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Publication numberUS1250204 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1917
Filing dateMar 2, 1917
Priority dateMar 2, 1917
Publication numberUS 1250204 A, US 1250204A, US-A-1250204, US1250204 A, US1250204A
InventorsCyrus E Morehouse
Original AssigneeCyrus E Morehouse
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Binder.
US 1250204 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

C. E. MOREHOUSE.

BINDER.

APPLICATION man MAR.2.*19|1.

1,250,204. Patented Dec. 18, 1917.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 'lll .7111/111114 11111111111111115;

vll/1L n lill/11111 lll/111111111111 vill/h vill/111111111111111' IIIIIIIIJ: '11111114 IIIIIIII 1111114174 IN VEN TOR. MM5/10u35 A TToR Ni; Ys.

.C. E. MOREHOUSE BINDER.

APPLICATION man mm2. 191'1.

1 ,250,204. Patented Dec. 18, 1917,

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- .INI/E'NTOR.

`W1 TNESSES l I l Cr Us MORE/10u55 /f l v ATTORNEYS.'

r e Arena# BINDER.

Specification of Letters Patent.

patented nee. is, 1917.

y Application led March 2, 1917. Serial No. 151,999.

To .aZZ whom t may concern.'

Be it known that I, CYRUs E. Monniio'osn,

a citizen ofthe United States, residing at l Milwaukee, in the county of Milwaukee, State of lI/Visconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Binders, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in binders.

My improvements are particularly designed by me for the binding ot sheets pertorated at their binding edges for the reception ot posts, the binders being well adapted for the permanent binding of sheets transf ferred from temporary binders although, of course, the binders are as well adapted as the original binders for the sheets.

The main objects of this invention are:

First, to` provide an improved Vbinder which is very simple and economical in its parts and one in which the parts are quickly assembled and adjusted to the sheets to bind the same.

Second, to provide a binder having these advantages which is very secure.

Further objects, and objects relating to structural details, will denitely appear from the detailed description to follow.

I accomplish the objects of my invention by the devices and means described in the following specification. The invention is clearly defined and pointed out in the claims.

A structure which is a preferred embodiment of my invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawing' forming a part of this specification, in which:l

Figure I is a detail longitudinal section through one ot the binding posts ot `a binder embodying my invention on 'a line corresponding to line 1-1 of Fig. II.

Fig. II is a detail horizontal section on a line corresponding to line 2-2 of Fig.' I, the covers being omitted;

Fig. III is a similar detail section of a modified formof my invention, the modiiication being in the form ot the post opening in the binding bar.

F ig. IV is a side view of oneof the blinding posts. i

Fie'. V is a V`detail vertical section of `Qan- 4other embodiment of my invention.

Fig. VI isa detail vertical sectionshotvtion being in the form of a post expanding member. I

Fig.v vii is a aan venian Section of an o embodiment ofvmy invention in which the bindlng post is secured to both binding bars by enpanding theends of the post. A moditied form ofthe binding bars is also shown. Fig, VIII is ay detail vertical section of another embodiment of my invention in which post expanding members are proa vided onbotli binding bars.

A,F.igIX is a side view 0f thePOSt @Inf ployed in the embodiment Shown in Figs. VII and VIII. o

Fig-.X s a Pien View of the blank from which the post shown iny Fig. IX is formed.. l Fig. XI is a detail longitudinal section, Vsimilarv to that of' Fig. I, ot a Structure adapted for slotted sheets, posts being U- .shaped in cross section. Both ends oif'the posts are extended into the 'binding bars as inthe embodiment shown iii-Fig.. VIII;

Fig.. XII is a detail section on aline cor.- responding to line 12V-T12 of FigpvXI. Y

Fig. 'XIII is an enlarged detail section on a line corresponding to line lS-fl of Figs. XI and XII.

Fig.. XIV is a plan View ofY the blank from whichthe posts shown in Figs. XI, XII and `AXIII is formed. y

Fig. XV is ,a detail longitudinal section corresponding to that of Fig. XI of anf other modification in which Athe U-shaped posts are ladapted for Sheets having round holes therein, the round expanding mem. bers being also used. 'p y Fig. XVI is a detail section Ona line corresponding to line Vo16-16 of Fig. XV. Y Fig. XVII is a detail view on aline cor.- responding to line 17-17 of Fig- In the drawing. similar vreference characf ters refer to similar.I parts throughout the several views, and the sectional views are taken looking in the direction of the little arrows at the ends of the section lines.

Referring to the drawing, I provide a pair of binding members or bars l and`2 and binding postsg coacting therewith. The binding bars are preferably formed of strips of metal folded longitudinally to provide spaced bar members. I nth'e embodimentshown. inFigS- 'I and Il the .inner member :of the bar 2' 'is slotted at e to ,reeeve thepoS/U 3 WhQll' PLOVidd with@ flange 5 at one end, the flange being clamped between'the bar members after its engagement with the slot. This provides a convenient means for assembling and supporting the post on one binding bar.

