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Publication numberUS1241082 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 25, 1917
Filing dateMay 13, 1914
Priority dateMay 13, 1914
Publication numberUS 1241082 A, US 1241082A, US-A-1241082, US1241082 A, US1241082A
InventorsEmil Bommer
Original AssigneeEmil Bommer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door-checking hinge.
US 1241082 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented Sept. 25, 1917.



APPLICATION man mv'la. 1914.

Patented sept. 25,1917. 4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

Mmmm @www Patented Sept. 25, 1917.


M @www /Qg I' III W. Y A.

I l Hiwfwf I MMM WIIMIN k 25, 191?. 4 SHEETS-SHEET 4.

Patented Sept E. BOMMER.





miran eraf-rss rarnnr enrich.



Specification f Letters Patent. Patented Sept. 25, 191 *7.

Application filed MaylS, 1914. .SeraLNa 838,328.

To all whom t mayconcem;

Be itA known that l,- EMIL Bonanni, a

, citizen of 'theUnited States, anda' resident ofNew York, in the borough of Brooklyn, county of Kings, `and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in lDoor-Checking Hinges, vof which the following isa specification.

This invention relates ,to door-.checking hinges,k and more particularly vto that `type in the operation of whicha checking liquid is used, when the partsv are moved relatively to each other. The object of the invention is to provide certain improvements .in dQQrchecking hinges which tend to simplify the l construction, increasethe efliciencyvand improve the appearance thereof, and the salient featurev ofthe invention consists -in forcing achecking liquid from the interior of one. barrel to the interior of Ithe .other bari-eh'lthrough -a web or connecting member connecting the barrels, andto so regulate the {low-of t-he checking liquidv that 4an eliicient checkingaction results.

This improved .doorchecking hinge 'is usually applied to the doorrin the same manner that a double-acting ora single-,acting spring butt-hinge iis applied, namely, be

I tween the doorand its frame, and .has the general appearance of a double-.acting spring butt-hinge, Aor of a single-'acting spring butt-hinge, as the case may be, or, inthe case kof a hinge havingsurfac'eflanges it may be fastened ltothe surfacesof the door, and .they adjacent door-casing respectively, but in leither case it obviates ,the ineleg'ant and cumbersome appearance ofthe door-checks now commonly usedat one. or the other side of the top of the door or doorcasing, and the use of the more or less unsightly jointed arm. A furtheradvantage of this improved door-checking hinge isthat it can be provided with `a self-contained spring or springs for automatically closing the door, or without the same asmaybe preferred, and can also be applied withgreat kfacility to swinging doors,.so as ytooperate in connection with the well known ynonchecking types of [double-acting spring- :hinges which automatically restore thedoor to closed position-after beingopened, While the concurrent use of the improved checkinghinge with the spring-hinge prevents the sometimes dangerous quick closing and also the to-and-fro vmovement or flip-flapping in swinging doors, before theyvcomc to rest in their closed position. Y,

yThe invention is contained in the embodiments shown in the accompanying drawing and will be more fully described here inafter and linally pointed out in the claims.

In the -accompanying drawing,

Figure 1 is a frontwiew of my improved door-,checking hinge as appliedto a doubleacting hinge,

Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical longitudinal section of the same, with several of therparts inelevation,

Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse section of Fig. 2, with several of the parts in elevation,

Fig. l is a perspective view of the oscillating member,

Fig. 5 is ahorizontal transverse section taken online 5 5 of Fig. 2, with the parts iin one position, namely, in initial position corresponding to the position of the door when closed,

`.-Fig. 6 1s asimilar horizontal section,but

with one of the'leaves of the hinge at right .linellf-l of Fig. 10,

Fig. 12 is a vertical section of a portion rof the web, which in Fig. l() connects the barrels, showing the checking-liquid channel vand a `plug having a channel therein adapted to be brought into and out of regis- A tration with the checking-liquid channel,

Fig. lis a side-view, partly in section, of

of adoor-checking portion and spring- 'hinge portion',

and door-casin'gi'y lefficient registration, but without the, spring of Fig.V 21, 'and *Corresponding PMS thfeughqui .the various f igureszof the drawing; Y

is vapplicable. and is herein described indea door-checking portion, a spring-hinge portion, `and a connecting-strap portion to v insure accurate registration ofthe channels for thechecking liquid, l F'g.. 14 is a planQ-viewlofF-ig. 13,

Fig. 15 is a plaii-view of the parts shown in Fig. 14 with the door and at rightL angles to each other when in one position,

Fig. 16 is a plan-view of,"1Liwith the door and jamb at right anglestom. ,each other, but in another position,y; :zr

