US 1256926 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. G. PSIAKI.
PORTABLE DISH COLLECTING APPARATUS.
APPLICATIONYFILED MAR. 13. 1917.
1 ,256,926 Patented Feb. 19, 1918.
2 SHEETS-shin 1.
A. G. PSIAKl.
PORTABLE DISH COLLECTING APPARATUS.
APPLICATION FILED MAR-13.1917.
Patented Feb. 19, 1918.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2- assesses.
ALCIBIADES G. .PSIAKI, 0F RIDGEWOOD', NEW EI'ERSEY.
FOBTABLE DISH-COLLECTING APTARA'I'US.
To all whom it may concern: V
Be it known that I, Aaaornrnons G. PSIAKI, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Ridgewood, in the county of Bergen and State of NewJersey, have invented a new and Improved Portable Dish-Collecting Apparatus, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
Among the principal objects which the present invention has in view are: to facilitate the handling of'service table articles;
to avoid the necessity for personal-servlce in clearing a table; to avoid physical contact with said articles when solled; to avoid the necessity of placing the hands in the water in which the articles are cleansed;'to avoid the manual transportation of said articles; groups; to provide a carrier which may be easily manipulated; to furnish -a carrier in which said articles may be cleansed without removal therefrom; and to provide in said carrier means whereby the classified articles may be cleansed in the selected groups.
Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section Fig. 5 is a vertical section of the dishholding receptacle showing a modified form of the construction of said "receptacle and rack used in conjunction therewith;
Fig. 6 is'a top plan view'showing an end fragment of said receptacle.
The present invention is designed to overcome the following ob ectlon, to wit: the
' necessity which pertains in small households for some member of the family to ofliciate as maid at the completion of a portion of a meal, and the confus on ncident thereto. Also it is designed to relieve the housewife front the disagreeable operation iof washing the disheswith the usual cloth,
compelling, as it does,the immersion of the supported carrier for said tray.
to separatethe articles .into allied.
the ends of the section 11,
Specification of Letters Patent; p t t n, was, Application filed march 13, 1917; Serial No. 154,591. I I
hands in'the dirty and oftentimes chemically prepared water. The chemicals generally used are injurious to the skin and nails. I v C With the above purposes in view, the construction consists in providing primarily a tray for containing the soiled dishes, receptacle for washing fluids, and a wheel- As seen in the drawings, the sink has a well portion 11, and transverse sections 12 and 13. The sectionsll, 12 and 13 are separated. by the of said partitions has a special purpose which relates to classification of the articles used in table service and more particularly with reference to the crockery and glassa rotary reel is provlded having at both..
partitions 14 and 15. Eachdishes and platters of ends short stud shafts 16. Each shaft 16 is provided-.with a wrench end 11 and an in terior hub 18. The hubs 18 are each furnished with radial arms 19. The arms 19,
- at opposite ends of the reel, are connected by rods 20 over each-of which is threaded a spiral spring 21. The convolutions of the springs 21 of the various rods 20 form grippers for holding dishes or platters when the edges thereof are forced between the .convolutions of the said springs. The said convolutions of the spring contact with sufcient efiect on the edges of the articles disposed therein, to normally support said articles. In this manner, it will be observed thata great'many dishes may be disposed in a relatively limited space.
After the reel has been loaded, the contents thereof are prevented from escaping by a retaining bar 22. The bar 22 is supported at opposite ends of the reel by the bows 23 and 24. The rod 22 is pivotally connected with the bow 23 and is tempo-,
rarily engaged to the bow 24 by means of the latch 25. I
As best shown in Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawings, the reel is rotatively mounted in are rovided for the stud shafts 16, the
wherein bearings bearings being formed at the lower ends of vertical slots 26, shown best in Fig. 1 of the drawings. To revolve th reel, a crank 27 having a handle 28 is temporarily adjusted to the wrench end of one or other of the i stud shafts. This operation is performed only after the dishes have been removed to the kitchen sink andwhen the section 11 has been disposed in superposed relation thereto to receive the washing fluid or water 29.
The section 12 is temporarily designed to receive smaller articles of crockery used in.
the table service, such as cups and saucers, or the smaller dishes or platters, such as bread-and-butter plates. Generally within this compartment there is placed a wire basket 30 in which is deposited the knives, forks and spoons, or,other metal implements of dining service.
Thesection 13 is utilized for deposltmg the glassware forming a part of the table service. k The sections 1 2 and 13, and 12 and 11 have intercommunication through passages normally closed by means of plugs 31 and 32, respectively. The sections 12 and 13 when the plugs 31 and 32 are installed 1n service position may be supplied with water for cleansing the articles disposed therein. .lVhen the plugs are withdrawn, the water contained in the said sections may flow to one or other end of the portable sink to escape therefrom by means of outlet openings normally closed by the plugs 33 and 34. To receive the scraps and refuse left on the plates, there is provided a box or drawer 35. The box 35 is supported by pendant;
' rails 36 extended from the bottom of the 85 sink.
A-frames 37, the upper ends whereof are socketed to receive the stems 38 of bearing forks 39.- At the bottom of upwardly-opening slots 40 in the forks 39, are formed bearings for trunnions 41 extended from the sides of the sink. The trunnions 41 are so disposed with reference to the center of gravity of the sink that the sinknormally tilts downwardly at the end having the sec- .tion 11, and the weight of the" sink'when in this position is carried on a .cross bar 42. The carriage is supported on wheels 43.