The perforation or hole 6 of the binding bar 1 is disposed opposite to the slot 4 and is adapted to receive the other end of the post 3 and also an expanding member 7 This expanding member has a beveled head preferably of such diameter as to retain it in place with its head between the binding bar members, as illustrated. Vhen the post is forced longitudinally into the perforation 6 it engages the expanding member and is expanded, as at 9, within the space between the binding bar members thereby securing the post to the binding bar members, as illustrated. vVhen the post is forced longitudinally into the perforation 6 it engages the expanding member and is expanded. as at 9, within the space between the binding bar members. thereby securing the post to the binding bar 1.

The expanding member may be conveniently formed of a rivet. I have shown the end of the expanding member as tapered in certain embodiments, although it may be left in its commercial form, as shown in Fig. VI.

The sheets posts.

My improved binder is well adapted for holding sheets which have been previously bound in loose leaf binders of the post type, although, of course, it may be used equally as well as the original binder for the sheet-s.

The covers 10 and 11 are provided with suitable coverings or facings 12 and 141 which are extended upon the binding bars and constitute the hinge connections 13 for the covers. These coverings may be extended at the rear of the binding bars and form a back 13 for the binder.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. III a hole 15 is provided instead of the slot 4. The slot is of advantage over the hole, however, in that it permits the folding of the binding bar before the post is introduced. In the embodiment shown in Fig. III it is necessary to insert the post prior to the folding of thel binding bar.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. V both edges of the binding bar are folded over at 16 and 1T to clamp the flange of the post. The expanding member 18 on the bar 1 is formed by striking up a portion of the body of the bar.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. lVI the expanding member 19 is in the form of a commercial rivet.

In the embodiment shown in Figs. VII and VIII the post is secured to both binding bars by expanding its ends into the perforation or holes provided therefor. In the 8 are perforated to receive the embodiment of Fig. VII an annular expanding member 2O is disposed to embrace the expanded end 21 of the post and serve as expanding means when the post is forced longitudinally into the slot. In the embodiment of Fig. VIII both binding bars are equipped with the rivet-like form of expanding member shown in Fig. I.

The post '22 is preferably formed from a sheet metal blank 23. To facilitate the expanding the posts are preferably notched at 2a.

In the embodiment of Fig. VII the bars 25 and 25 are formed of inner and outer bar members secured together by the rivets 26, washers 27 being interposed between the members to properly space them.

In Figs. XI to XVII the posts 28 are U- shaped in cross section, that is, the blanks 29 from which they are formed are not formed of a complete tube but are formed of a U-shape, as shown in Fig. XII. These U-shaped posts are Well adapted for the sheets 30 having slots 31 in their binding edges. The expanding members 32 of this modification are elongated but shaped somewhat like a horseshoe nail head. The posts are formed so that their bight or inner edges are of greater diameter than their outer edges, so that when they are disposed in the slots of the sheets and expanded the sheets are securely bound. This form is desirable in that it may be conveniently employed as it is somewhat more convenient to saw the slots of a quantity of sheets than to punch holes therein.

In the modification shown in Figs. XV, XVI, XVII, the post holes are punched in the sheets but the posts have the same form as in Figs. XI to XIII. The expanding members 7, the same as shown in Figs. I, VII, and VIII are here employed.

With the parts thus arranged, I provide a binder which can be quickly assembled to bind the sheets and one in which the sheets are permanently held or bound. It is found that there are various instances where it is desirable to permanently bind sheets such asl have been previously held in loose sheet binders, thereby providing permanent records, or for storage purposes, and my improved binder is highly satisfactory for this purpose and in addition may be furnished so economically that it is particularly well adapted as a storage binder as well as for current use.

In the embodiment shown in Fig. VIII posts may be furnished to the users of diderent lengths so that the binder may be adapted to the body of sheets it is desired to bind.

I have illustrated and described severalv embodiments of my invention but havenot attempted to illustrate certain other embodiments or adaptations which C0l1mplate as I believe the disclosure made will enable those skilled in the art to embody or adapt the same as conditions may'require. I have illustrated only a single post but-it will be readily understood that, the binders maybe provided with as many posts as desired. v

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In a binder, the combination of a pair of binding bars formed of strips foldedlongitudinally providing spaced bar members, the inner member of one bar having a transverse slot therein extending from its edge and the inner member of the other bar having a perforation opposite said slot, an expanding member provided with a beveled head disposed in said perforation with its head between the bar members, the diameter of the head exceeding that of the perforation whereby the expanding member-is retained, and a tubular binding post longitudinally slotted at one end and having a flange at the other end disposed in-said slot with its flange between the bar members and with its other end disposed in said perforation in engagement with said-expanding member and expanded upon theI head thereof between the bar members.

