US 1241003 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
WELL 0R SUBTERRANEAN RESERVOIR ron use m mmemom AND OTHER PURPOSES.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. II, 1916.' 1,241,003, Patented Sept. 25, 1917.
M x/ewww ELI NEWSOM OF CENTER VALLEY, NEW MEXICO.
WELL OR SUBTERRANEAN RESERVOIR FOR USE IN IRRIGATION AND OTHER PURPOSES.
Specification ofLetters Patent. Patgntegdl Sept, 25, 19117.
Application filed September 11,1916. Serial No. 119,578.
To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, ELI NEWSOM, a citizen of the United States of America, re-
full, clear, and exact description of the in-.
vention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention, is designed as an improvement upon the construction described and claimed in my U. S. Letters-Patent No. 551,646, dated Dec. 15, 1895, wherein the particular improvements claimed. are shown in connection with means for irrigation, but while the invention is particularly useful for irrigation purposes, it is to be expressly understood that it is not limited to such uses.
In devices of this kind, a suitable well or reservoir is sunken into the ground, and means are provided for conducting water from the area surrounding the well or reservoir or from subterranean currents lower down into such well or reservoir from which the water is drawn for use for irrigation or otherwise. The water from that portion of the terrain surrounding and beneath the well or reservoir is conducted thereinto by means of suitable tubes having openings through which the water is conducted into the well or reservoir, such tubes being inserted .into the, ground as by driving the same for a suitable distance.
The present-invention has for its object to provide a simple and effective means for thus collecting the water from the ground and depositing it in the well or reservoir, while at the same time providing means for preventing the entrance 0 an undue'amount of sediment or earthy ma ter through the tubes into the reservoir. A further object is to provide means whereby such sediment as may collect in said tubes may be readily removed therefrom, and generally, to provide improved means in the construction of the device under consideration.
The inventive idea involved is capable of being embodied in a variety of mechanical structures, one of which, for the purpose of illustrating the invention, is shown in the accompanying drawings, but it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise construction so shown in the drawings, reference being had to the claims for that purpose.
In the accompanying-drawings I Figure 1 is a vertical section of a well or reservoir and connections showing my invention in place;
Fig. 2 is a vertical section of one of the driving tubes showin a portion of the driving point and a filtering screen in elevation,
Fig. 3 is a vertical section through the lower end of one of the tubes and the filtering screen;
Fig. 4 is a horizontal section through the extreme lower portion of Fig. 3; and
Fig. 5 is a horizontal section through the bottom of the tube in Fig. 2, showing certain of the parts in dotted lines.
Referring to the drawings, in which like reference numerals indicate like parts, 1 indicates any suitable well or reservoir provided with a plurality of openings in the bottom thereof, through which tubes F, F, F,
are driven, said tubesbing provided with driving points 2 (Fig. 2) frictionally engaging said tube through the medium of the flange 3 on said driving point. Each of the tubes F is provided with a plurality of .interiorly projecting lugs 4: at the bottom thereof, which serve as a support for the expanding screen 5, whose construction will now be described. The screen proper is made up of a plurality of strips 6 preferably of galvanized metal, each narrower atits top than at its bottom, and the whole interlocked so as to form, when in an open and expanded condition, a frustum of a cone. Each of the strips 6 at its upper end is suitably connected to a ring 7 so as to swing thereon. Each of the strips has a bail-wire 8 connected to the strip at its upper and lower ends, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. A. second rlng 9 (Figs. 3 and 5) is located between the outer surface of the strips 6, 6, and the the required. de th, aItBI' which it is with- .drawn for a suitable distance, say one or two feet, leaving the point in the bottom of the holefand leaving a collecting reservoir between the bottom of the tube and the point 2. A suitable rod or plunger is then inreservoir 10 above the driving point 2 and the conical screen 5 above the reservoir and on the end of each of the tubes F (see Fig. 1)
A suitable sand pump may now be inserted through the tube F, and the-sand, sediment or other matter that may have entered the reservoir 10 or be within the cone 5, is pumped out, the conical screen 5 acting to prevent additional sand and dirt from falling into the reservoir. With the parts in this position, the water from the surrounding terrain enters the sub-reservoirs 10, and rises through the tubes F, and is emptied into the well or reservoir 1, in a manner which will be readily understood. Should sediment or dirt again fill up the sub-reservoir 10, or in any way act-to collect within the conical screen 5,, it may be removed by a sand-pump, as previously described.
By this construction there is afforded a ready means for efficiently collecting the water from the terrain surrounding and below the wellor reservoir 1, and at the same time affording a place where any sediment in the water may be collected and prevented from rising, and delivered into the main well or reservoir 1. Moreover, ready means are provided for removing such sediment, sand or dirt as may collect at the lower end of the tubes, without withdrawing the same or without the use of any other apparatus than the ordinary and well-known sand pump.
It will be readily undersgood that each of the tubes F in effect constitutes a drivenwell emptying into the main well or reservoir 1.
Having thus described my invention,
' what is claimed is; p 1. The combination in a driven-well, of a tube, a distensible retaining member adapted to be projected therefrom, and coacting means on said tube and member whereby the projection of said member from said tube tube, a distensible retaining member adapted to be projected therefrom, coacting means on said tube and member to distend. the latter when projected from the tube, and a separable driving point on the lower end 7 of the tube.
4. The combination in a driven-well, of an open-ended tube, a separable driving point held thereon, means within said tube serving as a filtration device when in extended position at the bottom thereof, and means supporting said device at the open end of said tube.
5. The combination in a driven-well, of atube, a separable point. frictionally held thereon, a distensible filtration device of less cross-sectional area at the. top than at the bottom when in operative position, and coacting means on said tube and member whereby the projection of said member from said tube causesthe same to distend.
6. The combination in a driven-well, of a tube, a distensibieand contractible conical retaining device, a ring surrounding said device, elements secured to the exterior sides of said device and embracing said ring, a ring of smaller diameter upon whi h the integral parts of said device are hinged, .and retaining means for said device within said tube. "3
7. In combination, a filtration device comprising a pluarlity of sections havi interlocking flanges on the1r longer edge a ring from which each section is supported for inward and outward movement, a larger ring encircling said sections, a plurality of bail members connected to and parallel with the outer faces of said sections and embracing said larger ring, and means within the open end of the tube supporting said larger ring.
J. F. BUCKLEY, LOELLA S. NEWSOM.