US 1260845 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. B. WINDER.4
CAMP EQUIPMENT. v APPUcATloN r|LEnJuNE28,191a.
Patented Mar. 26,1918.
3 SHEETS-SHEET l.
C. B. WINDER.
APPLICATmN FILED JUNE 2a, 191s.
Patented Mar. 26, 1918.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
ofgooooqpoo C. B. WINDER.
APPLICATION FILED Iungzs. IsIe.
Patented Mar. 26, 1918.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
i acter which is light in weight and is collap-` CHARLES 2B. WINDER, 0F COLUMBUS, OHO.
Specification of Letters Patent. l Fatented Mael'. 26, 1918.
Application led J' une 28, 1916. Serial No. 105,488.
To all 'whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES B. WINDER, a citizen of the United States,` residing at Columbus, in the `county of Franklin and State of Ohio,` have invented certain new and useful `Improvements in Camp Equipments, of which the following is a speciication.
This invention relates to improvements in camp equipment which is especially adapted for use by soldiers on the march or in camp7 by boy scouts, or by family camping parties; and has for its primary obj ect to provide an equipment which may be transposed into a combined tent and cot or into several separate garments. l
It is also one of the principal objects of this invention to make a device of this charsible, so that it may be folded into small compass to be carried on the back.
These and other objects are attained by the means illustrated inthe accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of the invention used as a combined cot and shelter in its simplest form.
Fig. 2 is a detail perspective view of one of the end supports.
Fig. 3 is a detail view partly in longitudinal section through one of the end supporting bars.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view able lining or blanket used on the cot.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view through a portion of the blanket.
Fig. 6 is a plan view of the cot bottom detached from its supports. y
Fig. 7 is a transverse sectional view on the line VII-VII of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is a detail plan view of the sup- Similar reference numerals in all of the figures of the drawings designate like parts. y `Referring to Fig. 1, the device is shown in its simplest form, and comprises foot and head supports 15 and 1G, respectively, and a cot body 17 suspended between said supports. Each of said supportsl and 16 embodies a horizontal supporting bar 18, e
provided with a series of hooks 19 and with a pair of legs 20 and 21, which latter are pivoted together at 22, while leg 2O has its upper ends pivoted to said bar 18 at 28. The
- upper end of bar 21 is adapted to engage in of a detachone of several recesses 24: formed on the under side of bar 18. Thus, when the legs are in open position they form a crossed support for their bar 18, and by withdrawing the upper end of the leg 21 from therecess 24 in the bar the legs may be folded to lie substantially in parallel relation to said bar. Each supporting bar 18 has pivoted thereto at 25 a foldable end-wall support 26, pret erably formed in two sections pivoted together at 27, so that one section may be folded alongside of the other, and both sections may then be folded in parallel relation to the bar 18. The pivot 27 is preferably a thumb screw, which can be tightened to retain the sections in vertical alinement to support the collapsible end-walls 17a in an upright po sition. Said end-walls are preferably triangular in shape and have their lower edges secured to the supporting bars 18, and at their apices are provided with eyes 28 which engage over the studs 29 secured in the upper ends of the end-wall supports 26. The
porting bar at the foot end of the device,
the end wall 17 a being turned outwardly,
and the legs and the end-'wall support be- 56,1 n i. y
" slllmaiid 12 "areifdiagraihmatic end ing shown folded. Y A
Fig. 9 is a detail perspective view of the upper end of one of the end-walls and its cooperating support.
A'. Fig. 10 is a perspective view of used as a, cijvered"i views" of the device showing "different `uses.
Fig. 'lilnis 'aview the device i andsal-relatively light 4topr, Saidbottom `be- "ing providedjr`, across itsendswithgla series Fig; "is y"view 'showing thefcee baom head end-wall 17 a preferably is provided with a gauze covered opening 80, over which is hinged an adjustable flexible shutter` or cover 31, adapted to swing upwardly from its lower edge, said cover being retained ex tended by a rigid central rod 82, and being capable of operation up and down from the inside of the wall through lifting cord. i525 and retaining cords 84, which pass through apertures or eyes formed in the head end- Y wall 17a.
The cot proper17 preferably is formed with al relatively .heavy canvas bottom 85 #of eyelets 37,2-which are, adaptedgtoengage ovenfthe hooks@ oflthe supporting barsglS, saidl bottom being. held.. suspended ina `"taut positionfbyjftensiqngl means l consisting of Tchainsl @lseeuredfo the end bars, 18
ness to form a sleeping bag.
extending outwardly therefrom and with their other ends secured to suitable stakes 38 driven into the ground in the usual manlner, the tension of these chains being ad- `29,`and at their otherends with snap-hooks 43 adapted to engage with the tension chains 37a.