2. In a binder, the combination of a pair of binding bars formed of strips folded longitudinally providing spaced bar members, the inner member of one bar having a transverse slot therein extending from its edge and the inner member of the other bar having a perforation with its head between the bar members, and 'a tubular binding post having a flange at the other end disposed in said slot with its flange between the bar members and with its other end disposed in said perforation in engagement with said expanding member and expanded upon the head thereof between the bar members.

3. In a binder, the combination of a pair of binding bars comprising spaced bar members, the inner member of one bar having a transverse slot therein extending from its edge and the inner member of the other bar having a perforation opposite said slot, a tubular binding post having a flange at one end disposed in said slot with its flange between the bar members, its other end being adapted to be engaged in said perforation, and an expanding member provided with a beveled head disposed in said perforation with its head between the bar members for engaging said post and expanding the end thereof between the bar members.

4. In a binder, the combination of a pair of binding bars comprising spaced bar members, the inner member of one bar having a transverse slot therein extending from its edge and the inner member of the other bar having a perforation opposite said slot, a

`tubular binding post having a flange at one end disposed in said slot with its iiange between the barjmembers, its other end being adapted to be engaged in said perforation, and an expanding member for engaging said post and expanding the end thereof be.- tween the bar members. 5, In binder, the combination of a binding bar for-med of a folded piece providing spaced bar members, the inner member having -a perforation therein adapted to receive a post, an expanding member provided with a beveled head disposed inl said perforation with its head between the bar members, the diameter of the head exceeding that of the perforation whereby the expanding member is retained, and a tubular binding post disposedl in said perforation in engagement with said expanding member and expanded upon the head thereof between the bar members. y 1 6. In a binder, the combination of abnding -bar formed of a folded piece providing spaced bar members, the inner member having a perforation therein adapted to receive afpost,yan expanding member disposed in said perforation, and a tubular binding post disposed 'in said perforation in engagement with said expanding member and ex panded thereon between the bar members.

7. In a binder, the combination of a binding bar comprising spaced members, the inner bar member having a perforation therein, an expanding member provided with a beveled head disposed in said perforation with its head between the bar members, the diameter of the head exceeding that of the perforations in the bar member wherein it is retained, and a tubular post inserted in said perforation and expanded between the bar members by said expanding member.

8. In a binder, the combination of a tubular post, a binding bar comprising spaced members, the inner bar member having a perforation therein for receiving said tubular post, and an expanding member disposed in said perforation for expanding said tubular post between said members.

9. In a binder, the combination of a binding member having a tubular post thereon, a coacting binding member formed of a strip folded longitudinally providing spaced bar members the inner of which has a perforation adapted to receive said post, and an expanding member provided with a head disposed 'in said perforation with its head between the bar members, said post being dispos-ed in said perforation and expanded upon the expanding member between the bar members.

l0. In a binder, the combination of a binding bar, a tubular post mounted on said bar, a second binding bar comprising a pair of spaced bar members, the inner member having a perforation for receiving said post., and means carried by said second binding bar for expanding the end of the post between the bar members.

11. In a binder, the combination of a pair of binding bars formed of strips folded longitudinally providing spaced bar members, the inner bar members having post openings therein, and a post arrangedv through said openings and having end enlargements disposed between said bar meinbers and exceeding the diameter thereof whereby the post is retained, one of said binding members being provided with means for holding, for the purpose specified.

12. In a binder, the combination of a pair of binding bars formed of strips each folded longitudinally providing` spaced bar members, the inner bar members having post openings therein, and a post arranged through said openings and having end enlargements disposed between said bar members and exceeding the diameter thereof whereby the post is retained.

13. In a binder, the combination of a binding bar provided with a recess and with Gopes of this patent may be obtained for megane a post opening from the inner side ofthe recess, a post adapted to be engaged in said opening, and means retained normally within the chamber for expanding and holding the end of the post expanded into said chamber when the post is Vintroduced longitudinally thereto.

14. In a binder, the combination of a binding bar provided with tubular post, and an expanding member assembled upon said binding bar independently of said post for expanding the same therein.

l5. In a binder, the combination of a binding bar provided with a post opening, a post having an expansible end, and an expanding member assembled upon said bar independently of said post for expanding the same therein.

In Witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal in the presence of two witnesses.

CYRUS E. MOREHOUSE. [1.. s] Witnesses:

LUELLA G. GREENFIELD, MARGARET L. GLASGOW.

ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of @atenta Washington, D. C.

a post opening, a

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4887925 *Aug 26, 1988Dec 19, 1989Taurus Holdings, Inc.Prong and tang binding system
Classifications
U.S. Classification281/27.3
Cooperative ClassificationB42F13/12