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Publication numberUS1250296 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1917
Filing dateMay 11, 1915
Priority dateMay 11, 1915
Publication numberUS 1250296 A, US 1250296A, US-A-1250296, US1250296 A, US1250296A
InventorsEdward M Fitzjohn, Elmer A Stanton
Original AssigneeEdward M Fitzjohn, Elmer A Stanton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1250296 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



1,250,296. Patented Dec. 18,1917.

ftively light al eing 1 socket portion 0 UNrrED STATES PATENT OFFICE. 7



Application filed May 11,

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, EDWARD M. Frrz; JOHN, a subject of Great Britain, and EL- MER A. STANTON, a citizen of the United States, and residents of Oneida, in the county of Madison, in the State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Golf-Clubs, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a full, clear, and exact description. i l

This invention relates to certain improvements in golf clubs and refers more particularly to the structure of the head and its relation to the handle. v

The main object isto establish such relation between the head and the handle that when the club is held in striking position, the head will automatically balance or adjust itself into proper position for striking the ball squarely,, as distinguished from those clubs in which the shank or socket of the handle is attached to one end of the head,

whereby the dominant weight of the head is;

eccentric to the axis and renders the use of the club more or less uncertain.

In other words, we have sought to bring the striking face of the head as nearly as possible in the center of gravity of the club as a whole when suspended from the extreme upper end of the handle.

Another object is to produce acomparaand line of resistance mainly belbw thie longitudinal center of the hea e Other objects and uses relating "to specific parts of the device will be brought out in the following description.

" In the. drawings Figure 1 is a rear elevation of the lower portion of a' olf club,i th e upper portion of the handle broken --'away and the the shank for receiving the lower endof the handle shown in sec-- tion. Fig. -2 is an opposite face view of the; same portion of the club. 1 Fig. 3 is a top plan of the head, the ad- Specification of Letters Patent.

-metal head which 1s particu-' 'la-rly adapted for putting plays.,

Patented Dec. 18, 1917.

1915. Serial N0. 27,380.

jacent portion of the handle being shown in section. I

Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the same hea andadjacent portion of the shank.

E1g.,5 is a top plan of a modified form of head.

As illustrated, the golf club comprises a laterally'elongated head -1 having a sub.- stantially flat driving face 2- and an integral shank '3-- extending rearwardly and upwardly from its lower rear face in the form ofa loop 4, the upper portion of the shank above the head being substantially straight and provided witha tapered socket -5 for receiving the lower tapered end 6 of a handle '7- which is secured in the socket --5-- by any suitable fastening a upper edges of the head, as shown more clearly in Fig. 4, leaving a considerable clearance between the upper portion of the head and shankvto lighten the weight and permit the striking power to be applied directly to the lower ortion of the head where the strains due to impact with the ball and also with the ground-are most severe.

The structure and weight of'the head and manner of connectingit with the handle is such that the striking face of the head will be inapproximately the center of gravity when the club as a whole issuspended by the upper end of the handle; a u

The lower and upper edges of .thehead are substantially parallel, while the shank and handle are inclined upwardly at suitable angles to the front face and longitudinal center, the junction ofl the loop and head '1-- being substantially midway between the opposite endsjof the lower edge of the head, leaving the entire upper edge of said head free and unobstructed from end to end. The front face of the head isfdisposed in a flat plane at an acute angle'to-the axis nearer the head so as to increase its range of usefulness for lofting, driving or putting,

thereby avoiding the necessity for carrying extra clubs'for these difierent' plays.

The axis of the handle may be represented by the dotted line a, Fig. 4, while the plane of the front face of the head may be designated by the dotted line b, and the plane passing at right angles through the longitudinal center of the head may be designated by the dotted line c, thus showing clearly the angle of inclination of the front face of the head relatively to the axis of the handle and also showing that the junction between the rear face of the head and shank is mainly below the longitudinal center of the head.

