US 1260038 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- J. L.. PLANK.'
vDEPoslT AND COLLECTION' REcEP'AcLE.
, APPLICATION FILED JAN'f-H. |916.
3. ASHEETS-SHEET 1.
Patented Mar. 19, '1918;
y 1. L. PLANK. DEPOSIT AND COLLECTION RECEIPT'AIIL'E.
` APPLICATIONL FILED `.IANSM |916 4 l Patented Mar. 19, 1918.
g STATES PATENT OFFICE L y F JOHN-1'.. PLANE, or ROCHESTER, NEW YORK,
DEPOSIT AND 'COLLECTION RECEPTACIQE.
i Toall whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN L. PLANE, a citizen of the United States,-and resident` of Rochester, in the county of Monroe and State of New York, have inventedrcertain new and useful Improvements in Deposit and Collection Receptacles, of which the j followingy is a specification. f
The present invention relatesto-.mail receiving and collectingl receptacles and an objectv .thereof is to provide a construction c in which there is no liability of thevcollector failing to gather all ofthe mail within the receptacle. Another object of the inn vention is to provide a construction which will permit the entire contents of the receptacle to be deposited within amail/bag yA ceive-the maill from the box. A still further bag or vpouch is'attached tothe box.
or pouch without requiring anyv handling of the mail by the collector, andwithout exposing the 'mail to the elements. A further object ofthe invention is to provide a con-l struction which, while permitting the discharge of the contents through the bottomv of the kreceptacle will enable the bottom tol assume another open position Where it 4will actto retain the mail for the`hand-collect--' ,ing.
Another object of the invention is to provide a device which Vwill coperate with the closure of a mail box, for the purposek of providing a pocketon said closure to reobject is to provide for rendering- Athis pocketsforming member inoperative when a Stili another object of the invention is to prevent the removal ofthe key of the box until 'the closure of the box has been moved toclosed position and locked in such position. A still 4further object of thejinvention isA to prebox nor receptacle showingV the bottom closed;
Figs. 2 and 3 are views similar to Fig. 1,
- showing the bottom, respectively, in extreme open position and in intermediateopen po- Specification of Letters Patent.
, in closed position;
Patentedfiuar'. 19, 1918.
Application led January 31, 19.16. Serial No. 75,291.
sition, lwhere it receives the mail frornthe receptacle; Y
f Fig. 4 is a section on the line Va'a Vof Fig.'1; v c c 'Fig. `5 is a section on the linev b-.b of
' Fig. l;
Fig 6 is an inside view of the lock;
Fig. 7 is a sectionalvviewof the lock;.and
F ig.,8 is a detail view, showingtheinanner of holding the key vagainstrremoval while the lock is in unlocking position.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, rl indicatesV a boxV or anygreceptacle having the usual mailk receiving slot .(not
shown), and having a discharge opening preferably arranged at the bottom thereof. ThisV discharge opening is closed by a cover or closure 2, which, preferably, is hinged at 3 to the rear wall of the receptacle, and when in closed position projects forwardly beyond the front wall. j Y
Arranged about the lower portion of the @box or receptacle is a hood 4; which, preferably, is spaced from the'front and the sideA walls tol provide a chamber 5, the hood pro-V jecting downwardly below the loweiend of the box or-receptacle, and having 4slots 6 Vin its rearV wall through which extend supporting 'projections 7, which aresecured tothe closure 2, and extend rearwardly therefrom, being preferably formed with recesses orde-y v v pressions 8Yfor the purpose vof supporting a bag` or pouch 9, as willbe hereinafter set forth.
Under normal conditions the cover 2 will drop downwardly to the position shown inl Fig. 2, in orderto'dischargethe entire contents of the mail box or receptacle into a bag or pouch 9. This bag or pouchhas a mouth of such a size that it will fit snuglyl about the hood 4L, and in'order to support it upon the hood said bag is provided with two openings l() near its mouth for fitting Vover the projections 7, while the closure is Also provided `on the bag or pouch 9, near the mouth thereof, arey rinserted through openings ,lla inthekfront y two ypins or projections 1l adapted to be wall of the hood 4.
