US 1259790 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
R. R'- SPHRLEY.
FEED MANGER'. APPLICATION FILED mm. is".
1,259,790. Patented Mal-19,1918.
UNITED STATES. PATENT, 01311- 10 7 ROSWELL snrannr, or ROCKFORD, ILLINOIS.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, RoswnLL R. SHIRLEY, a citizen of the. United States, residing at Rockford, in the county of lVinnebago and State of Illinois, have invented certainnew and useful Improvements in Feed-Mangers,
body are formed from a single piece of sheet metal designated by character 5, defining the depth and width of the body and being of which the following is a specification.
This invention pertains to feed mangers especially adapted for feeding horses and cattle, and has more particular reference to mangers adapted to be tilted for the purpose of emptying ordelivering accumulated feed or refuse from the manger so that it may be easily kept in a sanitary condition.
In this invention I have aimed, primarily to provide a feed manger of thecharacter described, generally improved in construction, especially with respect to maintaining cleanliness of the manger. I have further aimed to provide a. substantial and thoroughly practical feed manger of such novel construction as will not only better serve the desired requirements in usage but will permit of manufacturing the manger at a comparatively low cost.
In furtherance of these general. objects, I have provided a manger body and a supporting frame therefor. of improved con struction, enabling? but'few parts to be em-f ployed in a most advantageous manner. The special featuresin the construction of the manger body and of the frame therefor and in the'manner ofitiltingly supporting the manger body will all be fully described in the following specification.
V In the accompanying drawing,
' Figure 1 1s a perspective View, partly in section, of a feed manger embodying my.
Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view through the feed manger and shows in dotted lines the manger body swung to a tilted position; Fig. 3 is a top View ofthe manger; and Fig. 4 is an enlargeddetail sectional view taken substantially on the linewk l of Fig. 3.
My improvements. are characterized, generally speaking, by the provision of a manger body or feed receptacle having .an open top of general rectangular shape and having downwardly convergingfront and rear'walls so thatthe feedwill be easily accessible and the refuse may be completely emptied when the body is tilted for that purpose. A sectional frame 'su'pports'the manger body in such novel manner'that the same-may be tilted to anemptying position Specification of Letters Patent.
the thereof, thus positioning and holding the end pieces 12 in cooperating relation to the main body piece. The downturned .edges 6 are provided, as shown in, Fig. 1," withfprojections 14 which are-now turned" and will be limited in such movement by contact of one of the'frame parts against the other, The particular construction and the resultant advantages of the manger body and supporting frame'will now'be described.
Patented Mar.19,1918; Application filed April 21, 1917. Seria1No.163,666. r
The front, back and bottom of'the manger,
turned downwardly at its front and rear edges 6 and 7 respectively, bothfor the purpose of reinforcing these edges and to embrace a body member which joinsthe front tends along and beneath the entire length of the back edge 7 and is bent forwardly, 1
providing side portions 9 and isthencebent inwardly at itsends ll,"which project'on'lyl" a short distance into, the reinforcing front edge 6 of the'manger body. End pieces 12 are secured to the in'ner sides of the body member 9 and are provided with .flanged edges 13 secured to the main body part 5. I
In assembling the parts thus far described, the ends 12' arefirst spot welded'or other wise suitably secured along the upper edges to the sides -.9 of the strap-iron piece and then the latter is placed in positionon the main body piece, that is, 'engagedlbeneath downturned front 7 and. rear -'edges inwardly'so'as to temporarily holdthe. parts inv this relation until they are welded or,"
otherwise secured together; It is preferred to weld the'body. portion alongthe flanges :13 and along the strap iron piece so as to part a practical integral construction. L
constitute the body 7 For the purpose of bracing the manger and for dividing the manger lengthwise by dlvlsional' stays as'is deslred in mangersof body intermediate its front andrear sides 7 this type, I employirods 1 5 which. mes f v cured in position in a novel manner; Theserods are cut toa lengtli greater' than the 1 distance between the walls at the point they 1 110. adapted to "be inserted t their ends into-the j p sockets 16 formed in the front and rear body v are located in the manger body,' and'are walls. These body walls of sheet metal or some similar resilient material, may be yieldingly flexed outwardly so that the rods may be entered at. their ends in the opposed sockets l6, whereupon the sides will spring back toposition and confine the rods in the sockets. Additional means employed to positively secure the rods in connection with the body preferably consists of washers or similar pieces 17 placed on the rods 15 before they are inserted, the washers being spot welded to the sides of the manger body so as to permanently secure the rods 15 against displacement.
