US 1236471 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. Y. Nowoon.
RECEPTACLL APPLICATION man Jun; 2a. m12,v
Patented Aug. 14, 1917.-
9 a 83 l Wg Harrtyy/orwoaa? A HARRY Y.' NoRwoon, or ROCHESTER, New YORK. y
specicauon of Letters Patent. Patented Aug'. 14, 1917.-
`Application filed June 28, 1912. i Serial No. 706,347.
To a/ZZ whom t may concern: l
Be it known that I, HARRY Y. NoRwooD, of Rochester, Vin the county of Monroe and State of New York,'have-'invented certain new and useful Improvements in Receptacles; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of the specification, and to the reference numerals marked thereon.
My presentinvention relates to the manu'- facture of receptacles for liquids or solids to which covers'are attached to protect the contents, and while receptacles embodying my invention'areintended for any and all uses, they areprovided particularly for the preservation of food products, made either by thehouse-wife or manufactured ina wholesale wayfor public distribution.
My invention has for its general object to provide a simple and effective means for unitingthe cover to the body of the recep tacle, so that the contents will be hermeticallysealed, and it consists in applying to a glass jar, or one made of vitrifed or frangible material, a metal band or strip which will cooperate with a similar strip or band on the cover of the receptacle, .when the latter is composed of material the same as that ofwhich the 'jar is made,whereby these parts may be securely united. The invention further comprehends applying such a band to a receptacle and arranging it for coperation with ay cover made of sheet metal in such a manner that the parts may be quickly and securely attached .when desired.
To theseand other ends the invention consists incertain improvements and combinations vof parts, all as will be hereinafter more fully explained, the novel features being pointed out in the claims at the end of the specification.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of a receptacle and cover thereforv showing the connecting bands or members applied in accordance with one embodiment of my invention;
Fig. 2 is a similar view illustrating one of theformative steps during the process of manufacturetof the parts;
Figs. 3, 4, and 5 are fragmentary views illustrating various forms of joints, which may be made toattach the bands together;
6, 7, and are detailer'lsectonal views of a modified vconstruction showing bands circula-rin crosssection, and differentmeans of securing these together;
Figs. 9, l0 and 11 are sectional views showing fiat bands secured to the exterior of the receptacle and cover, and various means for attaching these to form a sealed `ioint;
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary view in section, illustrating the manner of attaching a modified form of ring and metal cover.
Similar reference numerals in the several figures indicate similar parts.
The broad principle of my invention may be carried out in a variety of ways, and comprehends principally, the securinggto the frangible material of which the jar and cover is composed, continuous metal bands, in such a way that an air tight union or joint is effected between said bands and the respective parts, to the end that when these bands are subsequently soldered, seamed or otherwise united, the receptacle will be effectively sealed against the entrance of air or liquids which would have a deleterious effect upon the contents of the receptacle. One method of performing my invention is that shown in Fig. l, in which the metal bands A and B are constructed in the form of flat rings of thin metal of appropriate composition embedded or fused into the glass or other substance, of which the receptacle l and the cover 2 are composed. One method of attaching these parts is that shown in Fig. 2. I-Iere the receptacle and cover are shown in a state of partial completion, with shoulders to support the rings and above which extends a sufiicient amount of the material which when heated, may be pressed down over the upper edges of the rings securing them as illustrated in Fig. 1. In order to secure the cover against lateral movement on the receptacle without depending upon the securing devices for this purpose, the cover and receptacle are provided with cooperating shoulders which may be conveniently formed by providing the cover with an extension, the periphery of which fits within the neck of the receptacle as indicated at 2a.
Various methods may be employed for securing the bands A and B, as shown in Figs. 3, 4, and 5, the first of which shows the edges of the bands bent in opposite directions forming circumferential or over-lapping flanges, which may be united by a bead of solder, as indicated at 3. In Figs. 4: and 5 these flanges instead of over-lapping, are shown as being bent'in opposite directions andarranged with their edges in juxtaposition and united by solder, as indicated at 4.