The wheels 43 have journal bearings at'the ends of the axle 44. The axle 44 is fixedly attached to side bars 45 which in turn are connected by bracing bars 46, which, to-
ether with said side bars, form rectangular rames shown in the drawings. At the cen- When the table is being cleared, -the,
- which tor of each of the cross bars 46 are disposed caster wheels 47. These wheels are pivot- .ally mounted by means of bolts 48 on the cross bars 46. The bearing forks 49 supporting 'the wheels 47 are shortened so that when the wheels 43 rest on the -fioor, one or other of the wheels 47 is lifted therefrom.
The modification shown in Figs. 5 and 6 consists in covering the slot 26 with shields 50. One of the shields 50 is provided with a box extension 51 in which is housed the hub 52 of a crank 53. The crank 53, unlike the crank 27, is permanently attached to the apparatus and has a square edge-opening slot 54, which is arranged to receive a square extension 55 from one of the hubs 18 with which the reel is provided. In this form of the invention, thehub 52 of-the crank 53 forms the bearing for one side of the reel, while the stud shaft 16 at the opposite side is constructed and arranged 'as above described with reference to the preferred form of the invention.
When employing an apparatus constructed and arranged as above described, the operation is as follows: If the meal consists of more than one course, at the end of the first course the apparatus is rolled to the table and" the various dishes are passed to some one person who first empties the large particles, if any, into the drawer 35'. Having roughly cleansed a plate in this way, the same is placed edgewise in the wheel between the convolutions of the wires. 21.
Glasses, cups, saucers, ramekins, and articles of smaller character are preferably placed in the section 12. Larger platters, vegetable dishes, and articles of similar 106 character too large for the reel are preferably placed in the compartment 13. Knives, forks, spoons, and metal utensils are preferably disposed in the basket 30.
While the basket 30 has been shown as 110 being disposed in the transverse section 12, it will be understood that the basket may .be moved to a more convenient location if such is desired. After the apparatus is loaded, it may be moved to one side, while the meal is resumed. "If the meal comprises second and third courses, the apparatus is returned to the table to. receive at the end of the course or of the meal, the articles are to be washed and otherwise cleanse i It will be noted that-when using the herein described apparatus, it has not been neces-- sary for the hostess to leave the room when the meal is being served.
When, now, 'the meal-having been completed the articles are to be washed, the apparatus is rolled into the kitchen and the section" 11 is inserted into the stationary sink with which the kitchen is equipped, and 1 30 so disposed that the faucets supplying the stationary sink are directly over the. top opening of said section 11. To accomplish this, the body structure is pivotally swung on the trunnions 41 until the body of the section 11 passes over'the edge of the sink. The body of the apparatus is then allowed to assume its normal horizontal position. Hot water is now introduced into the section 11 to have mixed therewith suitable greasedissolving chemicals. Wihen the bath is ready, the reel is rotated, the operator using for this purpose the crank 27 or 53 as the case may be, grasping the handles 28 thereof.
Prior to revolving the reel, it will be understood that the bar 22 is lowered to its closed position.
When the washing process has been car-' ried to the desired extent, the reel and the dishes contained therein are lifted out of the section 11, the bearings of said reel-passing upward through the slots 26. The reel and its contents are now placed in some suitable drying location or apparatus where the articles are permitted to dry. Subsequently, if desired, the articles may be removed from the reel and polished before placing the same in their repository.
If desired, the .chemicalizedwater which has remained in the section 11 may now be employed for cleansing the metal articles held in thereceptacle 30. This is accomplished'by the operator lifting said receptacle byits handle and whipping .the basket back and forth in the water contained in the section 11. When this operation has been performed sufliciently often to remove the grease andadhe'sions from the said articles, they are placed beneath the hot water and rinsed, still being held in the basket. Like the contents of the reel previously described, they are placed in a position to dry;
After withdrawing the plug 33 to permit the water in the section 11 to flow into the stationary sink, the apparatus is manipulated to reverse the ends relative to the stationary sink, that is, the section 13 of the apparatus is now extended over the said stationary sink and beneath the faucets supplying the same. The plugs 34 and 32 are inserted, and the plug 31 is opened. The hot water is now introduced, first into the section 13 from whence it flows by way of the opening normally closed by the plug 31 to the section 12. The articles contained in these two sections are thoroughly cleansed drawn, and the water is permitted to drain.
from,the sections 12 and 13, leaving the articles therein ready for rinsing with clear water, the plug 34 being inserted to hold the same. After the rinsing, the plug 34 is again withdrawn and the water is evacuated from said sections into the stationary sink to be carried therefrom in the usual manner. The articles formerly deposited in the sections 12 and 13 are now dried in the man? ner described with reference to the dishes held in the reel.
The drawer 35 having been emptied and cleansed, the apparatus is rolled to a convenient storage place provided therefor, To facilitate the storage, the body portion is lifted from its support on the wheel-supported frame. 7
1. An apparatus as characterized comprising a portable wheel-carried supporting frame; and a dish-holding tray having a depressed end portion, said tray being pivotally mounted on said frame for tilting said tray to place said depressed end portion temporarily in a dish-washing sink permanently located.
2. An apparatus as characterized comprising a portable wheel-carried supporting frame; a dish-holding tray having a depressed end portion, said tray being pivotally mounted on said frame for tilting said tray to place said depressed end portion temporarily in a dish-washing sink permanently located; and means on said frame for varying the operating height of said tray.
3. An apparatus as characterized comprising a portable wheel-carried supporting rame; a tray having a series of water-holding compartments, one of said compartments being a depressed end portion, said tray being pivotally mounted for tilting the same for placing said depressed end portion in a sink permanently located; means for permitting the water held in said compartments to flow therethrough to said end compartment; and means for delivering water from said end compartment to said sink.