The object in deflecting a portion of-the shank -3- or loop 4 wholly to the rear side of the axis of the handle is to permit its lower end to be brought forward and across to the opposite side of the axis in a line more nearly normal to the face of the head --1-, thereby concentrating the weight and resistance mainly below the longitudinal center and midway between the ends of said head, and at the same time the rearwardly ofi'set portion'of the shank the extension of the shank rearwardly from the head and some distance beyond the produced axis of the handle gives a direct push ing force to the head substantially normal to the surface thereof-and enable the club to be used with greater accuracy than would be possible with clubs not so-carefully balanced. I

In the modification shown inFig. 5, the shank or socket portion 5- is united to the head "1 by a bifurcated or double loop consisting of branches -4'.joined to the rear face of the head near the base thereof so as to appear in side elevation or detached View similar to that shown in Fig. 4.

What we claim is:

A golf club comprising a head, a shank and a handle, said shank having atportion thereof deflected wholly to one side of the axis of the handle and of reduced cross-sectional area and its lower end returned across and to the front side of said axis and of gradually increased cross-sectional area, and secured to the head.

In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands this 28th day of, April, 1915;


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2478468 *Feb 25, 1948Aug 9, 1949Drake John FGolf putter
US2683036 *Jul 20, 1949Jul 6, 1954Klein George FNonshanking golfing iron
US2926913 *Sep 26, 1955Mar 1, 1960Karl StecherGolf club
US3042405 *Mar 23, 1959Jul 3, 1962Karsten SolheimGolf club
US3061310 *Sep 4, 1959Oct 30, 1962Adolf E GizaHollow headed golf putter
US3064975 *Oct 9, 1961Nov 20, 1962Smith Raymond AFull view non-scuff golf club putter
US3574349 *Sep 23, 1968Apr 13, 1971Kropp Norbert VictorPendulum-type golf putter
US3675923 *Apr 29, 1970Jul 11, 1972Seaview Enterprises IncGolf putter with three prong shaft attachment
US3815910 *Jan 18, 1973Jun 11, 1974C RainesPlastic filled golf putter with double gooseneck shaft attachment member
US3980301 *Jun 26, 1975Sep 14, 1976Smith Kenneth LWood golf club improvement
US3992015 *Jan 24, 1975Nov 16, 1976Benson Glenn SFour-prong putter head support
US4073492 *Apr 29, 1976Feb 14, 1978Taylor David LCustomized putter
US4121833 *Mar 31, 1977Oct 24, 1978Prueter John LGolf club putter
US4163554 *Sep 19, 1977Aug 7, 1979Bernhardt Floyd VGolf putter
US4265451 *May 3, 1979May 5, 1981Bernhardt Floyd VGolf putter
US4325550 *Aug 1, 1980Apr 20, 1982Stan Thompson Golf Club CompanyPutter with shaft axis focussed at blade keel
US5160141 *Mar 16, 1992Nov 3, 1992Crews Debra JGolf putter
US5224702 *Dec 13, 1991Jul 6, 1993Turner David AOffset hosel golf club
US5382019 *Feb 1, 1994Jan 17, 1995Sneed; Wilbert L.Golf putter
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US5688187 *Jan 10, 1997Nov 18, 1997Duncan; Ross A.Golf irons
US5695410 *Apr 9, 1996Dec 9, 1997Brown; Joel B.Golf club head and hosel
US5720672 *Jun 21, 1996Feb 24, 1998Smith; George W.Golf club
US5928089 *Feb 13, 1998Jul 27, 1999Smith; George W.Golf club
US6001028 *Feb 11, 1998Dec 14, 1999Tang; Huei-HsienDouble-balanced golf club head
US6033319 *Dec 21, 1998Mar 7, 2000Farrar; Craig H.Golf club
US6203445Aug 16, 1999Mar 20, 2001Vertex, L.L.C.Golf putter head
US6217459Feb 4, 1999Apr 17, 2001Castlehawk, LlcPutter head assembly
US6350208 *Jan 25, 2000Feb 26, 2002Thomas R. FordGolf putter
US7976400 *Jan 4, 2011Jul 12, 2011Pottorff Earl TGolf putter with adjustable lie
US8062148 *Jan 25, 2010Nov 22, 2011Farkas Stephen WGolf putter
US8979667May 31, 2013Mar 17, 2015The University Of TulsaGolf putter head
WO2000037147A1 *Dec 13, 1999Jun 29, 2000Craig H FarrarGolf club
WO2000045903A1 *Feb 4, 2000Aug 10, 2000Castlehawk LlcPutter head assembly
U.S. Classification473/313
Cooperative ClassificationA63B53/0487