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Publication numberUS1252187 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 1, 1918
Filing dateMay 5, 1917
Priority dateMay 5, 1917
Publication numberUS 1252187 A, US 1252187A, US-A-1252187, US1252187 A, US1252187A
InventorsConrad B Shane
Original AssigneeConrad B Shane
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1252187 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


APPLICATION FILED MAY 5, I917- Patented Jan. 1,1918.

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Specification of Letters IPatent.

Patented Jan. 1, ers.

Application filed May- 5, 1917. Serial No. 166,555.

' citizen of the United States, residin at Chicago, in the county of Gook and tate of Illinois, have invented certain'new and useful Improvements in Garments, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to an outer garment, which is both ventilated and rainproof, and is concerned particularly with a novel and improved seam construction, by which these ends are effectively attained. In addition to the objects stated, the features of the invention presently to be described may be applied to an outer garment with but small expense and without afl'ecting measurably the appearance of the garment. These and other objects will more fully hereinafter appear from the specification and claims, and from the accompanying drawings which illustrate one embodiment of'my invention in the following manner:

Figure 1 a rear view ofan outer garment showing the preferred location and arrangement of my improved seam construction Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectionaldetail taken on line 22 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3' is a cross section, enlarged, taken on line 33 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a cross section, enlarged, taken on line 44 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is an enlarged detail in plan, .a portion of the overlying fabric section being broken away to exhibit the present seam construction; and

Fig. 6 is a detail in cross section of a fabric edge to which a strip of rubberized cloth has been applied, the edge of the fabric being not yet turned as ultimately required.

I have represented in Fig. 1 a conventional outer garment which consists, as is usual, of a number of fabric sections cut to roper shape and joined as at the seams 7.

referably the fabric composing the garment is suitably treated so as to be rendered water or rain-proof. At the seams, however, extremediificulty is experienced in preventing entrance of rain if any rovision whatever is to be made for 'vent1 ation. In this connection it may be stated that there is special need for ventilation where thegarment fabric has been rendered water-tight. While the present seam construction may be employed wherever sections of the rment fabric are joined together, neverthe ess adequate ventilation is provided for if these seams be confined to certain parts of the garment, such, for instance, as the upper back and side portions, as shown by the dotted lines in Fig. 1. In these portionsthe seams are open as distinguished from the seams elsewhere which areclosed.

For convenience in description the two I fabric edges to be joined toform my im-' proved seamare designated as A and B, respectively. These edgesoverlap in the usual manner, the section A- having its edge pref erably turned and stitched as at 8 and a lining 9 of rubberized or water-proof material applied upon its inner side. The lining may be in the form of a strip secured to the fabric by any suitable means, such as an adhesive. The adjacent edge of the section B is also lined with a rubber or water-proof strip 10 which initially is applied, as shown in Fig. 6, upon the two sidesof the fabric andextended around its edge. The strip 10 is preferably extended upon one side of the fabric substantially twice as far back from its edge as upon the other side, so that, when the edge of the section B is bent to the position shown in Figs. 3 and 4, there will be a lining upon three faces extending back upon each face from the edge about the same distance. After being turned, the edge of the section B will normally stand out at a slight angle, as shown in these figures, to

provlde in effect a channel or pocket extending lengthwise of the seam.

A double connection between the sections A and B is provided, one on the outer side of the garment formed by tacking the edges of the fabric at intervals as at 11, and the other on the inner side of the garment formed by the use of a fabric strip C which is attached to each section A and B, preferably by a suitable adhesive. To rendermore secure the connection'between the strip C and the sections A and B, additional covering strips 12 may be employed, if deemed desirable, their use, however, being optional. The strip 9 which lines the inner side of the section A, mayextend back from the edge any suitable distance; the liningshown in the drawing terminating just short of the point where connection is made with the strip C. I have provided a plurality of desired, between the places where the tacking connections 11 are made (see Fig. 1), and are wholly invisible from the outer side of the garment. I

In use, movements of the wearers body, or pressure from the wind, will cause the seam edges between the places of tacking .to bulge or-buckle sufliciently to open up places for the passage of air between the sections A and B, and through the openings 13 in the manner indicated in Fig. 3. Ventilation through to the inside"a very desirableend in garments of this kind-is thus obtained throughout the length of each of the seams so constructed. In case of rain leakage through the seam is prevented by the channel or pocket'formed by the turned edge of the section B which serves as a barrier to prevent the water from entering; Whatever water is caught within this channel will be drained down and out again at the lower edge of the seam which preferably is formed to facilitate this action. I

The seam construction which has just been described is obviously simple and inexpensive to manufacture, and atthe same time operates effectively to provide ventilation without admitting the rain. A garment so formed will differ in appearance in no way from those of ordinary construction, and hence may embody whatever points of style or design that its maker may choose.

