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Publication numberUS1244889 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 30, 1917
Filing dateMar 31, 1917
Priority dateMar 31, 1917
Publication numberUS 1244889 A, US 1244889A, US-A-1244889, US1244889 A, US1244889A
InventorsJames W Patterson
Original AssigneeJames W Patterson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dispensing-cabinet.
US 1244889 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

.I. W. PATTERSON DISPENSLNG CABINET.

APPLICATION men NOV. 15.- m2. RENEWED MAR. 31. 1911.

1,244,889. Patented Oct. 30, 1917.

2 SHEETSSHEET I.

INVENTOR J. w. PATTERSON.

DISPENSING CABINET.

APPLICATION FILEDNOV. l5| 1912- RENEWED MAR- 3l| 19H.

1,244,889. Patented Oct. 30, 1917.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

WITNESSES P l/VI/E/j/TOR ATTORNEY FFIQE.

James W. IATTERSON, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

DISPENSING-CABINET.

neaassa.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Oct. 30, 191?.

Application filed November 15, 1912, Serial No. 731,526. Renewed March 31, 1917. Serial No. 159,001.

nets or so-called Help Yourself machines,

which the patron operates without a coin to obtain the desired article and then pays for it at the cashiers desk. The purpose of this cabinet is to dispense with the necessity of having the clerk wait on the customer. In cabinets of this kind heretofore constructed 1t was necessary to have the same kind 0 goods in the cabinet, or at least 1n each magazine in the case of multiple-magazine cabinets, because the ejecting member was so constructed and arranged that it ejected only the lowermost or the uppermost package in the stack. In other words, the patron could not-select any particular package from any one magazine, and it was necessary to provide a number of magazines, or cabinets, one for each kind of commodity.

The object of my present invention is to provide a selector which is manually adjustable from the outside of the casing to cause the ejection of any desired article from the magazine. In this way, asingle-magazine cabinet may contain various kinds of articlessuch as chewing gum, chocolates, bon bons, peppermints, etc.--and the patron may adjust the selector to eject any particular package.

Broadly considered, my invention comprises the combination with a suitable casing having a magazine for holding the articles, of a selector adapted to be manually adjusted and operated from the outside of the casing to eject any desired article from the magazine.

More specifically considered, the selector of my invention is arranged to be adjusted vertically into alinement with the desired article, and to be operated horizontally to eject the selected article which drops into the delivery-opening for removal by the patron. Suitable means is provided for guiding the selector in its vertical'and horizontal movements. 2" V The basic idea of myinvention may be mechanically carried out in various ways, and for the sake of illustration I have shown ing drawings, in which Flgure 1, is a longitudinal View in section of a machine embodying my invention.

F 1g. 2, is a horizontal sectional plan view taken on line 22 of Fig.1.

Fig.3, is a front view of a portion of the magazme, showing the springs for yieldably retaining the articles.

Fig. 4, is a view like Fig. 1, showing a modified form of construction.

F1g. 5, 1s a plan view in section on line 55 of Fig. 4; and

Fig. 6, is a front view of a portion of the magazine shown in Fig. 4.

I will describe in detail the form shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, and then the modification illustrated in Figs. 4, 5 and 6.

Referring'to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the casing 11, which may be of any suitable constructlon, is provided with a magazine for holdmg the vendible articles. This magazine may be conveniently formed of a pair of sheet metal members 1 and 2 having each an twoforms of construction in the accompanyinwardly extending rear flange 3, and an outwardly extending front flange 4. The members 1 and 2 are rigidly mounted upon a suitable support 5 fixed to the bottom of the casing. To the front flanges 4 are secured small leaf springs 6 by means of screws 7 or otherwise. The size of the magazme is of course such as to properly accommodate the stack of packages P, which may contain any suitable confections or other commodity. For instance, the packages or boxes P might contain books which are either sold or rented. The retaining springs 5 are so arranged that each box-or package P 1s engaged by at least two springs, one on each side. In Fig. 3, the springs 6 are shown as each engaging two packages at the adjacent corners. But this precise arrangement is not necessary. While the springs 6 prevent the packages from accidentally falling out of the front of the magazine, the rear flanges 3 prevent the packages from fallin out at the rear of the magazine in case t e casing should be tippedbackwardly.

In the specific embodiment shown in the drawings, my form of selector comprises a the casing through the vertical slot 12 provided in. the front wall of the casing. The outer end of the rod 10 carries an operating knob 13. On either side of the slot 12 on the inside of the casing is secured a ide strip 14 by screws 15 or otherwise. hese' package from the bottom, indicated in Figs.

1 and 2 as package P By means of the knob 13, he adjusts the selector vertically,-

until it is in alinement with the desired package. Then he pulls out the knob 13, which causes the pins or fingers to eject the package out of the magazlne. The ejected package falls into ornear the dellvcry-opening 19 from which 1t is removed by the patron, who then pays the clerk or cashier the price of the package. When the knob 13 is released, the spring 18 forces theselector rearwardly into normal position, with the ejecting fingers behind the packages. As soon as the fingers 9 pass out of the magazine, the packages above settle down on the lower packages. The length of the ejecting fingers 9 is such that they completely push the selected packa e out of the magazine, against the action 0 the springs 6, which are of such resiliency as to yield readily when the package is pushed out. The sleeve 17, which is supported in horizontal position by means of the guide strips 14, guides the selector in its ejecting movement and retains the same in a substantially horizontal position. At either side of the slot 12, the front. of the casing may have display windows 2t) through which the packages in the magazine may be seen.