The frame which pivotally supports the manger body serves also to reinforce the same and protect it from injury. To serve these functions, I construct the frame of substantial and heavy material, and the manger body I construct of comparatively light though. serviceable material so that the body may be produced at a comparatively low cost. It is preferred that the frame shall border the top edge of the manger body, and in order that the latter may be strengthened and also be capable of being tilted to an unobstructed emptying position, I have provided a sectional frame, one section of which is rigidly secured to the front upper edge of the manger body and is pivotally connected at its ends to the frame at the ends of the manger body, sothatthe same may tilt on these pivotal conections. The stationary part of the frame is preferably formed of comparatively heavy'strap iron, the central portion 18 of which extends lengthwise of the manger body at the rearside thereof and is shaped to provide forwardly projecting arms 19 spaced laterally beyond the body parts 9 and terminatingin forward ends21 turned inwardly adjacent to the front of the body into engagement with theparts 9. ,T he other sectional member is in the form of a similar heavy strap iron 22 adaptedto be rigidly secured to the front edge, of the manger body in a manner to be presently described and having its ends 23proj ected beyond the ends of the manger body and turned rearwardly into juxtaposition withzthe forward ends 21 of the other frame part in the manner shown. A pivot pin 24passed through each end of the feed manger and through the ends 21 and 23 of the'flame parts pivotally connects these part together, so that the manger body may be tilted on the pivot pins. A simple and effective way of securing the ba 22 to the manger body is to rivet these parts togetherin the followingmannerz'The front edges 6 of the manger body are cut away at 25 and rivets 26 arecpassed through the ends 11 of the strap iron body partbefore the same is associated with the main body part so that when the body parts are secured together in the manner described above, the rivets 26 are projected forwardly from the body and will be held against displacement in any direction as will be obvious by an inspection of Fig. 4:. Thus, the frame part 22 may be properly drilled and placed in connection with the body so that the rivets project through the drilled holes, and the projected ends may be flattened so as to fixedly secure the parts together.
The frame part 19 may be secured to a wall or any stationary support in any suit able manner. Since it is often desired to mount the manger in the corner of a stall or pen, the back 18 and one side 19 of this frame section. are positioned against the corner walls of the stall and bolted or otherwise secured thereto and a bracket (not shown) is employed to connect the opposite side 19 to the wall, the bolts passing through the holes 27 in the side 19. It should be understood, however, that the sides of .the frame might be supported in a stationary position by any suitable means.
In use, the manger body occupies a horizontal position, such asshown in Fig. 1, and is held against tilting or swinging downwardly from this position by means of suitable stops between the manger body and stationary frame. These stops may be formedby shaping the body pieces 9 to provide lateral projections 28 adapted to rest upon seats 29 which. are in the form of angle brackets secured to the inner sides of the frame sides 19. lVhen it is desired to empty or deliver any feed or refuse from the manger body, it will be swung upwardly from its back end on the pivotalconnections 21 to the position indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 2. By reason of the peculiar manner in which the manger body is supported, it will be noted that there is no obstruction whatsoever to the discharge or delivery of the contents froin'the manger body. Thus,.it is possible to keep the manger clean without any difliculty. It ill alsobe noted that the tilting movement of the manger body will be limited in a very effective manner. This is accomplished by thepeculiar shape of the frame parts, so that when tlie.manger;bocly is swung to the tilted position mentioned thc under edge of the part 22 at its ends will abut against the underside of the ends 21. A. stop of this character is very serviceable and practical, since it will be remembered that the manger body is often forciblytilted forwardly to dislodge the refuse, and un less a very substantial stop wereprovidedit would be sheered oil or injured.
Since feed mangers of this character are generally subjected to severe usage and-handling and are often exposed to all weather conditions and because it is desirable to maintain the manger in sanitary a condition as possible, I have found that-by galvanizing the entire structure it willibe lzept in good serviceable condition for a longtime.