The top section 36 of the cot proper, as before stated, preferably formed` of relatively light material, and is cut considerably wider than the bottom section 35, so that when its edges are secured to the edges of the bottoni s ction 35 there is sufficient fullrlhe lower end or foot portion of the bag, formed by said top and bottom sections 35 and 3G is closed, while its upper end or head portion is open at one side, the coperating edges of said open portion being provided with suitable fastening means, while intermediate its ends, or at the ljunction of the .foot and head portions, is provided a slot 44 and a collar 45, for a purpose hereinafter to be described. rlransversely opposite said slot 44 and collar 45 are secured garment sleeves 46. The
Vhead portion of the top section 3G is formed considerably7 wider than the foot portion and extends beyond the edge of the bottoni section 35, so that the free `edge of the section 36 can be secured by suitable fasteners to and around the free edges of the head endwall 17 intermediate their ends by the straps 49.v
These straps 49 are provided with buckles 50, which are adapted to be engaged by the opposite free ends of said straps when wrapped around the device in a folded posi tion. Also suspended beneath the cot proper and said supporting` webbing is a protector sheet 151, which also is provided with eyelets at its ends to engage the hooks 19 of the supporting bars 18, and preferably is constructed .to be drawn or puckered at or near the center of its side edges to draw said edges taut and form an air chamber between said protector sheet and the bottom of the cot. A portion of the upper 4edge of the section 36 is shown in Fig. 1 attached to one inclined side of the head end-wall 1, the rest of it being thrown backward, but adapted to be fastened to a flap 36a permanently fastened to the bottom section 35 and provided with fastening means to engage the fastening means on the side of the section 36. Freni this construction it is obvious that a person may enter beneath the open portion of the top section 36 and may lie therein with his head exposed. Or he may unite the free edge of the section 36 with flap 36a, thus entirely covering himself, and may secure ventilation through the aperture 30, while in cold weather he may insert the blanket 4'? before entering the T he foot end-wall lis not necessary when used as before described, it being shown in this figure simply for illustration.
llhen it is desired toutilizethe device as a lounging cet, and not a sleeping bag, it is obvious that the cot proper may be removed from the hooks 19 and replaced in a reversed position with the canvas side 35 uppermost, and in stormy weather the article may be detached from its supports and utilized as a storm coat, as shown in Fig. 13 of the drawings. llhen used as a coat, as shown in this ligure, the slot 44 serves as an aperture for the neck, and the closed foot portion hangs in a double thickness upon the back. It is understood that the material is water-proof.
,ln Fig. 10, the device is shown as a combined tent and sleeping bag, and when used as such a sheet 52 is provided which is detachably secured at its ends to the edges of the end-walls 17, forming aI shelter cover in the shape of a peaked roof over the sleeping bag, as clearly shown in Fig. 7 of the drawings. The sheet 52 is provided with an aperture 53 and a collar 54 which serve to form a poncho of the sheet when desired.
In Fig. 11 is shown-another adaptation of the device, wherein one side portion of the sheet 52 is shown horizontally extended from the apex of the tent and furnished at its corners with suitable props 58. Also in this ligure sheet 51 has been detached from the cot, and is supported as an extension of the sheet 52, said formation providing a coinbined sleeping and shelter tent, In Fig. 12
is shown two units or tents with their sheets 52 projecting toward each other and united at their free edges, said formation providing a shelter tent with. a cot on each side.