Fig. 17 shows a door-checking hinge the connecting-straps for bringin'gab'out an i Figl 21 is a` 'side,view, partly' section,

Similar characters of reference indicate tail as appliedto and embodied'` ina 'double- `acting door-checkingy hinge, thechfanging of Y* a doublea`cting .door-'checking'.hinge toa single-acting door-checkinghingd'a doulil'en A actingY door-checking hinge ii'iithwselfcontained spring, a double-acting door-checking y Vthe' collars 30 'and 32. and j'the y contiguoi'is wallv ofthe barrel.' .This is clearly shown- `iIi- Fig.l 3,. and vlampi-wicker other 'suit- .hingewith ,link connection, and ,av 'single f acting door-checking hinge without spring,

l and a single-acting door-checking vhinge A with spring, each .of which willnow Ibe'ldi'sv lticularly to Fig. 1*, the -double-acting'doorchecking hinge4 there shown consistsv vof a 11, 12. Movable in ,respect `tofthe barrels '11 and 12y are theleaves'land 15, theleaf 18 having ears 40 and4 On,and openings l the leaf 13 to the door `orto Vthedoor-casvvdoor, as the case ymay be.; Ball-tipslor' other shaped tips17 and 18, 19`and 2O mayor may cussed 'under these various headings. Double-acting ZOW-CieOZCe'WQMn/e.'

Referring to the drawings, andmre-parconnecting-member or web 110 'and barrels 14 for screws to pass "therethrough to lfz'isten ing, asl the case may be,,and thefleaffl having ears 48 and 43a',' .a n d `openings V16 to permit thepassa'ge of I screws theretli'iough `to fasten the leaf 15 to'thedoor-casingf or 'nette 'provided as preferirei.` Tim-paas @iescribedresemblein appearance, a ",doubleacting spring-hinge, and when' such a partof'iiiga n .Y n* The closed bottoinsof theb arrelsg'll'andl v-12are provided' at Vtheir lower or "outer double-acting door-checking hinge is ap# plied to a door it has the elegant appearance eating thewinterior of the barrel 12. Both `thebarrels11 and 12 are hollow, and each barrel has itsiipper end openfwhile the lower ends'of the barrels areclosed by th'e vI nat'erialof the web being extendedjto of such a hinge, in contrast with the overhead door-checks, which are generally considered tolbe ycomparatively inelegant and L forma c'losedbottoim as lshown 'in thefl'ower ends with downwardlyfprojecti'ngv studs 'or Ball-tipsor other shaped tips 19 andQQ engage the ends y'offpiiis 44%and45a, which are vfastened .to the' lowenea'rsAO? and 48al in', any

convenient manner, V:

portion "or :recess 29 between lsaidycollars,

ing material 29a tobe interposed between segmental crosslsection, "and preferably as clearly shown in Fi 4, said 'cut-outpor-u A tioiior recess 29 enab ing' a suitable pack- "yVVithiiigeach of thembarrels 11. and l2/fis" a vertical shaft 28, fwhich "is made' tol oscilf late i when the door-check is oper'ated. `The f shaft :23 in the 'barrel is, prefer ab ly, gin L every respect. al ountefpart of.: the shaft 284 in 'the'f barrelfy 12;' The shaft '28 liasfat itsl upperjend' collars 30 and- 32,`p re f erably made integral therewith, 'and an annular f cut-out able packing material adapted to prevent the t" exudationor leakage of the .chec'kingl'q'uid. iuiiwerd d'rjeddn When-th@ door-@hefkS foperated, may-be provided.` 'The Adiameter of the Y'collarsO and' 32 is finished to a close working itfor oscillating ywithin the interiory wallfofj the barrels. 'Above the upp'er collars B2fan^enlarged 'upperjcollar 33;"{also preferably inade` kintegral with Vthe vshaftf28 and' adapted to eXtendover the upper edge ofthe .barrels sofas to be seated'there'on, isA arranged. v Below the collars 30, the `s'haft'28 is providedwith. a 4wing .48' ofv practically in'adel integral withV the'ysha'ft r28, *said wing havingfface's .46Jand 47 which are preferably radial with'the vcenterfo'f.the shaft 28.2f The lwing 48 'extends downwardly from the'coljlars() tog'the bottoni of thebarrel'fll, the froundedback'49 of .the wing 48 being? convcentric -with"theshaft 28 and being' finished,

Within the interior of the barrels 11and 12 and rigidly secured thereto by screws 55 or other means or cast integral with the barrels 11 and 12, is an obstructing wall or battle 56 which has faces 57 and 58 which are preferably radial to the center of the shaft 28 Aso as to aline with the faces 46 and 47 of the wing 18. The inner surface of the obstructing wall or baffle 56, adjacent to the shaft 28, is concentric with and finished to a working fit with the shaft 28.

