Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1255847 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 5, 1918
Filing dateApr 25, 1917
Priority dateApr 25, 1917
Publication numberUS 1255847 A, US 1255847A, US-A-1255847, US1255847 A, US1255847A
InventorsLouis Arkin
Original AssigneeLouis Arkin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fastener.
US 1255847 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

L. ARKIN.

FASTENER.

APPLICATION FILED APR-251 1917.

1 955 Patfiflted 1 61). 12, 1918.

llii

LOUIS ABKIN, 0F BOSTON, MASSAUHUSETTS.

FASTENEFI.

Specification of Letters Eatent.

Patented Feb. 31%, rare.

I Application filed April 25, 1917. serial Ito. whim.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, Louis ARKIN, a. citizen of the United States of America, and resident of Boston, in the county of Sufiolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Fasteners, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to separable fasteners of the type commonly employed as a fastener for gloves, dresses, curtains, and the like, and comprising essentially complemental stud and socket members. More particularly the invention relates to the socket member of such fasteners.

In the fasteners of this general type heretofore provided, the socket member has studretaining means which are of necessity adapted and intended to grip the stud firmly enough to preclude accidental disengagement under the usual conditions of service. The stud is disengaged by a jerklor pull, and because of the essential firm grip of the retaining means such disengagement necessitates the application of considerable force so that light and delicate fabrics upon which these fasteners are commonly used are often torn and destroyed in the pulling or jerkw ing of the stud from the socket.

Again, in the use of these fasteners upon dresses or other clothing, not only is the material often in itself easily torn but the stud when engaged is located under the socket and often in a position not readily accessible to the wearer. It is therefore not infrequently a dificult matter to grasp the mate rial near enough to the stud to pull it from the socket without tearing the material even with the exercise of considerable care.

It is the principal object of this invention to provide a fastener wherein the stud while securely held under usual conditions of service can be readily disengaged from the socket without manipulation either of the stud itself or of the material to which the stud is secured.

Referring to the drawings which illustrate an embodiment of my invention,

Figure l is a top view of the socket partially broken away;

Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a side view of the socket;

P Fig. 4c is a section on the line H of Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 2, but showing the stud within the socket.

Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 1;

Figs. 7 and 8 are respectively side and top views showing alternative means for securing the fastener to the material;

Fig. 9 is a plan view of a spring plate;

Fig. 10 is a plan view of a base plate;

Fig. 11 is a plan view of a gromet; and

Fig. 12 is a plan View of a holding plate.

A is a metal casing of usual contour having a plurality of integral lugs (1 adapted to pass through slots 2') (Fig. 10) in the base plate B and thereafter to be turned over to secure said casing and plate. The said base plate has the usual stud receiving opening B, and when the fastener is to be used on clothing and the like. may be provided with apertures B (Fig. 8) for sewing the fastener to the material. When the fastener is to be attached to curtains and the like, the casing A is provided with a plurality of prongs A (Fig. 6) adapted to pass through slots 6 in the plate B and to be turned over upon the slotted groinet L disposed on the opposite side of the material.

Within said casing is a pear of springs C preferably made of wire which may be of any desired shape in cross section and having stud-retaining arms C spaced apart to provide oppositely disposed substantially wedge-shaped apertures ll), best shown in Fig. 4. Slidably mounted in the wall of the casing A and extending on both sides thereof, is a pair of stud-releasers 1E having substantially wedge-shaped heads movable within said apertures D to engage and spread said retaining arms C and release the stud as hereinafter described.

Within the casing A and above said springs C is a resilient member, preferably a spring plate F as shown, located in the path of the stud S and adapted to be engaged by the stud upon its insertion into the casing and to be stressed thereby, as clearly shown in Fig. 5. Between said plate F and said spring (3 is a stud-holding plate Gr having an aperture 9 into which the stud fits upon its insertion into the casing, and is thus held against tipping.

The stud S is of the form shown having an enlarged head S, said head being preferably flattened at the portion .9 which fits within the aperture 9 of the holding plate Gr.

When the stud S is inserted into the easing A through the stud aperture B, its head spreads and passes between the retaining arms G into and partially through the holding plate G engaging and lifting the spring F. When the stud head has passed therethrough, the retaining arms 0 close around the neck of the stud and said stud is thus firmly retained within the socket with theFspring F stressed thereby, as best shown in i 5.

