US 1258694 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED APR.23. I917.
. Patented M12, 1918.
gwuen I'm a-mzww E. MILLER. FIELD HOSPITAL.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 23, 19!].
Patented Mar; 12, 1918.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
APPL|CATION FILED APR. 23. 19H;
Patented Mar. 12, 1918;.
4 SHEETS SHEET 3.
' To all whom it may concerm in shares rarn nr m m;
' EMMA MILLER, or Yon nns, NEW YORK.
Be itknown that 1, Mrs. EMMA MILLER,
- a citizen of the United States, residing at Yonkers, in the county of WVestchesterand State of New York, haveinvented certain new and useful Improvements in Field Hospitals, of which the following is a specifi'cation.
This invention relates to a field hospital vehicle and has for its object to provide. a
vehicle so constructed as to form a hospital for the accommodation of from eight to six- 7 teen patients.
Another object of the invention is to provide a hospital vehicle having a plurality of rows of bunks and stretchers with aisles or V provide a vehicle hospital having hinged hospital,
side walls adapted to forming passageways wherebvcertain of the hospital bunks may be reached.
With the above and other objects in view which will hereinafter be' more fully set forth, I have invented thedevice illustrated in the accompanying four sheets of drawings in which Figurel is a side elevational view of my hospital shown opened up to receive its full capacityof patients,
Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the side walls of the device closed in, k
Fig. 3 is anend elevational view of the hospital'opened up as in Fig. -1, showing the flies of the canopy closed to form an .inclosing tent for the hospital, certain portions of the flies being broken away.
Fig. i is an end elevational view of the hospitalclosed up as in Fig; 2-, with the stretchers packed vertically, V v
i Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4: show ing several of the stretchers in position to be occupied,
Fig. 6 is a side elevational view of the Fig. 7 is a vertical longitudinal section through the middle of the hospital, J
Specification of Letters Patent. Patnted -Mar; 12, 1918. Applicationfilefi April 23, 1917L- Serial No. 164,004.
Fig. '8 is a detail perspectiveview of a stretcher,
A+A of Fig.7, and
Fig. 9 isatop plan view of hospital i shown opento its full capacity on the line Fig. 1' 0 is an edge view of .a portion of canopy or tent.
Likereference characters indicatelike partsthroughout the following specificat1on and in the several viewsin the draw ings in which I indicates .a vehicle, which may be operated either by motive power or be drawn by horses as the case may requlre, V
and which isprovided with a body 2 having a top 3 formed of longitudinal doors .4: and 5 whichare horizontal when closed and form the floor of the center aisle 6' of the hospital when'closed. The body 2 is" preferably divided into two compartments 7 each of which is large enough to receive eight stretchers which may be stored ther in when not in use. Theside walls .8 and 9 ofsaid body 2 have fixed thereto frameworkextensions 10 and 11, each of said framework extensions embracing uprights 12, 13,
14 and 15 which areiprov'ided on'both their innerand outer surfaces with hookslo and 17 uponwhich thestretChers 18 are carried.
The siderails 19 of. the stretch'ers areseated' on thehooks. The side rails 20 of said v stretchers are provided with hooks 21 which p are kengageab'le by the rings 22 and chains 1 2,3, the other ends of whichare fixed to the books 24 or tosaid hooks 1.6 and 17 as the case maybe in order that when the stretcher rails .19 are mounted upon the hooks -16 and 17 the rings'22 may be caught in the stretcher v hooks 21 whereby the stretcher will be held suspended in horizontal position. There are are suflicientlyuspaced apartto-provide passagew'ays between the forward and rear sets of tiers. Benches26 are provided under the lower stretcher or bunk in each tier for l the accommodation of the less seriously wounded or sick patients In using these benchesjthe-lower bunk in thetiers cannot beused but maybe folded against frame- 7 work 10 or llias indicated in- Fig.-3. Each of the sidewalls of-the hospital consists of two 'longitudinal hinged members 27 and 28, the member 27 being hinged at its bottom edge to the frameworkof the the members28 are supports 36, the free flies are providedwith openings 42 cov-" legs tosupport said members in a horizontal position when opened out when the vehicle is at a standstill. Chains 33 connected to the upper portions of the end uprights 12, 15 have loops 34 adapted to be engaged in the hooks 35 fixed on the ends of said members 27 whereby said members may be maintained in horizontal position without the use of said legs or supports 32.
Hingedly connected to the free edges of ends of which may be mounted in the sockets 37 of said members 27 whereby themember 28 may be raised to horizontal position thus permitting free passage of air through the hospital. The member 27 when in its horizontal position forms a platform by means of which the outer stretchers may be mounted and whereby the patients on the stretchers may be attended.
Mounted upon the top of the vehicle is a canopy 38, the flies 39, 40 and 41 of which I may when desired be lowered to completely inclose the vehicle forming a tent for the same. Both of these flies may be closed at the same time or only one of them may be closed as conditions require. -The inner ered with netting 43 in order to permit passage of air into'the tent and at the same time keeping lnsects out and in case of 111- .clement weather the outer flies 39, 40 41 which are imperforate may be lowered whereby ram, snow, w1nd,etc. will be kept out. The time 39 are doubled upon them- 7 selves at their edges to form recesses 44 to receiverthe edges'45 of the end flies 41 whereby a tight closure will be formed, see
7 Fig. 10. The clasps 46 are used for the purpose of holding said edges secured together.
The side wall members 28 are provided with window openings 47 throughout the entire length thereof, said openings being closed preferably by translucent celluloid or light material .whereby' light will be freely admitted into the vehicle.
The stretchers 19,-as may clearly be seen in Fig. 8, are provided with pockets 48 and 49 at bothends thereof whereby the head and feet of injured persons may beheld securely to the stretcher eliminating danger of the person falling therefrom while the stretcher is being handled. These pockets also provide for securely retaining covering around the extremities of the patient. Straps 50 are connected with the central parts of the stretchers whereby the covering is more securely held about, the patient.
Additional cots or stretchers 51 are suspended from the underside of the side-wall or platform 27 when in horizontal position by means of chains 52. The parts 53 of the handles of the stretchers are rounded so 7 as to rotate in the annularly formed hooks l6 and 17. The heads :55 on said handles hold the stretchers from accidental displacement from their supporting hooks 16 and 17. The pockets 48 and'49 are adjustable by means of the center lacing 56 by means of which they may be enlarged or reduced in: size and whereby they may be drawn tightly upon the bedding, etc. after a patient has beenplaced upon the stretcher.
Having now described my invention that which I claim to be new and desire to procure by Letters Patent is 1. A field hospital embracing rows of uprights and having hingedside walls spaced from the uprights which when openedupform extensions of the floor, and a plurality of tiers of removably mounted stretchers some of which are supported from the sides 7 of the uprights adjacent to the side walls and accessible from the floor extensions, substantially as described.
2. A field hospital embracing rows of uprights and having hinged side walls spaced from the uprights which when opened, up form extensions of the floona plurality of tiers of removably mounted stretchers some mounted stretchers some of which. are supavard and rear sets of tiers of removably ported from the sides of the uprights adj acent to the side walls and accessible from the floor extens1ons,the forward and rear setsof tiers being spaced to form a transverse passageway communicating with the floor extensions, substantially as described. 7 In testimony whereof I'afiix my signature 1n the presence of two witnesses.
Mns. EMMA MILLER.
G. C. TRACY, E. Gr. WHALEN.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each; by addressing the Gommissioner ofiatents,
Washington, D. G. I