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Publication numberUS1236324 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 7, 1917
Filing dateSep 5, 1913
Priority dateSep 5, 1913
Publication numberUS 1236324 A, US 1236324A, US-A-1236324, US1236324 A, US1236324A
InventorsCharles N Leonard
Original AssigneeCharles N Leonard
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1236324 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 5. I9I3. m. meme@ Aug. if, 191?.


nl" Il *I* I .5; III III" II" I C, N. LEONARD.


APPLICATION FILED SEPT- 5|1913. Lgg, Patented Aug. 7, 19H


@wi/Musees C. N. LEONARD.



Patented. Aug. T, i917.

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5 1/1 @a who@ Charles .JH/ Leona rd.

@wi/kwamen C. N. LEONARD.


APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 5.1913. LQIQS. Patented Aug. 7, 1917.


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Specication of Letters Patent.

Application led September 5, 1913. Serial No. 788,252.

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, CHARLES N. LiioNARi-i, a citizen of the United States, residing at Indianapolis, Marion county, and State of Indiana, have invented and discovered certain new and useful Improvements in Cabinets, of which the following is a specification.


My invention relates to cabinets and its object is Yto provide a substantially dust proof cabinet adapted for lioldingarticles of either uniform or varying sizes, especially such as are employed in physicians offices and in drug and notion'stores, and the invention aims to provide economy of space in storing the articles and to provide means for ready access thereto, to provide effective means of a construction that is not liable to get out of order for moving the separate compartments adapted to contain the articles from their normal self-closing position to a position enabling access to the articles, also to provide simple and eective means adapted for use with the movable compartments or one or several of them, which 'may contain poisonous drugs, to give an automatic alarm signal, and to generally. improve the construction of devices of this class.

In preferable form my invention is einbodied in the cabinet hereinafter described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a cabi- `*net embodying my invention, the left hand end being removedA to show the interior and most yof the tills being closed, but with one till half way out and another projected entirely out of the cabinet and in position for access to the contained articles,

yFig. 2, an elevation with the end of the cabinet removed and showing the side of one till within the cabinet and the side of one till drawn out therefrom,

Fig. 3, a rear elevation with the rear wall of the cabinet removed,

Fig. 4, a detail top plan with the top removed,

Fig. 5, a detail verticall'section on line 5-5 ofFig.l.t,

. Fig. 6, a horizontal section looking down on the line 6-6 of Fig. 2,

Fig. 7, a detail horizontal section looking down on line7-7 of Fig. 2,

Fig. 8, a perspectivey view of the rear The lower end of each portion of a stitute bracket shelf adapted to receivean article of small size,

Fig. 9, a detail vertical section of the till and bracket shelf shown in Fig. 8,

Fig. 10, an enlar ed detail vertical section f th?2l upper end o one of the. tills shown in Fig. 11, a vertical sectional detail view of a till, and a continuous spring retainer for holding bottles on `the shelf,I

Fig. 12, a detail perspective view of said spring retainer,

Fig.. 18, a vertical sectional view in a modiiied form of the cabinet showing a combination reciprocating and laterally swinging till,

ing down on line 141-14 of Fig. 13,

Fig. 15, a vertical sectional view of a modified form of the cabinet showing a weight for balancing the tills, and

Figs. 16 and 17, detail side views of a part of the mechanism for operating the indicating means.

Referring to the drawings, the outer shell of the cabinet consists of the iioor 1, sides 2 and the back wall 8, the top 4, andthe top front rail 5.

till having a swinging sub-- Patenten nag; a, rara. 4

Fig. 14, a detail horizontal section look- A vertical T-shaped jamb-bar 6 is secured at its upper end to the top or front rail 6 at 7 and at its lower end to the floor of the cabinet at 8. A series of these jamb-bars along the front of the cabinet is provided, one between each two adjacent compartments. A series ofl horizontal supporting bars 9 are arranged at intervals along the cabinet and each of these bars is secured to the bar 6 at their front ends at 10 and at their rear ends to the back wall at 11.

