US 1255032 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
mmme AND ADDRESSING momma.
APPLICATWH HLED DEC. 7, 1916.
WITNESSES L. McIVHLLAN.
PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 7 I916.
Patented J an. 29, 1918 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
WITNESSES AT'rbmaEY L. NcWLLA'N. PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACl-HNE.
. APPLICATION FILE!) 050.7, 1916.
1 255 43 33 Emented Jan. 29, 1918.
' I SHEETS-SHEET 3;
WITNESSES ATTORNEY L. Ivmwmmw; PRINTING AND ADDRESSENG MACHINE.
APPLlC-ATEON FILED 0502,1936.
Patented Jan. 29, 1918.
7, SHEETS-SHEET 4- INVENTOR' =ATTORNEY L. McMiLLAN. PRmTmG AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
APPLICATION HLED DEgC. 7, 1916.
mmmm Jan. 29, 1918.
F SHEETS-SHEET 5- L. MCMELLAN. PRINHNG AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED DE C- 7, I916.
Patented Jan. 29,1918.
7 SHEETS-SHEET 6.
ATTQRNEY V gm/Mama? L. MCMILLAN- DRENTWG AND ADDRESSING MACHINE. APFLICATIDN mm DEC- 1, I916.
Patented Jan. 29, 1918.
T SHEETS-SHEET 7.
WITNESSES ATTORNEY LEVI MGMILLAN, 0F WILMINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA.
PRINTING AND ADDRESSING MACHINE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Earn 29, fifdild Application filed December 7, 1916. Serial No. 135.665
To all whom it may cancer-n:
Be it known that I, Lnvr MCMILLAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Vilmington, in the county of New Hanover and State of North Carolina, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Printing and Addressing Machines, of which the following is a specification.
This invention pertains to a new and improved machine adapted for use in addressing or printing and addressing upon publications or paper passing through the machine, and more particularly defined, this machine is the embodiment of improvements over the machine as set forth in United States Patent No. 1,150,784, granted to me on August 17, 1915, and Patent No. 1,2063% issued to me on November 28, 1916,
An object of my invention is to provide a machine which will take paper from a quantity, print upon the paper subject matter such as a letter or circular matter or perhaps a head, print an address from a compiled list, and then discharge the paper from the machine.
A further object lies in constructmg parts of the machine in such a manner that an envelop or container for the letter, circular, or other matter Which has been printed will be taken from a quantity and after being printed with the same address will be deposited upon the paper as discharged from the machine.
Another object lies in arranginga recording strip upon which the address s printed subsequent to the printing upon the letter or other iper and upon the envelop to thus give a n1 -'manent,visible record of the fact that'tne individual names of the compiled list have been addressed, which mechanism dates each address on the record strip to positively identify the date of printing or some other date as given in changeable type characters, andthen deposits the record strip on a spool or reel in convenient form for handling and filing.
A still further object resides -1n so constructing and arranging the parts of the machine that the compiled list may be made up of stencil cards or plates Which Wlll be taken from a. rack or other common container, deposited to print the address upon the letter or. other matter passing through the machine, then carried to prmt upon the envelop, and subsequently brought to a position to print upon the record strip, after which the plates are returned to a rack in the same urrangemei-it or compilation as that from which the plate or stencils have been taken, thus restoring th plates or stencils to such arrangement that they may be placed for reuse and will print the various names and'addresses-in the same order.
Yet another object is to provide means by which the paper handling mechanism, the means by which the envelops are taken and carried intothc machine and again discharged, the record strip carrying means, and the printing means are simultaneously and continuously operated, and by which the stencil plates or members are taken from the rack and carried through the various printing positions to be again deposited and an ranged, and by which the remaining per-- tions of the machine are operated and will all take their driving impetus from a common source.
Yet a further object lies in so arranging the parts thatthe paper as taken into the machine may be in the form of a continuous strip passing from a roll and the letters or other printed matter will be continuously aliixed thereto, the addresses will be printed at the proper point, and then just as the strip passesfrom the machine the same will be severed into independent and separate sheets, and in providing label ailixing means by which stamps or labels may be aiiixcd upon the paper or publications passing through the machine, and-in the case of labels being affixed, can be applied at such points that the address can be printed thereon.
Still another object is to so arrange and construct the parts that adjustment may be made to adapt the machine for printing and addressing letters, bills, or other sizes of sheets, or papers, either in separate form or in a continuous strip, or adjustment may be made'to accommodate publications of various sizes and various thicknesses, the arrangement of the parts being such that substantially all of the parts can be adjusted and the address printing means can be regulated to print at any desired point upon the paper or publication.
With the above and other objects in view, I
my invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations of parts which will be hereinafter set forth in connection with the drawings and then more particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is a view in elevation showing the feed end of the machine.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the disclosurein Fig. 6 is a view in side elevation showingthe remainingend of the completed machine.
Fig. 7 is a longitudinal vertical sectional view of the structure as disclosed in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is a top plan View of that end of the machine shown in Fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is a transverse vertical sectional view taken on the line 9-9 of Fig. 6.
Fig. 10 is a detail. view showing the construction and arrangement of the carrying means for the central plate.
Fig. 11 is a sectional view taken transversely through the disclosure in Fig. 10 and with one of the central plates in place.
Fig. 12 shows a fragmentary plan view to illustrate the parts as disclosed in Fig. 11.
Fig. 13 is an enlarged sectional view show ing parts of the envelop carrying, printing, and discharge means.
Fig. 1% shows the parts as illustrated in Fig. 13 in a horizontal section taken on the line ll l l of this figure.
Fig. 15 is a transverse vertical sectional view taken on the line 15-15 of Fig. 13.
Fig. 16 shows a fragmentary elevational view to illustrate the arrangement of the part for restoring the central plates to the original order from which they are taken previous to the printing operation. 6
Fig. 1? is a vertical sectional view show:
ing parts of the mechanism asillustrated in Fig. 16.
Fig 18 is a horizontal sectional view takn on the line 1818 of Fig. 17.
Fig. 19 is a detail sectional view. taken on the line 19 --19 of Fig. 17.
Fig. 20 is a fragmentary perspective view to better illustrate the structure of one of the central plates.
Fig. 21 shows one of the racks adapted to receive the central plate following the use and the cleaning of the plate.
Fig. 22 shows a. cover adapted to be placed over the rack as illustrated in Fig. 1 and to take the central plate therefrom for subsequent reuse in the machine.
