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Publication numberUS1261173 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 2, 1918
Filing dateMar 22, 1916
Priority dateMar 22, 1916
Publication numberUS 1261173 A, US 1261173A, US-A-1261173, US1261173 A, US1261173A
InventorsJoseph G Stadelman
Original AssigneeJoseph G Stadelman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1261173 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1. e. STADELMAN. BUILDlNG APPLICATION FILED MAR. 22, I916. Lfifihwfim Patent-ed. Apr. 2,1918.




APPLICATION man MAR. 22, 1915.



1 61,13 r Patented Apr, 2, 1918.


g 24 fig 35 4 a. sent a 0F CHICAGQ, ILLINOIS.


To all whom it may concern:

Be it lmown that I, J OSEPH G. STADELMAN, a. citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Buildings, of which the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification.

This invention relates to buildings, more particularly to buildings of the portable and sectional type. I

There has been a persistent demand in the art for a building of the sectional type, popularly termed ,knocked down construction of a size suflicient to make a suitable shelter for a number of people, or sufiiciently large to serve as a garage, or like purposes.

The present invention aims to provide abuilding which is light but substantial, and which is so constructed that it can easily be erected preferably by one man. Each of the individual sections or parts is made of such a size that it can be readily handled by one man. The parts are of such size and bulk as to be readily transportable in a single light wagon. The construction is such that the building may be readily assembled or disassembled with a minimum of work and difiiculty, but when in assembled position the building will be substantial.

In the accompanying drawings I have illustrated an embodiment of my invention. It is to be understood that the principles of the invention may appear in buildin s of different size and constructed for di erent .building constructed in accordance with my invention; x.

Fig. 2 is a left side elevation of the same; Fig. 3 is a dissected isometric view of a part of the building;

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary horizontal cross sectional view of the corner of the building taken through the wall plate; 1

Fig. 5'is a similar horizontal section taken above the sill;

Fig. 6 is a vertical cross sectional view of the siding and the sill;

Fig. 7 is a horizontal section of the siding, showing the manner of joining the siding panels to the studding;

Specification of Letters Patent.

- mediate roof sections.

Patented Apr. 2, 191%..

Application filed March 25;, 1916. Serial No. SW25.

; curing the same to the roof trusses.

The building shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is of rectangular form provided with a hip roof. The front of the building is provided with an entrance which is normally closed by the door 1 and a pair of windows 2 and 3. The

front is shown to comprise three panels 4, 5 and 6 in which the door and the two windows are placed, respectively. In each case the frame of the door or window is secured into the siding panel and forms a part of the same. The door and the windows may be provided with suitablerain sheds 7 to pre vent leakage of rain in through the cracks around the door or window frame. The panels 4, 5 and 6 are rectangular and the space above the panel and between the roof is closed by a suitable gable portion 8, as will be described later.

The roof is composed of a number of sections comprising the similar intermediate sections 9 and the similar end sections 10. x

The sides of the building are constructed of a number of panels, 13, 14, 15 and 16, as shown in Fig. 2. The windowsl'? and 18 are mounted in the end panels 13 and 16 respectively. It is to be understood that if a building of reater length be desired that this can be 0 tained very readily by the employment of additional side and roof sections. The front and side panels are all made of a standard size as are the inter- The end sections of the roof are increased in width where it is desired to have'projecting eaves portions as is shown in Fig. 2. This, however, is unnecessary and the end roof sections may be made similar to the intermediate sections 9.

The frame of the building is constructed as follows: An' end sill member 19 is placed at each end and side sill members 20 are twice the breadth of the timber '22, a rabbet or notch being formed thereby, as may be seen in Figs. 3 and 6, into which the lower rail 23 of the adjacent side panel 24 is laid. Suitable bolts such as 25 are then passed through the boards of the panel, through the lower rail 23-and through the timber 21 to hold the parts firmly in the position shown in Fig. 6.