Within the cabinet are mounted movable tills each consisting of a front upright wall 12, a rear wall 13, side wall 16, which 'constitutes a partition adapted to separate the till from its adjacent till, and horizontal lshelves 17, which may be secured to the front and rear Walls of the till in any suitable manner. Each of these tills is connected to, guided by and held firmly in upright position by means of pivoted bars or lever arms 18, 19 and 20. bar 18 is pivoted in a bearing secured to the floor lat 21 and the upper end thereof is pivoted at 22 to the rear wall 13 of the till. The-upper bar 19 is pivoted at its lower end at 23 to the forward end of the horizontal supporting bar 9 and said pivoted bar 19 .is bent or curved near its upper end and the extremity.-

v 14 at 27 substantially at the rear end of the top. As seen in Fig. 3, each of the tills is provided with a pair of each of the sets of bars 18, 19 and 20, the bars of the respective pairs being arranged parallel to one another and by such arrangement being adapted to swing the tills forward and backward in straight lines and to maintain them firmly in upright position when they are either moved within thecabinet or withdrawn therefrom for the purpose of obtaining access to the shelves, and, owing to their swinging movement and the fact that in such movement they are adapted to slightly lift the tills above the floor of the cabinet, they facilitatev inward andfoutward travel of the tills and enable such movement to be eected'without friction of the tills against the body .of the cabinet. The bars 19 not only serve to aid in maintaining and suplporting the till in upright position', when the same is projected, but they also constitute means forpreventing the till from tilting when on center as it rocks on the pivots of the bars 18 and 20. With upper and lower pivoted bars, such as 18 and 20, means for preventing this tilting action are highly important.

It will be seen that the bars 18, 19 and 20 on each side of the till are also arranged to move in parallelisms, owing to the fact that lines drawn through the opposite pivots of each. bar are parallel. One or both of `the parallel bars 20 of each till is provided with a stop member 28, which serves as a precautionary means to prevent the till from being drawn too far out of the cabinet and also prevents any undue strain being imparted to the parallel bars 18, 19 and 20 in such projecting movement. This stop 28 may be fastened to the rear wall 13 or to the top 14 and effect the same purpose. On the front wall 12 is a handle 29 for the purpose of enabling the user to pull the till out of the cabinet and push it back therein. As shown in Figs. 6 and 7, the front wall 12 fits closely into the rabbet of the T-iron jamb-bar 6, thereby making the cabinet practically dust proof. On the bottom vcorners of each of the tills are cushions 30 and 31 consisting of felt or other fieXible material which are adapted to protect the tills against the shock when the bottom of assenza the till is brought down upon the bottom of Athe cabinet .in moving the tills out to'accessible position or in restoring them to bell crank is pivotally mounted in aibracket 37 which is secured to the top 4. A link and bell crank is provided for each till. A spiral tension spring 38 is pivotally hooked into anleye 39 of one arm of the bell crank 36 and the opposite end of this -spring is secured to a nut 40 which is threaded on a bolt 41. This bolt passes through the front rail 5 and on its outer end is provided with a shoulder 42 and a square head 43 to receive a wrench 44. This wrench is used for the purpose of turning the rod in order to increase or lessen the tension of the spring 38 and it may be either a vsocket wrench formed with wings as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5, or, if desired, any other form of wrench may be used in lieu thereof. If the wrench of the form shown in Fig. 5 is 4employed it may be cast integrally with the head 42.

One or more of the tills may be provided with a supplemental bracket shelf adapted to receive a bottle or other article of A.small size and to occupy a space above another small article placed on the permanent shelf 8 and 9. The object of this arrangement is to obtain provision for the utilization of space for articles smaller than those customarily placed .upon the permanent shelves, which arrangement sometimes eX- ists where the articles are disposed'according to an alphabetical or numbered system. To enable this supplementary shelf to be employed, a bar 45 is secured to the tion 16 under the permanent shelf 1 the upper part of this bar being offset to form a rail 46, which is spaced from the partition suiiiciently to permit a hook 47 of the bracket Ishelf 48 to be hung thereon. .This bracket shelf at its front edge is provided with an upwardly turned flange 49 to prevent articles from falling ofl:` the shelf and the Wire side supports 50 ofthe shelf serve the same purpose and also serve to support the bottom of the shelf. It will be seen that this supplementary shelf enables the space between the two large 'articles to be utilized for holding two or more small bottles orreart-imesma ment shelves. This supplementary shelf is preferably made of metal although it may be made of any suitable material.

For cabinets designed for the use of druggists and physicians requiring the employso arranged as to ring when the till is provided with a detent 57 ldependent upon which direction the pulled out or restored to position in the cabinet;

This alarm mechanism is shown most clearly in Figs. 10, 16 and 17 and it comprises a bell 51 mounted yon a bracket 52, which is secured to the top 4 at 53 with one arm of said bracket engaging thel front rail of the cabinet and another arm extending rearwardly into the cabinet. At the lower end ofA the rear arm of the bracket at 54 is pivoted a bell crank having arms 55 and 56, the upper arm 55 of which bell crank is that rests against a stop lug 58 formed on the bracket 52. The detent 57 is provided with an eye to engage one end of the spring 59, the opposite 'end of which hooks into an eye formed on a bracket 52. The arm 55 of the bell crank has attached thereto a spring striker arm 60 which is provided at its upper end wlth a tapper 61 which is adapted to strike againstV the bell 51 to give a signal.

