US 1244457 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
i a resident of Pittsburgh. in the count of' NITED rSTATES" PATENT omen. y
BENJAMIN I'. BAIN, or PITTSBURGH, I'ENNsYLvANIA.
MECHANICAL "Tot lTo all fwhomit concern.i` v
Be 1t known that I, BENJAMIN F. BAIN,
Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, ave invented ak new and useful Improvement in Mechanical Toys, of which thelfollowing` is a specification.
This inventlon relates to automatic toys and more particularly to ydevices of that class embodying a pivotally mounted mov able member adapted to'travel up and down by reason of a load supplied thereto from a storage container, and by reason of a counterweight suitably connected to one end of the movablemember. It is intended to furnish an automatic toy of the class described in a form which is strong and ydurable, and yin which the `members may be readilyfseparated and packed in small space. The device is entirely automatic and continuous in operation. Its construction and method of assembly allow it to be' made very cheaply. In operation it closely simulates a forml of the ordinary trip or helve hammer used in heavy forging work.
Other objects and advantages of the device will appear throughout theffollowing specification, and will be obvious to those familiar with such toys. f
Referring to the drawings,-`Figure 1 is a side elevation showingin full lines the toy in loadfreceiving position, the movable member being raised, while in' dotted lines is shown the 'toy in load-discharging position the l,movabley member being at the lower limt of its travel; Fig. 2 is a front elevation of.y the `device with the'movable member inraised position; Fi 3 `is-.a partial horizontal section and' `p an `view on the line 3-43 of Fig, 1; Fig.`4 is a partial side elevation of the load-storing member, the movablevr interiorpartsbeing indicated in dotted lines; Fig; 5 shows details of attaching `means for the various structural Fig.` 6'is a plan viewof a por-- parts; an
. tion of the load-storing member, showing details of alatch adapted to retain the load members in` positionk and to release them as described.
rigid cross members 3 and 4\ and having inward bends 5 near their upper ends, and
Specification of Letters Patent. atented Oct.' 1917, Application med April 9, 11317. Serial No. 160,888..` I
parallel vertical projections 6 above 'these bends. These projections 6 are adapted to be inserted in guides or sockets 7 fixed to a storage member 8, which is in therforml of an open. box or trough, slightly inclined from the supports 1.
The base is :formed lof a metal pan 9,
adapted to rest on any plane surface, 'as
" shown in' Figs. l1, 2 and 3. The rear wall,`
10 of this pan is straight, diverging to the larger end wall 11, at the middle portion` of' which is fastened by a rivet' 12 a circular y metal shell 13 having an open top which is cut away on the side opposite the connection to the base member, `and having a. Vcurved guiding strip 14 attached inside its outer wall by arivet 15, for the purpose of leading-round weights through the cut-away portlon 16 of the' shell into the retaining .basemember 9.
To Ithe base member bv meansl of rivets :17 are pivotally attached diagonal bracinlr'l strips 18. each of which at its upper end has a hole 19, with an oit-center slot 20 leading thereinto `from the edge of the strip.y this key-hole slot beingadapted to form engagement with the cross member 4 attached to the upright members '1.' For this purpose the `cross' member has in its upper edge notches or cut-away portions 21.
A sheet metal member 22, its edges turned over to stitl'en` the member, and havin keyhole slots 25, asshown in Fig.` 5, a apted to engage the cross member 4 at the notches 21, as particularly shown in Fig. 2, is riveted at one end to a load-carrying cylinder or car 24, while vat its other end it is joined by a rivet 25 to acounterweight member 26, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3. By this meansl the member 22 `forms a swinging see-saw device, turning about the cross' member 4. As shown in Fig. Lythe up-and-down travel gf this member is limited by conm of the aol cylinder 24 with the receiving member 13 at the bottom, and with trough 8 at the top.' At the middle point of cross member 3 is a hole adapted to be engaged by a terminal eye 27 in a bar member 28, which may be made of wire, and which extends through anopening 29 into and across the bottom of the load-carrying c linder 24, as shown articularly at the right of Fig. 3, and in ig. 1.