Fig. 23 1s St ClEtZUl sectional view showing one at the spring held catches by which the central plates are retained in the covers as shown in Fig. 22.
Fig. 24 is a detail perspective view showing the roller by which the record strip is dated.
The machine has a base or supporting structure which is in many respects similar to the corresponding portion asshown in the patents above identified, and this base or supporting structure comprises the bottom 1 which has the sides 2 and 3 extending up at the edges thereof to thus form a housing. A work supporting table t is extended throughout substantially the entire length of this housing and is supported on the adjustable uprights 5. These uprights are screw threaded throughout a portion, of their lpwer ends and gear .vvheels 6 have central openings therein internallyscrew threaded to be fitted on the screw threaded end of the uprights 5, these uprights being thus so mounted that as the gear wheels are turned the uprights and consequently the work supporting table 4 will be raised and lowered according to the direction of rotation of the gear wheels. It is desirable thatthe work supporting table, 4 be maintained at auniform height throughoutits entire length and consequently I provide the shaft 7 which extends throughout substantially the entire length of the table and has the worms 8 thereon in mesh with the gears 6. These worms 8 are all given the same threading and the gear wheels 6 are also each of substantially equal size so that as the shaft 7 is turned, the simultaneous action of the worms upon the gear wheels 6 will cause the uprights 5 to be each adjusted in an equal degree, thus insuring that the work supporting table 4 will be at all times maintained substantially level throughout its entire length. The purpose of providing this adjustment of the Work supporting table is to permit the machine to be adapted for operation upon papers, circuiars, publications or other printed matter of various thicknesses. The carrying chains or belts 9 and 10 are mounted over the wheels 11 and 12 which are carried on the shafts 13 and 14: mounted at opposite ends of the housing, and these chains o'r elts have the projections 15 provided on ce. tain of the links thereof to insure proper carrying of publications or other like printed matter through the machine and over the work supporting table. If desired, the shaft 14 can be treated as the main drive shaft to be turned and to thus cause traveling movement of the chains or belts'9 and 10, and further, any sort of means can be arranged to accomplish turning of the shaft 7 to thus adjust the work supporting table to bring the supporting surface thereof to the proper height, these parts as above described being of substantially the character shown in the two patents referred to, and therefore not being here specifically shown in their detail construction.
While the machine is equally adaptable for use in operating upon publications and paper number of forms, in the present instance I have illustrated the machine as set up to operate upon paper in a continuous strip as the strip is taken from a roll. lVhere the paper is to be carried through the machine in a continuous strip, it will of course be necessary to provide feed means by which the paper will be held taut and carried smoothly. However, the paper must not be drawn sufficiently tight that it will be torn, and while it might be found satisfactory to provide feed rollers placed at tarious intervals throughout the length of the machine to work adjacent to the surface of the work supporting table, it is perhaps preferable that some means he provided to guide and carry the paper throughout the entire travel of the same, and with this in mind I provide carrying belts. The strip of paper as indicated at 16 is taken from a roll '17 mounted on the pintle 18, or sup ported in any other way so that it will be capable of tin'ning to unreel the strip. As the paper is unreeled from the roll 17, it may be taken off by the feed rolls 19 and 20 without danger of tearing or of interfering with the operation of other parts, and for that matter the strip 16 might be carried through the first mechanism arranged to operate thereon. which is in the present instance the printing mechanism as generally indicated at 21. Rollers 22 and 23 are provided through which the strip'is guided and carried, and the strip then passes to be taken by the belts 2t and 25 which are arranged in pairs above and below the path of the strip so that the strip will be gripped and hold at the side edges thereof. These belts Q4 and pass over the rolls 26 and 27 provided for the upper belts and the rolls 28 and '29 mounted to carry the lower belts, and the belts 24 and 25 feed to the main carry ing bolts 30 and 31. The belt 31 is mounted over the roller 29 and a roller 32 mounted at the opposite end of the housing, and thus this belt is carried so that it Works substantially around the supporting table 4 with the upper length of the belt lying substantially in a plane with or slightly above the surface of the work supporting table. The belt 30 is mounted around the roller 27 and I a roller 33 which is journaled adjacent to the mounting of the roller 32, and thus the lower straight length of-the belt 30 and the upper straight length of the belt 31 travel to be substantially parallel and to be equally spaced throughout their length. While the rollers 29 and might be carried by the housing provided asa support for the machine, it is perhaps preferable that these ranged that the belts of each pair will be disposed to receive the strip of paper or individual sheets as the same may be fed through the machine, at the side edges there of, and thus the central portion of the sheet is leftexposed to be printed upon or otherwise treated, while it is positively assured that the sheet will he held flat and will be carried properly through the machine from one end thereof to the other without undue strain or pulling tension being exerted upon the strips or sheets to cause tearing of the same. further than this, the belts being arranged so that those bolts 31 have the upper straight lengths thereof closely adjacent to the surface of the work supporting table will carry the material being operated upon over the surt'aceof the table to be properly supported thereby and yet not at such an elevation that thin paper or other material would sag in its central portion and thus begin to work loosely in and between the belts.
