US 1238960 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. Il TORREY. ADVERTISING DEVICE. APPLICATION FILED Ausw, |915.
f mim WI. E. TORREY. ADVERTISING DEVICE. APPLICATION FILED Aufn?, 1915.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
IV. E. TRREY. ADVERTISING DEVCE. APPucATmN FILED Aus. x7. 19|5.
' www Patented Sept. 4, 1917.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3 f iml MARGARET E. TORREY, or GLEVELAND, oHIo.
`a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga Iand State of Ohio, have invented new useful Improvements in Advertising Devices, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a device for 'attractively exposing a large number of ad-` vertising signs, that can be viewed fronr all directions. f
The object of this inventioi'i is to attra-ct the attention of the public wherebyduring the 'day 'ornight, they may be infor-ined as to the nature of various wares, a largenuniber-of advertisements bei-ng displayed 'at a time as they pause momentarily and in such manner that a 'minimum of effort is required to operate the machine.- i i Q In the accompanying drawings: Y Figure l is a sectional elevation of the deL vice taken on line 1 1-, Fig. Figs. Q, B and '4l are horizontal sections taken en the correspondingly numbered lines in'Fig. i.. Fig. 15 is a fragmentary sectional perspective View, on an "enlarged scale, of the 'device that locks 'the rotary f-raine during its yidle period Vthe section being taken approximately en line 5;:3, Fig'. i. Fig. '6 is a horizontal seetion, on an enlarged scale, "taken on line e-fe, Fig, i.
Similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views.A K f i represents a horizontal, circular plate or base which forms the main frame of 'the clevice and upon `which is rotatably mounted the turret frarn'e which carries vthe advertisements. This base isprovided at its @een ter with a vertical bearing 2 and near its outer rini with an upwardly projecting nnlar flangeor wall 3 which protects the base and the lower parts of the apparatus from the Weather.
Journaiedin the base 'bearing '2 is a vertical rotating 'axle or vmast 4 which passes below the lower surface "of the lbase and" is provided at itsiower end with a serewnut 5 which ,n'orrnally, freely "clears the lower surface yof the base but Ais caused to engage with the saine should high winds hause Leircessive tipping 'of the axle or mast, thereby limiting the tipping of the same. 'The latter near its lower endy is pinned to hri Azontal spidershaped plate Vor 'platform' "6 Specification of Letters k'Patentf l lippiicationfued augst 17, 51915. seria11va4ae11.
provided with eight outwardly and laterally projecting sweeps or arin's 7 the outer ends @if-which are provided with the vertical vanti-'fr'fictibnrollers 8 whose axes all pass through the axis of the mast. This permits the mast and the platform with its l'oad to freely `rotate horizontally about the mast as Ia center.
, The mast is firmly braced to the platform by four inclined mast braces 9^. i
To 'the upper end of the mast is secured an upper horizontal disk 'or plate 9 provided at its center with fa vertical hole l0 through which the mast passes.` The upper end of said `mast is provided with a screw nut 'l1 engaging with the upper side of the top plate 9. Units underside the top plate is connected with the mast by braces l2. The mast, ll'cnver and upper plates and the `braces tegether' forni the main `elements of therotary -turre't or 'revolving frame of the advertising device. If desired, a dome `orcanopy 13 preferably in the *Afornrof a bell may be Aarranged above the top plate, and this is in turn surinounted by"a suitable ornament ll such an eag'l'e-, as shown in Fig. l.
Secured t'o the nppersurface of the base 'is gear wheel i5 whose axis is concentric with the inast; The teeth of this gear wheel are intermittently,engaged, as best shown in Fig. 4, with fa mutilated gear wheel 16 which ha's 'only 'one sher'trow of teeth l17 on its enter rim 'and which is providedA with an upwardly extending vertical spindle 18 that is journaled in the bearing 19 of the lower platform.` Te lthe upper 'end of this spindle is secureda` worin wheel 20, thus causing said worin wheel and the mutilated gear 'wheel to turn together on a vertical axis. Mounted on the upper surface of the platform is a shunt or other constant speed elec* ltric motor 21, on whose shaft is keyed a worin 2Q which meshes with the worin wheel 20. Thus, as this constant speed motion is transmitted to the mutilated gear wheel below the platform, the latter is caused to intermittently turn through apredetermined portion of a revolution and then rest idly for a period; Thep'ower may be applied to the nas't from an external source where conditio'nsv so warrant but the device as shown is usuallypreferable in that it is self conlil the upper surfae of the base and einbedded in ribber lor other electric insulating material are two current ,conducting rings 23, 23 which are concentric with the mast and which have their upper faces exposed. These rings are electrically connected with the external electric current or power line. Secured to the lower surface of the platform and properly insulated therefrom are two downwardly bent spring conductor brushes 24 which =maintain contact with the rings 23 as said plat-form rotates on the base. These brushes are electrically connected with the motor 21, so that, when the current turned on, the turret automatically starts its intermittent partial rotations.