The blanket 47, being constructed similarly to the sleeping` bag also may be worn as a bath robe or other like garment;
The complete device is Vcollapsed and folded as follows The tension is -rst taken from the chains 37a by slipping the blocks 39 downwardly toward the stakes 88and the upper ends of the legs fl are disengaged from the recesses 24 in the bars 18. The whole device will then lie flat upon the ground, and the legs 20 and 21 may be folded in close relation to the bars 18, as are also the vertical supports 26 for the end-walls 17?. The endwalls 17a are laid fiat upon the top of the cot, and the stakes are then withdrawn from the ground and placed alongside the bars 18, and the whole device, excepting the shelter sheet 52 the reinforcing webbino` 48 and V the protector sheet 51, is then given a series of folds to form an elongated package, which is as long as the folded legs Q0 and Q1. The shelter sheet 52 then is-folded to a corresponding length, and is wrapped around said package, and the protector sheet 51 then is placed upon the ground, and the package foldedtherein. rIhis completes the package, and to retain the same in this position the reinforcing webbing is used asa binder and also to attach the same to the body of a person who wishes to carry it. The package is placed upon the two longitudinal strips 48 of reinforcing webbing intermediate their ends, and the straps 49 are carried transversely around the package and buckled tightly in position. This leaves the ends of the longitudinal strips 48 free, and two of said ends may be carried over the shoulders of the wearer and beneath the arm pits and secured by their end hooks to one of the straps 49, as shown clearly in Fig. 14. rthe other free ends of said strips 48 are then brought around the body and passed iqnvardly across each other on the front of the body and attached to the firstmentioned ends by suitable fasteners. As thus supported the package lies in the middle `of the back, and the person carrying the `same has free use of both of his arms. In fact, it forms a package similar to a knap sack.
1t will be observed that the reinforcing webbing 48 and 49 when secured in position beneath the cot proper will maintain the tension between the end supports when the cot proper is removed, so that when it is desired to use the cot proper as a garment or waterproof coat it may be detached from the end supports without danger of a col lapse of the whole device.
Having thus described my invention, whatI I claim as new and desire to secure by. Letters Patent, is:-
1. 1n a camp equipment, a pair of end supports, a cot body detachably suspended from said end supports and formed of bottom and top sections which Vare united to provide a permanently closed foot portion and a head portion adaptedto be opened, said top section being provided with a slot intermediate its ends to serve as a neck aperture when worn as a coat, and tension means for retaining said end supports in position to sus pend said cot body. y g
2. 1n a camp equipment, a pair of end supports, a cot body detachably suspended from said end supports and formed of bottom and top sections which are united to provide a permanently closed foot portion and a head portion adapted to be opened, said top section being provided with a slot intermediate its ends to serve as a neck aperture when worn as a coat and with a pair of sleeves secured at the sides of` said sections and in transverse alinement with said slot, and tension means for retaining said end supports in position to suspend said cot body.
3. 1n a camp equipment, av pair of end supports each comprising crossed legs pivoted to each other and a horizontal cross bar detachably supported thereon and provided with attaching means, a cot body detachably secured to said cross bars through said attaching means, and tension means engaging said end supports for retaining the same in position with said cot body stretched therebetween. I
4. In a camp equipment, a pair 'of end supports each comprising crossed legs piv oted to each other and a horizontal cross bar detachably supported thereon and provided with attaching means, foldable end wall supports centrally pivoted to said cross bars, a cot body detachably secured to said cross bars through said attaching means, collapsible end walls secured to said cross bars and retained in position by said foldable end wall supports, and tension means engaging said end supports for retaining the same in position with said cot body stretched therebetween.
5. In a camp equipment, a pair of folding 4end supports, a collapsible head end-wall secured to one of said supports, a cot body detachably secured to said end supports and formed of bottom and top sections which arev united to provide a head portion adapted to be opened and whose free edge is adapted to engage the free edges of said head endwall, and tension means for retaining said end supports in position to suspend said cot body.
6. In a camp equipment, a pair of end supports, a cot body secured to said end supports, a protector sheet secured to said end supports beneath said cot body and space therefrom toform an air chamber, and tension means for retaining said end supports in position to suspend said cot body and protector sheet.
7. In a camp equipment, a pair of end supports, a cot body detachably secured to said end supports, a protector sheet detachably secured to said end supports beneath Suid Cot body and spaced therefrom to iorin :in air chamber, and tension means for letaining said end supports in position to su"- pend said cot body and protector' sheet. Y
8. in e comp equipment, n. pair of end supports, n cot body detnchnbiy secured to said end supports7 n reinforcing webbing' also secured to said end supports beneath said cot body, and tension means for retaining said end supports in position to suspend said cot body, said webbing serving to innintziin Suid end supports in position under said tension when Said cot body is removed.
9. In a camp equipment, n pair of end said end supports, :t reinforcing webbing also detnohztbiy secured to said end supports Y beneath said cot body, and tension means :tor retaining said end supports in position to suspend said cot body7 said webbing serving;` to maintain said end supports in position under seid tension when said cot body is removed, and Serving when the parts are in ioided position as ay retaining means therefor.
In testimony whereof l hereunto set my hand this 17 th day of June, 1916.
CHARLES B. VINDER.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing 111 Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, '.D. C.