US 1249289 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I. w; BlGoNEY. DISPENSING TOP F'OR CONTAINERS.
APPLICATION FILED APH. 4| 19H.
Patented m14, 1917.
Mk A TTORNEY PATENT OFFICE.
THOMAS WARNOCK BIEONEY, F NEW YORK, N. Y.
nIsPEnsrNG-ror ron CONTAINERS.
, gpecicati'ogi of Letters Patent.
ylatentetil Dec. 4, 1917.
Anllc'dmled April 4, 1817. Serial Noi 159,677.
To dll inkom z't may camere:
, Be .it known that I, l'lnoirnus liannocn Broom-nga citizen of bh illnlted States, and
i a. resident'of the city otages.' York, borough ver of Manhattan, in the coifhty and State of New York', have invented certain new and useful Improvements inv Dispensing-Tops for Containers, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to certain improve ments in dispensing tops for containers and.
morev particularly to that general type shown prior Patent No. 1,199,522, issue-'l Se tember 2G, 1916.
, n the construction there shown, I provide aslide having an aperture which may be moved into and-out of registry with the dispensingapertureof the container and which slide hasformed as a part thereof a Spring, v l 20.`
tongue, or extension, which engages withA a 4part'of the container, to normally hold the fslid in a predetermined position with the apertures out of reglstry.
One objectofvmy present invention is to rovide a simple and efficient means for oeltingv the slide or cut oil' in either open or closed position, and a further` object is to reduce to a minimum the liability of the inaterial sifting out 4from the container when the slide is in closed position.
M inyention may be applied Vto containers 0r variousdifferent kinds of material such, for instance,- as Vtoilet preparations, condiments, or other lpowders or pastes and may; be embodied inA 'various diierent forms "in tliefseopeA of my invention. l [l 1especiielform illustrated in Vthe accompanying drawings is designed for t..l-
powder, although 1 wish it particularly understoodthatl lam not to be limited either to `this material or to the details ot such specific form. In these drawings, to 'which 'reference istobehad and in which similar reference characters indicatecorrespending par,ts,in"the 'several views,
Figure -1 1sy a' perspective view of a container having a top embodying my in'vention;
i Fig. 2 is a perspectivev'iew of the topon a muchlargler scale; p
- ig. 3 is a. orizontal section in a plane y just above the slide:
Pigs. the ines 4-J1 and 55, respectively, Aof Fig. B; and 1 f l Fig. 6 is a perspective View of a modified form.
I have illustrated my invention as applied to a container 10 of a size and form commonly employed for talcum powder and terminating 'at its upper end in a neck 11.4 'lghe neck is illustrated as having a peripheral Wall l2 and a top wall 13 integral therewith and secured to the body of the con tainer in any suitable manner. Thetop wall 13 has a central portion 14 countersunk to a slightly lowerlevel than the opposed side" portions 15. The extent Vto which this is countersunlty may be comparatively slight Fitting 0" these Parts 1s a cap i8' which also has a'peripheral wall 19 and a. topwall 2l). The peripheral wall 19 may besecured to the peripheral w'all ,112 in any suitable manner,'forming no portion of .my present invention. As shown, is spun,4 bent or crimped inwardly at its lower edge so as-to permanentl f retain it in position. It might be solderen if desired or held 'merelyqby wedging or friction action.
The top wall 20 lies directly upon the side i' portions 15 of the to wall 13 and is spaced from the countersun portion 14 to an extent substantially equal to the thicknesspf therslide I have shown the wall 13. as'ha'ying the countersunk portion for the slide and have shownI the top wall 20substantially i `flat save for a peripheral head or flange, b .ut it willof course be evident that. it .is-imma# terial which of thetop` Walls is 'countersunk and provjdes the guiding edges for' the'slide, as the top wall 13 might be flat and the top i wall 2U countersunk upwardly ortho space n maps for the llide might be formed by displaeing portions of both of the top walls m opposite tions and to only one-half the thiclmess f slide.
@tween-the two top walls and within the coiintersunk ortion or guideway, is a slide 21. i., `Thiais ormed of a thin. piece' of sheet metal 'and preferabl has opposite, substantiall parallel, si e ed es. The width of thee 'de is preferably s ightly less than fthe distance between the edges 17 lso that the slide may have comparatively slight lateral turning or rotative movement as'heremaftel.- -de'scribed The slide has a tongue 22 at '15 one end thereof and preferably integral therewith and this tongue extends through a slot in the peripheral wall 19. The outer engl of 'the tongue constitutes not only a handle1 for the operating of the slide, but also 20 constitutes .aspring for normally holding the s lide in a predetermined position. 'Ifhe tongue is bent downwardly to engage with some portion o f the wall of the'container and is of spring or resilient material so that g5 it operates substantially as disclosed 1n my prior patent above .referred to.
AS an important feature of my invention, I provide lneans wherebythe slide may be locked in'either of its two limiting positions.