The modification shown in Figs. 4:, 5 and 6, differs from the form described above, in that the side members of the magazine are provided with slots at for receiving the-rear member of the loop portion 8 of the selector during the forward or ejecting movement thereof. The only advantage of this construction is that the pins 9' maybe made considerably shorter than the pins 9 in the first arrangement, thereby saving space at the rear of the magazine. The slots a. of the two magazine members are spaced so that each package will have a slot at each side thereof.

As the other details of construction described above with reference to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, apply also to Figs. 4, 5 and 6, it is believed that no further description of these last mentioned figures is necessary, except to say that the same reference numerals (with a prime mark added for the sake of distinction) have been applied to Figs. 4, 5 and 6 as those which indicate corresponding parts in Figs. 1, 2 and 3.

While I have herein shown and described two specific forms of my invention, I would clearly have it understood that I do not intend to be limited to the details set forth, as 1t 1s ObVlOllS that changes and modifications may be made by those skilled in the art wlthout departing from the scope of the inventlon as define in the appendant claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I clalm as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is: l

1. In a dispensing cabinet, the combina- 4 tion of a ma gazine for holding the articles, and an e ecting member movable longitudinally of said magazine into alinement with the desired article, and also movable transversely of said magazine to push the selected article out of the magazine.

2. In a dispensing cabinet, the combination with a casing provided with a magazine for holding the articles in a vertical stack, of a selector arranged to be adjusted vertically into alinement with the article desired for eject-ion land to be operated horizontally to eject the selected article, and means ,for effecting said adjustment and operation by hand from the outside of the casing.

3. In a dispensing cabinet, the combination with a casing provided with a magazine for holding the articles in a vertical stack, of a selector arranged to be adjusted vertically for selecting any desired article for ejection and to be operated horizontally to eject the selected article, means for effecting said adjustment and operation by hand from the outside of the casing, and means for guiding said selector in its vertical and horizontal movements.

4. In a dispensing cabinet, the combination of a magazine for holding the articles,

' an ejecting member movable longitudinally z1ne and ejecting fingers extending forwardly from said portion to push the selected article out of the magazine, and means for effecting said adjustment and operation by hand from the outside of the casing.

6. In a dispensing cabinet, the combination with a casing provided with a magazine for holding the articles in a vertical stack, of a selector arranged to be adjusted vertically for selecting any desired article for ejection and to be operated horizontally to eject the selected article, said selector having a loop portion surrounding said magazine, ejecting fingers extending forwardly from said portion to push the selected article out of the magazine, means for effecting said adjustment and operation by hand from the outside of the casing, and means for guiding said selector in its vertical and horizontal movements.

7. In a dispensing cabinet, the combination with a casing provided with a magazine for holding the articles, said magazine having horizontal slots open at the rear and arranged in alinement with the articles, of a selector adapted to be manually adjusted and operated from the outside of the casing to eject any desired article fromsaid magazine, said selector having a portion surrounding said magazine and adapted to enter said slots during the forward or the full ejecting movement of the selector.

8. In a dispensing cabinet, the combination with a casing provided with a magazine for holding the articles, of a selector adapted to be manually adjusted and operated from the outside of the casing to eject any desired article from said magazine, said selector comprising a loop portion surrounding said magazine and provided with ejecting fingers, a rod extending from said loop portion to the outside for manipulation by hand, a flanged sleeve on said rod, and a pair of stationary guides in the casing for reing fingers extending forwardly from said portion to push the selected article out of the magazine, a rod extending from said loop portion to the outside of the casing through said slot for manipulation by hand, a flanged sleeve on said rod, and a pair of stationary guides for receiving the flange of said sleeve and thereby guiding said selector in its movements.

10. In a dispensing cabinet, the combination with a casing provided with a magazine for holding the articles in a vertical stack, of a selector arranged to be adjusted vertically for selecting any desired article for ejection and to be operated horizontally to eject the selected article, means for effecting said adjustment and operation by hand from the outside of the casing, means for guiding said selector in its vertical and horizontal movements, and means mounted on said selector for automatically returning the sameto normal position upon release.

In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name this llth day of November, 1912.

JAMES W. PATTERSON. Witnesses:

Jos. ROBINSON, A. A. THOMAS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4858743 *Jul 31, 1987Aug 22, 1989Datavend, Inc.Vending machine and method for automatic vending and returning of merchandise, particularly video cassette tapes
US5113351 *Mar 29, 1989May 12, 1992Delphi Technology, Inc.Automated, interactive vending system for products which must be processed
US5425457 *Oct 8, 1992Jun 20, 1995Williams; Scott V.Document mailbox device
US5740944 *Apr 1, 1996Apr 21, 1998Crawford; Arthur D.Sock storage and dispenser
Classifications
U.S. Classification221/134, 221/155, 221/251
Cooperative ClassificationA47F1/04, G07F7/00