The printing mechanism as hereinbefore mentioned, and as designated by thenumeral 21 is intended for use to print the body of a letter, the subject matter of a circular, or the like, and with this purpose in view the roller 3% is provided to carry the type matter or the plate from which the printing is to be accomplished. This roller 34 might be of such construction that changeable type characters may be set up to be placed over the cylindrical surface there of, or the subject matter to be printed might be embodied in plates curved to fit the Sim face oi' the roller. I have disclosed a font 35 from which ink is supplied to the type through the inking roller 36, although it will of course be "understood that various other inking arrangements might be provided and that where facsimile typewritten letters are to be printed, a ribbon might even be employed in the manner now enerally adapted in connection with machines already upon the market and in use. A pressure roller 37 is mounted below the roller 34 and slightly spaced therefrom so that as the strip of paper or paper in any other fin-m passes over this roller 37 it will belts 24 and 25 and is then carried by the belts and 31, it beingunderstood that the belts 24; and 25 conduct the strip or the sheets to the belts 30, and 31 by Which the paper is carried over the surface of the work supporting table 4. In case that it may be desired to place stamps, labels, or other like independent strips upon the paper as carried through the-machine, the labeling mechanism is provided above the feed en of the Work supporting table 4:. This label affixing mechanism is substantially identical with the like mechanism as shown in Patent No. 1,206,345 and therefore it is not here deemed necessary to describe this mechanism in full detail. However, it might be stated that the labels in a continuous strip are taken from the roll 38 mounted upon the spindle 39 and after being drawn down through the :ted rolls 40 and 41, this strip is severed by the knife 42 to make the separate and individual labels, adhesive being applied to the labels from the pan l3, and the roll 44 being arranged to apply the label with the adhesive thereon, with the sticky side down, to the paper passing over the ,Work supporting table. A pressure roll 4:5
is mounted to have the upper portion thereof received through an orifice provided in the Work supporting table 4, and thus this I pressure roller 45 bears against the lower side of the paper-as the same passes over the Working table and the placing of the label or other strip will not interfere with or halt the passage of the paper through the machine, nor will the pressure exerted by the roller 44 cause the paperto bearfrictionally against the upper surface of thework supporting table. The label affixing mechanism might be mounted at other points along. the length of the work support mg table, as Will be apparent during; the progression of the description, however, as under some circumstances it maybe found desirable to print the address upon this label or separate strip as affixed, it is perhaps preferable that the label be applied before the paper is passed to have the address imroll, or upon single sheets, and when thesingle sheets are used it will be found de 'sirable to provide some means similar to that shown in Fig. 4. As is here illustrated, the members 4:6and 47' outline a receptacle in which the sheets are laced by being stacked. This container or rack for the panacea sheets is placed adjacent to the printing mechanism, and a feed roller 48 is mounted in such relation that it bears against the lowermost sheet of the stack. However, it is desired that some means be provided to feed the sheets successively from the bottom and to insure that but a single sheet is fed at a time, and with this purpose in view I: provide the roller l9 which has a friction rib 50 thereon and mount the support 51 hav in the lower inner side thereof beveled in such relation that as the friction rib 50 engages with the lowermost sheet it draws the end back from a position or being supported by the member 51. i l 'hen the rib ias passed from the engaging position, the sheet will snap back and will. be fed be: tween the rollers at 52'. These rollers 52 and 53 feed the sheet between the bearing or presser roll 37 and the printing roll or cylinder 34:, from which the sheet is taken by the feed rollers 22 and 23 and is carried to the belts 2a and 25. By this arrangement of the parts, single sheets of various sizes can be placed in the rack and will be taken therefrom at the proper intervals, carried through the machine to have matter printed thereon and perhaps to have labels allixed, and will be caused to have progressive move ment along and throughout the length or the Work supporting table 4. lt will of course be apparent that by variation in the size of the printing roller or cylinder 34,
.the body of the letter or the other subject matter to be printed can be lengthened or shortened, and also this variation in the size of the roller 3% will permit the matter to be condensed upon a small sheet or spread over alarger sheet, thus making the machine I adaptable for use in printing upon letter paper or legal size, printing statements or other matter upon bill heads, and also adaptable for operation upon sheets of various other sizes or to print upon lengths of the strip corresponding to sheets of the size de sired. "While I have spoken of the printing roller 3% being particularly adaptable "for printing the body or subject matter o1 the paper being carried through the machine, it will of course be understood that by changing the type characters or the plates applied on the rolls 3-1, the printing mechanism might be used to print a letter or bill head and perhaps even to apply and print the signatures.
In the present adaptation, the printing of the addresses is to be accomplished by the use of stencil plates made up from a compiled list and placed in prearranged order in stacks, and with the use of such stencils or stencil plates it is necessary that means be provided to place the same upon the paper at the proper position, to then carry the stencil to move with the paper past means by which a printing impression It It is made through the cut out portions of the stencil, and to then again take the stencil from the position in which it has been placed upon the paper, which means must be timed to move in unison with the movement of the paper as carried by the belts 30 and 31 so that the plates or stencils will not be shifted to cause blurring of the subject matter which is to be printed thereupon.
A tube or stack 46 is mounted above the work supporting table l beyond the position of the label affixing mechanism, and preferably placed rather closely thereto to thus avoid extension of the machine throughout excessive lengths, and this tube or stack box has an openin 47 formed through that side thereof away from the label affixing mechanism. A tracleway 48 is disposed at each side of the work supporting table, and is extended in such a manner that the groove or guideway thereof, terminates in the opening 47. As is illustrated in Fig. 7, these trackways 48 are extended for a short distance adjacent to the upper surface of the work supporting table 4, and over the pressure roller 49, the trackways' are dipped from which point they rise in a gradual incline as shown at 50. The chains 51 and 52 are mounted around suitable sprocket wheels 53, and are thus so extended that they travel adjacent to the track-ways 48. Certain of the links of the chains 51 and 52 have the lugs 54 pivotally mounted thereon to be capable of being folded down in the recesses 55. and to be supported when brought to the raised position by the brace member 56. By the provision of these foldable and extensible lugs 5% on various of the links of the sp'rogket chains, adjustments may be made as to on distance of spacing between the lugs broiight to the raised position, and thus the chains can be adapted to take the stencils or stencil plates from the tube or stack box 46 at proper times to carry the same through the trackwavs 4:8 in such relation that they Will be deposited upon the sheet passing over the upper surface of the work supporting table at those points at which the address or other subject matter of the stencil or stencil plates is to be imprinted. The dip in the trackways over the pressure wheel 49 causes the stencil plates to be deposited upon the paper passing through the machine and carried by the belts 30 and 31 as the sheet is over this pressure roll, and at this point it is essential that means he provided to print the subject matter through the stencil:
Beyond the tube 46,'and preferably above the pressure wheel 49, the standards 57 are mounted and a shaft 58 is journaled between these standards. This shaft has a drum thereon and the drum has substantially dovetailed rooves 59 formed to extend longitudinally thereof and positioned at spaced points around the cir cumference of the drum. Truncated sector shape blocks 60 are formed at their inner ends to provide ribs which may be fitted in the grooves 59 of the drum, andon the outer ends of the blocks the pad 61 of a more or less absorbent or elastic material is placed. An ink font 62 is mounted above the shaft 58 and an inking roller 63 is journalcd to receive ink from the font and to contact with the pad 61 as the shaft 58 is rotated. The portion 61 might be of felt, a composition such as is used in the rollers of printing presses, or of other material, and the purpose of the same is that it roll over the inking roller 63 and then come down upon the stencil as the same is placed upon the paper over the pressure roller 49, in view of which fact it is es sential that the material 61 be of an elastic character so that it will press through the cut out openings of the stencil and will carry the ink through to the paper to thus imprint the subject matter of the stencil. A drive is provided for the shaft 58 in a manner which will be hereinafter set forth,and it is of course to beunderstood that the circumferential face of the surfacing material 61 Will necessarily travel at thesame speed as the stencil is carried forward. However, as the length of the sheets or sections of paper upon which the addresses are to-loe printed will be varied in ac'cordancewith the sugg'estions as hereinbefore set forth, the provisions of the plurality of substantially dovetailed shaped grooves 59 will permit the fitting of other of thetruncated sector shaped blocks and thus by raising other lugs 54 upon the chains 51 and 52 so that the stencil plates will be carried forward in greater quantities, the stencil plates Will be laid at the proper points upon the paper and the pad portion 61 of the several blocks 60 Will come to the proper imprinting relation against the stencil. From the point at which the impression is made through the stencils, the trackway rises as shown at 50 and the stencils are thus lifted from the paper and are raised out of contact therewith, thep'a per continuing its course on through the machine and being carried by thebelts 30 and 31' to be discharged at the end of the housing made up of the portions 1, 2 and 3, this discharge being over the roller 32. lVhere the paper is in a continuous strip, it will of course be necessary to provide some means by which the strip will be severed or cut into the proper length of sheet, and to accomplish this purpose the roller 64 is mounted adjacent to the discharge end of the machine and is provided with a knife which works against a roller 65, a discharge trough or way 66 being. provided for the passage of the separate-sheets.