When so arranged, Ideemit desirable tov sp'aceithe'langes from the sides of the receptacle and cover suiiiciently tofpermit the insertion of a fiat metal ring 5, but this may, however, :be arranged evteriorly7 as indicated by, G -in Fig. 5, in which event the fianges of the rings will -be bent downwardly inclose engagement with the walls which will have a tendency to fuse into and form an intimate connection with the glass when this is molded into its final shape. yIt is Vnot essential to the invention that the Brings-be made in the flat form previously described and for this reason `I have shown in Fig. 6 to 8 and 9 to 11, other constructions'. The invention is carried out according to 'the' first group, by embedding in the receptacle and cover l and 2 the rings A and B, which are circular in cross section and are secured in position in a manner similar ltothat described in connection with Fig. 2. Rings of this form lend themselves freel to a variet f of means for effectinoa a union ubetween them. iFor instance in Fig. 6 an external band 8 is shown extending bctween them and united to each of said rings by a-small quantity of solder as indicated :by.9.` Again, one of the rings may be pro-A vided with an integral tongue or vflange 10,
asshownzin Fig. 7, having a length suflicient to reachithc adjacent surface of the ring on the .other part' of the receptacle. A third meansof connection is that shown in Fig. 8
in which the rings on the two parts of the receptacle have a quadrant shaped portion removed.cirCumferentially, adapting each of them to receive one edge of the ring or union member 11.
Inthe group of Figs. 9, 10 and 11, the bands A2 and B2 are shown secured on the periphery of the receptacle 1b and its cover 2b which will preferably be in close proximity, permitting them to be secured or sealed together by a bead of solder 12, as shown inFig. 110, or by a band 13 and beads of solder, 14:, asy shown in Fig. A9. -If desiredithese bands may be provided with laterallyextending parallel fianges which lie faceto face, as shown in Fig. v11, when the coveris placed upon thereceptacle, permitting a tight joint to be formed between these Y parts by seaming the edges of the flanges as indicated by 15. Bands of the forms shown ,in Figs. 9, 10, and ll may be shrunk in therein in vthe usual molding process, andit" will be desirable to provide therbands with projections. V-
Fig. 12 shows the adaptabilityof the nvention toa receptacle which may be closed by covers Vformed of sheet metal. ure illustrates a band applied to a receptacle in the manner indicated in Fig. 5 to coperate with a metal cover -20 having `a depending liange or rim 21 which closely engages the band on the receptacle and to which latter may be-attached a ribbon of solder .22, and the desired seal thus obtained. Y
The receptacles embodying my invention are adapted to various uses and particularly for preservation of food products in a cooked or partly cooked condition, Afrom which the air must be excluded. While `I have shown a widermouthed receptacle, it
This iig-V will be understood that `the inventionis 3 equally applicable to small necked bottlesA and when so usedwould practically prevent successful re-illing thereof, asthe fracture of the neck of the bottle or the severance of the metal strip'embedded in the glass` would be a sure indication of the `previous use ofthe receptacle. The invention proi vides a simple and elficientmeans of securely sealing the body of the receptacle and cover which I employ are preferably formed `from Y sheet metal whose composition comprises such elements that the metal will possess.
practically the same coefficient ofexpansion asthat of the glass, so that theftwoshall contract and expand together. The composition of the metal is of such a nature that when thehot glass is molded around it an intimate physical union, incorporation, or fusing between the contactingV surfaces of the glass and the metal is eected.
I claim as my invention: j
1. The combination with a preserving receptacle comprising a body having an open end and a closure therefor, both composed of frangible material, of metal bands ernbedded in said body and cover and each i11- corporated into the material of which .the respective parts is composed toL permit a sealed connection, said bands projectingyoutivardly beyond the sides of the Vrespective parts to which they are attached, and means for uniting said bands to form an hermetic seal between the two parts of the receptacle. Y
2. A closed sealed receptacle comprising a body portion having an open end and a closure therefor, both of said parts being made of frangible material, separate metal bands surrounding said parts, each band having an inner edge incorporated into the substance of its respective part and forming an air tight union therewith and means lfor connecting the outer edges Vof said bands together circumferentially tov form an hermetic seal between the body and cover.
8. A preserving jar vof glass anda glass cover therefor, flat metallic rings arranged with their innerV edges embedded in said jar and cover when said parts are in heated condition and becoming incorporated in the glass to form hermetic union therewith, Said bands having outer continuous exposed edges adapted to coperate and to be sealed together hermetically after the jar has re- Y ceived its contents.
e. The combination with a preserving jar of glass and a glass cover therefor, of Hat metal rings formed from sheet material embedded peripherally in each of said parts and being incorporated with the glass to form a physical union therewith, said rings having free circumferentially projecting edges adapted to be united to temporarily seal the cover on the jar.
HARRY Y. NORWOOD.
Gopies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by a/dressing the "Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.