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Publication numberUS1257471 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 26, 1918
Filing dateApr 16, 1915
Priority dateApr 16, 1915
Publication numberUS 1257471 A, US 1257471A, US-A-1257471, US1257471 A, US1257471A
InventorsEdward M Fitzjohn, Elmer A Stanton
Original AssigneeEdward M Fitzjohn, Elmer A Stanton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1257471 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. M. FETZJOHN 62 E. A STAN-{0N sou cum APPLICATION FILED APR-16, IQlfi- 1 357,47 1 a Fatented Feb. 26, 1918.

UNITED srn'rns PATENT orrren.



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Feb. 26, 1918.

Application filed April 16, 1915. Serial No. 21,810.

ticularly to the general structure of the head.

The main object is to provide a golf club with a combined lofting and driving head which is light yet strong and durable and in which the predominance of weight is concentrated at or near the base or ground face of the head and is so distributed with relation to the lofting and driving faces of the head as to bring the center line of gravity in a lane substantially coincident with the axls of the handle when the ground face of the head is in a substantially horizontal position, thereby producing a balanced condition when the golf stick is held in the usual manner for lofting or drivin the ball.

Anot er object is to provide the head with a transversely curved or convex lower face of comparatively long radius having its center at approximately the point of 'p of the hands on the handle so that'the advancing edge of the lofting or striking face may swing with greater accuracy under or against the ball, and at the same time allowing the heel to swing through the same are to reduce the liability of restraining contact with the ground.

Other objects and uses will be brought out in the following description.

In the drawings Figure 1 is a top plan of the head of a, golf stick, the greater portion of the handle being broken away and the remaining portion shown in section.

Figs. 2 and 3 are opposite side elevations of the head, a portion of the shank being shown in section in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is an end view of the head showing the adjacent portion of the shank and handle in elevation.

Fig. 5 is a transverse sectional view through the head taken on line 55, Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is a perspectlve view of a sllghtly -4-, the driving face 5 posed at a considerably less angle with the modified form of head having an insert in its lofting face.

This golf stick comprises a head 1-- having a ferrule shank 2 for receiving a handle -3, the head 1 being substantially triangular in cross section and gradually reducing in width from its outer end toward the shank, the length of the head being somewhat greater than its width.

The head 1 is provided with a transversely curved convex face 4 of comparatively long radius having its center approximately at the point of grip of the hands on the handle, said head being also provided with opposite driving faces 5 and 6, both of which are disposed at acute angles with the bottom or lower face being disbottom 4 than the angle between the opposite face 6 and said bottom, and in practice, we have found that this angle should be less than 45 degrees and not greater than 30 degrees, the object of which is two-fold, viz; to loft the ball to a considerable height, and at the same time to impart to it a backward rotary motion so that when it strikes the ground the resistance of its backward motion will cause it to stop in approximately the place of striking.

This face 5, therefore, constitutes what may be termed a combined lofting and driving face and is particularly advantageous in lofting and driving the ball out of a hollow and over obstructions in the direction in which it is desired to drive it.

The opposite face 6- which is also disposed at an acute angle with the bottom 4- is only slightly inclined from a perpendicular to said bottom and may be used for left hand driving when necessary or desirable, thereby increasing the range of usefulness of the same golf club and obviating the necessity for carrying extra clubs.

As illustrated in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive, the head 1 is preferably cast or forged metal, the central portion of which is chambered at 7 to reduce its weight without sacrificing its strength or durability, and at the same time brings the predominance of weight at the base or bottom some distance below the longitudinal center.

This weight is so distributed as to bring its center line of gravity, represented by the line :r Figs. 1 to 4, in approximately the same plane aS the axis of the handle, thus producing a balanced condition which enables the golf club to be manipulated with greater certainty and accuracy in driving the ball.