At the lower end of the trough' 8 a portion of the bottom is cut away to form an opening 30. AAbove this opening and near the end of the box, through the side walls near the top, are holes 31, adapted to formv a bearing for a cross member 32 extending across the box and through said holes. Riv-A eted or otherwise fixed to this cross shaft isa depending inverted U-shaped member 33 having its ends turned inwardly to form hooks 34, as shown in Fig. 6; These hooks, or retaining ears, normally extend across the opening 30 in the bottom ofthe trough, and are adapted to furnish a seat for the spheric`al members as vlater described. The shaft 32 at one end -extends through the wall of box 8, and is bent downwardly to form a lever or crank arm 35, having an outward extension 36 at its end. The sidewall of box 8 is punched outward to form an upper ear 37, and a lower ear 38, extending across the path of travel ofthe arm 35, and limiting its movementl Fixed on the outside of the load-carrying member 24 by any suitable means is an upwardly extendin arm 39, having an outwardly bent termlnal portion 40, adapted to strike the outwardly bent portion 36 of the arm35, upon travel of the load-carrying member upwardand thereby to raise said arm and consequently the interior latch member above described. The box 8 is in the form of an inclined trough, or receptacle, and is particularly adapted and intended to receive and store spherical loading members 41,v which with the counterweight`26 operate the device, as more fully described hereinafter. It will be understood, however, that various forms of this load-storing member maybe adopted and different forms of load members, bullets, marbles, and balls of' any heavy material, and that the particular forms described are not a limitation on the construction of the toy.
By the construction illustrated and de'- scribed, the device is easily assembled, and disassembled, and may be Apacked in very small space for shipment. The uprights 1 are readily detached fromthe base member by simply pressing their lower ends inward so as to disengage the hooks 2. Thereafter by tilting the uprights forwardly, the cross member 4 can be disengaged from the keyhole terminal slots of diagonal members 18,
Y The load-storage receptaclelifts off the top of the frame and the toy is then in four parts,'all of which vare comparatively fiat, and which may be advantageously fitted together, orpa cked in a carton or selling package of comparatively small size.
The operation of the toy is as follows:
Round bodies of considerable weight are placed in the receptacle 8, and Vowing to the inclined position of this receptacle roll to the lower end thereof, and partly fit into the opening in the bottomV of said box, being retained by the yhooks 34 forming the terminals of the retaining member 33. `These two hooks and the end of the box form a three-point support for the round weights, holding each one as it arrives at the end of the trough accurately in position in the opening 30.
Having thus loaded the toy, the load-carrying member 24 which has been normally held in lower position, is released, and
moves rapidly upward, owing to the fact' that the counterweight end of the balanced member is arranged to be considerably heavier than .the other movabley end, when the receptacle 24 is empty. As this member moves upward the ,terminal 40 of arm 39 strikes the terminal 36 of crank' arm 35, driving it upward against the ear 37, and simultaneously moving the retaining hooks 34 backward and upward to a point where they no longer retain the spherical weight suspended, which thereupony drops through the opening 30 into the bucket 24. These round bodies are chosen of such weight that one of them in the member 24 is sufiicient to overbalance the counterweight 26 and to cause the load-receiving end of the swinging' member to move downward rapidly until it strikes the cylinder 13 with a hammer-like blow. The latch member 28 swings about a center formed .bythe upper cross member 3, while the load-carrying member swings about cross arm 4 .vas a center, consequently as and while the load moves downward, the latch 28 is withdrawnfrom across the bottom of the cup 24, and by the time the position indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 1- is reached, the weight is released, and passes out of the movable vmember 24' through the -shell ,'13 and into the retaining inclosure anni 1 f y a formed by the base member 9. `las soon l'endof the `frame and inclined therefrom, a 6,5 as the load has been thus discharged the discharge opening at the lower end oi said counterwei ht operates to swing thebuclxet receptacle, a movable gate controlling sai upward, w ereupon the next ball which Yopenin ,fr a-crank arm attached to the gate has` meanwhile moved down to suspended extending acrossthe path of travel of the ostion, is ,dropped into it and the op- Acar wherebythe gate is o cned u on arrival 'lo eration repeated. B f this means the deof the car at the upper imit o its travel,