The enlarged upper collar 33 of the shaft 28 is provided with a socket 36 which extends downward and preferably into the collar 32, andalso preferably has a perforation 34 passing diametrically therethrough. Between the enlarged upper 'collar' 33 of the shaft 28 and the ear 40, a spacing washer 38, having a central perforation, may be arranged, said spacing washer 38 being inserted merely for convenience in assembling the parts of the door-checking hinge. The ear lOof the 1leaf 13 has a perforation i2 passing diametrically therethrough. A vertical pin-shaft 37 having` diametrical perforations and 39, which register with the perforations 3st of the collar 33 and the perforation 42 of the ear 40, extends downwardly through the ear L10spacing washer 38 and into the socket 36 of the collar 33. When the perforations respectively of the pin-shaft 37, ear l0 and collar 33 are in register, pins 35L and 41 are inserted therein and one method of securing a rigid connection or locking of the leaf 13 with the oscillating shaft 28 to simultaneous movement is thereby disclosed. By this connection, the movement ofthe leaf 13 causes the movement of the oscillating` shaft 28 in the barrel 11. The leaf 15 is connected in like manner tol the other oscillating shaft 28. Ball-tips or other shaped tips may, if desired, be attached, for instance, to screw-threaded proi. jecting ends 37ZL of the pin-shaft 37.

A suitable controlling-screw 60, shown in 2, or a similar device, may be inserted into a perforation 61 of the lower edge of the web, which screw is preferably provided with a packing to prevent escape of liquid, as shown at 62. This screw may be located at any suitable point of the connecting-plate or web 10, provided it shall intersect the channel 25, for the purpose of4 varying the cross-sectional area vof the said channel 25,

and therebyv permitting af further control of the volume of flow of the checking-liquid from one barrel to the other barrel, if found necessary in the case, for instance, of specially heavy doors or in case of thinning of the checking-liquid in very hot weather, and at the same time also thereby further controlling the checking speed of the doorchecking hinge, and finally also thereby providing a means for increasing` or diminishing, or for draining or renewing the supply of checking-liquid, as may prove to be desirable.

The parts coperating with and moving within the barrels 12 of the different embodiments simultaneously with the leaf 15, are exactly the same in construction as hereinbefore described forl barrel 11 and leaf 13, aswill be clearly seen by a comparison of the right-hand side with the left-hand side of the view shownl in Figs. 2, 5 and 6.

riChis door-checking hinge can be produced -without spring-power for closing the door; the embodiment shown in Figs. 1 to 6 is 1ntended only for use on. doors which are automatically closed by one or more additional double-acting spring-hin ges, or by some similar door-closing device, and is designed to check the momentum of such doors when closing, and to prevent them from swinging to and fro before coming to rest at their closed position, which action is termed flipflapping.

Referring more particularly to Fig. 5, in which a horizontal section is shown, it will be noted that the leaves 13 and 15 are parallel with and substantially contact with the web 10 of the .door-checking hinge, as is usual in double-acting spring-hinges.

' Then the leaves 13 and 15 are in this position, the extending finger-portion of the shaft 28 is in proximity to the surface 57 of the obstructing wall or bafiie 56 of the barrel 11, and it then has its opening 51 in register with the opening 26 of the channel 25, and similarly the other extending finger-portion 50 of the other shaft 28 in the barrel 12 has then also its opening 51 in register with the opening 2T of the channel 25. W'hen the parts are in this position, the checking liquid which is placed within the channel 25 and the barrels 11 and 12, between the face 57 of the baflie 56 and face i7 of the wing 4-8, will readily find its own level in the two barrels, and by reason thereof approximately equa-l portions of the liquid will collect in each barrel, and the channel 25 connecting the barrels 11 and 12 is then unobstructed.

Referring new more particularly to Fig. 6, the leaf 13 of the barrel 11 is in a position corresponding to the open position of the door, namely, in position at right angles to the position of the same part shown in Fig. 5. 1t will be noted that by the movement of the leaf 13, the shaft 28 is correspondingly springs free to latch the door or hold it in tionate in energy to the speed or yforce with which the door is opened, and correspondingly accelerates the movement ofthe checking-liquid into the greatly increasedspace in the barrel 11. .f