The boxfis also capable of) being usedk without the bag orrpouch, andywhen so used the cover or closure 24 does not'swing toits 4extreme open position, but instead is ern-'v los ` 12 .may be held romswinging downwardly With the cove-r 2, when the bag or pouch is -fitted to ,the box, said retaining-frame or member has its front Wall provided with two openings which Aare udaptedto Valine with the openings 11la in the front Wall. of
the hood d, so that when the projections 11 are passed :through theopenings ott the front 'vivallthey will -nlso pass through the openings in the retaining-frame'oi1 member (as shown in Fig; V1), and hold said retainingt'reme against movement, but ii' the retaining-frame is not so held, it will drop by gravity Withtheicover 2 and form a pocket Jfor holdingl the mail'on the cover as shown in Fig. 3. v A
-VWith the objectin View ot locking` the retaining-member tothe cover or closure, When-both oic these parts swing downwardly together, an interlocking connection is provided between said parts. This connection Tis preferably in the, 'form ot hooks or projections depending Jfrom'the underside of the frame ork member 12, and operating u inslots or openings 16 in the cover ory closure 2.
ment, this'interlocking connectionr is inet'- fective, but owingto the fact that the .centers offturning of the cover 2 and the re-` taining-member 12 are diiierent, there is a slight sliding action ot the retaining-memf ber onthe vcover-member, and this sliding i Any suitable locking means tor action causes the hooks or projections 15 to move in the slots 16 and to interlock `With the closure 2, eventually causing both the kclosure and the retaining-member 12 to stop at an inclined position, as slioivn in Fig. 3,
vWhere said cover will receive the contents of the box or receptacle. y
or closure .may be employed, but in the preiterred construction the lock is heldv .against operation so long` es the cover or closure is not in closed position. Inthe illustrated embodiment the locking-device Ior mechanism embodies a bolt 17, `slidably mounted ,on the inner tace of the -front Wall of the hood and carrying a projection 18, which is adapted Ito pass through a recess 19 in the cover-me'mber, in order to engage 'beneath the cover-member to support the'latter yin `closed position. kThis bolt is controlled by a key-barrel 20 which has a prolatter is in locki ig position.
l/Vheii the retaining-member or frame 12 is held against doivnivardV movethe cover f ,jection 21 engaging the bolt to shift the latter kin opposite directions. The bolt is locked against movement by one or more tumblers 22 pivoted at 23 and lying in the patn or' a projection.24 on the bolt when the This tumbler also has a lrecessQ- into which the projection 2li enters when the tumbler has been moved to free the bolt, and one Wall 26 of this rece'ssserves as a shoulder tor engaging the projection 211 after the bolt has been moved to unlocking` position. The tumbler is controlled by fthe key 31 and is elevated both upon the locking and unlocking movement of the key-barrel prior `.to the shifting` ofthe bolt.
28 in which is received anl annularv flange 29 on the escutcheon plate, the flange be- -iiio formed with n notch 30 throuh Which ,turned to rvunlock the locking-mechanism,
thus preventing the removal of the key except when vthe ,locking-mechanism is shifted to locl'ring'position.
To the end ythat the locking-mechanism shell notbe Vmoved to locking position except when the closure or cover 2 is in closed position, there is vprovided a detent 33y in the 'form of a slide movable into the path ot the projection 180i:l the locking-bolt to pre-:ent the movement of the latter to lockinn` pos'tion.V This slide or detent has o projection extending into the hood in the path the cover or closure 2, so that when the closure is moved to closed position. it Yel'evates the detent from the path ot' the locking-bolt 17 and viceversa, thus preventinn` the removal of the key 31 until Vtl cover or clcsure2 is moved to closed position. it is preferred to position the lockii'ig' barrel at a point below the upper edge ofthe mail-bag or sack when thelatter is attached-to the box, and `to provide the mail-bac' or sack with an opening which registers with the key-opening.y so that the key ivill project through the bag or sack end lock the letter to the mail-box. lvlith this arrangen'ient the bag cannot be removed until the key is removed, and the key cannot be removed until the closure 2 is moved to closed position and secured by the al ocking-mechani sin.
that has beenv customary. lWhen the box is used to ydischa-rge its contents into n/bog or pouch, the entire `bottom of the recept-cle swings open to a vertical p`os'ition,-so
The key-barrel may be provided with :i surrounding groove 'i men-receiving box or receptacle v'con-V i ino' 1112607038 i Y l ir-91a Y there' are'no ledges en which mailmatter 1 may collect. The bag'- or pouch entirelyV surrounds the lower end vof vthemail-receiv- "in'g receptacle and is supported in an open position thereon,` being held to the boxy to prevent removal until lthe bonr` has been closed, thus doing away With thenecessity of the handling ot' the mail bv the collector and preventing wind or rain reaching the mail in its discharge from the box to the bag or pouch. H the bag is not to be use the closure does not'move to the extreme,
open position butisl stopped at an intermediate point, and the mail-retaining member is brought into cooperation with the closure to form a pocket intowhich the mail matter is discharged, and from which it is removed by thecollector. In both in; stances the key of the locking-mechanism cannot be removed until the vclosure is moved to closed position and locked in such position, thus preventing the collector from leaving the boX unlocked.