The studs 26 have their ends notched or cut away at 27 and 28., as shown in Fig. 3 and are spaced apart the width of the side panels. These studs 26 are also notched at the point 29 to receive the sin iilarly notched ends of the middle cross rails 30 of the panel sections. The top rail 31 of each panel section has its end notched to lie in the notch 28. in the top of the stud 26. The bottom rail :23 is similarly formed to cooperate with the cut away or notched portion at the bottom of the stud. The notches 33 which are cut in the ends of the cross rails 31, 30 and 23 are of such length as to overlap half the width of the studding 26 so that the adjacent rails of contiguous sections will just fill up the notches in the studd'ing.

The panels are held to the studding by means of bolts\such as 35, see Fig. 7. Each bolt 35 passes through a hole 34 formed centrally of the stud on the line between adjacent panels.

The tops ofthe studding 26 .are joined together by a wall plate member 36 which is built up, as may be seen inFigs. 9 and 10.

Fig. 10 shows a modified form of the same. The beam 37 is joined to a wider board or beam 38 by means of a narrower strip 39 which is of substantiallv the thickness of the siding 224. The wall plate mem her is placed upon the top of the siding panel with the top of the siding 24 which projects above the top rail 31 of each panel lying in the groove 40 formed between the board 38 and the beam 37. The beanr 37,

which I may term a rail, is of substantially the same thickness as the top rail 31 of t he panel section.

' above the front and rear panel sections.

In Fig. 10 I have showna modification in which the board or platei38 is made Wide enough to extend down in overlapping relation with respect to the top rail 31 of the adjacent section. so that the plate 38 may be bolted to the top rail 31 of the siding panel as by means of the bolts 56. It is obvious that the wall plate shown in either Fig. 9

or Fig. 10 may be bolted. nailed or ot Wise fastened to. the topedge of the siding 24. In 9 Ihave shown the nail 57 as employed for. this purpose.

The wall plate member 36 is notched transversely to the rail 37, the fillers 39 and the plate 38 to receivev the roof trusses. The notch comprises a lower narrower portion 42 and an upper wider portion 43.

The roof truss comprises the strut or king post 44, the bottom of which rests upon the tiebeam or stringer 45 and the top of which is secured to the rafters 46 and 47. The end of the king post 44 lies below the top. of the rafters 4G and 47 and the rafters are nailed to the side of the king post at the ridge of the truss and to the side of the tiebeams or stringers at the caves of the truss so as to form a groove between them. The tiebeam 45 is notched at 48 (see Fig. 9) so. as to co operate. with the notch 42 in the wall plate member 36. The wide part of the notch 43 receives the pairs of rafters 47 as can be seen in Figs. 3 and 9. It is to be understood that instead of employin two rafters 46- and 47 on each side of the truss, a single. wide rafter with a suitable groove therein might be provided to perform the same function. The groove which is formed between the rafters 46 and 47 is of a Width suitable to receive the rails 49 and 50 of adjacent roof sections.

As shown in Fig. 11 a bolt 58 is passed through the tiebeam 4:5, and the beam'37 of the wall plate member 36 to secure each roof trussv to the wall plate. The beam 37 is counterbored' to receive the nut 59 is' shown in dotted lines.

As can be seen from the drawing of Fig. 8, the sides of the rail 49 are flush with the ends of the roof boards 51 which form. the body of-the roof section. The front and rear roofsections may be formed with projecting gable portions although this is not strictly necessary. The lowermost board 52 is arranged to project out over the ends of the rails 49 and 50 to form projecting eaves. The roof'trusses are oined together by the eaves-boards 53 (see Fig. 3) which also hold the roof sections in place. The eaves-boards 53- may be continued up into the gable as at 54 (see Fig. 1) to form a facing, or trimmmg.

' The roof sections are secured to the truss members as by bolting the rails 49,- 50 ofthe roof sections to the rafter members 47 of the roof truss. The rail members 49, 50 are perforated at 60 and 61 respectivel and these perforations coincide with the perforar tions 62 in the rafter members 47 so that the bolt 63 can be passed through the parts to secure them together in place.