W'hen, however, vthe door closes under the 'spring-pressure of its independent doorclosing device, or for instance, under the pressure of its self-contained door-closing spring, if any, the increased volumey of checking liquid in the barrel 11 is forced thereby to return again through the channel 25 to the other barrel 12 at the other side of the hinge, at a speed and pressure proportionate to the spring-power of the said vdoor-closing device and the speed of liow vof the checking-liquid through the channel 25. This takes place until the eX- ten'ding finger-portion 50 of the wing 48 eX- tends over and closes the opening 26 of the channel 25, whereby an additional and more or less positive check is given at this point against the lfurther closing of the door by reason of the fact that the flow of theV checking-liquid is prevented by the stopping of the channel 25 by the end portion of the linger 50. This, however, in practice is soon relieved, probably by a certain leakage of the checkingliquid under pressure between the parts, or by the movement of the liquid upwardly probably against the more 0r less compressed air in the barrel. After this secondary checking action is overcome, then the registering of the opening 51 with the opening 26l of channel 25 gradually takes place bythe continued movement of the shaft 28 and finger 50 under the pressure exerted by the additional independent doorclosing device or by the self-contained springs, if any, whereupon the liquid passes through the channel 25, and the liquid may then again equalize in the barrels 11 and 12 and channel 25. By the use of this checking action, the door closes silently, and in the case ofv a swinging door withoutany to-and-fro movement, and this relief1 of the checking-action at or near the closing position of the door, leaves the independent door-closing device or the self-contained closed position, as the case may require. It

is clear that on the movement of the leaf 15 a like sequence of action takes place.

Through the coperation of the parts and the reciprocatory movement of the checking liquid from one barrel or container to the other barrel or container through the connecting-channel 25 of the web or connecting member 10, as the door is opened `to one side or the other, a very efficient door-checking hinge is produced, lwhich is of great simplicity and durability in all its parts and which has an elegant appearance.A

Changing a doable-acting door-checking Mage 250V a single-acting door-checking hnge. y

Double-@ewig door-checking hinge with self-contained spring.

To show that the invention, as embodied in'this door-checking hinge, can also be arranged to coperate with self-contained springs forautomatically closing the door, the embodiments-shown in Figs. 10 to l2are shown, in which a pair of these double-acting spring-hinges can be used without any additional door-closing device or springhinge. i

In Figs.v 10, 11 and 12 a combined doubleacting door-check with a spring-hinge is shown, in whichl the door-checking: portionis preferably arranged uppermost, and the hinge-portion is preferably arranged lowermost. kIn this embodiment, the yleaf 70 has three lears 71, 72 and 73, and the leaf 74 has three ears 75, 76 and 77. The leaves 70 and 74 have the usual screwopenings 78a for fastening purposes. Between the ears 71 and 72, the barrel 78, which is preferably made integral with the web, 85 of the door-checking portion, is seated, said ybarrel 78 inclosing the oscillating shaft 28, with its finger 50, wing 45, packing 29a, and collars 30, 32 and 33. rllhecollar 33 is keyed to the ear 70 by the vertical pin 37 and horizontal pins 39 and 35a. The washer 38 isk interposed between the ear 70 and collar 33. All these parts are arrangedin the same manner and have the same sequence of action as shown in the embodiment illustrated in Figs. 1 to 6. A similar mechanism is arranged within the barrel 80 of the vdoor-checking portion which barrel isalso preferably made integral with the web 85. Tips 17,18, 19 and 2O may also be suitably applied. f

Between the years 72 and 73, a preferably lll@ separatebarrel 81l of thespring-hingef por- Jtion is seated, and betweenthe correspond-u ring ears 7 6 and 77 a' similar preferably sepi arate barrel 82 is seated. The 'barrels 81t and 82, as also the barrels 80' and 78,; are connected with a WebS'commonl to all the barrels. This iveb- 85 has a channelv 25 for.

the checking-liquid therein,- iv-hich channel 25 connectsv the barrels 78 and'80,. and`l through which 'the checking-liquid operates in the manner describedin connection- With the embodiments particularly described-heretofore and shoivn in Figs-1l to 6.y A governingk device consisting in this case preferably of a rotatable plug 87 with achannely 88 is interposed in the path ofthe channel 25,` and the movement of the plug in'respect to the channel causes the channel 25 to be more or less opened or closed, depending upon Whetherl the channel 88 is desired tobe inV or not in registrationcomplete or partial with the checking liquid-channelv25. This isfclearly shown inFig. 12, and the plug. 87

may be readily operated byfthepreferably slotted'v heads 87a, having al slot 87"'.