On the outer end of the arm 56 is loosely pivoted a detent 62, the swinging movement of which is adapted to be limited by means of a stop pin 63 fixed on the arm 56. Such stop pin serves to limit the detent in its swinging movements to either the position shown in Fig. 16 or that shown in Figl'117, t' is being moved. In the position indicated by A in Fig. 10, the detent is idle and B indicates the position the detent will assume when the till is being pulled forward and C in Fig. 17 indicates the position assumed by the detent when the till is being pushed `inwardly. On the top 14 of the till adapted to contain poisonous drugs is secured a rack bar 64, having teeth 65 that engage detent 62 when the till travels in and out of the cabinet. When a poisonous drug till is pulled out of the cabinet, it carries the rack bar with it, moving the teeth 65,1 n contact with the detent 62, the stop holding the said detent in the position shown at B and this movement will cause the detent to ride up on the teeth 65, thus rocking the bell crank arms 55 and 56 and moving the striker arm and its tapper away from the bell. When the point of the detent slips oil from one of the teeth 65 into the space between the teeth, the spring 59 forces the arm 57, the striker shelfv 17.

arm 60 and the tapper 61 against the bell 51, thereby giving a stroke of the bell for each ltooth. l/Vhen the/till is moved inward, the

ksame result is effected, as seen at C, Fig. 17

Figs. 11 af 12 illustrate a spring wire retainer 67 fo the purpose of more firmly holding bottles and smaller retainers on the shelf. This retainer is preferably formed out of` a single continuous piece of spring wire as shown in Fig. l2, the upper portion being adapted to press backwardly against the articleon the shelf and the lower portion 68 being coiled to form a spring which surrounds a rod 69. An outer end of the spring wire is formed with an eye 70 to secure the same tothe\ under side of the 1 l For the purpose oft more convemently storing and handling a number of small articles or retainers the combination swinging and projectable till shown in Figs. 13 and 14 may be employed. This till comprises a central body 71 divided into two parts by a central partition 73 andfprovided with shelves 74 and it also comprises two adjoining laterally swinging bodies 75 and 76. These latter compartment bodies are hinged at 77 to the rear wall of the till and each is provided with a partition 78 and shelves 79. When the till is pulled out of the cabinet, the side compartment bodies may be swung outwardly from the fixed compartment in the center, thereby giving access to the s helves of this inner body. This combination till may be supported and operated by parallel bars and other connections similar to those described with reference to the device illustrated in Figs. 1 to 12 inclusive.

In Fig. l5, a modification of means for aiding in withdrawing or retracting the till is provided. Secured to the top of the till is a suitable bracket'80 in which is fulcrumed la lever 81 to which is pivoted a link 82 adapted to be pivotally connected to lower parallel bars of the same description as that employed in connection with the device illustrated in Figs. 1 to 12 inclusive.

At the opposite end of the lever is mounted a weight 84, having a lug 85 adapted'to engage notches 86 on the lever by means of which arrangement they weight can be moved to or from the ulcrum to thereby balance the tills in proportion` to the load thereon.

The operation of the device is as follows l When it is desired to remove an article in one of the tills, the operator pulls on the handle 29, thus drawing the till forwardly, the parallel pivoted bars swinging on their pivots to permit such movement and the the till, after the parallel bars have passed their fulcrum.

When half way out or on center,


the spring or weight is inactive. is@

it to outer position.

It will be seen that as the till is swung outwardly, it will be raised slightly above 'the floor of the cabinet, owing to the fact that its parallel bars swing in the arc of a circle and thus a dragging friction of the till against the floor of the cabinet is avoided. In pushing the till back into place, within theA cabinet, after -the till has swung past center, the spring or similar returning means will again assist in the movement of the t1ll.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is, v

l. In a cabinet, in/combination with an inclosing body a till, a till supporting bar pivoted to the cabinet body at its lower end and to the upper part of the till at its upper end, and a lower bar pivoted to the cabinet and till at points respectively below the points of connection of the upper bar, and means to prevent tilting of the till as .it

.passes center in its swinging movement on said bars.

2. In a cabinet, in combination with atill, till supporting parallel bars pivoted to the cabinet body and to the till one of said bars being disposed above the other, substantially as described.

3. In a cabinet, in combination with a till, swinging parallel bars pivoted to the cabinet body, and pivoted to the till adjacent the -upper end of the latter and a lower bar parallel to the first mentioned bars and pivoted to the cabinet body, and also pivoted to said till below the first bar, substantially as described.

