US 1258236 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- APPLICATION FlLED DEC. 30. I9l-6. y 1 ,258,236. Patented Mar. -5, 1918.
INVENTUR A TTOHNEYS JAMES IvIENZIES,GF VILlvING-TON, NORTH CAROLINA.
To all *wiwi/L t may` concern.'
Beitvknovvn that l, Janes Menzies, va `subject of the King of Great Britain, and a resident of Wilmingtomin 'the county of New Hanover and State of North Carolina, have invented a certain new and useful 1mprovenient in Bottle-Stoppers, or' which the following is a specii'ication.
My present invention relates generally to bottle Stoppers, and more particularly to stoppersfor temporary use for utilization in place of the permanent stoppers oi' sauce, catsup, and other bottles, h ving means whereby the fluid outlet maybe readily and quickly cut oliil at any time, in order to provide against the drying up and deterioration of the contents ci" the bottle between its periods of use.
With these and other objects in viewv which Will be hereinafter made plain, my invention resides in the features oi' construction, arrangement, and operation to be now described in connection with the accompanying drawing, 1forming a part oi" this speciiication, in which:
Figure 1 is a Ivertical sectional view through a bottle neck illustrating the practical application of my improvements, with the parts open; f
Fig. 2 is a similar view With the parts closed;
Fig. 3 is a perspective vieW of my improved bottle stopper removed,'and
Fig. 4 is a vertical section through the bottle stopper shown in Fig. 3.
Referring nonr to these igures and particularly to Fig. 1, my improvements are adapted for connection at the upper outer end of a bottle neck 10, having a centrally apertured'cork or other ller 11, forming a part of the usual closure, the central channel 12 of which provides for the outlet of the fluid from the bottle when the usual solid glass stopper, not shown, is removed.
To this end, my invention consists of a dispensing stopper, consisting of a substantially spherical'shell 13, the axial diameter of Which is slightly greater than the internal diameter of the bottle neck, so as to adapt the shell to seat partially Within the upper open end of the neck 10, said shell having a pair of substantially parallel spaced spurs 14 which project Vinto the bottle neck and into the material of the relatively soft filler 11,4 so as to effectively hold the shell 13 inV Specification of Letters Patent.
the'handle 20,'the ball channel 19 Vbeing Y PatentedMa1.`5,f1918.
Application filed December 30, 1916. Serial No. 139,742.
position,v with its lower aperture 15in line with its vertical axis and With the chan-nel 120i1 thevller 11.
The shell 13 also has diametrically opposed apertures 16, as seen vin F ig. 4,' lin line with its horizontal axis, to receive the trunnions 17 of a rotatable core in the form of a ball 18, Which may be solid and provided With a diametrical channel 19 tortended beyond the vshell 13, and provided Witha'n angular extension 'forming a handle 20, the said extendedtrunnionsupportf in a-coiled s rino 21 between the handleV g P e 2O and the external surface of the shell 13, order to normally maintain the ball with its channel 19 "in the horizontal position shown inFig. 2.
Thus, with the ball 18'turn`ed Yto the posi@ tion shown in. Fig. 1, by-manipulation of C then in registry with the shelll opening 15 and the channel 12 of the core 11, the parts are in position permitting of egress of a 'por-. tion at least of thecontents of the bottle, when the latter is inverted, While when the ball or core 18 is released and turned byits spring 21 to the positionV shown in Fig. 2, inclined out of registry With the shell openasbest seen in Figs. 1, 2, andB, to form an inwardly and upwardly opening box adapt.l
ed, when handle 20 is released, to receive the annular rib 28 of the ball 18 and yeRectivelyl close the outer end of the channel 19. The rib 23 just mentioned forms an effective pouring spout and obviates spilling of the material upon the ball and shell.
It is thus obvious that my invention provides an eiective, simple, and inexpensive sov Ying 15 and thechannel 12 of the fller 11,
stopper forthe purposes first above outlined,` and for various other uses, and one, Which may be Areadily removed from Vone bottle and inserted in place in connection with another bottle, as fast as the bottle contents become exhausted.
I claim l. The combination with a bottle neck having a relatively soft filler therein below its outer end and provided with Va dispensing channel, of a stopper consisting of a spherical shell having diametrically opposed openings and seated within and 'adapted to partially extend into the upper open end of the bottle neck, said shell having spurs extending therefrom and projecting Within the bottle neck Vand adapted to be pressed into the material of said ller to detachably support the shell and normally hold the same immovably in position, yand a ball intertittingthe shell having a Vdiametrical'channel, and movable to shift said channel into and out of registry with the said openings, of the shell. y
2. The combination with a bottle neck having a relatively soft filler provided with a dispensing channel, of a stopper consisting of a spherical shell seated within the upper open end of the bottle and having spurs extending within the bottle neck and into the material of the said iller, said shell having its upper portion truncated and having a lower opening in line with its vertical axis and with the channel ot the' tiller and .also having diametrically opposed openings in line with its horizontal axis, a ball movably interfitting theJ shellnand having diametrically opposed trunnions extending into the last mentioned openings and pro- Copies of this patent may be obtained for vided with av diametrical channel therec.
through for movement with the ball into and fV out of registration with the lower opening of the shell and channel of the Eller, said ball having an annular rim around the upper end of its channel and said shell having `an outwardly pressed box opening inwardly and upwardly to receive the said rib andform a cover for the discharge end of the channel within said rib, one of said Y trunnions of said ball being extended beyond the shell and provided with' a handle di for rotation of the ball, anda spring coiled about the projecting portion of the said trunnion between its said handle and the external surface ofthe shell, for the purpose described.
3. The combination with a bottleneck having a relatively softrtiller provided with soV a dispensing`v channel, of a stopper seated Y for registry in line with the channel of said Y ller, said core member having a rib around the discharge end of its channel, and said shell having an outwardly pressed box portion in the line of movement of the rib 'Y of the core to receive the latter in the non- -registered inoperative position` to form a cover for the discharge [end of the channel of the core member.
Washington, D. G,