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Publication numberUS1244799 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 30, 1917
Filing dateOct 11, 1916
Priority dateOct 11, 1916
Publication numberUS 1244799 A, US 1244799A, US-A-1244799, US1244799 A, US1244799A
InventorsWilliam A Trost
Original AssigneeWilliam A Trost
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1244799 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPucnloN m50 ocr. H. |916.

Patented Oct. 30, '1917.

. imitating the actions DOLL. p

I Specification ofiLetteifs'Patent.

. Patented-oet. 3o, 1917..y

dApplication led ctober 171, v1916. Serial N o. 124,963. Y

To all whom z' may concern.-

BeY it known that I, WniLmM State of Washington, have invented certain new anduseful Improvements in Dolls, of which the following is a specification.

sists'of an improvement whereby the dolls eyes may be made to close gradually, thus..

of a child while going to sleep. Y

An object of my invention is to produce a device `of the above character which is simpleV 4and compact in construction, vand' eyes of vthe, doll. ducelost motion 'in such a device, whereby the dolls eyes will not close immediately upon rocking the doll, but their closing will.

, -be vdelayed until the doll has been rocked will be hereinafter described in the specifi-kr l cation andy defined by the claims terminatingA for a period.

My invention consists of the novell parts and combinations of parts which are shown in the accompanying drawings, and which the same.

In the drawings I have shown ymy Vinven-- tiony embodied in forms which are now pre' ferred by me.

is in the upright position.

-Fig 2 is a similar sectiony of a slightly` modified form. f

Fig. 3 is a section throughthe escapement Yfrack, showing thev weighted carriage.

Fig..4 is a bottom plan vView of a portion of ythe escapement; rack. i n Y When a childy is being.. rocked to sleep, ity does not close its eyes as soon as the rocking commences, nor does it close them quickly. Aftery aj period of rocking the childs eyes gradually close, and soon he is asleep. This action is closely imitated by my invention.

In' the ordinary vtype of sleeping doll thea: eyes close as soon as the doll starts to as sume a recumbent position. My device provides a' mechanismV which .automatically n A. TRosT, a citizen of the United States, andresidentv yof the city of Seattle, county of King, and

c vopen, and the same rocking must be My inventlon relates to dolls, and conr keeps the eyes open when the doll lying down, and which, after a period of rocking,

vbegins gradually to close the eyes, and Vcontinues the eye-closing movement whilejthe rocking continues. NVhen thefdoll is raised to an upright position, the eyes immediately through with to closeY them again.

' The eyes l are pivotedin thehead-Zl 11,V and is secured therein to open and' close the eyes. near itsconnection-with the baril.- which will' operate-to gradually closeV the Another object is to pro-k the chin, is securedfan escapement rack bar n 3. Upon opposite sides of. this rack are teeth 31, -arrangedin staggered relation, as shown in Fig: 4; kThe number of teethis immaterial, but the more teeth thereare'fon the bar, the more rockingis necessary tofclosek the eyes., ..14 I f y The upper edge 32 oftheI bar 3 serves as :a track uponH whichLV may slide 4a @weighted carriagev 4.v yIf `desired roller 41 kmaybe v. journaled at theV upper edge of the carriage to run upon jthe'y yedge 32. The weight 42 is preferably secured toboth sides of the carriage'beneath therack 3, 'in order` to prevent the displacement' of thecarriage. f

'Upon the carriage 4, and adapted'to en-y gage the teeth 31k whenfthe doll is in recumbent position, area pair of opposedescapement teeth 43.`v When the'doll is in upright k'position' these teeth 143 are thrownout of engagement with the teeth V31, due 'to the action of gravity upon-the' weight 42. The

occupy at such a time, and the dotted lines show 'theposition of the parts at theend ofr their motion, after placing the 4doll in recumbent position. A p a'ir of ears 44, prof vided .withholes 45, projectfrom thefcarvriage '4.

A link 5 is pivoted in the free end of the rod 12, and lhas one end passing-through rien." j g WILLIAM A mimosa; or SEATTLE, WASHINGTON..


y. upright position of the doll is shown yin @Figs l and'2, injwhich the fulll lines repi resent the p'arts'in the position they would the holes 45. At the free'end of the link y parts are reversechso that the knob 51 comes" at the inner end of the link 5. This transforms the action of the'f'carriagelfroni a pull upon the eyes to a push.

The operation of the device will heap! parent, from the foregoing description. When the doll is y'laid' down, theteethA 43 engage the rack-teeth 3l, and the motion of the carriage downrthe bar is arrested. Vhen tlie doll is rocked, the sidewiseimotion rocks the carriage l, which is -loosely'mounted upon the bar 3, andthe yteeth 43 escape,

There is sufficient friction inz the'eye-s'ockets to keep Vthe eyesopen.