As is better shown in Figs. 11, 12, and 20, the stencils preferably embrace a frame portion 67 which is reduced somewhat at its pendent or casual movement.
ends to be received in the trackways l8, and the plates orcards proper, 68, are removably inserted in these frames. By this arrangement of the parts, the matter to be printed by the use of any particular frame can be varied by simply changing the card or plate 68 thereof. If desired, the frame portions.
67 can be notched at their rear edges and provided with the spring sheets 69 similar to those disclosed in Patent No. 1,206,345, these being provided to hold around the lugs 54: and thus retain the plates against inde- Following the movement of the stencils into the raised portion 50 of the trackway, these stencils are moved from the position in which further printing upon the sheet or strip being carried over the work supporting table will be accomplished.
, As has been stated, it is a purpose of my invention to so arrange the parts that the stencil member which has been used to print the address upon the letter or other paper being carried over the work supporting table shall be used to print the same address upon an envelop or other container, shall then be brought to a position to make a permanent visible record of such use and printing, and shall subsequently be brought to an inoperative position to be stacked with other like stencils taken from the tube or stack box 46, in substantially the same arrangement as the several stencils occupied when placed in the tube or stack box 46. When the stencils pass up the inclined portions 50 of the trackways, they are taken from the position in which they operate upon the paper or material passing over the work supporting table and it is on this upward travel that the printing of the envelop and the imprinting to make the record is to be accom:
plished, it of course being understood that both of these printing actions will take place previous to the restacking of the stencils. An envelop tube or stack box 70 is mounted at the discharge end of the machine to be supported somewhat above the table 4 and consequently above the discharge trough 66, and at the lower end of this tube, which is left open, a shaft 71 having a friction rib thereon is mounted to be capable of tprning movement and to move the lowermost envelop forward as the friction rib comes into.
portion of the track way e8, an intermediate I belt 73 is mounted over rollers placed closely adjacent to the rollers having the belt 72 carried thereby and is so arranged that the upper-straight length thereof runs parallel with the lower straight lengths of the belt '72, these parallel lengths being brought rather closely together, A discharge belt To retain trictional properties, and
members is mounted over rollers placed adjacent to the rollers carrying the belts 72 and 73, and has the upper straight lengths thereof parallel with and closely adjacent to the lower straight length of the belt 73. The belts 72 and 7a are arranged to travel in the same direction, and by arranging the intermediate belt 73 to travel in an opposite direction, the adjacent length of the belts 72 and F3 and the adjacent length of the belts 73 and 742 will travel in the same direction, it however being preferable that the belts 72 and 73 on their adjacent portions carry inwardly or from the tube toward the trackway 48, and that the adjacent straight porti n. of the belts 73 and 74: carry outwardly or away from the trackways. The belts .72 and 73 are so located that as the envelope are taken from the tube 70 by turning of the shaft '21 and the engagement of the friction rib thereof with the lowermost envelop, these envelops will be engaged between the parallel portions of the belts, and the envelope will be carried in to be discharged at the inner end of these belts onto the belts 75 by which the envelops are carried to be caught in the spring clips 76. These spring clips Y6 may be adjusted through the medium of the screws 77, and thus the parts are so arranged that the envelope may be fed into the spring clips to any desired extent to thus accom1nodate the structure for envelops or containers of various sizes and to also insure that outer edge will extend beyond the inner end of the spring clips The structure of this spring clip and the arts associated therewith is better shown in Figs. 13, M, and 15, and as is here illustrated, the parts making up the spring clips 76 are continued in the spring rings 78 which extend in the are of a circle taken around the shaft 79 journaled within the loop of the belt 7 5. These spring rings 78 are stopped at such points that the envelops as carried and discharged by the belts 72 and 73 will be directed over the guard 80 onto the belts 75. However, it is preferable that the spring rings 78 be given such extent that only sufiicient clearance will be provided between the guard member 80 and these rings 78 for the passage of the envelop in the travel onto the belts 75. As is illustrated in Fig. 14:, it is preferable that two of thebelts 75 be provided so that it will not be necessary to give great width to the same, and these belts are so spaced apart that they take the envelop substantially at the edges thereof. The substantially sector shaped blocks 81 are mounted on the shaft 7 9 with spaces therebetween to provide clearance for the belts 75, and these blocks are preferably provided with the cushioning layer or surfacing material as indicated at 82. It is perhaps preferable that this surfacing material be ct rubber that i= shaft 7 9 is turned to move the sector shaped blocks 81 around in a clockwise direction as disclosed in Fig. 13, the envelop as held by the clip 76 will be engaged between the cov- 4 ards the ink font 87 is carried.