In the modified structure shown in Fig. 6, the head as -l' is of substantially the same outline as that shown in the previously described figures, the only diiierence being that its chamber as 7' extends downwardly from the inclined driving and lofting face as 5'- and is filled by a core or insert -8- of relatively lighter material than the remaining metal portions, the side walls of the recess being dove-tailed, while the edges of the core or filling --8 are correspondingly beveled to retain the insert in place, suitable means being applied to the joints to assist in such retention.

This filling may be made of wood aluminum or other comparatively light su stance,

the purpose being to leave the predominance.

of weight at the base or below such filling, although the center line of gravity is disposed in a plane substantially coincident with the axis of the handle the same as described for the head shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive, so that when the balanced head is held in position for lofting or driving the ball, it will be substantially balanced.

What we claim is:

A golf club having its head substantially triangular in cross-section from end to end and its lower ground face convexed longitudinally, and convexed transversely in an arc of relatively long radius having its center approximately at the point of grip of the hands on the handle, the rear face of the head being substantially vertical and of less width than the ground face, and the driving face being straight longitudinally and transversely curved, and inclined rearwardly and form the hypotenuse of the triangle.

In witness whereof we have hereunto set our hands this 7th day of April 1915.



T. M. Gmms, F. H. MUNZ.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2859972 *Jun 26, 1957Nov 11, 1958Reach Milton BGolf club
US3305235 *Jul 28, 1965Feb 21, 1967Williams Jr Albert JLongitudinally adjustable golf club including head with high moment of inertia abouttwo axes
US4139196 *Jan 21, 1977Feb 13, 1979The Pinseeker CorporationDistance golf clubs
US4147349 *Mar 15, 1977Apr 3, 1979Fabrique Nationale Herstal S.A.Set of golf clubs
US4247105 *Mar 30, 1979Jan 27, 1981Fabrique National Herstal S.A.Set of golf clubs
US4322083 *Oct 10, 1979Mar 30, 1982Shintomi Golf Co., Ltd.Golf club head
US4523759 *May 11, 1983Jun 18, 1985Igarashi Lawrence YGolf club
US4534558 *Aug 17, 1983Aug 13, 1985Yonex Kabushiki KaishaGolf club head
US4600193 *Sep 19, 1983Jul 15, 1986William MerrittHollow bat
US4667963 *Oct 10, 1985May 26, 1987Yonex Kabushiki KaishaGolf club head
US4836550 *Jan 25, 1988Jun 6, 1989Maruman Golf Co., Ltd.Club head for an iron-type golf club
US4955610 *Feb 27, 1989Sep 11, 1990Creighton William WDriving iron golf club head
US5024437 *Mar 13, 1990Jun 18, 1991Gear Fit Golf, Inc.Golf club head
US5255918 *Aug 31, 1992Oct 26, 1993Donald A. AndersonGolf club head and method of forming same
US5261663 *Dec 13, 1991Nov 16, 1993Donald A. AndersonGolf club head and method of forming same
US5261664 *Jun 11, 1992Nov 16, 1993Donald AndersonGolf club head and method of forming same
US5344140 *Dec 28, 1992Sep 6, 1994Donald A. AndersonGolf club head and method of forming same
US5433441 *Nov 22, 1993Jul 18, 1995Olsen; Christopher K.Golf putter with cylindrical clubhead
US5439223 *Apr 1, 1993Aug 8, 1995Kobayashi; KenjiGolf club head
US5458335 *Nov 24, 1993Oct 17, 1995Hattori; NoriyasuCombined putter and wedge golf club
US5624329 *May 3, 1996Apr 29, 1997Schneebeli; Robert E.Matched putter/chipper golf clubs
US6830519Apr 23, 2003Dec 14, 2004Adams Golf Ip, LpSet of iron type golf clubs
US7115041Aug 6, 2004Oct 3, 2006Callaway Golf CompanyPutter-type golf club head with an insert
US20010014629 *Apr 6, 2001Aug 16, 2001Anderson Donald A.Golf club head
US20050119069 *Aug 6, 2004Jun 2, 2005Guard John G.Putter-type golf club head with an insert
U.S. Classification473/330, D21/747
Cooperative ClassificationA63B53/04