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Publication numberUS1261167 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 2, 1918
Filing dateOct 25, 1917
Priority dateOct 25, 1917
Publication numberUS 1261167 A, US 1261167A, US-A-1261167, US1261167 A, US1261167A
InventorsRobert C Russell
Original AssigneeRobert C Russell
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Index.
US 1261167 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. C. RUSSEU..

lNDEX.

MPucmon mep ocr. 2s. 19u,

Patented Apr. 2, 1918 UNITED sfln'lnel PATENT OFFICE.

nom'r o; nosmm, organismen.' ninsnvmu.

1261167. s @Widmer-minent Patented Ani. 2, 191e.

nppuoauunmee cameraman. commmande To all whom it mayoamem: sont two or moresond's. Because of this, s. Be it known that I, Rom'r C. RUSSELL, a. great meny names have two or more difercitzen of the United States, and n resident. ent spelluigs'yy'hi'ch in an alphebetiel index, of Pittsburgh.. in the county of Allegheny or a'n inde'xwhich eeperates 'names ucc'ord- 60 and Starte of Pennsylvania, have invented .ing tothe se uence cf their contained letcertain new und useful Im rovements in In- 'ters in the; alp' niiet, necessitates thinling dexos; and I do hereby dec re the .following 1n widely separnted places. to be a ful1clenr, and exact description of Wlth the of certain primary edunds the invention, auch as will enable others and by groipmg euch'gunds es meyberepe5 skilled in the art to which it apperteins to resented by the same letters,' 1 have devised make and use the same. it phonetic arrnngement which 1s en im or- This invention 'relates to improvements in will? clmteflstle 0f 11,15' UIPlC'Yd in 8X, indexes which shall be applicable eithcp to l 'md with the Se 0f- Wllch I am nibud t0 the card or"book type one object of the gl-OUP Mmes 1911 aegOrlng t0 their spelling 70 invention being t provi e an in dex whereb11 t 'm .wwlvlth thelrs'onnls o r-fphov in names are enteredand grouped-phonetineticvelges- A, Y cally rather than nccording tothe iillphabeti-` The phonohc axjQ-ngoment which I- employ cal construction of the names, computes elght diylstons, es follojvym- A Vfurther object-iste proyide mindex in The gral tenets represente'by 76 which namesnvhich do not have the same thm? nlphbetlclggqmvlentg'numif o, u,A sound do not appear in thesame group, thus and Y and H1611' vllu @Qmbln-vns.:

shorteningthegean-clnA A further oblct isto provide-n.114 indexin the folml. being r6 'which each neme or up of nnmeshnv 26 the same sound'bnt iierently spelledeha by Y 5nd Somflm receive the same phonetic description. and Thrdt-Thgutturals end thesibentsfdefinite location. i theiqrmr bem represente@ by g lr q and With um ma other objects in view, the sometimes x, en. *11.0 glitter. being represent. invention consists in certain novel features ad by 0 5 l alla Somtmes X1' B5 80 ihereinaficr eet forth und pointed out in t lllfh: The d l'gl}1m l1'0.,lpro5nted by 'ecaims. In the accompnny'- g drnwiniigure l Fifth: The palatal fricetive lRepresented 'is n view of e portion of ecar index-exn- 1371, i bodying my invention; Fig. 2 isla. view of 511th: 4' lll .lblo'ml rplslldby m. oo S6 one-ofthe cards containing the phonetic key SGWDN The 81100 01 I lpgl-nfl rep-- element arrangement, and Figs. 3, *lq-"and 5 reSPted by IL align views of certain of the' index cards'or' b Eighth# The dentl-fljlcutlve repfrsnied 'e entsf l' yr' While my im roved index may be er. T heleight elements compnsmg-the pho# o6 4o ranged either in ok form er as e card in.- .netw man ment may b gaphlwllyrep.

dex, I have illustrated the sametes the letter resented IIS 91.10315? L 'und will refer to' ycards on'whchthe names: No. lf-nf--l-iofu-yare enteredns ndoxelementswwhihterms N0f21b=PVy Y i are also intendedto comprehend 'leaves ofcj No: 3de-g (dJrd. h)kq-x-f .-(d1s 100 book whenthe latter is employed ineteed of card final a) -z (discard 4el z).

cards, and the -table l'epljesentz'nA tlie plml No, 4kg-dt e netic urrmgment, which may Aprinted; Nm'li-yl upon cards of the set .orin'the books of the" No. S-m g index, mnybe known se ke element. No. v'I---n 105 nucleus of the English language, 'end these For' convenen 1 the phonetcelem'pnts sounds are inn/d natey r:e resented-merel may be' represeul y one of itis pontxned by the ,letters of e a` pha. et, as one 'soun lettersj preferably the tired: where there are .may sometimes .be oifep1 'esente d by more than. more them one, orthoseveral lhonetic ele 1 10 one letter or comblpatlon ofl'etters, and one ments ma, he Eforent emletter or combmatlon of letters may repreblems, hu I pre io use numerals-freni second: `The:initiale and lebte-d tmfsbmetiines'f, nneithe llttetjbeing'rcpreted so to 8 to identify seid. elements on the index gei'de as usually the omission or addition` ofthe final sbilent is immaterial in the pronunciat'ion of a mime as inthe naineMyeis. Without exception, when two letters which represent the seme element, or e repetition oftho same letter, occur in a name, without being separatedby a member of e. diierent element, 'only the iirst is re- Vnii'ded. Thus the phonetic valuation of Mack M a c, und of Bull, B arl. Element 1 (the vowels) is used only once in a name, regardless of how'meny times a. vowel muy up enr in the name. Thus, the

i neme Certer is plioiieticully represented In theprnctiool application of my invention, it is desirable to regard the initial letters .of the names in'theiialphabetical significance. This allows the division of the index into twenty-six ports according to the initial letters of the names. Then the phonetc arrangement is applied, malri the subdivisions of each 'surname initial etter group conform to ephonetio rather than the alphabetical standard.