Referring to the spring-hinge portion in Fig. 10,l the pintle'90is`- preferably screwthreaded-at both ends, Vandthe upper'end 91 engages corresponding?screw-threads in the' While the lower' end 92' extendsy ear 72, through andL beyond the ear 78 and preferably engages ascrew-threaded socket `in the- Anadjustable spring-holder 93y tip 19. with .adjusting-openings941:, is engaged by' the coil-spring95 ,the other'end of the coilspring 95 engages the fixedv spring-holderv This fXed spring-holder 96 is'secured pin or plugA 9b.-l to the barrel by' aprojecting 97, and when the spring is set to Ytensioi'fnthisA pin or plugy abutsagainst the'ivebS underthe recoil of the spring.

is then inserted and whichv isforced by the recoil of the spring t'o se't against the-back edge of the'lange 70, asi'susual in spring-- hinges. -By

and spring-hinge,a very efficient! device is produced'ivhich has-the advantages` of both members, all arranged in a veryv compact mannenthe 'spring serving to close'lthe door While the door-checking dev-ice serves to control the movement of the door by checking V its movementv and preventing the to-and-fro movement, or Hip-flapping atthe'closed position. of the door.r This advantageous combination is brought about by the special structure shown and described.

Tt will be clearly understood from" they foregoing descriptionsv of bothl the doubleactingdoor-checking` hinge and f Iof the combined double-acting door-checking springliinge, that closefregistration ofE the channell 25 withv the opening=1-oftl1efingerfis;

The adjustable spring-holder isset' to tension'by the aidof-y a lever or piece offwire andthe tension pin this ,combined door checking hinge desir-ablev for the efficient operationof the' checking action of the dou'ble-acting type of hinge. f Zink connection of' a' double-acting doorchecking' hinge. Referring noW more particularly to Figs.

13, 14,15, 16, and 17", it is Well known that ditionsand circumstances, ity becomes neces"-` sary to provide in addition thereto a reliable andl positive means for preventingthe separation of thev leaves from the connecting-Webl ofthe barrels, and to compel the leaves to" remain parallel with'the web Whenthe ydoor approaches its closed'position or position of registration ofthe opening 51 of nger 50 with the checking-'liquid channel 25.-

l In'y Figs. 13 to' 17, embodiments containing' these coperatingparts are shown, in' which Fig. 1B shows a combined spring-hinge provided ivith brackets and a connecting-strap,

extensionthe object of the .extension-brackets' and connecting-v strap being to prevent the sagging oftlie door,- 'and thereby insurea proper1 registration of'` the opening in the extending finger andthe checking-liquid channel 25. Re-

door-checli and` fer-ring vtoy Fig. 18,-the leaf 100 isprovidedk Iiv-ith an ear 101, a secondear 102,'y andf az third ear 103',- and the, leaf 104:A is provided with an ear 105,-' a second ear 106,5'and a third ear 107 Barrels 108 and 109., and 110l and 111 are suitably supportedand aie-,

ranged be't'iveen ther ears ina manner similar tothe embodiment of Fig. 10'.l Inth'e upper portion of the embodiment shown in Fig. 18, they door-checkingy parts,4 consisting of the shaft 28, collars 80,A 32 andv 83, With finger 50, are arranged and are of a conl struction like the corresponding partsv inf tol 6; for instance, thefcollar isf Figs. 1 keyedto the-vertical pin 112, and thisV vertical pin islocked to the ear 105 by thehor'i'- zontal pin 1213; The' spring-hinge portion has-a pintle 115, fan adj ustablespring-holder 116, a-iXed spring-holder 117, a coil-spring 118, arranged in a manner similar to-thaty described inconnection with'A Fig. 10. To'

prevent, however7 the sagging ofy the door', as stated,the` leaf100'is'providedfvvith an extension-bra'c'ket'120,y and the leaf 104 is providedwvith an extension-bracket 121, thisv extension-*bracket 121 'being ina positio'ndiy rectly over' the barrel'108 and ear 101, and this bracketU 121-l being free from thek ear 101 sonas-to be movable'awayy therefrom. To

the extension-.braeket,` 5120 and.'theeXtension-l bracketv121, a'strap Aor link 123-is suitably hinged or pivoted, and above the strapor link .123,.tps ,.124 and. 125 maybe .appleyi f The distance between centers of. the openings of the st'ra'p` 123A is'equal to the distance `between thel :centers ofthe two barrels 108 and 11:0,"so that thev device shown in Fig. `13 mayl bemovedinto either position, as'shown inl `Figs.f15 andl, and as is-more fullydescribed in my Patent No. 12,236,`re-` issued tome on June 28, 1904. In'Fig. 15 'one position of `the partsisv shown, where thedoor v from the the door-127v at'rightA anglesto the jamb 128 ywhen' 1 in another; positior'i'Y It will be' clearly seen from an examination of Figs.; 13,-14,I andl '16, that lthe distance between centerswof the openingsl of the' strap `123'isl equal? to the distance between the :center of the barrel 4108 andthe 1center ofthe opening eff-thel bracketl 120 onthe onel' hand, land the distance between the icenter of`- thevbarrel 108 and the center of the barrel '110 fon the other hand,? which said distances larej equal in length,I so that the door is 'free to move position" shown in Fig. 15 vto the positiomshownin Figfl, or alsoto sition' shown Fig. 14'.=l