ering 82 of the blocks 81 and the roller 83, and the envelops will then be taken from the spring clips and carried around upon the blocks 81 within the confines of the spring extensions 78. To positively insure the proper placing of the en velops, it is preferable that the finger-like envelop carriers 82 be provided substantially as shown in Fig. 13. A plate 84 is mounted adjacent to the guard 81 and at such a position that as the sector shaped members 81 with the en-' velops carried on the surfaces thereof are brought around beyond the ends of the extensions 78, the forward edge of the envelop will be caught by this plate 84 and the envelop will be stripped from the blocks 81 and will be guided to be taken between the parallel lengths of the belts 73 and 74 by which the envelop will be carried out to be discharged through the trough 66. As has been stated, the stencil plates in their travel up the inclined portions of the trackways 48 are to be used to print upon the envelops carried into the machine to have the addresses printed thereon and then discharged from the machin y the mechanism as hereinbefore descr ed, and adjacent to the mounting of the shaft 79 and preferably thcreabove, I provide the supporting standards 85 which have the shaft 86 mounted thereon and from which supporting standlhis shaft 86 has a drum thereon provided with sub stantially dove tailed shaped grooves 88 similar to the grooves 59 of the drum mounted on the shaft 58, andthe truncated sector shapeddelock 89 provided with the pad or flexible surfaces 90 are shaped. at their inner ends to be received in these dove tailed shaped grooves 88- to be held to extend radially from the drum. The inking roll 91 is mounted in conjunction with the ink font 87, and as-the shaft 86 turned in an anti clockwise direction, in accordance with the disclosure in Fig. 7, the pad portion 90 thereof will come in contact with the inking roll,
91 to be inked and as continued movement of the shaft 86 occurs and the pad portion 90 is brought down to press against a, stencil carried by the chains 51 and 52, the address will be imprinted through the stencil onto an envelop carried by the blocks 81 on the? shaft 79, it of course being understood that these parts will be properly timed to work in unison.
through the trough 66, While the stencil plates are carried on up the incline 50 by the continuous movement of the chains 51 and 52. By chiming the parts in their intergearing, each individual stencil can be used to imprint the address upon a letter or other paper passing over the Work supporting table 4 and can then be subsequently used-to address an envelop, and the carrying portions can be so chimed that the addressed envelop will be discharged through the trough 66 to be placed upon the particular paper which is to be inclosed therein.
A record strip 92 is taken from a reel 93 and after passing over an idler roller is brought around the pressure roller 94, from which the record strip'is led over a winding reel 95. Any suitable form of tensioning.
strip thereonto as the strip say be unwound from. the reel 93 by means which will be hereinafter set forth. The pressure roller 94 is mounted in such a relation that the record strip 92 is carried closelyadjacent to the inclined portion of the trackways 48 beyond the mounting of :the supporting standards 85, and supporting standards 97 have a shaft 98 carried thereby to be capable of revoluble movement. This shaft 98 has a drum thereon which is provided with substantially dove tailed shaped grooves extending longitudinally thereof as indicated at 99, and the truncated sector shaped blocks 100 are shaped at their inner ends to be fitted in these grooves to be held to extend radially from the drum, these blocks being provided with the pad like layer 101 on the outer faces thereof. As the stencil plates previous to their passage adjacent to the pressure roller 94 have been twice printed through, considerable ink will adhere to the stencils in the cut out portions thereof, and thus sufficient ink will be carried by the stencils to under ordinary circumstances print upon the record strip as the stencils are moved adjacent thereto and pressure is exerted upon the stencils by the bearing of the pad surface portions 101 of the blocks 100. However, under some circumstances it may be found necessary to ink the pad portion 101 and to imprint directly through the cutout openings of'the stencils, hndjbr. this purpose I provide the ink font 102 having the inking roller 103 located in such relation that the padportion 101 rolls thereover in the revoiution of the shaft 98. Where the pad portion 101 is used to print the stenas printed by the stencil. 106 may be inked through supplying ink cil upon the record sheet by using the exl or the stencil, this pad porcos be constructed to take up the ink upon the stencil and thus the stencil will be cleaned, in this, its last printing action in a. single passage through the machine.
i here this last printing action is to clean the stencil, some cleaning fluid l i be contained in the font 102 and be placed upon the surfacing portion 101 of the block to thus be applied to the stencil. 21 date prii'itinp; roller 1041 is mounted adjacent to the record strip 92 as the same is strung iron: the roller 94 and brought back to the reel 95, and a pressure roller 105 is from. the font 10"? to this stanip'by the pipe 108, this arrangement being adopted as the placing of the ink font within the main portions of the machine would put the same at a position inconvenient for filling and also would place the font in rather close quarters.
Following this last printing action by the stencil, the chains 51.and 52 carry the same up the elevated portion of the trackways and to the rack 109. adjacent the rack 109, and it is to be understood that both of these racks are placed in upright position. A. shaft 111 is mounted between the racks 109 and 110 at the upper end thereof and a second shaft 112 is mounted adjacent the lower end oat the rack and vertically beneath the shaft 111. Sprocket wheels 113 and 114i are mounted at the end of the shafts 111 and 112 respectively, and sprocket chains 115 and 116 are mounted over these sprocket wheels to have the straight lengths thereof extend substantially centrally at the sides of the racks 109 and 110 after the manner better shown in Figs. 6 and 9. The racks 109 and 110 have the vertically extending slot openings 117 and 118 termed through the side walls thereof on each side ol'the straight lengths of the chains 115 an 116, and thus as the stencils brought within the lower end of the rack 109, access may be had there-to through the slots 11?. Cross bars 119 are pivotally mounted on certain of the links of the chains 115 and 116 at spaced apart intervals, and the we its 120 are provided to maintain as 119 in such relation that they will at all times be held in horizontal isposition as is better shown in Figs 16. hese cross bars 119 move over the side ls of the raclcs 109 and. 110, the sprocket A rack 110 is mounted wheels 1113 and 11 1 being arranged to travel in clockwise rotation and the cross bars be ing thus moved upwardly along the Sides of the rack 109 and downwardly along the sides of the rack 110. Springcatches 121 are mounted on the cross bars 119 to extend through the slots 11'? and 118, the coil springs 122 being preferably provided to give added resiliency, and thus as the sprocket wheels are turned the chains will be carried in such paths that the stencils brought into the rack 109 by the chains 51 and 52 will be taken up by the spring catches 121 of the cross bars 119, will be carried over the shaft 111 and will then be deposited in the rack 110, this carrying up and over of the plates causing the same to be stacked in the same order in which they have been taken from the tube or stack b0); 4:6. The stops are carried by a bar 124: 'slidably mounted on the rods 125, and these stops are extended through openings provided in the side walls of the rack 110 so that as the 'plates are carried thereinto they will be supported and held by the stops 123, suitable clamping means as shown at 126 being provided to maintain the bar 124 inthe proper relation and to thus insure that the step 123 will at all times be retained in the position of extension into the interior of the rack 110 when it is desired to support the stencils therein. If desired, the stencil receiving and retaining racks 127, similar to that shown in Fig. 21, can be provided to be fitted within the rack 110 and carried by the stops 123, and then as the stencilsare brought over into this rack 110, they will be stacked upon the bottom 128 of the containing rack 127 and by removal of the door of the portion 110, the receiving rack 127 may be removed when filled. As the stenoils are stacked within th rack 110, and the cross bars 119 are carrie over and downwardly by the movement bf the chain, these spring extensions 121 bywhich the stencil members are carried over will be pressed.
