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Publication numberUS1250433 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 18, 1917
Filing dateJan 20, 1915
Priority dateJan 20, 1915
Publication numberUS 1250433 A, US 1250433A, US-A-1250433, US1250433 A, US1250433A
InventorsWilliam Righter Comings
Original AssigneeWilliam Righter Comings
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Washer and attaching means therefor.
US 1250433 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

w. R; comme's. WASHER AND A TTACHING MEANS THEREFOR. APPLICATION HLED 11m. 20. ms.

Patented Dee. 18 ,1917.

2 SHEETS-SHEET I Fig. 1.

W. R. COMINGS.

WASHER AND ATTACHINGMEANS THEREFOR. APPLICATION FILED JAN. 20. 1915.

1,250,433. Patented Dec. 18,1917.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2. F .6. 7

WILLIAM RIGHTER COMINGS, F WIMBLEDON PARK, ENGLAND.

WASHER AND ATTACHING MEANS THEREFOR.-

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Dec. 18, 1917.

Application filed January 20, 1915. Serial No. 3.212.

- To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, WILLIAM RIGHTER CoMrNGs, a citizen of the United States, and residing at Wharncliffe, Wimbledon Park, Surrey, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Washers and Attaching Means Therefor, of which the following is a. specification.

My invention relates to washers and attaching means therefor, and particularly to washers adapted for use in connection with ordinary steam and water valves.

The object of my invention is to provide washers which shall possess the elastic and pliable qualities of rubber, vulcanized fiber, leather, cork, paper and the like, and at the same time possess the durable wearing qualities of metal.

In carrying out my invention, I preferably provide awasher comprising a metallic casing and an elastic filling member inclosed therein. I contemplate also the provision of means for retaining the elastic filling member under compression, in order that it may be more effective in its operation. I also preferably provide means for limiting the pressure which can be applied to the filling member, and thus limit the radial expansion thereof and the consequent pressure applied to the casing.

I have found it desirable to provide some means whereby the washer may readily be attached to the valve stem, and I have, therefore, provided spring means for accomplishing this result. As shown herein, these spring means are so. arranged that the washer may have free swiveling movement relative to the stem, in order that it may compensate for any irregularities in the valve seat or washer. I

I have found it desirable also, in certain cases, to provide means for preventing relawater valve or faucet embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary sectional view of a portion of the valve illustrated in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view of a slightly different embodiment of my invention, showing a different means for securing the washer to the valve stem;

Fig. 1 is a sectional view of a modified washer embodying my invention;

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of a Washer embodying my invention, showtional views illustrating other embodimentsfn',

the valve seat 16, with which the valve or washer 17 cooperates. This washer, as

shown, comprises a metallic casing com- I posed of the telescopic members 18 and 19. The metallic casing incloses an elastic filling member, indicated at 20, which is preferably held under compression, within the casing. As illustrated in Fig. 1, the washer 20 is held under compression by the portions 18, 19 of the casing.

As a means for protecting the elastic filling member .and thus adding to its life, I preferably provide the portions 18, 19 of the casing with a non-corrodible lining, indicated at 22. It is to be noted also, with ref- ,erence to Fig. 1, that the filling member 20 is smaller than the interior of the casing member, whereby an annular space 23 is left between the exterior of the filling member and the interior of the casing, to allow for any radial expansion which may result from pressure applied to the washer. I preferably make use also of some means for limiting the relative movement of the telescopic members 18,19, and, as shown in Fig.1, this means comprises the edge or riin 24;, of one of the telescopic members 111 cooperatlon with the adjacent portion 25 of the other telescopic member. As a means for conveniently securing the washer to the valve stem, I have provided the stem with a rounded end 26, with which the spring tongues 27 integral with the telescopic-member 19, cooperate. In order to facilitate the swiveling movement of the washer with relation to the valve stem, in order to permit the washer to aline itself properly upon the seat 16, I provide some spherical-shaped member, such as the spherical-headed screw 127, and I interpose between the washer and the stem a thrust washer, such as 28, provided with a spherical-shaped depression 29, which cooperates with the spherical-shaped member 127.