"In 5order torclearly bring'out the coperation of fthe fetension-brackets and v connecting.y link 'or strap with my improved doorcheoking hinge, andI as it- -is important yin the useofmydoorichecking hinge that the chan'-4 vv'nel inthe A'finger 50 be at certain'ftimes close registration vwithy theendsof the check.-l

ing'fliquid ehannel, the y structure* shown fin Fig.f117' is shown.l f In'thisembodimentthe shaft 28 againfhas its 'linger 50k 'coperating' withfthe channel 25,I andthe collarsf30, 32'y V and, 33,fwith'lpackingQQa, Iareall integral andarev kevedltofthe vertical pin`130, which? infturniskeyedfto :the ear '131' `by vthe hori" 145 zontal pin 132. T'lhe'se"parts are all of the structure shown clearly, 1 for' instance, in 'Fig. 2; and-operate in the samefmanner; lbut lin the embodiment shown-in Figs. 17 p and 1'8 the leaf 11359 is provided with an Iextension! braeket 136,"which `is free ofthe Aear'll-.and

movable-f vfreely in respect thereto, 'while the otherfleaf 137 is provided with an extension-l bracket 138-which'is-also'freeof the ear1391 andy freev tovmove in respect,thereto `The extension-brackets 136 vand138are` hinged' or pivtedf withneach other byl a strap.l or link 139, the Vdistance between cente'rsrof rthe' openings offfthris" strap-or link again .being equal'y to the :distance between the centers of the two barrelsg'indicat'df in Fig.f17 by 140 and 141i; :Suitable tips 142 and 143 Imay be readily l applied? :by lhaving Itheir' screw'-A threaded sockets e'ngagefwith-the'screw threaded portions 145- of Epinsl 130;

.in nig'.I Liefer@ pmb 12a andthe docent are again shown jin f :partial section to "illus-4 trate thev application of the v structureV to thev door. .Refere'n'ce l-i's here again made to the patentlreferred toi-,"ER'eissue Nol 12,236 'of J une *28, 21'904. It'isq'uite 'Clearl that thoughf thev embodiments ofFigsL'f'13 to 17 show the: extension-brackets andthe Elinks `or straps `at the upper vpa-'rt of theLl leaves,y similar eXten`- sion-brackets and straps'for l'inks be arf ranged also fat fthe' lower parti ofthe leaves; onthey'may'be eitherfa't' the topy or atvthe when'the leaf only ofthe vdouble-acting door checking* Ihinge moves unisor'i with the door', the link or strap also' move'sth'ere'with and when-theotyher leaf,y togetherwith'lthe web,I moves withI lthe-doornj the l linljl 'orstrap remains at the door-'casingthereby in each case locking-eacli leaf alternately 'tofthe` bar-y rel ,asI the weight of the tl'oorfis shifted {from the' 'a'Xis'of onefbarreltothe aXisiofthe other barrel, Whenthe:doorismade to osycilthe close 'registration' of' the checking-liquid It willfhave beriinetidedthat-f inthe ein! bedmentf shown fieyforjjinstanceyas' also 'in' theA embodiment shown-Qin 10, and also that A'in FigsQ, 10 'ancl1l1'oneof the without the* necessityof'xfastening these 4 members together, the embodiment shown' 'in underlying" y this 'emb'odin'ieiity the ileaf 140 `isr provided with "aimainfy 30,' packing 29?,- jeollai 325 and 'enlarged collar a' screw-threaded socketA 142 fof ythe tip" l143.v The'lower part'offthebarrel141isf closed by thef'member 145`=and is provided withfa gaged byfa screwfthre'aded end of avertieal pin 147the Yother screw-threaded lend' of which i may' :engage 1 afy screw-threaded socketv 149 of the tiplOLv All thesep'arts rare :subi stantially of thev same construotion and, operate inl they underlying principle as. .the `corresponding parts in theembodiments shown-in Figs. 1 to i 6;' Instead, however, 1 fof' providing a, 4eomi plete ldul'ali'f'bateif# these Aip'arts, an aubili'ary barrel- 141 in which' is arranged". the shaft 2 8xwith the finger ,5,0 and the-collar The upper lpo'rtion of this pin is `screw-thre'a'dedf Vto "engage lameY mannerand contain the same barrel is provided,- preferably on the rear surface of the leaf 140 and alongside of the barrel 141, so that it may be hidden in a suitable mortise of the door or door-casing. This auxiliary barrel 151 has a closed bottom 152 and an open top 153, which is engaged by a screw-threaded plug 154. This barrel 151 is so arranged in respect to the barrel 141 that it may readily coperate therewith, and in the embodiment shown in Fig. 19, the connecting member 155, which conforms substantially' to the web 10 of the embodiment shown in Fig. 2, for instance, is arranged. The lower part of this connecting member 155, or web, if it is desired to be so called, is provided with a checking-liquid connecting-channel 25 which brings about communication between the interior of the barrel 141 with the interior of the barrel 151. A suitable screw-plug 156, substantially like the screw-plug 60 of Fig. 2, may be provided for the same purposes as the screw-plug 60. The operation of the shaft 28, with its wing 45 and finger 50, is exactly like that already ff described, and it forces into the auxiliary barrel 151 or sucks out therefrom by means of the channel 25, the checking-liquid and in all respects operates in the same way as the embodiments in Figs. 1 to 6, with the exception only, of course, that the embodiment of Fig. 10 is only capable of operating in one direction.

