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Publication numberUS1258409 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 5, 1918
Filing dateAug 28, 1915
Priority dateAug 28, 1915
Publication numberUS 1258409 A, US 1258409A, US-A-1258409, US1258409 A, US1258409A
InventorsThomas Hill
Original AssigneeThomas Hill
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building structure.
US 1258409 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

T. HILL.

B'UILDWG STRUCTURE. memos man AUG.28. ms.

Patented Mar. 5, 1918.

SHEETS--SHEET 2.

INVENTOR' JM.4/

I] QUILDING SIBUCTURE. APPLICATION m zn'auafzsr m5.

4 smith-s a.

z [ma g- V I Patented Man 5, 1918.

UNITED era-urns PATENT OFFICE,

mm HILL, or new our, NEW JERSEY.

BUILDING srnoccrnnn.

To cZZ whom it may coaora n."

Be it known that I, Tl-IOMAS new and useful Improvements in Building Structures,of which the following is a specih'cation. i The invention pertains moreparticularly to novel sockets adapted to the columns, beams and girders in architectural structuresand to a novel building structure embracing said sockets, colunms, 'beams'and' girders. The sockets are of an integral character aml ha veafor their OlJJBOtq-thfiflllS- pensing with a large' number ot -piecesat" structures:

present employed in build ng The sockets ot-rmy invention arer each iintegral and niayreceive the adjoining'endsof two vertical beams or sections'of' thecolumn and also the"adjoining;v ends 'of'the horizontal transverse and longitudinal beams of a buildinm T he columns orjcolumnisections may be formed of rolled" beams of I-shape in cross-section and the transverseand lon gitudinal beams may ofavoodpii"desired, I or the VBIlZlCalGOllllllll sections may boot wood or some of them may be of rolled beam structure and others of Wood. L V

The inwantion" will be. fully funderstood from the detailed, description hereinafter presented reference being'ihadto the accom panying, c rawings in which: V r V Figure 1 is a transverse section, partly broken away, through a buildingstructure embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section, partly broken away, through a portion ofthe same, taken on the dotted lineEZ-QZ of Fig. 1

Fig. 3 is a top view, partly broken away,

looking down on the upper end of ltig. 1;'

Fig.4 is a horizontal section through a portion of the structure, line -;L-4 ofjFigi 1; p I

Fig. 5 is avie'w correspondingwith Fi .1, but on a smallcrscale and Witlriheco umn sections showncomplete;

Fig. 6 is aside elevation :of the same,

taken from the left hand sideofEig; 5, the floor and root'beams bemgshoivn aspartly in section and partly broken away; 7

Fig. 7 is an enlarged transverse vertical section, partly ln'okenlaway,: through the upper portion of a building structureem- Specification of Letters 2mm.

Hung a citi zen ot" theUnited States, and a resident of Jersey (Jity, in the county of Hudson and State of Noun-Jersey, have invented certain number of vertical columns,

taken on the dotted rammed Mar. 5, 1918;

Application inean ust 28,1915, Serial No. 47355, I

bod-ying my invention and illustrating the employment oi the wooden column sections in lieu of rolled. beam column sections;

,Fjgi 8 is a top viewot the cap-socket em ployed at the upper end'of the lower column section, shown in Fig. 7, the end of the columnvsection being also shown; l ig. 9 is artransverse sectional view, partly brokeno away,corresponding with Fig. 5' but wooden column sections; 7

.-F, i; ,r 10 is an elevation taken from the left hand side of Fig, 2.), with one metal cap socket shown in vertical section; p :E'g.,11 is a view'in perspective partly broken away, showing one of my cap sockets for theupper end of a column section'and onezfotisaid sockets for the lou'er end ,of

the column section, with the column section interposed betweensaid sockets prepa atory tobeing engaged therewith;

Fig, 12 is a perspective view'on a larger saucer my cap socket as constructed to receive the adjoining ends of rolled I-beam coliunn: sections, portions of said sections also-being shown as positioned preparatory for engagement with said cap socket, and I Fig; 13 a vertical t'ansverse section through the same, the column sections, partly broken away, being shown in position with their adjoining ends abutting against eachiother within the socket. p

I llustrate my invention in a sect onal portion of the building, it being unueces' sary to illustrate the entire building, and in the structure there will be employed a horizontal t ansverse and longitudinal beams, roof beams, trusses and the like, all being as numerous as the size of the buildinggmay require. The features comprising my invention will correspond throughout the building'and will be understood from thennits, illustrated, In the drawings, referri'ng more particularly to Figs. '1 to e inclusive and I igs; 12 and 13, the vertical column 15 is shown as composed of two end to en'd abutting rolled Lbeams 16, 17

united at their meeting portions by a capsocketll8, the column having on its upper, 7 end the cap socket 19-and;at 1iS'l0\VB1'CI1Clbeingjseated and secured within thesockct The sockets 18, l9 and 20 are each in one integraleastlngand each is recessed to illustrating the employment of rectangular conform to the shape of the beam sections 16, 17 in cross-section.