, lower end to the' lower part of the cabinet body, substantially as described.

5. In a cabinet, in combination with a till adapted to be projected beyond said cabinet and moved into the same, a series of pivoted bars connected to the upper end of said till and to said cabinet at a point substantially midway of the height of the latter and a pivoted bar having its upper end connected to said till below the lower ends of the first mentioned bars and having its lower end i pivoted to sai-d cabinet, /substantially at the bottom of the latter, substantially as described.l

6. In a` cabinet, in combination with a till having a vertical series of shelves extending from front to rear of the till, a. lower pivoted bar connected to the lower end ofthe maman cabinet at one end and at its other end to the till and upper bars pivoted at their lower ends substantially midway of the height of the cabinet, one of said upper bars being pivoted substantially midway of the cabinet between the front and rear walls thereof and connected to' the till nearits top adjacent the rear wall thereof and the other of said upper arms being pivoted at its lower end ynear the front portion of said cabinet and at its upper end to the upper portion of said till adjacent the center line thereof, substan-l t-ially as described.

'7. Ina cabinet, in combination with a till having a vertical series of horizontal shelves extending from front to rear of the till, upper supporting means pivoted to the cabinet and to the upper end of the till respectively and lower supporting means pivoted to the cabinet and to the till at substantially the center of the height thereof respectively, whereby said till may be swung outwardly on said members on an arc of a circle and maintained in upright position beyond the cabinet by said means, substantially as described.

8. In a cabinet, in combination .with a till having a vertical series of shelves, said till being movable from the cabinet, pivotal means connecting said till and the cabinet and permitting a swinging movement of the till relative to the cabinet, linto and out of the same and means which act to positively assist in the outward movements of the till relative lto the cabinet, substantially as described. l y

9. In a cabinet in combination with a till having a series of shelves and movable into and beyondsaid cabinet a pair of lower pivoted arms pivotally connecting said till with lsaid cabinet, a `pair of upper pivoted arms pivotally connecting the rear part of the upper end of said till with the center of said cabinet and a pair of pivotal arms pivotally connecting said till at apoint in advance of the connection of the last mentioned arms, with said cabinet at a point in advance of the pivotal connection of said last mentioned arms, with the cabinet, substantially as described.

10. In a cabinet in combination with a swinging till movable into and out of the cabinet, a pair of swinging bars on whichI said till is mounted, positive power means for both assisting in the initial part of the movement of the till inwardly and aiding the initial part of the movement lof the same outwardly and means connecting said pivoted arms with said power means, substantially as described.

11. In a cabinet, in combination with a till having'y a vertical series of shelves extending from front to rear thereof and movable into and out of the cabinet in a line parallel with the length ofthe shelves, said memset.

till comprising one or more independent compartment bodies and one of said bodies being adapted to swing on the till to remove it from the other compartment body, substantially as described.

l2. In a cabinet, a swinging till, pivoted bars on which said till is supported and on which the till is adapted to swing in an are of a circle into and out of the cabinet, a spring, said spring and one ofsaid bars operable to transmit the pull of the spring to the bar on the lifting movement of the till from and means of connection between either position of rest toward the center oit movement and to Check the descent of the 15 till as it moves from center to either positionof rest.

In witness whereof, have hereunto set my hand and seal at Indianapolis, Indiana, this third day of September, A. D. nineteen 2o hundred and thirteen.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2648583 *Nov 19, 1949Aug 11, 1953Columbus Show Casc CompanyTiltable merchandise supporting means for store-employed display
US2774644 *Feb 15, 1954Dec 18, 1956Patterson Ray ADrawer and stabilizing means therefor
US4861122 *Jun 1, 1988Aug 29, 1989Herman Miller, Inc.Storage cabinet
US7747477Aug 26, 2004Jun 29, 2010Gsl Solutions, Inc.Pharmacy supply tracking and storage system
US7887146Aug 18, 2002Feb 15, 2011Gsl Solutions, Inc.Suspended storage system for pharmacy
US8224664Aug 26, 2004Jul 17, 2012Gsl Solutions, Inc.Portable prescription order distribution cart and tracking system
US8474716Feb 14, 2011Jul 2, 2013Gsl Solutions, Inc.Suspended storage system for pharmacy
US8479988Mar 17, 2011Jul 9, 2013Gsl Solutions, Inc.System for pharmacy tracking and customer id verification
US8584941Oct 26, 2011Nov 19, 2013Gsl Solutions, Inc.Pharmacy tracking system with automatically-entered customer transaction information
U.S. Classification312/298, 312/229, 312/351, 211/90.1, 312/325, 312/234
Cooperative ClassificationA47B51/00