What I claim as my lnventlon and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1s:
l. In combination in a 1nail-receiving're-y ceptacle havlng a,V discharge-Opening, a
closure for said discharge-opening, and a mail-retaining member 4,for forming apoclet on said closure, mounted to move With said closure and also to remain stationary While the closure moves relatively thereto.
2. In combination in a .mail-receiving v.receptacle having a dischargejopening, a pivi oted closure for said dischargefopening, and a plvoted mall-retaining member-for forming apocket on saidclosure, the closure be'- g movable relatively to the mail-retaining member.l
3. In combination in a mail-receiving receptacle having a discharge-openinga pivoted closure for said discharge-opening, and a U-shaped member having its arms plvoted to the mail-receiving receptacle 'so that the closure may move relatively thereto, said member being constructed to cooperate `with the closure in order to form a pocket it'or receiving mail matter from the recep tavole.
a?. ln combination in a mail-receiving receptacle having a discharge-opening, a pivoted closure lor said opening, aman-receiving member pivoted to turn about a center different from that about which the closure Y turns and to cooperate with the closure to' i'orm a pocket for receiving mail from the receptacle, and devices forinterlocking the mail-receiving member With the ,closure n-'hen'said member is not held against movement and the closurepis moved to open position.
In combination in Va mail-receiving re cept-nele having adischarge opening, a pivotod closure for said opening, an." independently pivoted mail-receiving member,
.anda hook carried byrone ofthe lastnamedtwo` parts toV engage the otherpart when the mail-receiving member is not "held against mo\''ement and the cover is kmoved toopen posit-lon.
o. ln mall-receivingreceptacle having i, o0' movable to tivo open posi-k tions; one to receive the mail romthe receptacle and the other to permit the entire discharge oit" the contents, anda mail-receiving member lying in 'cooperation With .sa-id closure when the closure assumes the ,8. In a mail-receiving receptacle, the
combination with a box-portion having Va,
argeopening in its bottom, a closure' discharge-opening at its bottom, a sWing-V ing closure for said discharge-opening, a swinging mailreceiving member or'cop-V @rating with said closure, and apouch for receivingthe mail from the box-portion, hav meansrfor engaging the -f mail-reeeiving member toY Vhold the latter in inoperative posit-ion. n 4
9. ln a mail-receptacle having aV dis-V charge-opening in itsbottom, a closure for said` discharge-opening, a member for cooperating with said Vclosure to provideV a pocket tor receiving themail, and a'mail- 'bag or'attachment to the receptacle, having insane iorholding then'iail-receiving memv ber out or' cooperation with the closure.
` l0. In a mail-receptacle, the combination with a box-portion having its bottom open, a hoed spaced from the front and side- Walls of 'sa-id box-portion, a closure pivoted at its rearto close `the bottom of the boxportion and projecting at its sides and forward edge into the hood, al U-shaped frame having its arms pivoted near the rear Walls -c-' the bon-portion, said frame surroundingk the' loiverportion of the boxfportion Within the hood to providea pocket on the closure, and a for receiving the mail from the box-portion having projections for interlocking with said trame to hold the latter.
out of cooperation vwith Ythe closure.
ll. 1n a n'ialmg-receptacle having adischarge-opening at its bottom, a'closure for jsaid .e discharge-opening, a.V key-controlled vloeking-rrylechansm for. vsaid closure, a bag adapted to be attached to said receptacle` Y above said loekngmeehansm, and provided with an opening through which a key may be passed to control the locking-mechanism.
l2. In combination in a, mahreeevng receptacle f having a Ydisehzmge-openng, a
'l'osure for said opening, a key controlled lock for the closure, a. bag adapted to be atsached` to said receptacle above said key 10 the closure is open, seid means being con- 15 ymolled by Said Closure.
JNO. L. PLANK.
Copicsof this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patellis.
Washington, D. C.