To release the stud, the stud releasers E are simultaneously pressed inward, whereupon their wedge-shaped heads moving in the apertures D engage and spread the retaining arms C so that the stud head is free to pass therethrough, and the spring F being thus released jumps or forces the stud free of the socket. A

As the stud is released without manipulation thereof, it will be clear'that a socket member constructed in accordance with my invention above described permits the use of these fasteners upon the most delicate fabrics without danger of injury thereto upon disengagement of the fastener members. It will be equally clear that as the releasers E project beyond the casing and are thus read ily manipulated, the fastener can be disengaged without difiiculty even though it be secured to a dress or other article at a relatively inaccessible place.

I claim:

1. A socket member of a fastener comprising a casing having a stud-receiving aperture, stud-retaining means Within said casing, stud releasers independent of said retaining means extending outside said casing and adapted to cooperate with said retaining means to release the stud and a resilient member adapted to force the stud from the socket without manipulation of said stud.

2. A socket member of a fastener comprising a casing having a stud-receiving aperture, stud-retaining'means within said casing, stud releasers independent of said retaming means extending outside said casing and adapted to engage and spread said retaining means to release the stud, and a resilient member adapted to force the stud froai the socket without manipulation of said stu 3. A socket member of a fastener comprising a casing havin a stud-receiving aperture, a pair of resilient stud-retaining arms within said casing, stud releasers extending outside said casing and movable between said retaining arms to spread said arms and mama? release the stud, and a resilient member adapted to force the stud from the socket without manipulation of the stud.

4. A socket member of a fastener comprising a casing having a stud-receiving aperture, a pair of resillent stud-retaining arms within said casing spaced apart to form oppositely disposedapertures, stud releasers extending outside said casing and having heads movable in said apertures, to spread said retaining arms to release the stud, and a resilient member adapted to force the stud from the socket without manipulation of said stud.

5. A socket member of a fastener comprising a casing having a stud-receiving aperture, a. pair of resilient stud-retaining arms within said casing spaced apart to form oppositely disposed substantially wedge-shaped apertures, stud releasers extending outside said casing and movable in said apertures, to spread said retaining arms to release the stud, and a resilient member adapted to force the stud from the socket without manipulation of said stud.

6. A socket member of a fastener comprising a casing having a stud-receiving opening, a pair of resillent stud-retaining arms within said casing spaced apart to form 0ppositely disposed substantially wedge-shaped apertures, stud-releasers extending outside said casing and having substantially wedgeshaped heads movable in said apertures, to spread said retaining arms to release the stud, and a resilient member adapted to force the stud from the socket without manipulation of said stud.

7. A socket member of a fastener comprising a casing having a stud-receiving aperture, stud-retaining means within said casing, stud releasers extending outside said casing adapted to cooperate with said retaining means to release the stud, and a spring plate adapted to be engaged and stressed by the stud upon its insertion into the casing to force the stud from'the socket without manipulation of the stud.

8. A socket member of a fastener compris ing a casing having a stud-receiving aperture, stud-retaining means within said casing, stud releasers extending outside said casing and adapted to cooperate with said retainin means to release the stud, a stud holder (fisp'osed above said retaining means to prevent tipping. of said stud within said casing, and a reslli'ent member adapted to force the stud from the socket without manipulation of said stud.

9. A socket member of a fastener comprising a casing having a stud-receiving aperture, a pair of resilient stud-retaining arms within said casin spaced apart to form oppositely dispose apertures, stud releasers extending outside the casing and having heads movable in said apertures, to spread eat er said mliaii llrll. w arms to release the stud, d a spring plate adapted to he engaged and stressed h the insertion of the stud into the socket to orce the stud from the socket Without manipulation of said stud.

10. A socket member of a fasmner comprising a casing having a stud-receiving aperture, a pair of resilient stud-retaining arms within said casing spaced apart to form oppositely disposed substantially wedge-shaped apertures, stud releasers exten 3 outside the casing and having substantiay Wedge-shaped heads movable in said apertures, to spread said retaining arms to release the stud, and a spring plate adapted to he engaged and stressed by the insertion of the stud into the socket to force the of said stud.