v The operation of the embodiments of Figs. 21, 22 and 23, is substantially like that of Fig. 19, and more particularly also like the embodiment in Fig. 10, being, however, only of a single-acting character, whereas the embodiment in Fig. 10 is double-acting.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. 21, the door-checking portion embodies the same elements as that of Fig. 19, and the lower portion again has the adjustable springholder 93, the pintle 90, the barrel 81, the, coil spring 95, the fixed spring-holder 9G, the ears 72 and 7 3, and the tip 19, and in Fig. 23 the leaf 140a has openings 162 for the fastening screws, as also the leaf 140b has openings 160 for the fastening screws, clearly shown. It is clear, however, that the springhinge portion may be arranged on the upper part and the door-checking portion at the lower part, or that other suitable combinations may be made in the form of placing one spring-hinge portion between two door-checking portions, or one doorchecking portion may be placed between two spring-hinge portions.

I have shown several embodiments of my invention, but changes may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention as dened in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A door-checking hinge, comprising barrels, a connecting member for thel barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid in the barrels and channel, and means, causing the iow of the checking liquid from one barrel to the other, through the channel in the connecting member.

2. A door-checking hinge, comprisingbarrels, a web for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid in the barrels and channel, and means for causing the flow of the checking liquid into either of the barrels and forcing the checking liquid, caused to fiow into one of the barrels, back again through the channel into the other of the barrels.

3. A door-checking hinge, comprisingbarrels, a web for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid in the barrels and channel, and an oscillating shaft in each barrel having means thereon for causing the flow of the checking liquid into either of the barrels and forcing the checking liquid, caused to flow into one of the barrels, back again through the channel into the other of the barrels.

4. A door-checking hinge, comprisingbarrels, a web for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid in the barrels and channel, an obstructing wall within one of the barrels, an oscillating shaft contacting with the obstructing wall, and forming a substantially liquid-tight contact therewith, a wing on the shaft, and a projecting linger on the wing adapted to open and close the end of the channel on the oscillation of the shaft.

5. A door-checking hinge, comprisingbarrels, a web for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid inthe barrels and channel, an obstructing wall in each of the barrels, an oscillating shaft in each of the barrels, a wing on the shaft, and a projecting finger on the wing adapted to open and close the end of the channel on the oscillation of the shaft, said projecting linger having an opening near the end thereof adapted to register with the'end of the channel.

6. A door-checking hinge, comprising barrels, a web for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid in the barrels and channel, an obstructing Wall in each of the barrels, an oscillating shaft in each of the barrels, a wing `on the shaft, a projecting finger on the wing adapted to open and close the end of the channel on the oscillation of the shaft, said projecting finger having an opening near the end thereof adapted to register with the end. ofthe. channelnand leaves, one for eachibarrel. i

` 7. A door-checking hinge, comp rising barrels, a web; for. the barrelshaving, a chan= nel communicating' with the .interior of each. of thebarrels for equalizing thel checkingP liquid in the barrels and channel, an ob l structing wall in cachv of the barrels, an oscillating shaft in each of the barrels, means on the oscillating shaft for operating thev liquid, a collaruonl the shaft having ,sub1

stantially the saine diameter as the interior ofthe barrelan enlargedcollarseated onl the barrel, and leaves, having ears one `for each barrel.

