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Publication numberUS1262346 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 9, 1918
Filing dateMar 28, 1917
Priority dateMar 28, 1917
Publication numberUS 1262346 A, US 1262346A, US-A-1262346, US1262346 A, US1262346A
InventorsSamuel Hough
Original AssigneeElectric Cushioned Armor Company, William H Pittenger, Gordon Gray, Samuel Hough
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cushioned armor.
US 1262346 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Patentd Apr. 9, 1918.

llllllllll llllll ll rrrrr nu v INVENTOR '3 4 Samuel dz o UNITED STATES PATENT ()FF'ICE,



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 9, 1918.

1 '0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, SAMUEL HoUeI-I, a citizen of the United States, residing at Atco, in the county of Camden and State of New Jersey, have invented new and useful Improvements in Cushioned Armor, of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to new and useful improvements in uncushioned armor, and has for its object to provide a device of this character which may be readily and quickly applied to vessels of the above character and construction to protect the same against an impact of torpedoes, mines, sub-marines or other missiles, which may be used for the destruction of vessels.

A further object of the invention is to provide a simple and unique construction of armor for vessels which will absorb the shock incident to a (hit) by a missile of any character, and prevent the explosion of such missile, said armor being so arranged on the sides of the vessel as to extend above and below the Water line sufficient distance to protect the vessel'against missiles traveling or floating on top of or beneath the surface of the water.

Another object of the invention is to pro vide a cushioned armor for vessels which may be lowered in time of need and raised while traveling through safety or neuter zones and when entering the harbors or rivers of an opening port, so that the armor will not interfere with the docking of the vessel and also permit another vessel to run alongside of the same for loading or'unloading.

'A' still further object of the invention is to provide a cushioned armor, hinged to the side of a vessel in any suitable manner, said armor comprising two spaced frames, mow able toward each other, and having arranged between them suitable resilient shock absorbing or cushioning elements, Said elements, preferably each consisting of a cylinder having a piston located therein, normally forced outward by a spring, said cylinder also containing a liquid, such as glycerin, adapted to be forced out of the cylinder into a liquid chamber in communication with the cylinder through a restricted port.

Said liquid chamber having an outlet for the air, said outlet being provided with means for regulating the flow of air therethrough.

lVith these ends in view, this invention consists in the details of construction, com bination of elements hereinafter set forth, and then specifically designated by the claims.

In order that those skilled in the art to which this invention appertains, may under stand how to make and use the same, I will describe its construction in detail, referring by numerals to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this application in which Figure l, is a fragmentary side elevation of a vessel illustrating in end elevation one of the members forming a part of my cushion armor.

Fig. 2, is a fragmentary side elevation of a vessel showing a number of armor sections applied thereto, the different sections having parts thereof broken away to clearly illustrate the construction.

Fig. 8, is an enlarged detailed section of one of the resilient shock absorbing or cushioning elements showing parts of the cooperating structure.

In carrying out my invention as here embodied, 2 represents the hull of a vessel, having secured to the outer surface of the shell a suitable distance below the gunwale brackets or hangers, 3 which may be in horizontal alinement, as shown, or they may be arranged in sets and located in staggered relation. In adjacent brackets or hangers, 3 is mounted or j ournaled a. shaft land where all of the brackets or hangers 3 are in horizontal alinement, the shaft may be secured in all of them, and then bent to conform to the shape of the vessel hull. On each shaft or the sections of shaft between cooperating brackets or hangers are journaled a plurality of supporting arms 5, either arranged in pairs or sets of three or more, and these arms support the cushioned armor 6 preferably composed of a number of parts or members 7. Each of the parts or members 7 consists of the inner frame 8, preferably of wood, and this is built to conform to the outer contour of the shell of the vessels hull as plainly shown in Fig. 1.

To this inner frameare hinged or pivoted the outer ends of the piston rods 9 by frame by means of bolts 11 or their equivalent. The" piston rod 9 projects into a where where it is likely to be torpedoed' i, fired-upon or strike a mine, the different hinge brackets 10, fastened'to said innerHimproved cushioned armor is travelingany cylinder 12 secured to the outer frame 13,

7 and said piston rodcarries on its inner end, {operative position as shown, and if a missile of any character ShOUld-StHkO'ClIG vessel in a piston 1 L slidably mounted within the cylinder and normally forced toward the free or outer end of the cylinder by suitable "resilient means 15, such as a spring located within the cylinder and resting against an end thereof, and the pistonl5.

Located adjacent the cylinder, is a fluid chamber 16 having communication with the interior of the cylinder through a restricted opening 17, and said fluid chamber has con- 1 nected thereto, an outlet pipe 29' leading to the atmosphere. The passage through this outletpipe is controlled by'valve or pet cook 18. As each of the parts .o r-menr bers of the cushioned armor is provided 'with a plurality of shock :absorbing or cushioning elements 19 consisting of the cylinders and their analogouselements, and

since each cylinder is provided with a liquid 7 chamber 16, said chambers .may be connected in series or sets by an outlet pipe and its branches as plainly shown inFig. 2.

'The outer, frame of the armor consists of an iron or other metal skeleton frame 20 having an inturned flange 23 for strengthening the same to overcome the posslbility of buckling when buffeted by high seas.

