US 1262638 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. F. CLASS. MEDICINAL VAPOR GENERATOR. APPLICATION FILED JULY 5. 1917.
- Patented Apr. 16,1918.
3 suns-amen. 1
J. F. CLASS. MEDICINAL VAPOR GENERATOR.
APPLICATION F lLED JULY 5. 1911.
Patented Apr. 16, 1918.
3 SHEETS-SHFET 2.
.MEDICINAL VAPOR GENERATOR.
APPLICATION FILED 'JULY5, I917.
- Patented Ap1'.16,1918.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
JO N 1. CLASS, OF DAYTON-, OHIO' MEDICINAL-VAPOR GENERATOR.
To all whom it may concern:
'Be it known that JOHN F. CLAss, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dayton, in the county of Montgomery and State 5. of Ohio, has invented certain new and useful Improvements in Medicinal-Vapor Generators, of which the following is a specification,
My invention relates to new and useful improvements in medicinal, vapor or fume generating apparatus. The object and purpose of the invention is broadly to provide a medicinal vapor or fume generator which has a facility for-applying the medicinal vapors or fumes to selected portions of, the human body which it may be desired to treat: To this end the invention consists of a medicinal vapor or fume generator, a distributing drum into which the product I /1s discharged from said generator, and a cabinet into which the vapor is discharged from the distributer through an arrangement of a multiplicity of conduits or pipes and is applied to selected parts of the body 'a's will hereinafter more fully appear. from the particular description and the accompanying drawings to which the description relates.
Referring to the accompanying drawings in general terms Figure 1 is an elevation of the apparatus in its entirety. Fig. 2 is a' side elevation of the cabinet and the con duits leading thereto, a portion of the cabinet being broken away to illustrate the va rious appliances within it. Fig. 2 is a ver tical elevation of the main vapor or fume generator showing the arrangement of the various vaporizing thereof. Flga- 3 is a top plan view of Fig.
40 2 with a portion of the top of the cabinet brokeii awa and with the side conduits leading to t e cabinet omitted: Fig. 4 is a detailed view of the telescopic adjustable feature of the tubes entering the cabinet.
Fig. 5 is a detailed viewof the cabinet slides which seal for inclose the c linders or larger conduits at the point 0 their entrance into the cabinet. ig. 6 is a detailed view of the seat within e cabinet: 'Fig. 7
is a detailed view of the ead rest.
' v articular description of my 1mproved medicinal vapor or fume applyingj In a more apparatus, similar reference characters 1ndlcaw corresponding parts'of the apparatus 56 in the description and the drawings.
hereinbefore stated the apparatus is de- Specification of Letters laten't.
pans on the interior.
Patented Apr. 16,1918.
Application filed July 5, 1917. Serial No. 178,647.
. signed to generate and apply medicinal vapors or fumes to various parts of the human body such as the limbs, the tors0,'the head, The main vapor or fume generator is shown in detail in Fig. 2 of the drawings and consists of an up-right rectangular casing preferably constructed of suitable sheet metal with a hinged door 2 in the front and a damper 3 in the rear. Within the base of this casing is arranged a hydro-carbon burner 4, which is fed through a pipe 5 and is supplied with air through a suitable number'of openings 6. Above the burner l l a water pan 7 is located, and above this water pan 7 is located a shallow water pan 8. These water pans, 7 and 8 furnish the vapor to be passed over a series of mineralcontaining receptacles, which results in the medicinal fumes to be applied. These min- 13 are of a shallow construction and are arranged in a zigzag manner so that the eral-containing receptacles 9, 10, 11, 12 and vapor or fumes passes over them from one side to the other as is clearly indicated by the several arrows. casing 1 is arranged a contracted casing 1' into which the medicinal vapor is discharged from the main generator 1. The
contracted or smaller casing 1 has aremovable cover 14 on oneside and within said casing is arranged a suitable number of shallow mineral-containing pans 15. The arrangement ofpans thus described are supported on shelves suitably arranged and these pans ma be removed and replaced Upon the top of the when desired t rough the doors of the cas- 1 ing. The medicinal vapors are conducted from the main generator through a suitable number of pipes or conduits 16 to an auxiliary generator 17, which is shown on an upper floor 18 of the building in which the ap aratus is installed. .One of these. dis- 1 tri uting pipesor conduits-16 may conduct the vapor to another auxiliary generator arranged ona lower floor of therbuilding or at any suitable point. 'Within the auxiliary generator 17 may be arranged a suitable number of mineral-containing pans similar to their arrangement in the main generator. It'will be understoodthe temperature of the vapor or fumes as the enter the auxiliary generator 17 are somew at reduced in temperature and it is designed that the vapor or fumes generated within the auxiliary generator 17 shall be still somelie,
what reduced to the requisite temperature.
v Experience and practice has demonstrated that much efiiciency is due in the application of the medicinal \RPOXS or fumes when applied at the proper 1emperatnre and this arrangement of vapor or fume generators is designed to regulate and i'uaint'ain this generator 17 the vapor or fumes may be piped to any suitable number of cabinets 19 rectal complaints and a back-rest J-l pro \'ided for the .-.om t'ort of the patient when occupying this seat. The medicinal vapor or fumes are conducted into the cylinder below the seat 23 through side conduits which extend from the distributing druu'r 21. The medicinal vapor is ,:o,mlu ':tcd into the lower portion of the cabinet 19 through side conduits 26 which also extend from the distributing drum 2]. It will thus be seen that a patient. sittingupon. the seat:- 23 may be treated by the application ol the medicinal vapor to particular parts of the body. .lurhisures are also prmided tor the rcception ol" the legs and arms ol. the patient' when it. is desired to treatlhese members alone or sclniratcly. This means consists ol' two cylinders 27 which extend into the telescopic arrangement with an outer cylin-' der 2%, as shown nr'l 'ig. -'l-.
