing the hinges is employed in both parts, namely, the back and the separate easel back. The result is also a much stronger, neater and a better frame and back.

Another point of improvement of this method of construction is the fact that in the old method of using two separatepieces of cardboard, it frequently happens that the fibers of the cardboard of the two separate pieces run in different directions; that is to say, the grain of the cardboard does not always run the same, for the reason that the small strips were frequently cut from the long end of a piece of cardboard and the fibers, therefore, of the two separate pieces contracted in different directions, causing a weakness and a tendency to warp on the part of either the one or the other piece of cardboard.

The use of one piece of cardboard. serves to strengthen and keep flat the cardboard backs. This method also produces a cleaner and neater and more ornamental frame and is an important feature of the invention.

Inasmuch as there are two separate parts which are hinged, it will be readily seen that considerable time is saved n the construction and manufacture of these hlnged parts, as they are embossed in each case on the piece of cardboard instead of using four pieces of cardboard and pasting them together for the back and easel back. The member 8 is constructed, similarly to the back, of one piece, scored at 8' and 8".

In order to hold the back 3 is close relation to the back of the frame 1, I provide flexible 0r bendable clasps 11, as seen in Figs. 2 and 5. Each clasp has an extension 12 through which passes a pin or the like 13 which secures it to the frame 1 and permits it to move thereon as upon a pivot,

so that it may be swung out into the position shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5 and the back 3 placed against the frame 1 and then the clasp 11 is moved on its pivot, so that its engaging member 14 will lie upon the outside of the back, the latter being held be tween said member 14 and the body portion of the clasp. By this means the clasp is secured to the frame 1 and is covered by the back 3 when the latter is in position,

.metal, as heretofore, the clasp can be bent backward or forward and this ability to bend thefiange of the clasp aids to hold the cardboard back more snugly to the frame.

In order to permit of movement of the back upon its hinge to remove a picture or to insert one. in the frame, all that it is necessary to do is to move the clasps outward 1 upon their pivots until their engaging portions 14: are free of the back, when the latter can be turned up on its hinge.

Any suitable number of these clasps may be used upon each side of the frame. Ordinarily, one upon each side near the lower end will be found suflicient, but "more may be employed if found necessary.

'16 is the glass. It is placed in the frame in the usual manner and is there secured by means of paper, fabric or the like which is secured against the glass, as at 17, by paste or any suitable means and thence bent at right angles and secured, as at 18,to the adjacent face of the rabbet in the frame 1 and then secured, as at 19, along the rear face of said frame 1. The glass is thus held securelyin place so that it will not fall out and the paper or fabric does not show in front of the picture 20 against which is the usual backing 21. This passepartouting of the glass not only secures the latter against falling out, but makes a neat finish to the frame. The clasps 11 are pivotally secured to the back of the frame through this passepartouting material and when the back 3 is in position and secured. snugly against the back of the frame 1 by the clasps 11, it pro vides a very neat, as well as dust-excluding construction of the back of the frame.

Modifications in detail may be resorted to without departing from'the spirit of the invention or sacrificing any of its advantages.

What is claimed as new is:

1. A picture frame, a back therefor, and a clasp pivoted to the frame between the back and frame and having a portion adapted to embrace the edge of the back only, the

pivot of the clasp being concealed by the ack.

2. A picture frame, a back hingedly mounted thereon, and a clasp pivotally mounted on the frame between the back and andQ-hold the same snugly against the'frame, the

pivots of the ciasps being concealed by the back.

formed of a single piece of material scored 5 at two adjacent points, said back bein disconnected from the frame at both 0' said points constituting a hinge.

5. A picture frame and a member at the back thereof formed of one single piece of 10 material scored at two different points to constitute a hinge, the same having one end 4. A picture frame and a back thereforv HENRY A. SASS.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4899473 *Aug 15, 1988Feb 13, 1990Alan WienerPicture frame assembly
US5329712 *Sep 2, 1991Jul 19, 1994Licinvest AgFrame for the display of pictures
US6751899 *Mar 20, 2002Jun 22, 2004Eric N. CressMolded plastic unibody display frame
U.S. Classification40/754, 40/756
Cooperative ClassificationA47G1/141