US 1253067 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. A. McGAHAN.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT-6, 1916- 1 2:5% Patented Jan. 8,1918.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
G. A. McGAHAN. POULTRY COOP.
' APPLICATION FILED SEPT-6| 19l6.
Patented Jan. 8, 1918,
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- gryue'nioz @TATEg PATENT @FFEQEQ GEORGE A. IVICGAHAN, 0F CINCINNATI OHIO, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-FIFTH T0 WM. M.
CATRON AND ONE-FIFTH TO U. I. ROSS KENTUCKY.
AND J. S. COOPER, ALL OF SOMERSET,
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 8, 1818.,
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, Gnonon A. MCGAHAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cincinnati, in the county of Hamilton and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Poultry-Coops; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appcrtains to make and use the same.
The object of this invention is to provide a portable coop for poultry, which can be cheaply manufactured and will be of strong and durable construction so as to admit of a plurality of coops being arranged in superposed positions during shipment.
Other objects will appear and be better understood from that embodiment of my invention of which the following is a spec1fication, reference being had to the accompanying drawings forming apart thereof, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the frame of the coop,
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the coop,
Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the coop with the lower end thereof in section, and
Fig. 4 is a detail sectional view, showing the construction of the meeting ends of the lower rails of the frame.
Referring to the drawings in detail, the coop is shown as consisting of a frame structure formed of upper and lower side ralls 1 and 2, upper and lower end rails 3 and 1 and corner posts 5, whichare interposed between the upper and lower rails. The rails 1, 2, 3 and :t are of angular shape in cross section and each of the side rails 1 and 2 has its opposite ends provided with extensions 6. The lower end rails 1 have the upper surfaces thereof cutaway, adjacent the opposite ends of the rails, to provnle extensions 7, which engage beneath the extensions 6 of the lower side rails 2, as shown in Fig. 1. so as to admit of the lower surfaces of the lower side and end rails 2 and 4 lying flush. lhe end rails 8 have their lower surfaces cutaway at opposite ends of the rails to provide extensions 8, which engage over the extensions carried by the ad acent ends of the upper side rails 1 so as to admit of the,
surfaces of the rails 1 and 3 lying flush.
The corner posts 5 have their lower ends resting upon the upper sides of the extensions 6, carried by the lower side rails 2, and their upper ends engaging under the extensions carried by the upper side rails 1. Fas- V tening elements 9 extend through the extensions on the upper and lower rails and. into the post so as to secure the rails to the post.
A brace 10 extends longitudinally of the lower side of the frame and is formed of a single length of wire bent and extended through openings 11 in one lowermost end rail, as shown in Fig. 1, and has the strands thereof twisted, at, a point centrally of the frame, to provide substantially diamond shaped loop 12, the ends of the strands being then continued in diverging relation and passed through. openings in the opposite lower end rail 1 and terminally upset against the outer side of the end rail, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 1.
Encircling the upper and lower rails 1 and 2 are brace wires let. These brace wires are secured to the rails by means of fastening elements 15 and each of the brace wires has its opposite ends overlapping, as shown in Fig. 8, and electrically welded together. Brace wires 16 also encircle the posts 5 and have their opposite ends overlapping and electrically welded, as shown in Fig.
Vertical wires 17 are positioned on the sides and ends of the frame and intersect the wires 16 and are electrically welded to the wires 16 at the points of intersection. Longitudinally extending wires 18 extend along the upper side of the upper rails l and have connection with the rails by means of fastening elements 19, a second pair of longitudinally extending wires, designated 20, extend across the top of the frame and have their opposite ends secured to the upper end rails 3 by means of fastening elements 21. Extending transversely of the top of the frame are a plurality of wires 22, which in tersect the wires 18 and 20, and are electrically welded to the wires 18 and 20 at the points of intersection.
Certain of the wires 22 are divided at a point between the wires 20 to provide an entrance opening 23, which is normally closed by means of a door formed by a pair of spaced wires 24 which extend parallel with the wires 20, and a pair of transverse wires 25, which extend across the wires 24 and are electrically welded thereto. Each of the wires 24 has one end looped around a rod 26, I
which" eXtends transversely of the frame, and the opposite ends of the wires '24: extend (beneath one of the transverse wires 22, when jthe, door is closed, so as .to prevent accidental opening of the door. When it is desired to open the door, the wires 24 are flexedso as to admit of the free ends of the wires being dlawn from beneath the adjacent transverse 0 rods 22 so as to admit of the door being opened.
The coop is provided with abottom wall 27, which rests uponthe horizontal flanges of the lower side and end rails 2 and 4, and
5 is secured theretoinany suitable manner. It
will be noted that by virtueof so mounting the lower wall or floor '27 thefsame-willbe held above the ground or other supporting surface 'so as to keep the floor in a dry condition. The brace 10 will prevent collapse of the bottom wall 27 when a relatively heavy load is placed thereon, and said brace will also assistin retaining thelower side and end bars in frame-formation. The loop 112 lies in engagement with the under side ofthe bottom wall 27, and by virtue of this j engagen'iei'it the strands of the wire of which Qthe brace is formed will be prevented from becoming untwisted.
By virtue of employing the brace wires 14 and 16and electrically welding'the same to the wires 17, it will be seen that the strength of the coops will be maximized so toad- 'mit of'a large number of'cofops being'i arin "presence of ranged in superposed position during shipment.
that I claim is:
i '1. A coopiof the classdescribed including a frame having upper and lowenside rails and upper and lower endjrails, extensions I formed on the terminals of the side rails and lying between the upper and lower surfaces of said side rails, extensions formed on the terminals of the end rails, the extensions on the uppermost end rail overlying the extensions on the upper side bars, and the extenin e 1 the eve d rai n y the fextenslons' on thG lQWGI SldG I'mlS, corner posts inte rp'os'ed between the extensions on the upper and'lower srderail's, and brac ng "elements interposed between and connected end rails." v [2. :A coop includ ng a floor supportlng jt raniehavi ng end rails provided with openfto the 1 lower ii1 s,a floor resting on the "frame, a brace disposed 'helowthe fioor and formed of a single length of wire bent uponiitself and hav ng" the strands "thereof fextending through the openings in the 'end rails; the 'said 'strai'ids being tWlSiZBCl about each other Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the fiommjssioner otgatents, TWashington, D. G.