8, A door-checking hinge, comprising barrels, a web for the barrels having a chanr nel cominunicatingL with the interior .of each ofthe barrels for equalizing thel checkingL liquidfin the barrels and channel, an oscil;

lating shaft in leach barrel having means thereon .for causing the flow of the checking: liquid into eitherofthe barrels and forcing the checking'l liquid, caused to flow into one of. the barrels, throughthe channel into the other/of thebarrols, and means controlling, thefiiow vof the checking liquid through the,

. channel. y

9. A door-checking hinge, comprising barl-r rels, a web v`forthe barrelshaving a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels forfequalizing the checking liquid in the .barrels and channel, an oscillating shaft in each barrel having means thereon-for causing the flow of the checking l liquid into either ofthe barrels and forcing the checking liquid, caused to flow into one of the barrels, through the channel` into the other of the barrels, and means in the path ofthe checking liquid in the channel forl flow into one of the barrels, through thev channel into the other of the barrels, andan adj ustable-plug passing through the web for nel.

1l. A door-checking hinge, comprising a web having a channel passing therethrough, a barrel at each end ofthe web and having its interior in communication with the end ofthe channel of the web, means for controlling the cross-sectional area of the chan-y nel, an oscillating shaft in each barrel hav,-v ing a Wing movable therewith and having a projectingnger for opening orclOSlIlg the varying the cross-sectional area of the chan,-`

mensaendvofgthe channel, the projecting-fingen having an opening.l adapted to, be brotight into registration with the @11d ,of ,thefchamleh leaves, onefor leach` barrel, and means Vcon-y nectingeach leafwith the oscillating shaft 70 in,eachbarrel. v ,A .-1 v l l2. A door-checkinghinge, comprising a web having achannel passing therethrough,l abarrel at each endof the web vand having its interiorv in connnunication with the end of the channelof the web, means within thek channel for controlling the cross-sectional areaof the channel, an oscillating shaft in each barrel having al vwing movable therewith and having ka projecting finger for openingV or .closing the end of lthe. channel, the projecting finger having an opening adapted to be brought into registration ,with the end of the channel,` two, collars on the oscillating shaft having a diameter substantially equal to the diameter of the interior. of lthe barrel, a packing arranged between the two collars, an enlarged collar on theoscillating shaft seated on the upper part of the barrel, a leaf, for yeach barrel, ears on the leaves, a vertical c rod passing Ithrough the ears and engaging i the enlargedcollar of the oscillating shaft,y and rods passing through openings Ain thelv ears, throughthe,enlarged collary of the osv cillating shaft, and through thevertical rods c fory locking `the`-` leaves to thel oscillating shaft. i f 13. A `doorcheckinghinge, comprising barrels, :a connecting member for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing thecheckingliquid inthe barrels and chan? nel, 4and .leaves supportingk the barrels and connecting member.

i 14. A door-checkiifigk hinge, comprising barrels, aconnecting member for the barrels v having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid inthe barrels and channel, leaves, means for fastening the yconnecting member "to one of` the leaves, andl eXtension brackets on each of said, leaves, and lay link connecting the ends of said extension brackets.. I i

15, A door-checking hinge, comprising barrels, a connecting Imember for thebarrels i having a channel communicating with the l. interior of eachl ofthe barrels for equalizing the checking liquidin the barrels and channel, leaves, means 'for fasteningk thev connecting member to one off the leaves, and'extension brackets on each of said leaves, a link connecting the ends of said extension brack-` ets, and a closing spring for moving the leaves into closing position.

16. A door f checking hinge, comprising barrels, aconiiecting member for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrelsfor equalizing the checking liquidvinthe barrels and chan.-y is@ lll@ nel leaves7 means for fastening the connecting member to one of the leaves, and eXtension brackets on each of said leaves, a link connecting the ends of said extension brackets, the said leaves having each three ears, a barrel interposed between two of said ears, an oscillating shaft in said barrel, means connected with said oscillating shaft for moving the checking liquid into and out of said barrel, a second barrel interposed between one of the two ears and the third ear, spring-holders in said second barrel, a spring for said spring-holders, and a pintle for said ears, spring and spring-holders.

17. A door-checking hinge, comprising barrels, a connecting-member for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid in the barrels and channel, and means in one of the barrels for al- Ccpies of this patent may be obtained for ve ternately withdrawing and returning check ing liquid from the other barrel.

18. A door checking hinge, comprising barrels, a connecting member for the barrels having a channel communicating with the interior of each of the barrels for equalizing the checking liquid in the barrels and channel, and means in one barrel for withdrawing checking liquid from the other barrel when the door is opened, and for forcing said checking liquid back to the other barrel when the door is closed.

In testimony, that I claim the foregoing as my invention, I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.



F. Hose,


cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

Washington, D. C.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5195210 *Jun 19, 1992Mar 23, 1993Simpson LeeHydraulic door hinge
US8438703Jun 10, 2011May 14, 2013Amesbury Group, Inc.Positionable hinge
U.S. Classification16/54
Cooperative ClassificationE05F3/20