By re resenting the several phonetic eleinents v numerical equivalents es previously explained, the names may be iiidexed'acoording to decimal arrangement.

In the drawings, 1 represents the H box of ii card index :md Q represents the index cards orelements, while n key element. is. shown et 3i 40 -Ech index oord has numerals thereon representing phonetic values according to the key element end indicating the phonetic pronunciution of the neme on the card. It is ofeoiirso understood that any des'red ref- 4evereiee d may produced nponvthe index cui' s. The index erds :ire arranged according to the numeiulsMvcomposing the phonetic designtions thereon. Thus-n naine which is represented by the: phonetic-element 1 will have this numero-l" on the cord und ell similarly sounding names" will be groupeditogether, Likewise, names having phonetic elements 1' und 2 will be next grouped, and so on. Names which require the use offs. fourth {ilionetio element to indicatetheir termine portion may be arranged in subgroups as indicated in Fig. 1. For Gone venience` the various groups 'muy be sparated by guide cords 4-5 on which thenumorale representing the phonetic elements may he produeefond those cords may also contain the phonetiokcy element table.

Fig. 3 represents lm indox cui-d with the e5 nmrw. Hoppe thereonend such mime is repinenting phonetic -sively, oral iesonnnts, labiels und labioresented vby the phonetic element 1 2, since o e pears in element 1 end p in ole nient In this same group, auch names as Hep e; Ho peg' Hoo ey; Heup; H p; Hap vend op, would found, und the ey elements 1 2 ere placed on such cards.

An index' cord is shown in Fig. 4 having the name Hopley und the numerals 1 2 5 thereon,--o being reprenbedby the pho notie-keV element 1; by the kegY element 2 and l by the ey element 5.

`An index card is Iehown in Fig. 5 having the name Highfield and four key elements thereon,viz., 1 2 5, and 4 as a subdivision. Thus the neme is represented by 1==i; 2:'1; 5=l and 4=d. i

It will be understood that some names .will be represented by a single key element-thus the cards having such naines as ay, Hayes, end Haes, may have the sin lo hey designation 1 thereon.

y improvements insure accuracy and thoroughness of 'e search iis the naines hoviler sounds ore grouped together, an the Search will be facilitated by arranging the index elements in the numeral order indicated hy the key element numerals thereon, as previously explained H evin fully described my invention what I aim as new and desire to secure by Letters-Patent, is: r

l.; Anindex comprising e key element and a plurality of. index elements, seid key element opmprisi .designations representing phonetic subdivisions, and4 seid index ele mentshavmg thereon phonetic key designations in accordance with the names entered on said index elements und in accordance with the phonetic key designations of said keg element. An index coinpbiising :inclement having thereon e 'hey` ving designations representiixg phonetic divisione of the alphabet, und e. plurality of elements for the reception 'of surnames eri-ringed in accordance with 11o seid phonetic key and having designations thereon in accordance with said key doeig` nations. o,

3. `.en indexcomprising n, key element and a. plurality of index elements, tliesaid key element having rlelfnations thereonrepi'eues comprising succesdontaIQ-gutterals and sibilents, dentelmutes, paletal-frientivc, 1n,bio-nasal, delito or 12o lingnnfnesul, and dentnl-fi'icntive, and the in ex elements having thereon said phonetic key .designations :recording to the mimos entered on seid index elements. A i

-4.. l A n index comprising e key element sindl n. plnrelity of index elements, the said key element having designations thereon reprosnntng honetic. alphabetic divisions` to wit, an n 1,5 o uli und Y and ther -varinns eonibinetions; second p b" f 130 v;; I 7 k 7, X17 C s ZH; fourth d and t: fifth l; sixth in; seventhn, and eighth, r, and said index ,elements having ydesignations thereon corresponding to said key designations und in accordance with names entered on the laidindex elements.

5. An index comprising a key element and a plurality of index'elenients. lsaid key ele.-

menf comprising ninnerieal designations representing phonetic subdivisions. and said index elements having thereon phonetic key designations in aceordanee with the names 'entered in said index elements and in accordance with the phonetic designations of said key element; said index elements being arranged in regular order according to the arrangement of the numerical key clement' designations thereon.

6. An index comprising n key element and a plurality of index elements, said key elenient comprising: ninnerieal designations representing phonetic suhdivisions, and Said index elements hn\"|n,f r thereon phonetic key designations in aeeordnnee with the naines entered on said index elementsl and in aeeordanee with the phonetic designations of said key element, said index elements being arranged according to the arrangement of the key element numerals and subdivided aceordin to said ke element numerals when umret an three o such key element numerals appear on a card.

In testimony whereof, I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

ROBERT C. RUSSELL. Witnesses:

J. CLIFFORD RUSSELL, EDWARD J. OHL.

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Classifications
U.S. Classification40/384
Cooperative ClassificationB42F17/00