back to ride over previously stacked stencils and then the proper operation of the parts will not be interfered with. If desired, dust proof covers 129 may be provided to be fit-- ted over the receiving racks 127 and to close the sanie so that the stencils as stacked therein can be piled in their proper order to be readily accessible, and it is preferable that the spring catches 130 be provided adjacent to the lower edges of these covers 129 to ride down over the stencil plates as stacked within the rack. 127 and to engage beneath the bottom stencil so that as the cover is raised the stencils will be lifted out of the rack 127. When it is desired to again place the stencils as carried within the cover 129 to the tube or stack box 46, the knobs 131 will be turned to withdraw the spring catches 130 against the pressure oi? the springs and justment of this work supporting table permits the proper setting of the same to be obtained for tl e passa e of papers or publlcations of various thic nesses, and thus the machine as an entirety is very flexible in its use and adapts itself for application in a number of diflerent connections. If desired, cover means might be provided for the vanous operating parts, or .for only certain of the mechanism, and special casings or hous-- been carried forward with the progress of the specification, and it is not here deemed necessary to indulge in more or less lengthy r-ecapitulation. However, it might be stated that by the use of the machine as described the paper may be taken in single sheets the desired size or in a continuous strip drawn from a roll, is then fed through the printing mechanism, is then caught by carryin'g means which feeds the paper to the continuously traveling belts by wlnch the paper is carried throughout the length of the work supporting table. In the carriage of the paper, the label affixing mechanism is passed and if desired a label or other sticker can be applied, following which. a stencil 1s laid upon the sheet and is carried therewith to have the subject matter thereof imprinted upon the paper by subsequently. encountered printing, means. The stencil is then removed from the paper and the paper is continned on through to be discharged through the discharge trough 66, it of course being understood that if the paper is in a continuous strip it will be severed into the proper size sheets by the cutting mechanism before being discharged through the trough 66. The stencil is taken from the sheet or paper following the imprinting of the subject matter thereof upon the paper, and is then carried to imprint-the same subject matter upon an envelop or container brought into the machine by cooperating mechanism, following which the envelop is again carried from the machine to be discharged upon the correspon'ding printed sheet of paper which has passed through the trough 66 and the stenoil is carriedon to print a record of its use and is then cleaned and stacked with other like stencils in substantially the same relation from which the stencils were originally taken, Mechanism is provided to accomplish the proper feed of the record strip upon which the permanent visible record is shown and dating means is also provided, and urther than this it will be seen that by making slight changes in the feed end of the machine circulars in booklet form, cards. magazines, or other like matter might be fed imported in the claims.
ed and addressed through'the machine,
through the machine to be operated upon and that the action of the machine will be equally eflicient by reason of the fact' that adjustments are provided for the various parts'to adapt the same for use in a greater number of various connections. 70
While I have shown and described only specific forms of the various parts and have. set forth only certain exemplary manners in which the parts might be used, it will be readily apparent to one skilled in the art that a number of changes and variations might be made ,in the form and arrangement as well as the operative connection of the various parts and that the machine might be put to other uses than those set forth without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention,'1n view of which fact I do 'not wish to be limited 'to the exact disclosure but only to such features as may be I claim:
1. A printing and addressing machine including means to accomplish uninterrupted movement of the subject matter to be printa. means to accomplish printing action during such movement, and means to subsequently imprint an address while the subject matter is still moving.
2. A printing and addressing machine including means to accomplish uninterrupted movement of the subject matter to lie-printed upon through the machine, printing means to move with the subject matter and to print addresses upon the matter, and 1 means to imprint the same addresses upon containers in which the addressed matter is to be inclosed as movement of the printing means is continued. I
3. A printing and addressing machine-including means to continuously convey the subject matter to be printed upon through the machine, means to print'addresses upon the matter, means to imprint the same addresses upon containers in which the ad- 'd ressed matter is to be, inclosed, and means acting to substantially simultaneously dis-' charge the containers from the machine to be paired with the subject matter to be contained.
4. A printing and addressing machine including means to convey the subject matter to be printed and addressed through the machine, means to imprint an address upon the subject matter, means to print an cnvelop with the same address, and means to print the address from the same imprinting means upon a record strip to thus give a permanent visible record.
5. A printing and addressing machine including means to convey the subject matter I to be printed and addressed through the machine, means to imprint an address upon incense the stencils will then fall from. the cover 129 into the tube or box 46 and will be placed therein in the exact order in which they Were initially taken therefrom. The provision of the Weights 1520 mounted in conjunction with the cross bars 119 insures that these bars Will be at all times maintained to support the stencils Without reversing the upper and lower sides thereof, and to insure that the stencils will be held against shifting during the transferring from the rack 109 to the rack 110, the spring catches 121 may be provided with the substantially triangular-1y shaped extensions 139. and the edges of the stencil frames 67 may he pro vided with correspondingly shaped notches 133 in which these extensions 132 fit as t-e stencils are taken up by the spring catches, and in this relation of the parts the stencils will be positively held against shifting movement and will be positively stacked squarely one upon the other upon beingdeposited in thefrack 110.