H. A. socket member of a fastener enmprising a casing having a stud-reeeiviug aperture, a pair of resilient stud-retaining arms Within said casing spaced apart to term oppositely disposed apertures, stud releasers extending outside the casin and havin heads movable in said apertures, to sprea :1 said retaining arms to release the stud, a stud holder disposed above said retaining arms to prevent tipping of said stud within said casmg, and a spring plate adapted to be engaged and stressed by the insertion of the stud into the socket to force the stud from thed socket without manipulation of said stu Signed by me at Boston, Massachusetts,

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7448653Jun 10, 2005Nov 11, 2008Value Plastics, Inc.Female connector for releasable coupling with a male connector defining a fluid conduit
US7770939Aug 10, 2010Value Plastics, Inc.Female connector for releasable coupling with a male connector defining a fluid conduit
US7806139Jan 20, 2006Oct 5, 2010Value Plastics, Inc.Fluid conduit coupling assembly having male and female couplers with integral valves
US7878553Apr 27, 2009Feb 1, 2011Value Plastics, Inc.Releasable connection assembly for joining tubing sections
US8113546Aug 9, 2010Feb 14, 2012Value Plastics, Inc.Latching female fluid tubing coupler
US8235426Jul 3, 2008Aug 7, 2012Nordson CorporationLatch assembly for joining two conduits
US8397756Mar 19, 2013Nordson CorporationFluid conduit couplers with depressible latch mechanism
US8448994May 28, 2013Nordson CorporationLatch assembly for joining two conduits
US8596688Jul 6, 2009Dec 3, 2013Nordson CorporationLatch assembly for joining two conduits
US9046205Dec 22, 2010Jun 2, 2015Nordson CorporationFluid connector latches with profile lead-ins
US9388929Dec 22, 2010Jul 12, 2016Nordson CorporationMale bayonet connector
US20050082828 *Sep 13, 2004Apr 21, 2005Wicks Jeffrey C.Releasable connection assembly for joining tubing sections
US20080007051 *Jun 10, 2005Jan 10, 2008Jensen Jeffrey PFemale connector for releasable coupling with a male connector defining a fluid conduit
US20080277924 *Jul 23, 2008Nov 13, 2008Value Plastics, Inc.Female connector for releasable coupling with a male connector defining a fluid conduit
US20100001516 *Jan 7, 2010Value Plastics, Inc.Latch assembly for joining two conduits
US20100301599 *Aug 9, 2010Dec 2, 2010Value Plastics, Inc.Latching Female Fluid Tubing Coupler
US20100319796 *Jun 18, 2010Dec 23, 2010Whitaker Carl TMulti-Port Valve
US20110012340 *Sep 29, 2010Jan 20, 2011Value Plastics, Inc.Fluid Conduit Couplers with Depressible Latch Mechanism
US20110204621 *Dec 22, 2010Aug 25, 2011Value Plastics, Inc.Fluid connector latches with profile lead-ins
USD629894Jan 6, 2010Dec 28, 2010Value Plastics, Inc.Male body of connector for fluid tubing
USD630320Jan 6, 2010Jan 4, 2011Value Plastics, Inc.Connector for fluid tubing
USD634840Mar 22, 2011Value Plastics, Inc.Female body of connector for fluid tubing
USD645547Sep 20, 2011Value Plastics, Inc.Male quick connect fitting
USD649240Nov 22, 2011Value Plastics, Inc.Male dual lumen bayonet connector
USD650478Dec 13, 2011Value Plastics, Inc.Female dual lumen connector
USD652510Jan 17, 2012Value Plastics, Inc.Connector for fluid tubing
USD652511Jan 17, 2012Value Plastics, Inc.Female body of connector for fluid tubing
USD654573Nov 19, 2007Feb 21, 2012Value Plastics, Inc.Female quick connect fitting
USD655393Jun 23, 2009Mar 6, 2012Value Plastics, Inc.Multi-port valve
USD663022Jul 3, 2012Nordson CorporationMale body of connector for fluid tubing
USD698440Jul 29, 2011Jan 28, 2014Nordson CorporationConnector for fluid tubing
USD699840Jul 29, 2011Feb 18, 2014Nordson CorporationMale body of connector for fluid tubing
USD699841Jul 29, 2011Feb 18, 2014Nordson CorporationFemale body of connector for fluid tubing
USD709612Dec 23, 2011Jul 22, 2014Nordson CorporationFemale dual lumen connector
USD712537Dec 17, 2013Sep 2, 2014Nordson CorporationConnector for fluid tubing
Classifications
U.S. Classification24/635, 285/317, 24/110
Cooperative ClassificationA44B11/2523