The socket 18 comprises a base member 21, a lower depending portion 22 and an upper portion 23 rising upwardly from said base member 21. The depending portion 22 contains a socket which receives and con forms in cross-section with the upper end of the rolled beam section 16, and said portion 22 at opposite sides is recessed i11- wardly, as at 24, to closely engage the op-. posite faces of the web of the beam 16 and avoid the employment of an undue quantity of metal in said portion 22. The portion 22 closely receives the web and flanges of the beam 16 and said beam at its upper end is secured within said portion 22 by rivets 25, 26, the rivet 25 extending through the opposite faces of theportion 22 and through the webof the beam 16, as shown, and the rivets 26 being extended through the sides of the portion 22 and the flanges of the beam 16. The upper portion 23 of the socket 18 has a recess 27 in it of the same shape as the beam section 17 in cross-section, as shown in Fig. 4, this recess being of I- shape and closely receiving the lower end of said beam section 17 The socket 18 in its upper portion is formed with longitudinal parallel flanges 28 at opposite sides of its center and with parallel longitudinal flanges 29 at the other opposite sides of its center, and said flanges form open top spaces or recesses respectively receiving the longitudinal and transverse floor beams 30, 31, re-

. spectively. The recesses 32 for the beams 30 extend nearly in to that portion of the socket or recess 27 which receives the web of the beam 17, and the recesses 33 for the beams 31 open into those portions of the re cess 27 which receive the flanges of the beam 17 The flanges 28 stand at rightan gles to the flanges 29, and hence the floor beams 30 extend at right angles to the floor beams 31, and said beams 30, 31 are secured within their recesses in the socket 18 by bolts or rivets extending through the flanges 28, 29 and said. beams, as shown. The upper portion of the socket 18 is recessed out at its corner portions so as to create the flanges 28, 29 and avoid the use of an undue quantity of metal as well as to ermit the rivets to conveniently be app ied for securing the beams 30, 31 in position. The beams 30, 31 representing floor beams, may be made out of wood. It

will be seen on reference to the drawings that the base member 21 of the socket 18 is of substantial thickness and not only constitutes a flooring for the spaces or recesses between the flanges 28, 29, but extends outwardly beyond said flanges and connects the ad acent flanges 28, 29, where they stand at right angles to each other, at the corners of said base member 21. The downwardly extending portion 22 and the upwardly extendingportion 23 of the socket 18 merge into the base member 21 on curved lines extending out to the edges and corners of said base member 21, as shown :in Fig. 4, and this construction affords, a socket 18 of very great strength and durability, especially at the flanges 28, 29 and in the portions 22, 23. The beams 30, 31 are held at their ends within the s aces between the flanges 28, 29 and said vanges extend out to the outer edges of the base member 21,- and it will be seen that the upper outwardly curved portion of the depending part 22, where-said part merges into the base 21, affords considerable strength to said base 21 enabling it to securely support the beams 30, 31 of the character employed in large building structures.

The socket 19 has a base member 34, a depending lower portion 35 and four right an= gle flanges 36 at the upper side of said base-member. corresponds exactly with the de endin 'por tion22 of the socket 18,"and saidportlon 25 contains a recess conforming. with and re ceiving the upper end of the beam section 17, and said. end of said beam section is secured within said portion 35 by'rivets 37 38, the rivet 37 passing through the faces of said portion 35 andthe web of the beam 17 and said rivets 38 passing through sides The depending portion '35 of said portion 35and through the flanges p of the beam 17. The right angular'flanges 36st the upper side of the base member 34 form open top recesses which open intoeach, other at the center of said base-member. Be tween the'longitudinal flanges 36 aresecured longitudinal roof-beams 39 and betweenthe 16 about the base member 21,, asindicated bythe dottedlines in Fig. 1, and it'is one of the purposes of my invention that the column sections shall abut one against the other within the confines of the sockets.