has oeen stated, the shaft 14 may he used as the power shaft. and the remaining parts may be connected to be driven there from by the use of gearing, sprocket Wheels and chains, or belting, and as the particular drive arriiulgenient is not a material part of the invention and might be modified in a number of Ways, it is not deemed necessary to go into a minute description of the arrangement of the drive in all of its parts, but; rather only in such. parts as may be of a particular character or intended to accom plish a particular and distinctive operation. A sprocket chain 134- led around a Wheel. deriving movement from the turning of the shaft 1% and around a sprocket wheel on the shaft 98, a sprocket chain 135 transmits movement from the shaft 98 to the shaft 86; movement is transmitted from this shaft 86 through a sprocket chain 136 to the'shaft 58, a chain 137 leads from the shaft 58 to the shaft on which the roller a l is mounted, and a chain 138 is led from a Wheel on this shaft to a sprocket Wheel on the shaft carrying the printing roller lly this arrangement of the parts, the shafts 98, 86, and 58 are all turned to more the blocks carried thereby in a counter-doclnvise direction, the label alhxing mechanism is operated, and the printing mechanism is also given proper operation. When it is desired to drive the taken. by the stencils in their path of travel through the trackways, and thus binding of the parts or shifting of the stencils will be avoided Proper driving connections Will be est ablishcd to cause the desired movement and travel of the various carrying belts, and of the chains 51 and 52 as well. as the chains 115 and 116, one form of connection which might be employed being shown in Fig. 8. I
As has been hereinhefore intimated, it is preferable that the blocks 81 and the pressure roller 9&- he gi en only limited move ment, and with this purpose in mind, I provide the substantially sector shaped rack portions 140 and 141 which mounted on the shaf w 86 and 98 respectively. The rack teeth of these members M0 and 1-41 are adapted to mesh with the teeth of the gear wheels 1%?- and 143 respectively, and thus during the greater part of the revolution of the shafts SSand 98, these gear Wheels 142 and M8 will. remain quiet. To insure that the parts controlled rv movement of the gear wheels M2 namely the blocks 81 and the roller 94;, v n he positively maintained movement except under the impnls he members 14:0 and 14-1, 1 pro 1 which mounted vide the dogs 14h 1:; adjacent to the gear wheels 1 12- and 1&3 to have the toothed thereof normally in engagement with the teeth of these Wheels to step movement. Arms are provided be yond the points of pivot of the dogs 144 and 14-5,. and the members 140 and 1411 have rilos or flanges 1&6 and i l! thereon to engage with the arms of the dogs to move the same out of engagement With teeth of the gear Wheels 14-2 and 14.3. As has been stated, the various parts by which the or the s cots are carried through. the machine can he adusted to upon various sizes of paper and by placing other of the substantially trunoated sector shaped blocks in conjunction with he drums mounted on the shafts 58, 85, and 98. and adjusting ot -er of the lugs 54- of the chains 51 and to bring the same to the raised position, the printing; operation feeding mechanism by which separate sheets will be regulated for the various sizes of the papers to print the addresses at proper times. The means by which the paper in a continu ous strip is carried and is fed to the machine may be rendered inoperative and the parts may be fitted to hold single sheets and to take these single sheets from a stack and feed the same through the machine, or still further variation of the feed end of the machine might beresorted to to make the same adaptable for action upon magazines, catalogues, or other publications after the manner of the machines shown in the pat ents issued to me and identified above, and under these circumstances the chains 9 and 10. will act to carry the publications through the machine fromone end to the other and over the Work supporting table l. The ad l. 2 ti resume the subject mailer, means lo print an envelop with the same address, means to print ihe address from he same inipriuring means upon a record strip to thus give a pernmnent visible record, and means to deliver the. envelop from the machine to be deposited with printing end addressing machine in- .irins to convey the subjcccmutter o. eludin chine, means to imprint an address upon the subject matter, means to prinla un cuvelop with the same address, means to print the address from the ii'upriuting means upon a record rip to thus gives permanent;
re record, and iueans to dare the record eluding means to convey the subjecb matter to he printed and addressed through the rum chine, means to print upon the matter, meansio imprint an address upon the subject merand means to iniprln'r the address from the 1mpr1nt1ng-meuns upon a record strip to thus give a permanent visible record ofthe addressing of the subject matter. 8. A printing and addressing machine inludirg means to convey the subject matter be printed and addressed through the machine, means to print upon the matter, means to imprint an address upon the subject nah fer, means to imprint the address from th same iinpi'intingnieeus upon record strip to thus give a pern'ianenls visible record of the addressing of the subject matter, and
menus to date the record strip.
A printing and addressing machine incluui means lo co. my the subject matter to be prinsed and addressed through the ma.- .c-hine, means to accomplish printing upon the matter during such movement, means to irn lint an address upon subject matter, means to imprint the same address from the same imprinting means upon a container in which the subject matter is "so be inclosed, and means to make a record of the printing of the address.
10. A printing and addressing machine including means to convey the subject matter to be printed and addressed through the machine, means to accomplish printing upon the matter during such movement, means to imprint an address upon the subjectmatter, means to imprint the same address from the some impriutiug'means upon a container in 'Wl'll(':l'l the subject matter is to be iucloscd, means to make a. record of the printing of address, and means to date the record.
' printing and addressing machine s; means to accomplish uninterruprcu movement of the subject metier to be printed and addressed through the machine, t n "us making use of c stencil arranged to 1 .iul aii address upon. the subject matter united and addressed through the nub i. sriniiug and addressing ma hine in-- print the subject matter there-of upon a conminer, and means to make a record of the printing of she stencil. i v
13. A. printing and addressin machine including means to (jlzonvey the su ject matier to be printed an; addressed through the machine, meansmeking use of a stencil arranged to print an address upon the subject matter, means employing rho same stencil to print the subjectv matrer thereof upon a container, means to make a. record of the printing of the stencil, and means to date the record.
1s. A. printihg and addressing machine including means to accomplish uninterrupted movement ofthe subject matter to be addressed through the machine, means employing a stencil moving in line with and at the same speed as the mahber arranged to imprint an address upon the subject matter, and means arranged to act upon the stencil in l'iS travel from the printing position to make a record of the use of the same 'in the printing operation.
15. A printing" and addressing machine ranged to act upon the stencil in its travel from "the printing position to make a record of the use of the same in the printing operation, and means by which the record is dated.
16. A printing and addressing machine adapted for use with a continuous strip of paper comprising means by which the strip of paper is carried rhrough the machine and discharged therefrom, means located in the path of travel of the strip to print repeats upon the strip at spaced apart points, changeable means mounted adjacent to the path of travel of the strip toprint addresses thereon in proximity to each of the printed repeats from a compiled list, and means employipg the same changeable means to make a record of the printing of each of the ad dresses from the list.
changeable means mounted adjacent to the path'of travel of the strips to print addresses thereon in proximity to each of the printed repeats from a compiled list, means employing the same changeable means to make a record of the printing'of each of the addresses from the list, and means to date the records.
18. A rinting and addressing machine adapted or use in conjunction with strips of paper including means to continuously conduct the strip through the machine, means to place addresses upon the strip at spaced apart points, means to print the same addresses upon envelops in which inclosures are to be placed, means-to cut the strip to discharge the same from the machine in separate sheets of predetermined size and each having an address'printed thereon, and means to discharge the envelops from the machine in such relation that the addressed envelops will each be placed with the sheet having a like address thereon.