. Mounted in theturret framebetween the upper and lower plates are1eight` Vertical drums or cylinders 25 preferably triangular in cross section which rotate on vertical axes. Each'of these drums or cylinders preferably I comprises top and bottom heads 26, 27 of triangular form, three upright bars-or mullions 2S connecting corresponding corners of these heads and panes or panels 29y of transparent or translucent material secured 1n the rectangular spaces between said bars and the edges of the upper and lower heads. The signs or advertisements of any deslred character are placed on these panels or panesin any suitable mannerso thatthe same are visible? either during daytime, as ,well-as 1n the night upon illuminating the interiorof the cylinder.
lThe upper pivots of the cylinders.l consist of eight large vertical pivot tubes or-.hollow journals 29 driven tightly intoy the upper frame plate and passing through vertical bearings 30 in the upper heads of: the cylin-` ders. To the lower end of each cylinder is secured a horizontal triangular block 5,1 which has its center in the axis of the cylinder and. whose lower flat surface bears against the upper face of the lower plate or platform 6. A vertical spindle32 is screwed into the lower central part ofl this block and passes downwardly through a suitablebearingV 33 in the adjacent arm of the lowerplate or platform, and tothe lower end of this spindle is secured a pinion 34. ,The` pivots 32 and 291 of each cylinder are axially in line.
. A horizontal, mutilated gear rim or ring V36 is secured to theupper surface of the base concentric with ythe mast, asbest shown in Fig. 4. This gear rim` is provided on its outer edge with eight geometrically arranged sets or groups of gear teeth 35 which alternatcwith blank spaces on the periphery of this gear rim. Although the number of cylinders may be varied, eight are shown in the drawings, and theseare ydivided into two sets of four each, the members of one set four cylinders is first caused to move through a third of a revolution and then, on further travel of the turret frame, the other set "of `four cylinders is turned, the first set meanwhile being held stationary relatively to the turret frame.
This is accomplished by so arranging the groius of gear teeth on the gear `rim that e successive pairs of groups of these teeth are a Each of the cylinders is held against rotaryv displacement when thel same is'not to be turned by a group of gear teethf35 on the gear lrimthis being `preferably. effected by a spring' vmounted onthelower platform and bearing laterally and radially against adjacent fiatl faces of the triangular block 3l on the lower. head ofthev cylinder. Thus, during an eighth rotation of the frame, all the `Cylinder pinions, and hence the cylinders, are turned a thirdrevolution relatively toftheframe. Then the frame pauses a moy.
mentA awhile the advertisements are being scanned, said frame being retained stationarily inthe meantime by `means ofa bent springBS secured to the uppersurface of `the base and successively engaging the lower portions of the lower platform larms 7 as the framerotates. 4 It. will be clear fromvtheforegoing de- Scription that the frame advances upon each actuationpbyv one-eighth of arevolution, so that thesetsof teeth 35 which are close to and u lon each sideofr alternate pinions 34 are yac vanced into a similar4 relation with respect tothe next alternate pinions'. i Electric wirespass up from the brushes 24 to the upper surfaceof the upper turret A plate and are'secured toa pluralityof wires depending through the upper cylinder pivot tubes 291 and to the lower ends of these wires are secured a numberof electric lightbulbs 39. In large devices, ay single light provided withsuitable reflectors andfplaced up. over the mast is practical but the'device shown gives a very even illuminationfand permits ofchanging Athe sizes ofthe bulbs when a different set of signs of `different opaqueness is tol be placed in any cylinder. v,By making the/upper pivots of the sign cylinders hollow the same not onlyform a con` venient means for introducing the lights and 'Wires into the cylinders but they also serve as lues to permit the air to escape from the interior of the cylinders and thus avoid undue heating of the same.
I claim as my invention:
l. An advertising device comprising a base, a frame rotating on said base, sign cylinders rotating in said frame, pinions mounted on the cylinders, a mutilated gear rim mounted on the base and intermittently and successively engaged first by the pinions of some of said cylinders and then by the pinions of other cylinders, and means for intermittently turning said frame.
2. An advertising device comprising a base, a frame rotating on said base, sign cylinders rotating in said frame, pinions mounted on the cylinders, a mutilated gear rim mounted on the base and intermittently and successively engaged rst by the pinions ot some of said cylinders and then by the pinions or' other cylinders, translucent panes adapted to bear advertising signs arranged Ain the cylinder Walls, means for illuminating the interior of the cylinders, and means for rotating the frame.
3. An advertising device comprising a base, a mast journaled on the base, a moving platform supported by said base and secured to the mast, an upper plate arranged above said platform and secured to the mast, inclined braces connecting said plate and platform with said mast, means for supporting advertising signs between said plate and platform, and means for moving said platform, plate and mast and the parts mounted thereon.
4. An advertising device comprising a rotatable frame, cylinders rotatably mounted in said frame and adapted to carry advertising signs, means for successively moving the frame through a portion of a rotation, and means for automatically turning one halt' of the number of cylinders on the frame through a partial rotation While the frame is moving through a partial rotation from one position to another.
MARGARET E. TORREY.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patenta. Washington, D. C.