The socket 19 diifers in its upper portion from the construction of the upper portion of the socket 18, since said socket'19 is not intended to receive a column section upon it,

but transverse and longitudinal beams or girders connected with the roof construction.

The socket 20 is a base-socket having a supporting base member. 42""and an"up-' wardly projecting portion 43 "containing a recessed to receive the lower end of the column section 16. The lower end ofthe Column seetiehf lflg socket 20. by riveting en'the -hke and theinp pbsite Tsides ofjsai'd' seeket 20 ere ece'ssedinfwardlyfns at 45,80 a$ tdfdipeiiee Wi thithe use of an wunduefqlientityief meml and pem t O t so t n b eihi e d b in' g' e-f cured together a convenient l'niuimter' by five. r

In Figs. 57 and S I; illustratelmedified'eem T structions of sockets as substitutes "fqr ethe sockets 18, 19., when columnsof weed \RIQ to be mede use ofg a-nd' 1' number the f'medi'fied Sockets V46," 47, respectively; lhegsoeketi lfi has a base member -48,'a depen in -ween lower portion 4 9. ontaining n: rcxttang flar I vertical recess 570 and; upp Pblftifin 151 formed with. right angular flange?" 'a Whose adjoinin'gyiifedgee is idefined ya red- 55. undthe recess 53': receives" thel loweniend i I the o enin 54. in" the base me be e8" and" e lower end of the li lalper column receive and l'p r' t said flange to' elosely,

rectangular column section 56.1, t

eqliunn Secti0n}56,1 andgtheii lpper endjefi the "column section 56. is-eut eway m fzfernt' a; reduced neck '84 cleee 'fitting'seidppening 63. The soeketiliie riy tedmpon thejupper w end f the bel mesectinn ififi eme "several;

parts about Said e6cket47 "are further se cured together by rivets (ifi'extending trans I les s in dimensione than ''the bedy fj tu-ngulur .everti ci reeese' 01-1 eeeketfgfi?) which extends downwardly'to the; ase member 4 8. 1

The besdmembet 4 8 has: 'With'infit 'ieiiti eel portion a vertieel'openinglfi twhich cqn eats the, recesses 5Q, 53,'but Is he es in eree then either of said lBQQ-QSBSYiILClZQSSZ- by ferrhing shoulders extending i ere'nndithe upper and lower-Ledges ofvtheiopeningji fiir The recess 50 closel emes, the upperfend of the reetangulen wooden column section of the lfeetangjul z tzi wn'iddenf qol l lmn. Seetjbn 56. The upper end pf the lower eo 1un1n"sec twn 1s reduced, 1513; at 57, to; enter, and, 1111' to permit t k H section 56' to abut against it'., eoc-ket ifi corresponds in lerge degree withthe 'ecket 18, but is adupted to re'ceive wooden column section s, While the s'eeket18 'isintend'ed'te receive zi-djeining ends jof flo lled beam eelumn sectio'nsl;Between theflmigitfldinztl members .of the flengeshfl erelseeured 1 0m gitudinel floor beams and between the lat eral flanges 52 zu'e seeured the transverse floor beams substantially 'in the] manner illustrated in Fig. 5; 7 At their." inner' ends the right a-ng lillar 'flil-nges, 52 are I foi'med with rentrant angles, as shown ,in Fig; j 8,

depending portion ,59 centainingfzi yertieal reetangular seeke -:50 end;e flengedf11p er" portien receiving'th e reef. beams 61,, 62, t 1 s flange-portion eorrespondii lg withgthe 1 1111:; er portion of the see ketilfipfwithjn ft e ase member 58 is 'feimed my opening.

, I mas tee" QVVhat I 'chii m ae my inventien and memb r,

,Yi l lv'thtpii gh the beam mane @1301) the {vertical screw fi'fiiwhich extends downwardly ,thrqnghthe'beeinffiz and beam 61 andente're [the 1'1 pper end of the; c'ol nmnseetion 56." lf'desi atetheu )pej1' 'flen es of the'soefket "47 byfit 1e numemhfii' in Fi S. 9 and lo eill ustrate the employment of {see et for coltimn beam sections made Of wt'eedfencl'jjillueti ate the entire realu mn,

yheieas: ingFigIj? 20luhm'i'eSh WI t the lower portion of Fig.11 I illns tra'te'in perspegtlve the socket 46 and at the upp r poet-ion of Fig. 11 I illu'strate in per- SpetiLV'eJ- a correepending s ecket, while be? tween the two socket'el Illustrate a po rtien only it pertion of "the t ei ne wo dencpl ml b mss eee- V In ,gn'sten'cesl n1 fivhleh r therbulldlngf ls more than two stones 1n height, there W111 be a.