As the carriage travels downthe track 32 there isfat first no motion of the eyes, though the carriage slowly travels down'the'traok. VVhen'the knob 5l engages the ears 4:4, the

-` down the; track32, and as soon as Ethe ears 4:4: vengage the knob 52,*the eyes are opened.

1. The combination with adells headI having eyes movable into 5 open and f closed What Il claim as my invention is:

position, of a weight actuatively connected to the eyes and movable by. gravity to close the eyes,` means for vvv'regulating 'the speed of closure of the eyes, comprising a detent for tliejveiglit, said weight being movable "against: sai'ddetentonly while being' swung from side to side, and means for delaying the closing action of the weight upon the eyes.Y

'fThe combination with a dolls head I-fhayingfeyesmovable into open and closed position, of an escapement mountedwithin the head, said lescafp'ement rcompi-ising aV iled ff-member and la' movable member fcop'erating therewith'y to'operate'the eyes, andm'ovable rst on :one side and then yon thepother. by gravity uponsaid*i'i-ned-k member only whemthe ldoll is' rocked'"fromy side toside;

'\ therebyf' delaying the-closing of theeyes.

6:"The`co'mbination 4with a dolls head i 4having eyesg movable vinte' open and closed "posltlon, of`r an "escapement' comprising a 'red toI act bythe force otgravity'upon said fixed member, and operable by agitation of 'fthe' dell', yactuativeconnection"*between* the eyesl and said movable me'mberf whereby moi dos@ kth@ @Yes gfldu3115"; and means for brolVdllcmg lostwnotion. 1n saidtescapement to delay the fbeglnnmg ofthe'eyesclos'ing move- 'ement i, l n

position, 'of aneye opening and closin'gmech-xf havingeyes movable "intol -o'pen' andI closed osition of an e e to eninv and'k closinon a b D mechanism comprising* `aweight Yactuatively connected to the eye, said weight tending open the `eyes when the-doll is in Aupright position, and positively'iacting* means 'l permitting said closing motion*only-vvhilelthe weighty is swlm'g from iside to side.

3. Thecombination*with adollis-head position, of an escapement rack/mounted 'withmfthe head, w'eightfmovablelengthywiseof said rack, actuativeYconnection"between 'said weight and' the eyes,y and teethupon said Eweight 'engageablef with said rack 'when the doll is inirecuinbe'nt positiomand disengageable therefrom when` the ldoll is g'u-pright.

8:'=Tl1`e" y#combination i With having eyes movable into open-andfclosed y"'position, of" an escape'ment" rack'mounted to move by gravity to close the' eyesvvhen'y iwithin the head,`a weight movable lengththe doll is in recumbent position; and to= ywise of said rack, anear upon'said weight having an aperture'th'erein,a rodfsecured in 1" the eyes to turnthema flink'pivo'ted-to said rod and passing through saidaperturein fv-thevears', and adapted to be'engagedr by the ears to 'form anractuativeconnection behaving eyes'fniovable into open and closedftweenthe Weight and the eyes, and tteeth position,'o,f an eyecpening andclosing mechanism comprising a Weight -actuatively con# i nected to the "eye, said fweighttending toe-disengageable"therefromwhen the doll is 4. The' combinationvwith a` dolls *head having eyes movable? 'into Ope'nwan-d'f closed' upon said weight engageablewith said lrack when the*doll `is in recumbent position and 9'.- The combination with dOlPS htdz f the' eyes to' turn? them, al link pivoted to said iXed member andafmovabl'e member adaptfv motion of the-,carriage 'exerts a pull-upon'k the `eyes,land graduallyicleses them. When the' doll is Araised upright, however;7 the teeth' 43 swing upward and-are disengaged'from, the rackv teeth 3l. The carriagthen slides'.4 '-tion' ofthe'niov'able"member'flnayfr acty t'o- *having an aperture therein, a krod secured inf rod and passing through said aperturein from when the doll is upright, the Weight the ears, a knob upon one end of said link being adapted to move by gravity along the ,n adapted to engage said ears to form an acrack when the doll is agitated While in re- '10 tuative connection between the Weight and cumbent position. Y f the eyes, and teeth upon said .Weight en- Signed 'at the city, countyend State of gageable with said rack When the c1011 is n New York, this 29 day of September, 1916. recumbent position, and disengegeable there- WILLIAM A. TROST.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, vby addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

' Washington,-D. C.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2638710 *Jul 12, 1949May 19, 1953Richard Ratcliff GeorgeEscapement-controlled movable doll eye
US2813372 *Dec 23, 1954Nov 19, 1957Arranbee Doll Company IncSlow-closing doll's eye assembly
US6599166Apr 27, 2001Jul 29, 2003Steven EllmanMethod and device for causing a toy to simulate a condition, such as yawn or sleep
US7189137May 16, 2005Mar 13, 2007Steven EllmanTearing mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
US7322874Jun 1, 2005Jan 29, 2008Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or moveable eyes
U.S. Classification446/347
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/40