be evident that if the feedmanger were galvanized'as a whole the pivotal connections would become so filled with the galvanizing material as to practically prevent tilting of the manger body. For this reason, the manger body and the stationary frame structure are galvanized separately and assembled afterward, the assembling being accomplished simply by inserting the pivot pins 24k and slightly flattening their ends to hold them in position. In this connection'it will,
also be noted that the parts through which the pivot pins pass may be drilled at the time they are being'formed and may be assembled without trouble, as there is little occasion or practically little'pos'sibility of the holes not alining. It will also be noted that both sectional frame parts and the body strap iron parts are simply cut to length and bent to the desired shape and properly drilled, thus avoiding special connections and joining of ends together, and consequently, materially enabling production of my feed manger at a low'costL It will be evident, therefore, considering the simple manner in which the 'manger body-is constructed and assembled as described above and. consideringalso, the advantageous features 1n conncction'wlth the mounting and supporting of the manger body, that my improved feed manger maybe produced at a Furthermore, the" comparatively low cost. parts are so designed that maximum strength and durability is obtained as a result of the special design and arrangement. 7
It should be understood that while I have illustrated one Working embodiment of my improvements, various changes vin the. construction and arrangement of parts might be made wlthout departmg from the spirlt' and .scope. of my 1nvent1on as expressed in the appended claims:
I claim: 7 a
1. A feed manger, comprising a manger body, means for supporting the same including a supporting member at each end of the manger, parts fixed to the manger body and projecting beyond the ends thereof into juxtaposition to the outer sides of said supporting members, and means pivotally connecting together said supporting members,
said parts and the ends of the manger body a so that the latter may tilt on the pivotal connections to an emptying position and will be limited in such movement by contact between said parts and supporting members. a
2. A feed manger or thelike comprising a manger body, a sectional supporting frame therefor bordering the body, a part of said frame being stationary and a part being said body being equipped atopposite ends fixed to the manger body along its front cured to the front portion of the manger body and extending around the side barsto the outer sides 'thereofland pivotally se-I comprising cured thereto so as to pivotally moun't'the undersides of said armsv when the manger body has been tllted to an upright posltion'.
' to. thereby limit the movement of the manger body in this position.
4. A feedmanger comprising a manger 'manger body on the side bars, said means and the side bars being so relatlvely arranged that the'means- Wlll abut agamstthe body, stationary side bars located adjacent 1 v to each end of the manger body, a pivotal connection-between said side bars and the ends of the manger body whereby the latter may be swung on said pivots from a horizontally disposed to an upright *positionin which material may be delivered from the manger body, and means carried by the manger body and arrangedto abut against the underside of one of saidside' bars when the manger body has been swung to upright position forlimitingmovement 'ofsaid body to such position. v V V 5. A feed manger comprising a manger V body, fixed supports at eachrsicle oflthe body spaced laterally therefrom and hav- 'lng front ends extending inwardly into proximity to the sides of the manger body,
with outwardly projectingfixed parts assoends of the supports, and pivotal connec tionsbetween said parts, end supports and manger body whereby the latterv may be tilted forwardly 'on the pivotal connections llt ciated with the outer. sides of said front I and will be limitedin such movement by contact between said fixed parts and end supports.
6. A feed manger comprising a manger body, means for supportmg the body com prising a pair-of U-shaped frame members adapted to border the manger, body, one I of said frame members being adapted to,
' serve as a stationary support with its spaced arms extending horizontally, the other memher having its medialportion fixed to the front portion of the manger body andbeing.
the outer sides of the arms of the firstframe arranged with itsarms in juxtaposition to v the arms of said frame members and theadjacent sides of'themanger body whereby the latter is supported so as to be capable of tilting on said pivotal connections to an emptying position and also whereby the arms of the second frame member will abut against the underside of the arms of the first frame member.
7. A feed manger comprising a manger body raving an open top of general rectangular shape, and means for supporting the manger body comprising a frame bordering the sides and back of the body and adapted to be rigidly secured to a fixed support, a member secured to the body along its front side and having its ends projecting beyond the ends of the body and associated with the forward ends of the side frame parts, at the outer sides thereof, and means pivotally connecting together the ends of the front frame member, the forward ends of the side frame parts and the manger body adjacent to the front of the manger body so that the latter may tilt upwardly from its rear side to empty forwardly and will be limited in such tilting movement by contact between the side frame parts and extended ends of the front frame member.
8. In a feed manger, a manger body having resilient sheet metal side walls, spaced rods adapted to extend intermediate andto be supported by said walls, the walls having sockets on their inner sides for the recep-v tion ofthe ends of said rods the rods being of such length that the side walls must be yieldingly flexed outwardly to receive the rods in the sockets, and washers or the like mounted on the rods and being fixed to the walls to insure against displacement of the rods from the sockets.
9. A feed manger having a body comprising a main body portion formed of sheet metal providing the front, back and bottom of the manger body, the front and back edges of which are turned downwardly, :1- strap iron bar or the like having its medial portion engaged beneath the said downturned edge at the rear of the main body portion and having its end portions bent forwardly and thence inwardly within the downturned portions at the front of the main body portion, a rivet passed through each inwardly turned end of said bar and arranged with its head intermediate the bar and the adjacent wall of the main body member and with its shank projecting forwardly through an opening in the downturned edge of the main body portion, stationary frame bars disgosed adjacent to each end of the manger body, and a bar extending along the front end of the manger body, and being secured thereto through the agency of said rivets and having rearwardly turned ends associated with said side bars, and means pivotally securing the ends of the front bar to the side bars.
ROSVELL R. SHIRLEY.
.Gopies of rthis patent may be obtained or five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. C."