US 1249097 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. G. HUYE.
Box. APPLICATLQN FLLED JUNE 30| 19-17- Patented. Dec. 4, 191?.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
JOSEPH G. HUYE, F NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application led J' une 30, 1917. Serial No. 177,895.
To all whom z't may concern:
Be it known that I, JOSEPH G. HUYE, a citizen of the United States, residing at New Orleans, in the parish of Orleans and State of Louisiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Boxes, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to collapsible setup boxes, more particularly to paste-board hat-boxes, candy-boxes and similar receptacles and may be made in any desired form, it being of course understood that the outline of the top and bottom or end pieces shall correspond to the cross-sectional form of the body.
The primary object of this invention is to provide a sectional collapsible set-up box consisting of' two or more sections, two of which may be easily and securely locked together; to provide reliable locking means for this purpose; to reduce the cost of manufacture of said boxes by making the body and bottom separate, allowing cheap and lighter rolled or pressed paper-board than used in the ordinary folding boxes to be used in the body; to secure a stiffer boxbody by using such lighter rolled or pressed grades of material to form the same; and to increase the strength and .durability 'of such articles, all of which objects are accomplished by the construction, combination and arrangement of parts, all as hereinafter more particularly set forth, described and claimed.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 represents a perspective view of a box, of square form, in which my invention is embodied, the upper and lower portions being partially broken away;
Fig. 2, a top plan View of the same, with the cover removed and part of the walls shown in section and the rest broken away, two of the spreading leaves 3 being in locking position and two folded in free position; Y
F i0. 3. a fraomentar sectional view'onv the line 3 3 of Fig. 2, the wall of the body 8 being broken away to show the flanges 6 and 7 in elevation in engagement with each other;
Fig. 4, a detail super-posed view of the parts of the box ready to be packed for shipment, the top and bottom telescoping and receiving between them the body 8 in folded condition; and
Fig. represents a view, similar to Fig.
Patented Dec. 4l, i917.
l, of an octagonal form of box, the side walls being slightly broken away to show the spreading leaves 3 in spreading or locking position in this form or style of box.
Referring now in detail to the drawings, the box illustrated consists of three parts or sections, the top A having the usualflange or lip, the body 8 snugly fitting into this flange or lip with its upper portion and with its lower portion similarly fitting into the correspondingly shaped flange or lip 5 of the bottom 4. j The upper portion-of the flange or lip 5 is folded over inwardly and downwardly to form an inwardly and downwardly presented locking flange 6 which coperates with the outwardly and upwardly presented flange 7 preferably formed, as shown, in-v tegral with the lower portion of box 8, the flange 6 being preferably integral with flange or lip 5, though not necessarily so.
In assembled position the lower portion of the body 8 is held in its extreme spread position by means of the locking or spreadn ing leaves 3 preferably formed integral with a sheet of paste-board, or other suitable material, l secured Hat against the upper face of the bottom 4 by staples 2 or by any other suitable and known method or means.
The outer edges of the locking leaves 3- correspond to the form of the adjacent parts of the body 8 and the flange 5, which may be angular, as shown, or of any other form desired.
To assemble, the body 8 is slightly deformed and in this condition is to have its lower portion fitting into the bottom 4 so that the lower edge thereof rests on the inner or upper face of the bottom 4 and then is to be spread into its true shape, so that the outer face Qf the. locking flange 7 will be in engagement at all points with the inner face of flange 5 and the inner face of locking flange 6 will be similarly in engagement with the outer face of the adjacent portion of .body 8 and the lower face of locking flange 6 will be in line with, and engage, the upper face of locking flange 47. When the part 8 has been thus spread the locking or spreading leaves 3 are to be folded down so that their edges engage, and hold in such position, the adjacent portions of the body 8.
When assembled as above the parts cannot become separated from, or twisted or disarranged with relation to, each other in normal service.
allowing them to b e folded on their scored lines 10 away from liange or lip 5 at all points a sufficient distance to give clearance or room for" the insertion of the lower portion of the body 8, in slightly deformed Shape, as above mentioned.
.- As the body may be made 'sisaparate from the bottom and so not exposed to wear on its edge, it may be made of coarse, loosely rolled or pressed, stif material. The bottom and top of course will best be made of the fine tough material now commonly used for this purpose, but can be very thin, keeping down expense. The added thickness of sheet l and its leaves 3 to the bottom will give the bottom the necessary or `desired stiffness in case the bottom 4 be made of the thin material above suggested.
To pack for shipment the parts are separated, the locking leaves 3 preferably folded, as shown in Fig. 4:, the body flattened and folded on itself, as shown in said figure, and placed in the bottom 4, which will then be fitted in the top A.
Theremay anges 6 and 7 to set a little away from the faces of the ange 5 and body 8 respectively. To overcome this small staples 9 may be employed if desired, as shown in the drawings, to hold these locking flanges 6 and 7 close to the ange 5 and the body 8 respectively, each staple passing through only two thicknesses of material, as shown in Fig. 3.
Any suitable, material, librous or metallic, may be usedthroughout or wherever desired.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A receptacle comprising two portions, and interenga'ging means carried by said portions, in combination with spreading means for holding-said portions in their normal spread position to keep said interengaging means in locked relation.
2. A receptacle comprising two separable parts and coperating spreading means of engagement carried by said parts, in combination with means carried by oneof said parts to hold said coperating means of engagement in locked relation.
' 3. A receptacle comprising a body section provided on one end portion with a part having a face presented toward the other end of said section, in combination with an end section adapted to engage said endv portion and having a part provided with a be a tendency of the-locking.
face presented toward said end section and so adapted to engage the reversely resented face of the first mentioned part, an spreading means adapted to engage one of said sections to hold said sections in normal position to insure the proper locked engagement of said parts.
4. A receptacle comprising a body section open at both ends and provlded on one end portion with a locking ange presented 'toward the other end and an end section adapted to close said end and having a lip provided with a ange presented in the reverse direction and adapted to engage the reversely presented ange above mentioned, in combination'with spreading means carried by one of said sections to hold said sections in normal position to retain said flanges in locked engagement. v
5. A receptacle comprising a'body section openat both ends and provided on one end a0 portion with anintegral locking flange presented toward the other end and an end section adapted to close said end and having' a lip provided with a flange presented in the reverse direction and adapted to engage with its edge the edge of the locking flange, in combination with spreading means, secured to the end section, to hold said sections in normal spread condition to insure the proper locked engagement of said flanges.
6. A receptacle comprising a body section provided on one end portion with an ntegral outwardly and upwardly presented locking flange and an end section adapted to engage said end' and rovided with a lip having an inwardly and downwardly presented iange adapted to engage the first mentioned flange to `lock said sections to-` gether, ,in combination with spreading means carried by said end section and adapted to 100 engage the adjacent part of the body section to hold said body Section in locked position.
7. A box end cover or section rovided with a part held to its inner face an having portions free to be folded toward or from said inner face, the section itself being fixed in form. v
8. A box end cover or section having a lip provided with a reversely presented locking flange and carrying xed to its inner face means adapted to act indirectly to ress outwardly on said lip and free to be iblded toward or from the inner face ofvsaid end cover or section. l
In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.
JOSEPH G. HUYE.