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Publication numberUS1243119 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 16, 1917
Filing dateOct 11, 1915
Priority dateOct 11, 1915
Publication numberUS 1243119 A, US 1243119A, US-A-1243119, US1243119 A, US1243119A
InventorsCharles W Wicks
Original AssigneeCharles W Wicks
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sanitary eaves-trough.
US 1243119 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Patented om.. 16,1917.



Specification of Letters Patent.Y Patented Oct. 16,l 1917.

Application led October 11, 1915. Serial 1\To.`55,282.v

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, CHARLES W. WIoKs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Neponset, in the county of Bureau and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Sanitary Eaves- Troughs, of which the following is a specification. v A

My invention relates to an eaves trough and more particularly to an eaves .trough cover.

As a primary object, the present invention contemplates the provision of a novelA cover for an eaves trough for preventing the accumulation of snow, leaves and other debris in the trough, novel means being car` ried by the cover for holding the rsame in closely spaced relation with the roof of the building to which the trough is connected to consequently permit water to flow uponv the cover and enter the trough. v

One object of my invention resides in the provision of a cover peculiarly arranged with an eaves trough forpreventing snow that is on the roof from sliding into the trough,' thereby relieving the trough of this additional weight, which is usually rincident to eaves troughs at present, and consequently increasing the longevity of the trough. y 'i A further object vof my invention resides in the provision of a trough constructed into tapering formation from its outlet end, this arrangement permittingv of water within the trough to passA through the outlet of the trough without overflowing,` novel means being also provided on the outer edge of the trough for preventing the water from splashing over the sides of the trough and falling on the ground beneath. 4

A still further object of my invention resides in the provision of a device of the character described that is simple in construction, eflicient in operation and one that can be manufactured and placed on the market at a minimum cost.

Other objects as well as the nature, characteristic features and scope of my invention will be more readily understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings and pointed out in the claim forming a part of this specification.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a front; elevational view of my invention associated with the eaves or a building,v the latter being only partly shown; Y

Fig. 2 is an enlarged transverse sectional view of my invention illustrating to advantage the manner in which the trough isassociated with the eaves as well as the ycon-v struction of the trough; and

Fig. 3l is' an enlarged fragmentary-transverse sectional view of the cover and they means for maintaining the cover. 1n spaced.

relation to the roof.

Referring more particularly to the drawings in which similarreference numerals designate like or corresponding parts throughout the dilferent views, Iprovide aportion of a building l with a roof support 2 orv which in this instance is arranged a number of shingles 3^. It is to'be understoodthat I am not to be limited to the exact formation of roofing shown, the shingles being merely shown to illustrate the application of my in# venti'on.

p Associated with the eaves of the building between the roof support andthe lowermost shingle is myimproved'eaves troughQ, the inner marginal edge of which is bent outwardly and slightly upwardly to yprovide a retaining iange 3, the latter being inserted between the roof support 2 and the loweri` most shingles 3 and secured thereto when the shingleis secured. The trough proper is formed of any desirable metal and is semi'- circular in cross section, the opposite or outer edge being rolled inwardlyupon itself to provide a stop 4 forvthe water which flows from the roof. This arrangement is to overcome the old inconvenience ofthe-water flowingl fromthe roof and splashing' overV the sides lof the trough. The side of the trough having the rolled edge is tapered as illustrated by the numeral 5 toward the rear closed end 6 of the trough. The bottom of the trough adjacent the opposite closed end 7 is provided with an opening in which is mounted an outlet pipe 8 forreceiving the water and conveying it to a cistern, not shown, located in the ground where the water can -be subsequently used in the building. This tapered arrangement of the trough prevents overflowing of the water deposited in the trough from the roof and per mits of the water entering the outlet pipe. It is desirable, in practice, to taper the gutter one inch every ten feet.

In .Order to prevent the accumulation of ieaveasnow, or other debris the trough,


I have provided an improved closing. means secured to the upper edge of the' stops' through the vmedium of hinges l0. This edge' is preferably vcut so vthat ittapers toward the edge of the roofin conformity with the tapering trough, the opposite edge of the cover being bent upon itself to provide a flange 11 which facilitates the raising of the cover without injuring the hands. The flanged end of the cover is arranged in spaced relation to the lower edge of the row ofV shingles 8, which ispositioned upon the lowermost row of shingles, and carries suitable V-shaped legs 12 in spaced relationon the under surface thereof to maintainthe cover in spaced relation to the lowermost shingles, or lower edge ofthe roofing, to,

permit of water passing thereunder yas it flowsv from the roof to be later deposited in the trough.

face of the row of shingles adjacent the lowermost row are in alinement, vthis arrangement causing snow to slide directly fronrthe roof and over the cover onto the ground, thereby relieving the weight of vsnow on the trough and consequentlyA increasingthe longevity ofthe device.'

In order to removably secure the cover to;

the shingles, I have provided the cover'at lowermost shingles for 'retaining-the: cover in spaced relationv with the roof.

.Although-I have shown and preferred embodiment ofmy invention, I desire to be understood'that I am not to be limited to the exact details shown, however, I desire that great stress tbe laidupon the peculiar coperation between the gutter hav- Goples of this patent may be obtained for As is` apparent in Fig. 2 of the drawings, it will be noted thatthe upper: surface of the cover 9 and the upper sur-- described the,

'ing a stop thereon as well as the cover associated with the'stopand the roof for preventing the accumulation of snow, leaves, etc., in thetrough.

From the above description 'taken in connectionv with the accompanying drawings, it

can easily be seen that I have provided a device that is simple in construction, containing but a few simple parts that can be cheaply manufactured and assembled, and when assembled can be placed upon the market, and sold at a minimum cost..v Y 1 It will be understood that the above description and accompanying drawings comprehend only the preferred embodiment of my invention and that various minor changes in detail of construction,proportion and arrangement of the parts may be made within the scope of the appended claim and without sacrificing any of the advantages of my invention. 1

Having thus fully described my invention,what I claim as new and desire to sc*-V cure by Letters Patent, iszd.

v'In a: device of he class described, the combination of an eave-trough, means for securing one edge of saidtrough to. a roof,

a cover connected to the remaining edgeof said trough and overlapping the roof, J shaped legs fiYedly mounted upon 4the under surface of said cover, said legs being adapted tov bear upon a roof for holding the cover spaced from the roof, securing means passing through said cover for engaging the roof for ordinarily holding-said cover and said legs being adapted to bite into theroof when considerable supporting strain is brought to bear upon said cover, Awhereby said legs will assist in holding said cover and relieve strain from said securing means. In testimony whereof `I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses. y CHARLES W. IICKS.-

Witnesses: 2

rve cents each, by addressing the -VCominissioner of'iaternts; Washington, D. C. I

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3420378 *Oct 5, 1966Jan 7, 1969Turner Estie LGutter guard having removable hinges
US4286418 *Jun 25, 1979Sep 1, 1981Snyder Ralph CSpouting ice protectors
US4607465 *Jan 8, 1985Aug 26, 1986Hopkins Graham KLeaf excluder for rain water guttering
U.S. Classification52/12
Cooperative ClassificationE04D13/076