US 1235076 A
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E. S. STANTON.
' APPLICATION FILED JUNE 2, 917- 1,235,076. Patented July 31, 191?".
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Ejuwz vita z Edwina 576mm E. S. STANTON.
APPLICATION nuzo JUNE 2. I91].
I 1,235,076. Patented July 31, 1917.
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UNI "Ill" Edwin S. S/nn/on ,iiill'iii'mmi @IIIIIIII E. S. STANTON.
TORPEDO GUARD H W APPLICATION FILED JUNE 2. I9"- ifi wfiw, Patented July 31, 1917.
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z'amh 3. 5700/00 theguard and the spreading out of the net EDWIN STANTON, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, EDWIN S. STANTON, a citizen of the United States, residingat Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Torpedo- Guards, of which the fol owing is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.
This invention comprises a torpedo guard. It is contemplated amongthe objects of the present invention to produce a guard or net-carrying projectile adapted to be cast into the path ofran oncoming torpedo, the arrangement being such that the net'is dropped at a predetermined point and the torpedo passing into the net will be captured.
It is also intended to provide a device of this character which will be buoyant and within which a torpedo guard or net may be stored in compact form and at the same time be capable of being quickly dropped and spread out to its full length when occasion demands.
Still a further object is to produce a device of this character which may be projected from a torpedo-tube, gun, or the like, and which will, upon striking the water set in motion mechanism for the release of p in' its extended position.
Other objects and advantages will in part be evident and in part be brought out in the specification which follows.
Drawings illustrating an embodiment of the invention are hereto appended, the following views being shown: I
Figure 1 is a fragmentary view in side elevation of the device in closed position; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view Fig. 3 is a top plan view showing the device in open posit on; ,Fig. 4 is a detail view in transverse section and showing the device in open posit1on; a
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary end vlew ofthe device in open position;
Specification of Letters Patent.
storage receptacle Figs. 6, 7 and 8 are fragmentary detail,
' 1 upon which the. block 16 slides.
' Patented Jul a1, 1917.
' Application filed June 2, 1917. Serial No. 172,493.
ing a casing 1 divided by partitions 2 into compartments 3 which are preferably air tight to render Lie device buoyant.
Between the ends of the casing there is another compartment 4: arranged to form a f r a guard or net 5. The casing of this c dmpartment comprises wings or doors 6 hingedly connected at their rear portions to the body of the casing 1, and from which wings the net 5 is suspended. These wings are also provided at their outer extremities with air tight compartments 7 which constitute a means for keeping both the wings and the net afloat when the device is in open position.
Means are provided for holding the wings in closed positionunder normal conditions and for effecting a release thereof and an initial movement outwardly when in use.
.As here shown the wings are normally held in closed position by latches or the like 8 which engage a keeper 9 disposed on each wing member. The latches 8 are pivotally mounted intermediate their ends upon a rod 10. The outer ends of these latches are connected with a cross bar 11 which is in turn secured to arod 12, which passes through a stufling box in the nose of the projectile and has a spoon-shaped portion 13 at its outer extremity.
The arrangement of these parts is such ssj that when the projectile strikes the water" resistance is offered by the spoon-shaped outer portion 13, which actuates the latches 8 releasing them from the keeper 9 and permittirg outward movement of the wings 6.
To effect an initial outward movement of these wings there are provided spring-pressed plungers 14 which normally press outwardly and against the wings and when the latches the water is utilized also as a means for extending these wings, and means are also prbvided for locking them in the extremity of their outward movement. v
-As herein disclosed such means comprise rods 15 pivotally secured at their outer extremities to the wings, and at their inner extremities to a sliding block 16 which carries a pawl orthe like which is normally s ring-pressed into engagement with a 1s rack 17 ismounted suitably within the easmg, and it will be seenthat when the wings are extended the block 16 will travel along the rack 17. and. thepawl will prevent any ,backward movement of the block and consequently of the wings by reason of its con- .nection therewith through the rods 15.