19. A printing and addressing machine adapted for use in conjunction with strips of paper including means to continuously conduct the strip through the machine, means adapted for use in conjunction with strips of paper including means to continuously conduct the strip through the machine, means to place addresses upon the strip at spaced apart points, means to print the same addresses upon envelops in which inclosures are to be placed, means to cut the strip to discharge the same from the machine in separate, sheets of predetermined size and each having an address printed thereon, means to discharge the envelops from the machine in such relatig that the addressed envelops will each be need with the sheet having a like address Eh ereon, means to record the printing of each of the adrresses,"
and means to date the record.
21. A printing and addressing machine including j'heans to convey the subject matter to be printed upon through the machine, means .to to have th subject matter thereof imprinted upon the matter in its passage through the machine, 4 cans to bring an envelop to a position to be printed by the useof the same to, have the subject matter thereof imprint ove a stencil plate to a position stencil, and means to discharge the envelop to be grouped with the matter previously addressed.
22. A printingand addressing machine including means to convey the subject matter to be printed upon through the machine, means to move a stencil plate. to a position to have the subject matter thereof imprinted upon the matter in its passage through the machine, means to bring an envelop to a position to be printed by the use of the same stencil, means to discharge the envelop to be grouped with the matter previously addressed, means by which a record strip is carried, and means to cause printing upon said record strip from said stencil.
23. A printing and addressing machine including means to convey the subject matter to be printed upon through the machine, means to move a stencil plate to a position to have the subject matter thereof imprinted upon the matter in its passage through the machine, means to brin an envelop to a position to be printed by the use of the stencil, means to discharge the envelop to be grouped with the matter previously ad dressed, means by which a record strip is carried, means to cause printing upon said record .strip from the stencil, and means to date the matter as printed upon the record strip. I I a 24. A printing and addressing machine including means to convey the subject matter to be printed upon through the machine, means to move a stencil plate to a position ed upon the matter in its passage through the machine, means to bring an envelop to a position to be printed by the use of the stencil, means to discharge the envelop to be grouped with the matter previously ad- 1% dressed, means by which a record strip is carried, means to cause printing upon said record strip from the stencil, means to date the matter as printed upon the record strip, andmeans to print containers with the addresses as printed upon the subject matter carried over the work supporting table.
25. A printing and addressing machine including means to convey the subject matter to be printed upon through the machine, means to move a stencil plate to a position to have the subject matter thereof imprinted upon the matter in its passage through the machine, means to bring an envelop to a position to be printed by the use of the stencil, means to discharge the envelop-to be grouped with the matter previously addressed, means by which a record strip is carried, means to cause printing upon said record strip from the stencil, means to date 1% i the matter as printed upon the record strip, means to print containers with the addresses as printed upon the subject matter carried nesaeaa along over the length of the work supporting table, means to print addresses upon the strip at spaced apart points, means to a ver the strip to form sheets of predate u 1 size having the addresses thereon, meanh to 'carry envelops into the machine, means by which addresses are printed upon the en-' velops to correspond with the addresses printed upon the strips, means by which the envelops are discharged to be each grouped with the separate sheet having the same address thereon, means by which a record strip is carried, and means by whichithe addresses as printed upon the strip and upon the en velops are printed upon this record strip.
27. A printing and addressing machine including a work supportingtable, means by which a strip of paper in the form of a roll is supported, means to carry the strip along over the length of the work supporting table, means to print addresses upon the strip spaced apart points, means to sever the strip to form sheets of predetermined size having the addresses thereon, means to carry envelope into the machine, means by which addresses are printed upon the envclops to correspond with the addresses printed upon the strip, means by which the envelope are discharged to be each grouped with the separate sheets having the same addresses thereon, means by which a record strip is carried, means by which the addresses as printed upon the strip and upon the envelops are printed upon this record strip, and means mounted adjacent to the path of the record strip to date the addresses as printed thereon.
28. A printing and addressinv machine including a work supporting table, means by which a strip of paper in the form of a roll is supported, means to carry the strip along over the iength of the work supporting table, means to print addresses upon the strip at spaced apart points, means to sever the strip to form sheets of predetermined size having the addresses thereon, means to carry envelops into the machine, means by which addresses are printed upon the envelops to correspond with the addresses printed upon the strip, means by which the envelops are discharged to be each grouped with the separate sheets having the same addresses thereon, means by which a record strip is carried, means by which the addresses as printed upon the strip and upon the envelops are printed upon this record strip, means mounted adjacent to the path of the record strip to date the addresses as printed thereon, and means by which said parts are simultaneously operated. j
29. A printing and addressing machine includin printed upon is carried through the machine and given continuous movement, a tube mounted over the path of travel of the matter and adapted to contain a plurality of stencils arranged in a stacked; relation, means to take the stencils successively from the tube to be carried in line with the travel of the matter and after bringing the same to a printing position to carry the'stencils from proximity to the matter to be printed upon, means to print upon the matter through the stencils, means to move an envelop adjacent to the path oftravel of the stencils and carry thesame in line therewith, and means to print through the stencils upon the envelops.
30. A] printing and addressing machine including means by which the matter to be printed upon is carried through the machine and given'continuous movement, a tube mounted over the path of travel of the matter and adapted to contain a plurality means by which the matter to be.
of stencils arranged in a stacked relation,
means to take the stencils successively from the tube to be carried in line with the travel I of the matter and after bringing the same to a printing position to carry the stencils from proximity to the matter to be printed upon, means to print upon the matter through the stencils, means to move an envelop adjacent to the path of travel of the stencils and carry the same in line therewith, means to print through the stencils upon the envelops, and means to discharge the envelops from the machine to be grouped with the subject matter having the same address printed thereon.
31. A printing and addressing machine including means by which the matter to be printed upon is carried through the machine, a rack mounted over the path of travel of the matter and adapted to contain a plurality of stencils arranged in a stacked relation, means to take the stencils successively from the rack and after bringing the same to a printing position carrying the stencils from proximity to the matter to be printed upon, means to print"upon the'- matter through the stencils, means to move an envelop adjacent to the path of travelv of the stencils, means to 'print through the stencils upon theenvelops, means to discharge the envelop's from the machine to be grouped with the subject matter having the same address printed thereon, means by which a record strip is carried in proximity to the path of movement of the stencils, and printing means to print from the same stencils on to the record strip. l