The seams formed in between adjacent sections of the roof and the seams formed between adjacent sections of the sides and ends may be covered, if desired, With-battens or strips of roofing material, if so desired. Inasmuch as the siding panels, may be formed of siding strips having tongue readily put to and groove joints, it is not generally necessary to apply batten. "It is also apparent the sill members have been joined at the corners the stud members 26 are erected and the sidin panels are secured to the sill members. 'ereafter the wall plate member is "mounted upon the'ends of the siding and studding and is suitably secured at the corners. The gable portion 8 and the roof trusses are then put in position and after these are in place the roof sections-are mounted upon the trusses to complete the building.

,made, have been foun 'Vere strains.

. jected.

I do not intend it to be limited to'the de Buildings of this t pe, as heretofore structurally weak for resisting storms and winds due to their disintegral construction and were liable to complete demolition when subjected to se- By the employment of the above described means for securing the sections together as hereinillustrated, I secure the distinct advantage of a'unitary or homogeneous construction which ofi'ers maximum resistance to any disruptin stresses and which, b binding gether, distributes throughout the-structure, any strains to which. one section may be subtails shown or described, except as the same app/slat in the appended claims. y at lat-I claim is:

-1'. In combination 'apanel prisin "atop, a bottom and an intermediate rail, t e ends of each of said rails being scarfed or notched, 21. S111 member having a gmove'to receive said bottom rail, a lurality of studs scarfed or notched to recelve the scarfed or notched ends of the rails of the siding panel, said studs overlapping the f I have described can be edges of adjacent panels and bolts passing through said studs and holding the adjacent panels thereto.

2. In combination a siding panel comprisin atop, a bottom and an intermediate red, the ends of each of said rails being scarfed or notched, a sill member having a groove to receive said bottom rail, a plurality of studs scarfed or notched to receive the notched ends of the rails of the siding panels, said studs overlapping the edges of ad acent panels, bolts passing through said studs and holding the adjacent anels thereto and a wall plate mem ber aving a groove, said groove being adapited to fit over the top of said siding pane 3. In combination a tiebeam,a' post secured centrally of said tiebeam a pair of rafters secured upon each side of -sa1d king post,-said rafters bein secured to said king r 1 post and the end of said tiebeam, and a plurality of roof panels, said roof panels c'omprising cross rails substantially flush with the ends of the panels, said pairs of rafters being spaced apart to receive the adjacent roof rails of two contiguous roof sections.

trusses comprising a tiebeam, a king post, a piaillr of rafters secured on each side of said g post to the ends'oi said tiebeam, a; plurality of roof panels having cross rails,"

the cross rails of adjacent sections lying-in the space between said rafters to hold said roof sections, or panels to other and an "eaves-board for connecting t 'e endsot'said' all of tie sections toe, 1

roof trusses together. i p

In Combines a aaa prising a top, a bottom and an'inteimediate rail, the ends of each of said rails-being scarfed or notched, a sill member having a longitudinal cove to receive said bottom rail, a plurality of studs scarfed or "notched to overlap the scarfed or. notched {ends of the rails of the siding panel, means {to connect the studs and ad olning panels, said studs lying adjacent the edges of adoining panels to reinforce-the same and to receive sa1d connectlng means.

In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name this 14th da of March A. D. 1916.


' so I: 4. In combination a plurality of inde-' pendent roof trusses, each of said roof

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2615209 *Jun 3, 1949Oct 28, 1952Radart John BPortable enclosure
US2702413 *Apr 8, 1954Feb 22, 1955Kamisato Ernest HPrefabricated wall construction
US2797446 *Jun 19, 1952Jul 2, 1957Miller RudiBuilding construction
US4012871 *Dec 1, 1972Mar 22, 1977Acacia Engenharia Industria E CommercioModular housing units
US4065895 *Jun 23, 1976Jan 3, 1978Shank Richard SWood building construction
US5375381 *Feb 26, 1993Dec 27, 1994Heartland Industries, Inc.Building kit
US7770339 *Mar 28, 2005Aug 10, 2010Lifetime Products, Inc.Roof system for a modular enclosure
U.S. Classification52/92.1, D25/22
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/26