The outer surface of the casing is con: structed with a view to permit the use of the Y projectile in a torpedo tube or other means of projecting it into the path of an oncoming torpedo, and to this end packing rings 18 are provided ta engage' the bore of the projectile.
that the device which constitutes the subj ectmatter of this invention is capable of accomplishing the'objects set forth, and while dis.-
- closed in the present embodiment, it will be understood that I do not wish to limit.
- myself to the precise form of this disclosure as many changes in the construction and general arrangement of parts may be efi'ected ewithoutdeparting from the spirit of .the
invention or sacrificing its chief advantages.
-What I claim is: 1. A torpedo guard comprising a buoyant projectile; and a guard carried thereby [and adapted to be. supported in the path of an oncoming torpedo, by said projectile.
2. A torpedo guard comprising a buoyant projectile; a guard disposed within the pro ;jectile in folded arrangement; means for 'i releasing aportion .of said guard from said lprojectile; and means for supporting from said projectile and in the path of an oncoming torpedo,'the released portion of the guard.
3 A torpedo guard comprising a projec-'v tile; a guard disposed within the projectile in folded arrangement; means for releasing guard.
a portion of said guard from said projectile; means for spreading out said released portion of the guard into extended position when released from said projectile; and. means for supporting from said projectile 50 the released portion of the guard.
4. A torpedo guard .comprlsing a projectile; a guard disposed within the projectile in folded arrangement; meansfor releasing said guard from saidprojectile; and buoyantqneans for floating the projectile and the 5. A torpeddguard comprising a casing;
compartments disposed therein; one of said compartments having a; wing member hingedly secured at one end to said casing; a guard member adapted to be disposed within said casing and secured to said wing member; and means for normally holding said wing member in closed position.
6. A torpedo guard comprising a casing;
neeaovc compartmentshaving a) wingmember hingedly secured at one end to said casing; v
compartments disposedtherein; one of said wing member in closed position; and means the outward movement of said wing. I
7. A torpedo guard comprising a casing; compartments disposed therein; one of said compartments having a .wing member hingedly secured at one end to said casing; a guard member adapted to be disposed within said casin and secured to said wing member; means or normally holding said wing member in closed position; means for releasing said holding means to permit the outward movement of said wing; andmeans for giving an initial movement to said wing in an outward direction.
8. A torpedo guard comprising a casing; compartments disposed therein; one of said compartments having a wing member hingedly secured at one end to said casing; a guard member adapted to be disposed for releasing said holding means to permit within said casing and secured to said wmg member; means for normally holding said wing member in closed position; means for releasing said holding means to permit the outward movement of saidwing; and means for locking'said wing in extended position with relation to said casing.
9. A torpedo guard comprising a casing; I
compartments disposed therein; one ofsaid compartments having a Wing member hingedly secured at one end to said casing; a guard member adapted to be. disposed within said casing and securedto said wing member; means for normally holding said wing member-in closed position; means for releasing said holding means to'permit the outward movement of said wing; and packing members disposed externally on the sur-.
face of said casing.
10. A torpedo. guard comprising a casing; compartmentsdisposed therein; one of said compartments having wing 1 members 'hingedl'y secured atone end to said casing; a ard member adapted to be disposed a plurality of compartments disposed there in; one of said compartments hav ng fwmg members which form a portion of th-casing, and are hingedly'secuied at one end to said casing; a latch member disposed with n said casing and-normally holding said wings in closed position; alatch'actuatmg mechinism passing through a portion of the eas- 1 wit in saidcasing and-secured to said wing cured to said win ees we '3 ing and. secured tosaid la tch member; a
guard dispesed within said casing and semembers; a ratchet member disposeei'in a ement with each of said wing'members when in-clos'ed position; a, slidable member mounted for movement in relation to said ratchet; member; a member connecting said slidable member with each wing member; and apawl engaging'said ratchet to effect a loclfing of said wing mem- 10 here in extended position.
In testimony whereof I afix my signature in presence 0f two witnesses A. J. Keoan.
copies af this isatent may be obtained for five cents each, by afiresemg the feommisaiener o! Eatents,
' Washington. 39.10.