The outer cylinder 28 is SllPjHH'lPtl on a stand 2-) and is then-"tore .--t.atiom1ry. l.hc-slaud 29 has suitable seals It) at its upper end in 'hich the cylinder in is supported, The, telescopic connection between the cylinders 2T and 28 is properly sealed so that the vapor or fumes are wholly discharged into the cylinders; I It, will be understood that; there is one ol these telescopic cylinders arrangcd l'or each arm and the vapor or l'unics are niducted thereto l'rom the distributing drum Jl through pipes 3th on the inner nds of the rylindo a ll xiblc 'inelosure L2 is arranged with .i draw-string 21 by which said fl xible. inclosuro may be drawn tight; around tluarm to prevent; any of the vapor or l'uuu-s ir i'nfiiil fj it, being desirable to apply the toll etlor-t ot? the vapor or fumes to the portion ol the arm extending into the cylinder 27. 'l'hero are similar cylinders 34 extending into the lower portion of the trout of the cabinet for the. reception of the From the auxiliary.
BEST AvAaAsLE cop legs in the treatment ofthe legs or lower limbs of the patient. These cylinders 34 are The mineral vapor from the distributing drum 21 through conduits 36 and the inner prowith flexible'inclosures'BQ which have drawecting ends of the cylinders 34 are provided" strings 33 by means of which "they are drawn tightly around the legs in a manner similar to the arms. The conduits 31 and 36' extending into the arm and. leg cylin-r.
dcrs are provided with openings through which mineral substance" may be introdured through funnel-shaped feed devices -37 when it. is desired to increase the strength of the vapor or fumes entering said cylin ders. The distril'iuting drum 21 and the stands 35?. The arm and leg cylinders 27 amt Ell at the points where they enter the conduits 26 are firmly supported on suitable cabinet are provided with slides 39 whiclr move in guides 40 on the outside of the.
front of the casing. These slides 39 provide the-necessary opening for. the cylinders and lit snugly around said cylinders to seal the entrance of said cylinders into the cabinet, it being desirable to permit of no a ppreciable escape of the vapor or fumes discharging into the cabinet. The top of the cabinet 1.9 has a suitable opening 41 through which the head of the patient pro 1 jects, and above this opening and-in a suitvable position to inclose the head of the patient, is arranged a hood 42 of suitable flexible material that may be provided With a draw string to hold the same tightly in position. This device is intended for the application of the medicinal vapor to the head" of the patient and the hood 42 is sup plied with vapor from .the distributing drum 21 through a conduit 43 which communicates with an tip-right conduit 44 at the rear of the cabinet, said up-right condui t 44L having the hood 42 attached thereto.
()n the interior of the hood is arranged from being drawn too far over the head.
straps 4-5 which serve-to prevent the hood Valves or dampers 47 are arranged at con reuicnt; points in thefconduits for the purpost of controlling the distributing'of the l'unies.
'l"rom the foregoing description, it will be seen that the medicinal vapor is-so controlled that it may be appli'edto various" parts o t the human body where local treatment of this character is required and ex eluded from other parts. It will further applied to all parts simultaneously. The
be seen that the vapor or fumes may be concentrated upon any particular. part or vapor or fumes may be excluded from the cabinet Whenit is not desired to apply it to a the body, and may be applied to the arms or other parts alone. Thearrangement is such that the fumes may be varied and the application thereof may be controlled in eiiecting desirable results,
Having described my invention, I claim: 1. In 'an apparatus of the character specified, the combination-withua medicinal vapor or, fume generator, of a cabinet adapted'to receive thepatie'nt to be I tributing drum to' which the vapor or fumes are conducted from the generator, conduits extending from the distributing drum" to the cabinet through which said vapor or fumes are conducted to said cabinet, telescopic cylinders adapted to receive the limbs of the patient Within the cabinet,
sealing devices on the portions of said cyl:
inders Within the cabinet adapted to confine the vapor to the portions of the limbs Within said cylinders, and conduits extending from said distributing drum to said telescopic cylinders, whereby the vapor or fumes may-be applied to selected parts of the patient.
2. In an apparatus of the character speci-.
fied, the combination with a vapor or fume generator, of a cabinet designed to receive a patient to be treated, a distributing drumreceiving the vapor or ,fumes from said generat0r,.a condu1t extending between said distributing drum and the cabinet, telescopic cylinders extending into thevcabinet treated, a dis-\ and adapted to receive the limbs of the pa-' .tient to be treated, flexible sealing. devices attached to the telescopic cylinders within a v Ehe cabinet. and adapted tov confine the va-f JOHN 'F. CLASS."
and a conduit extending ,fromfi