number efthe e socketsfi 'u'se'd, one being between feu eh twi) column beam seetibns, and

heIiGeIIpresenthlg; l lft'o show the use bf nituu ljrrto iz ecei ve 'the lower end 01 e Thefl lppeifieocket shown in Fig; 11 ,c0rre spends; inieens'truetion with the socket 47,

and ilelence if a two story, bu lding was' cei r pwo hu e socket 4((5, the upper one being tempnmmhamoseems 'showninFig. 1'1

we u'ld nswer-Jim: eueh structure the same asfliillustrate in Flge. 9 and 10. fItis'ef ndven tagetq heveall of theee eep 'soekete omspond with one another, since then the 'x verkef'ereeting' :Lbujlding is largely one eflasser nbling the parts flheinjrenftien will ful yzlmeerstoed frd'm; the ,felfegeing description without fun therr ex t ended;explanation. It will besee ain thzttlthe column seetions may he eithenof rrolledfbeams 1 of wood, find obviously the lew -zspm-ie of the building'may have relied eelumneeetwneand upper stones ooden c ohnnn 's etmns; The sockets flpfll'li'llt; of 1a binding-being ereeted'very quickly and with themininium number, of parts. The sockets avoid the use of a large number of pieces fivetejd tngether gt present'employed m'th e ereetionef steel .framesQof bullcling's. The

cepfse'ckets [are Streng and; dui able 41nd they conveniently "not Only 'i'eceive the adjoining ehdS Qifiqlhmn setipnebut @1 10 the ad'oin-f ing 'fends of thetI'a nSwf'elQe arid llongitu int ll flno'r'beam's." h I tof seeniie by Letters-l etent;

flna b'nildi'n'g strl'mtm'e, vertiealebltunu seetiens tx z itnsyel se,andlqngitudinal beams V f enfl integml' enstimetal seekets fer' the "ed- Jjaeentenfls elf said; cp'lumn seetions e an?! war dly miag reem ll n; said base andeon desire k n upper. Tb i'O x n 1 2 JP?" fli ting;fenve iw reces "fii c' ve t ei t V a 11 end ,6 -e; columri seamen lower ortionfextendmg downwardly and centre 1y of sand base and containing a recess to receive the upper end of a. columnsection, and lateral flanges integral with said base .andextending u wardly therefromand being pinpairs at rig it angles to each other and extending to the outer portions of said base and receiving between them the adjacent ends of said beams supported on said base, said upper and lower portions merging on laterally extending lines into said base, and said base being extended beyond the outer sides of said flanges and connecting the adjacent .flanges which stand at right angles to each other.

2. In a buildingstructure, vertical column sections, transverse and longitudinal beams and integral cast metal sockets for the adjacent ends of said column sections and beams, said sockets each comprising a base member, an upper portion extending upwardly and centrally of said base and containing a vertical recess to receive the lower end of a column section, a lower portion extending downwardly and centrally ofsaid base and containinga recess to receive the upper end of a column section, and lateral flanges integral with said base and extendingupwardly therefrom andbeing in pairs at right angles to each other and extending to the outer portions of said base and receiving between them the adjacent ends of said beams supported on said base, said upper and lower portions merging on laterally extending lines into said base, and said base being extended beyond the outer sides of said flanges and connecting the adjacent flanges which stand at right angles to each other, and the upper vertical recess in said upwardly extending portion being open at opposite sides to the spaces between the adjacent pairs of lateral flanges.

3. In a building structure, vertical column sections, transverse and longitudinal beams and integral cast metal sockets for the adjacent ends of said column sections and beams, said sockets each comprising a base member, an upper portion extending upwardly, and centrally of said base an containing a vertical recess to receive the lower end of a columnsection, a lower portion extending downwardly and centrally of said base and containinga recess to re ceive the upper end of a column section, and lateral flanges integral with said base and extending upwardly therefrom and bein in pairs at right angles to each other an extending to the outer portions of said base and receiving between them the adjacent ends of said beams supported on said base, said upper and lower portions merging on laterally extending lines into said base, and a said base being extended beyond the outer sides of said flanges and connecting the adjacent flanges which stand at right angles to each other, and the recesses in said upper and lower portions openin into each other,

so that the adjacent ends 0 the column sections may abut about said baseanember.