As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, I provide means, such as theset screw 30, mounted in a portion of the valve casing 15 and cooperating with a flattened side of the washer to prevent relative rotative movement between the washer and casing.

From the above, it is apparent that I have provided a washer in which the elastic filling member is held under compression within the telescopic casing, and in which the parts are so arranged that the pressure that can be supplied to the filling member, and hence the radial or bursting pressure that can be applied to the casing is limited.

There are many other constructions which embody my invention, as shown in the other figures of the drawing. In Fig. 3, for example, a slightly difierent form of washer and stem is shown, in which the filling member 20 is held under compression by the telescopic members 18 and 19 and the tubular rivet 21 This figure also illustrates a positive means, such as the screw 30*, for securing the washer to the stem.

In Fig. 4, I have shown a washer in which the filling member 20 is constantly held under compression by the telescopic casing 18, 19 alone. 1

The washer shown in Fig. 5 is somewhat diiferent from the washer disclosed in Fig. 1, since the elastic filling member is not adjacent the bearing surface of the washer,

but is removed therefrom a. considerable extent, as clearly shown, the ends 32 of one of the telescopic members being the portions of the washer which cotiperate with the valve seat. The filling memberr20 shown in this drawing operates, however, in a somewhat similar manner to the fillingmembers above described,'and the means for attaching the washer to the valve stem is substantially identical with that employed in the washer shown in Fig. 1. v

In Fig. 6,'I have shown a slightly difierent means for attaching the washer to the stem and permitting free swiveling movement therebet-ween. This embodiment includes a spring clip 33 adapted to be detachably secured to the rounded end 26 of the valve stem. The end of the valve stem is preferably recessed as at 31 to receive the spherical member 127 which is held in position by the spring clip 33". This spherical member cooperates with a recess in one of the telescopic members 18 of the washer. This washer is secured to the valve stem in a manner similar to that employed in the case of the embodiment shown in Fig. 1.

In Fig. 9, I have shown a slightly different means for connecting the washer to the valve stem, this means comprising a circular member 35, separate from the washer casing and cooperating with the rounded end of the valve casing and with an annular groove 86 formed in the inner telescopic member 18. The rounded end 26 of the stem may be integral therewith or connected thereto by some such means as the sphericalheaded screw 38, the head of which cooperates with a depression 29, in the thrust washer 28, interposed between the washer and stem.

As in the embodiment shown in Fig. 1, the pressure that can be applied to the filling member is limited by the co-action between the edge 24 of the inner telescopic member and the face 25 of the outer tele- 9 scopic member. The filling member shown in this figure is not only of less diameter than the interior of the telescopic members, but is provided with a central opening 40, which permitsof a certain amount of radial expansion of the filling member without applying a corresponding amount of radial or bursting pressure to the washer casing.

Fig. 10 shows a slightly modified form of means for retaining the elastic filling member under compression and for limiting the pressure that can be applied thereto. As shown in this figure, the elastic filling member 20 is of less diameter than the interior of the inner telescopic member 18 and is held under compression by the flange 41*, formed upon the outer casing member 19 At the top of this casing there is provided a circular flange 42 which may be utilized in connecting the washer to the stem.

In Fig. 11, I have shown means somewhat similar to those shown in Fig. 6 for permitting a free swiveling movement of the washer with relation to the stem. The means shown in this figure comprise a spring clip 33, adapted to be detachably connected at one end to the rounded end 26 of the stem, and at. the other end to engage a circumferential groove provided in the thrust washer 28 Thethrust washer, in addition When the compression of the washer takes place in use the expansion of the filling member causes it to close up the elastic material around the screw and hold it firmly in positionon the thrust washer, and it can then be readily removed by unscrewing it. The groove in the thrust washer is also so shaped that the tendency of the spring clip is always to hold it straight, in axial alinement with the valve spindle, and to return it to this position whenever it has been rocked or deflected. Instead of the screw stud 43, any suitable means may be employed for attaching the washer to the thrust washer. For instance, a cup and ball fastener, such as is used on gloves, may be employed, the ball being formed upon the thrust Washer in place of the screw stud and the cup being held in the Washer. In such an arrangement the washer may be easily attached to the thrust washer by pressing the two together, and may be removed therefrom byinserting a knife blade, or other suitable instrument, between the two and prying them apart.