I cla1m:

1. In a garment, a seam between adjoining fabric sections consisting of an edge of each overlapped by the other, the inner fabric edge being turned toward the outer fabric to provide a channel normally open for the length of the seam and disposed entirely beneath the outer fabric edge, and connections between the outer fabric edge and the adjoining fabric section at intervals throughout the length of the seam free of the turned edge of the under fabric, substantially as described.

2. A garment seam between adjoining fabric sections comprising a turned edge on one section facin the other and provlding an open channel, or the length of the seam, connections at intervals between the edge of the other sectionand the body of the first mentioned section, the connections being removed from, the turned edge to not interfere with the channel therein formed, and a third fabric section connected to the under side of each of the first two mentioned sections, there being a plurality of openings in the third section communicating with the under side of the garment, substantially as described. o

3. A garment seam between adjoining fabric sections comprising a lining of waterproof material applied around the edge of one garment section and extending back on one side thereof substantially twice as far.

as on the other side, the edge being turned on the side having, the greater portion of the lining to provide a. channel whose walls garment section being laid over the turned edge of the first mentioned section and. se-..


are protected 'by the lining, and the other I

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2469700 *Mar 7, 1947May 10, 1949Petroceill Edwina STransparent protective garment for infants
US2715226 *Jun 11, 1953Aug 16, 1955Louis I WeinerVentilative garment
US2755475 *Sep 23, 1954Jul 24, 1956Abraham LipshitzSafety armor jacket
US3969772 *Dec 11, 1974Jul 20, 1976Etudes Et Fabrications AeronautiquesJumping garment for a parachutist
US6332221 *Dec 28, 1990Dec 25, 2001Nicholas Dynes GraceyThermoregulatory clothing
US6339845 *Nov 20, 1998Jan 22, 2002Salomon S.A.Wearing apparel with venting apparatus
US7437774Jan 24, 2005Oct 21, 2008Nike, Inc.Article of apparel incorporating a zoned modifiable textile structure
US8187984Apr 26, 2007May 29, 2012Malden Mills Industries, Inc.Temperature responsive smart textile
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US8389100Oct 15, 2010Mar 5, 2013Mmi-Ipco, LlcTemperature responsive smart textile
US8555414May 6, 2004Oct 15, 2013Nike, Inc.Article of apparel utilizing zoned venting and/or other body cooling features or methods
US8856964 *May 6, 2008Oct 14, 2014Nike, Inc.Articles of apparel including zones having increased thermally insulative and thermally resistive properties
US9332792Feb 17, 2005May 10, 2016Nike, Inc.Articles of apparel utilizing targeted venting or heat retention zones that may be defined based on thermal profiles
US9700077Jun 19, 2013Jul 11, 2017Nike, Inc.Article of apparel with variable air permeability
US20050204449 *Jan 24, 2005Sep 22, 2005Nike, Inc.Article of apparel incorporating a zoned modifiable textile structure
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US20080057261 *Aug 8, 2007Mar 6, 2008Mmi-Ipco, LlcTemperature Responsive Smart Textile
US20080057809 *Aug 29, 2007Mar 6, 2008Mmi-Ipco, LlcTemperature and moisture responsive smart textile
US20080075850 *Apr 26, 2007Mar 27, 2008Moshe RockTemperature responsive smart textile
US20080289078 *May 6, 2008Nov 27, 2008Nike, Inc.Articles of Apparel Including Zones Having Increased Thermally Insulative and Thermally Resistive Properties
US20100243181 *Mar 31, 2009Sep 30, 2010O'connor Patrick JVented shower curtain
US20110052861 *Oct 15, 2010Mar 3, 2011Mmi-Ipco, LlcTemperature Responsive Smart Textile
US20130326784 *Jun 8, 2012Dec 12, 2013Tracy E. WhiteCover Up
US20170105467 *Dec 27, 2016Apr 20, 2017Nike, Inc.Cold weather vented garment
WO1999065345A2 *Jun 15, 1999Dec 23, 1999G & K Services, Inc.Controlled environment garment system
WO1999065345A3 *Jun 15, 1999Apr 6, 2000G & K Services IncControlled environment garment system
WO2013171477A1 *May 14, 2013Nov 21, 2013Berghaus LimitedGarment vent
U.S. Classification2/87, 2/DIG.100
International ClassificationA41D27/28, A41D3/04
Cooperative ClassificationA41D3/04, Y10S2/01, A41D27/28
European ClassificationA41D27/28, A41D3/04