4. In abuilding structure, vertical l-beam column sections, transverse and longitudinal beams and integral cast metal sockets for the adjacent ends of said column sections base and extending upwar ly therefrom and being in pairs at right angles to each other and extending to the outer portions of said base and receiving between them the adjacent ends of said beams supported on said base, said upper and lower portions merging on laterally extending lines int-0' said base, said base being extended beyond the outer sides of said flanges and connecting the adjacent flanges which stand at right angles to each other, and said lower portion being recessed inwardly at the 0p posite faces of the web of the column section, so asto "permit the riveting of said socket to the upper end of said columnlsection by rivets extending at right angles to each other through the web and flanges of j the column section.

5. In a building structure, vertical I-beam columns, transverse and longitudinal beams and integral cast metal sockets for said columns and beams, said sockets each compris ing a base member, a lower ortion extending downwardly and central y of said base and containing a recess conformin to and snugly receiving the upper end 0 one of said columns and lateral flanges integral with said base and extending upwardly therefrom and being in pairs at right angles to each other and extending: to the outer portions of said base and; receiving between them the adjacent ends of said beams supported on said base, the upper end of said lower portion mer ing on laterally extending lines into sai base below the spaces formed between said flanges, said base being extended beyond theouter sides-of said flanges and connecting the adjacent flanges which stand at right angles to each other, and said downwardly extending lower portion being recessed inwardly at the opposite faces of th web of the column so as to permit the riveting of said socket tothe upper end of said columnby rivets extending at right angles to each other through the web and flanges of the column.

6. In a building structure, vertical columns, transverse and longitudinal beam and integral cast metal secketsifor said 001- ally extend'm mums and beams, said sockets eeeh eomprisbase being 'ing a base member, a luwer portion extend of said flan ing' downwardly and centrally of said base, flanges whi and containing a recess to receive theupper other. endrof one of said columns, and lateral Signed at New York, in the coun flanges integral with said-"base-andextencL New York, and State of New ing upward! therefrom and'being infpairs 27th day of August, A. D. 1915.

THOMAS HILL.

at right ang es to eachtether and extending to the outer portions of saidqbase and receiving' between them the ndjaeent endsr of Witnesses:

ARTHUR MARION, Cues. C. GILL.

said beams supported on said-,-baee, the upper end of said lower portion merging on later:

g lines into said base, and said tended beyond the Outer sides ges and connecting the adjacent. ch stand at right angles to each ty of" York, this 2

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2424371 *Apr 29, 1944Jul 22, 1947Head Wrightson & Co LtdMultistorey building construction
US2901987 *Apr 12, 1954Sep 1, 1959Chrysler CorpCar loading apparatus
US3010547 *Aug 15, 1955Nov 28, 1961Blythe Foster DavidPrefabricated buildings
US3070341 *Jul 18, 1960Dec 25, 1962Shannon Morrison HughShore head
US3137098 *Sep 3, 1957Jun 16, 1964Nat Steel CorpBuilding
US4048776 *Aug 2, 1973Sep 20, 1977Kajima CorporationSteel column base member
US4068436 *Sep 15, 1975Jan 17, 1978Kajima CorporationH-shaped steel column base member and welding thereof
US4070837 *Sep 15, 1975Jan 31, 1978Kajima CorporationHollow steel column base member and welding thereof
US4136811 *Oct 31, 1977Jan 30, 1979Kajima CorporationH-shaped steel column base member and welding thereof
US4589237 *May 1, 1984May 20, 1986Quaker Plastic CorporationStair module support and leveling construction
US4800694 *Apr 3, 1987Jan 31, 1989Tsugarusoken Co., Ltd.Place-on type assemblage structure
US5022209 *Dec 29, 1987Jun 11, 1991Shelter Home Co. Ltd.Method for construction of building and joint apparatus for construction members
US8006451Jan 23, 2009Aug 30, 2011Art BondBuilding system and method of constructing a multi-walled structure
US8161707 *Apr 7, 2008Apr 24, 2012Conxtech, Inc.Building frame structure
US8365489Aug 30, 2011Feb 5, 2013Bond Building Systems, Inc.Building system and method of constructing a multi-walled structure
US8733047Dec 20, 2013May 27, 2014Highland Technologies, LLCDurable wall construction
US8733048Feb 11, 2014May 27, 2014Highland Technologies, LLCMulti-story durable wall construction
US20130287480 *Oct 20, 2011Oct 31, 2013Eduardo Muņoz FernandezDirect connection between a tube and a flat element
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/648.1, 248/357, 52/93.2, 52/655.1
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/19