As illustrated, this locking means includes ltwo notches 23 and 24'in the side edge of the tongue and so positioned that the tongue may be moved laterally to brin the peripheral wall of the cap at the wird of the slot of the latter into either of these two notches when the tongue und Slide are moved end- 'wise to the oper re istering position. The Slot is of axlength sustantia ly equal to the width of the portion ofthe tongue passing 4o therethrough so that the tongue may be freely pressed inwardly and returned by the spring action, but with the tongue in its outer position as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 3, "the slight free play between the edges of the slide and the edges 17 permits the tongue to be moved latera y and locked. When the slide is forced inwardly to the limiting extent, vthe other notch will `come adjacent to the end of the slot and the tolgue may be moved laterally to lock the sli, e in its inner position, as'indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 3.
Asgthe springtongue tends to hold the slide in one of the. two limiting positions, 65 it I ,s of course evident that the notch 24 might omitted and in fact in most consttuftio h it is unnecessary.
ye topwalls 13 and 2() and the slot 21 have apertures which ermit the dispensing of the contents when t ie slide is in one position and prevent it when in the other vosition. The character, size, number and oca.
ti p c Aracter of the contents to be dispensed. it; shown, the two top walls have apertures @l of these apertures may vary with the' which at all times re ster and the slide has n corresponding set o apertures which register onl when the slide is moved inwardly to the imiting position. For coarser material, the nuinbei.I of apertures would be corresponding] y lnrger and might be fewer in number. For a plastic material, such as shaving cream, tooth aste, or the like, a single aperture mi ht e provided in each of the two top wa ls and in the slide. It will of course be evident that the cut-off action of -the slide is' effected by the bringing of its aperture or apertures into or out of .registry with those. of ,one of the top jvalls and the fact that both top walls have the same set of apertures merely insures the more effective sealing of the container. If such effective sealing is not necessary by reason of the character of the material being dispensed, the center portion of'either of the two topwalls may be cut away to form a single large aperture and the cut-off action securedby the relative movement of the slide and the other top wall. I have shown such a construction in Fig. 6.
It will be noted that the locking action is effected by a slight rotary or lateral movement of theslide in respect to one of the to or peripheral walls. It will be evident that the slide might be of such width that -no litteral or rotary movement between the edges 17, 17, would be possible and that the cap i itself might be rotated to a slight extent jto bring the wall at the end of the slot into the notch in the tongue when the tongue and slide are in proper registering position. The tongue and slide being held against rotary movement in respect to theinnertop wall would constitute a stop for limiting the rotary locking movement of the ca Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: I'
1. A receptacle having two superposed vtop walls, a'slide movable en dwise to a predetermined extent, said walls and slide. having dispensing openings brought intoc and out of" registry by said movement, aslide operating member rigid therewith, "idf-nd means for locking said slide against eiidwise movement by .a lateral movementof said member in the plane of raid slide.
2. A receptacle having a wall, a slide adjacent. thereto and movable endwise in respect thereto, said slide and wall having apertures which may be brought into and" ect thereto and having a tongue integral erewith projecting through said peripheral wa1l,said tongue being movable endwise to bring said slide into and out o f operative position and said tongue and said peripheral wall being relatively movable laterally to-lock saidmslideagainst endwise movement.
trol the dispensing ofthe cont nts of the reendwise to one limiting 4. A rece tacle inclndin a top wall and a peripher Wall, and a sli e havin a body portion 'coactin with said to wal to conceptaelez anda tongue projecting throu h `said peripheral wallnfor operating said sli e,
Lwall provi ed .with a central countersun portion presenti parallel side edges, a cap aviiig an apefured to wall and a peripheral wall, and a sli e'having an aper tured bod counters and guided by said parallel edges, and said slide 'also having a tongue projecting through said peripheral wall, the terminal portionof said tongue bein "resilient, and engaging with the wall of t e container to portion movable within vsaid normally move said slide endvvise in one direction to non-apertured registeringv position, 'and the edge'of said tongue having a recess adapted to coact with said peripheral will upon a slight relative lateral movel portion between said top walls ment of said tongue and peripheral wall to lock said slide in a predetermined position. 6 A receptacle having an apertured to wall provided with a central countersun portion presenting parallel side edges, a cap having an apertured top wall and a peripheral wall, and a slide havin anapertured body portion movable within said countersunk portion. between said top walls and guided by said parallel edges, and said slide alsohaving a tonglue projectin through said peripheral aV the termina portion of ysaid tongue eing resilient and engaging with the wall of the container to normally move said slide endwise in one direction to non-apertured registering po-A sition. v
7. A rece tacle having an apertured to wall provi ed with a central'countesu portion presenting parallel side edges, a cap aving an apertured top wall and a peripheral wall, a slide having an apertured bodly(1 portion movable Within said countersun portion between said top ywallsa'nd guided byl said parallel edges, and said slide also having a tongue projectingthrough said peripheral wall, the terminal portion of said tongue being resilient and engaingwith the wall of the containerk to norma y move said slide endwise n one direction to non-apertured registering position, and means for locking said slide against endwise movement.
r Signed at New York, in the county of New York, and State of New York,this 29th day of March, A. D. 1917.
THOMAS WARNOCK BIGONEY.