vice operates continuously so long as round and means `extending across the bottom of bodies are ed into the retaining box at the car for retainin la load in position until 'U10 the top, the member 24 rising and falling the car reaches the ower limitof 'its'traveL .n rapidly and striking` tliebottom with an` 5. An'automatic toy, comprisinga frame, 75 impact closely simu ating the action of` a a car mounted 'on one-end of a ever arm hammer. In fact the whl le device is very pivotally attached to the frame and having similar inits operation to that of one form y a counterweight at the other emi adapte 15.. oi the commercial trip or helve hammer. to raise the car when empty, l an `inclined I claim: y receptacle adapted to retain spherical so' "1. An; automatic toy, comprising a frame, weights carried at the top oi the Jframe and a car mounted on a lever member pivotally having a discharge opening at its ylower ,f e attachedto said frame, a counterweight for end, a movable gate controlling said open- 20 elevating the car, a load receptacle `at the ing and adapted to retain the weights stored upper end of the frame providedl with a inthe inclined receptacle, y, means whereby 85 bottom discharge opening located in posithe car operates said gate upon arrival at the tion to discharge loads into the car, a gate upper limit of its travel to releaseone of controlling said opening and arrange to the weights, and means to gradually with`k y be operated by said car, and a valve in the draw a gate from the bottom oi the car as bottom of the? car` adapted to be automatithe car descends. 90 cally and gradually opened during the de- 6. In an automatic toy comprising an upscent of the car. right frame having a receptacle for storing 2. An. automaticl toy, comprising a frame, weights, a lever arm pivoted in the frame ,$0 a lever arm pivotally mounted between its and having a car at one end adapted to reends in said frame, a load-receiving recepceive weights fr ym said receptacle and a 95 tacle atY one end 'of said lever, a counter, counterweight adapted toraise the lcar when weight heavier than said receptacle at the empty, the combination with the car. Io a other end Vof the lever, a load-storage reccpmember pivotally attached to the frame at taclea't the upper end of the trame having ya point -above the'point of attachment `of r a discharge opening in the bottom thereof the' car 'supporting member and extending 1u. in the path` of travel of the load-carrying through the wall of said car and across the receptacle, a gate controllingsaid opening bottom thereof, whereby as the car ymoves and arranged to" be operated by arrival of downward the cross vmember is withdrawn 40 ther receptacle beneath said opening, `an to open the bottom ofthe car. means to gradually withdraw agate control- 7. An 'automatic toy comprising an up- 10| ling the bottom of the car as the car deright frame, a supporting base f member y scende.` f n forming a walled inclosure, a-weight storing 3. LA mechanical toycomprising a frame, `receptacle carried at the top oi the upright a ,car carried at onel end of the lever arm frame-and having a discharge opening in pivotally mountedl in said frame and havthe bottom thereof,` a gate controlling said 110 ing a counterweight at the other end of vdischarge `opening an adapted to deliver said lever arm to move the fcar upwar wei hts through said opening one at a time, j when empty, a load-storage receptacle at a load-carrying ca-r mountedfon a lever arm the upper end ofthe frame inclined therepivotally attached to the upright frame, a
from and having a discharge opening in counterweight attached to said lever arm 11i the lower end in the path of travel oi the adapted to raise the'car when empty, means car, a gate controlling said'opening and ar'- to operate the gate to deliver a sing e load ranged to be :operated by arrival of the car memberl upon arrival of the carunderneath thereunder, and a bar member pivoted in the discharge opening, al bar member exsaid frame above the car-carrying member tending through the car wallacross the bot- 120 and extending vthrough the car whereby tom thereof eccentrically mounted at its the load is retained in said ycaruntil it other end inthe upright frame whereby :the reaches the lower limit of. its travel. bar is withdrawn toopen the bottom'of the 4. An'antomatic toy comprising ai frame, car as the latter moves downward, and a a car mounted on a lever arm pivotally at- L receiving shell adapted to guide the weight 12| tached tothe frame, a counterweight on the membersinto the retaining base upon arlever arm adapted to .raise the car when rival of the car at load discharging posi` empty, va receptacle attached to the'upper tion.` y
8. The combinati-fm. with a toy compeA ward said bar member is withdrawn to a1- `ing a. pivoted lever erm carrying a counterlow a, o'ad in the car to be discharged. 10 Weight at one end and a load-transporting In testimony whereof I have hereunto set car the etler, of sp bar member pivotally my hand. l
5 mounted above the pivoted point of the I BENJAMIN' F B AIN.
ing through the c'ar Wall and across the bot- Witness; tom thereof, whereby as the car movesdown- GLENN H. LERESCHE.