The Washers which I have shown and described herein are readily seen to be of great advantage over the washers now in common use. Because of the provision of the elastic filling member within the washer I obtain the eflicient operation of the washer, as in the case of elastic or rubber washers, and at the same time I do away with the disadvantage of such washers, in that they possess but little durability. The spring means for connecting the washer to the stem is also of importance, since it greatly facilitates the assemblage of the parts and the replacing of the washers. The means for permitting a relative swiveling movement between the stem and washer effects a perfect alinement of the washer with respect to its seat at all times. The wear upon my washers is reduced to a minimum by reason of the provision of means for preventing the washers from turning with respect to the valve seats.

Other advantages derived from the use of my improved washers should be obvious to those skilled in the art, and I wish it understood that I do not wish to limit myself to the particular embodiments of my improvements as disclosed herein, since obviously many changes may be made therein without de artingfrom the spirit of my invention.

at I claim is:

1. In a device of the character described, a washer comprising a metallic casing and a moldable filling member inclosed therein, said casing being constructed and arranged to normally hold said filling member under compression and provided with means for limiting and controlling the pressure applied to the filling member.

2. In a device of the character described,

a washer comprising a metallic casing and a moldable filling member inclosed therein, said casing being constructed and arranged to normally hold said filling member under compression and provided with means integral therewith for limiting and control- Iloing the pressure applied to the filling mem- 3. In a device of the character described, a washer comprising a metallic casing and a moldable filling member inclosed therein, said casing being constructed and arranged to normally hold said filling member under compression, said filling member being so proportioned and shaped with regard to the casing that there is sufiicient space within the casing to allow for the radial expansion occasioned by the compression.

4. In a device of the character described, a washer comprising a metallic casing and a moldable filling member inclosed therein, said casing comprising a pair of telescopic members adapted to normally retain the filling member under compression.

5. In a device of the kind described, a washer comprising a metallic casing and a moldable filling member inclosed therein, said casing comprising a pair of telescopic members adapted to normally retain the filling member under compression, and provided with means for limiting the relative movement thereof, thereby limiting the pressure that can be applied to said filling member.

6. In a device of the character described, a wvasher comprising a metallic casing and a moldable filling member inclosed therein, said casing being constructed and arranged to normally hold said filling member under compression, the interior of said casing being provided with a lining of non-corrodible material.

7. In a device of the character described, a valve stem, a washer and spring means adapted to detachably -connect said washer and stem without the use of any special tools.

8. In a device of the character described, a valve stem, and a washer comprising a metallic casing and a moldable filling member inclosed therein, said casing comprising a pair of telescopic members adapted to re: tain the filling member under compression, one of said telescopic members being provided with a spring means adapted to cooperate with the valve stem 'to detachably secure the Washer thereto.

9. In a device of the character described, a valve stem, a washer comprising a metallic casing, and a moldable filling member inclosed therein, said casing comprising a pair of telescopic members, one of said telescopic members being provided with a spring means and adapted to cooperate with the valve stem to detachably secure the washer thereto and a substantially spherical shaped member interposed betwen the washer and stem spring means, adapted to cooperate with the 10 to facilitate relative axial movement therebevalve stem to detachably secure the washer tween. thereto.

10. In a device of the character described, In testimony whereof I afiix my signature a valve stem and a washer comprising a in presence of two witnesses. metallic casing and a moldable filling mem- WILLIAM RIGHTER CO'MINGS. ber inclosed therein, said casing comprising Witnesses: a pair of telescopic members, one of said H. D; JAMEsoN, telescopic members being provided with a ORLANDO J. SMITH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3508739 *Oct 17, 1968Apr 28, 1970NasaMetal valve pintle with encapsulated elastomeric body
US4408745 *Dec 11, 1980Oct 11, 1983American Standard, Inc.Swivel valve
US4948096 *Nov 13, 1989Aug 14, 1990Amca International CorporationValve stem and gasket with improved cleaning capability
Classifications
U.S. Classification251/88, 251/358, 251/357
Cooperative ClassificationF16K1/487