This frame is suitably braced by a strut 21,

and this skeleton frame is provided with a filler 22 of wood or other suitable material,

and the entire outer face of thisouter frame is incased or covered by'an armorplate '24 of steel or other suitable metal, such as usedby the navies of different countries as armor plate for war vessels. .Each of the membersor sections 7 ofthe cushion armor 6 are supported by the supporting arms 5 as hereinbefore described, and these arms are preferably secured to the outer frame 13 at the upper edge thereof as shown in Fig. 1.

.When it is desired to raise the different sections of the armor into the inoperative position, the flexible cables'25 are drawn in, in any suitable and well known manner as by a winch, (not shown) the outer ends of these cables each being attached itofthe lower ends of the different sections or mem bers of the armor as by bridles 26, and when the armor is to 'be placed'in operative position, the cables 25 are slackened andfthe cables 27 are drawn taut in any suitable and well known manner which will draw the armor sections snugly against sides of the vessel since said cables are attached to the lower ends of the different sections and pass over. suitable guides 28 carried by the vessels hull in suitable positions to "guide the pull upon the cables in the proper direc-* tion for accomplishing the above result.

In practlce, when a vessel carrying my lsections of the armor are lowered to the y y wardthe vessels hull. This action of the .bers 16, thereby absorbing or cushioning the liquid chambers 16, when, because of some my. invention.

the region of the armor,v said missile will come in contact with the armor plate 24- which will tend to give away or move tomissile upon the armor plate will cause the outer frame to move toward the inner frame and slide the pistons of the resilient and cushioning elements within I their cylinders against "the action of the springs15 and cause the liquid contained 7 within said cylinders to be forced out of p the same very V slowly through the re stricted openings 17 into theliquid chamshock incident :to the imbactof the misslle uponthe armor. When the cushioned armor. is in use, the valves orpetcocks 18 are opened to permitthe'escape of air from the impact uponthe armor,.the liquid'isforced from the cylinders to the liquid chambers but. when the armor sections are to be raised to theirinoperative positions, the pet-cocks or valves 18 are closed to prevent the escapeof the liquid from the liquid chambers. The liquid used in the cylinders may be glycerin, a suitable compound, water or. anything else which may :be found practicable for the purpose. Of course, -I'do not wish to be limited tothe exact details of construction ashere shown, as these may be varied within thelimits of'the: appendedv T claims without departing from the spirit of Having thusfully described-my invention what Iclaim as new and useful, is

1. A cushioned armor for'vessels consisting of two members and resilient means 7 connected with said members for normally forcing them apart and absorbing the shock incident to the impact of anobject against one of them,'said resilient means comprising I a cylinder, a piston therein, a piston rod connected to the piston andprojecting through one end of the cylinder, a spring for normally forcingthepiston outward. a'liquid chamber having communication with the cylinder through a restricted opening, a COU". trolled outlet leading from the liquid chain-' ber, and a liquid contained in the cylinder. and adapted to pass into the liquid chamber under certain conditions; v 2. In a device of the-character stated, the combination'witha vessel of'a cushioned 1 armor hinged to, the outside'of' the vessel comprising a plurality of sections, each section consisting of two spaced members and cushioning elements located between and at- 7 tached to sa d members, cables for raising" said sections into inoperative positions and other cables for drawing said sections into operative positions.

3. In combination with a vessel, a cushioned armor comprising a plurality of sections, each section consisting of an inner frame shaped to conform to the outer contour of the hull of the vessel, an outer frame approximately parallel with and spaced from the first named frame, and resilient means located between and attached to said frames, brackets or hangers carried by the vessel, means supported by said hangers and supporting arms carried by the outer frame of each section, said arms being journaled on said means for hinging the armor to the vessel.

4. In combination with a vessel, a cushioned armor comprising a plurality of sections, each section consisting of an inner frame shaped to conform to the outer contour of the hull of the vessel, an outer frame approximately parallel with and spaced from the first named frame, said outer frame consisting of a metal skeleton frame, having inturned flanges, a strut for bracing the same, a filler within said skeleton frame and an armor plate covering the outer face of the skeleton frame and its filler, a plurality of cylinders carried by the outer frame and located within the space between the inner and outer frames, pistons within said cylinders, piston rods carried by said pistons and projecting through the free or outer ends of the cylinders, hinge brackets secured to the inner frame for hinging the outer ends of the piston rods thereto, springs within the cylinders for normally forcing the pistons outward, a liquid chamber located adjacent each cylinder and having communication therewith through a restricted opening, liquid contained in the cylinders and adapted to be forced into the liquid chambers upon the impact of an object against the armor plate, an air outlet leading from each of said chambers means for controlling said outlets, hangers projecting from the hull of the vessel, a shaft supported by said hangers, a plurality of supporting arms carried by each armor section and journaled on the shaft, cables attached to the lower ends of the sections whereby said sections may be raised, guides carried by the hull of the vessel and cables attached to lower ends of the sections and running through said guides whereby the sections may be drawn snugly against the sides of the vessel.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto afixed my signature.


Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the "Commissioner of Patents, Washington, I). 0.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2798446 *Feb 2, 1954Jul 9, 1957Eugene Endrezze WilliamConcussion breaker
US4254727 *Dec 30, 1959Mar 10, 1981Moeller Kurt G FShock-crush subfoundation
US7152517 *Oct 23, 2002Dec 26, 2006Ivey DcDefensive shield
U.S. Classification114/13, 114/240.00A
Cooperative ClassificationB63B3/10