Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1263611 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 23, 1918
Filing dateNov 4, 1916
Priority dateNov 4, 1916
Publication numberUS 1263611 A, US 1263611A, US-A-1263611, US1263611 A, US1263611A
InventorsJethro W Scroggin
Original AssigneeJethro W Scroggin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Surgical and bathing apparatus.
US 1263611 A
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1 scRoGGlN. SURGICAL AND B-ATHING APPARATUS.

APPLICATION FILED NOV- 4,1916.

119m., 4 SHEETS-snaar n.

Mmmm Apr. 23,

' AI TTHAIEVS J. W. SCROGGIN. sunmcAL AND BATHING APPARATUS.

A\N A.

AnoAAfAfx/s APAAAA Am.- 23A mm I SHEETS-SHEET APPLICATION FILED NOV. 4. I9I6.

www w A OM. J\ Il I EI A mm A u l m w n A M. NM. w l\ AW A mama y ,A n A j A Oh J. VV. SCROGGIN.

SURGICAL AND BATHING APPARATUS.

` APPLICATION man Nov. 4, 1916.

Patented Apr.. 23, 191% 4 SHtETS-SHEET 3.

Wl TNESSES III I SHEETS-SHEET 4- J. W. SCRDGGIN.

APPLICATION FILED Nov. 4. me.

IWI

SURGICAL AND BATHING APPARATUS.

. II NN BK u f@ NQLHV @MI wam/5885s #76. 6^? v M L sUaercAL Arm BA'rHrne APPARATUS.

Specification of Letters latent.

Patented Apr.. 23, 121.

Application filed November 4, 1916. Serial No. 129,506.

cal and Bathing Apparatus, of which thefollowing is a specication.

This invention is an improvement in combined surgical and bathing apparatus, and has for an object to provide a construction wherein a bath tub is supported on a frame j and capable of vertical adjustment relative thereto. To this end, use is made of a plurality of standards for end members and side members, the latter of which support the tub, while the former have screw elements mounted therein connected to suitable gear mechanism whereby the operation of the same will result in the raising and lowering of said tub.

Another object is the provision of an operating table mounted above said bath tubv and vertically adjustable relative thereto, whereby a patient may be lowered into the tub and lifted therefrom and in order to accomplish this purpose, the table is preferably made in the form of a flexible support operated by novel arrangement of' gear mechanism. 4

The inventive idea involved is capable of receiving a variety of mechanical expressions, some of which are shown in the accompanying drawings wherein,

Figure 1l 1s a top plan view of one form of the apparatus,

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary detail perspective view of the gear mechanism employed in connection with the invention,

Fig. 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1,

Fig. 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Fi 1 l Fig., 5 is a side elevation, partly broken away and shown in sections, of the formV shown in Fig. 1,

Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 1,

Fig. Fig. 1,

Fig. 7a is a top plan, partly 1n sect-lon, of the mechanism shown in Fig. 7

7 is a section on the line 7--7 ofv f Fig. 8 is a section on the line 8-8 of Fig. 1,

Fig. 9 is an end view, with parts broken away and shown in sections,

Fig. 10 is a section on the line 10-10 of Fig. 1,

Fig. 11 is a top plan view of another form of the invention,

Fig. 12 is a side elevation thereof,

Fig. 13 is a section on the line 12-12 of Fig. 12,

Fig. 14 is a fragmentary top plan View, with parts broken away and shown in sections of anotherform of the invention, and

Fig. 15 is a section on the line 15"-15 of Fig. 14.

There are shown in the accompanying drawings, what are now believed to be preferred forms of the invention, and by particular reference to Figs. 1 to 10, it will be seen that one form comprises a frame con-l Ysist-ing of a number of standards 20, which are preferably made in three sections 18, 19 and 22 adapted to telescope one within the other, the lower sections being hollow and. provided at their lower ends with casters 21, whereby the entire -apparatus may be readily shifted from place to place. The upper section 22 of each standard is preferably in the form of a sleeve member which receives therein the upper ends of the lower sections, one of said 'upper ends being internally screw-threaded to receive the screw element 23 which is adapted to be operated, in a manner to appear in thecourse of the description, tov raise and lower the upper sections 22 in order to adjust the upper portion of the apparatus to the height desired by the operator. The sections 19 are joined by transverse connecting bars 15 the adjacent ends of which are mounted in a coupling 16 having a screw element 17 therein interposed between said inner ends of the bars, as clearly shown in Fig. 9, so that when said screw element 17 is operated the bars 15 may be forced apart and cause the sections 19 to bind tightly against the sections 18, and thus assist in maintaining said sections in their respective adjusted poioeA sitions. The upper end of each sleeve member 22 has mounted thereon a gear casing 24, all of which are connecte by lower mentsv 23.

stationary side members 25 and end members 26, preferably of tubing, said side members being mounted on bosses 27 formed' on the casing 24, the opposed portions being opositely screw-threaded, as shown in Fig. 6.

ne of the side members 25 and the end members 26 have extending therethrough the rotatable shafts 28 and 29, respectively, the shaft 28 having at each end thereof a beveled gear 30 which meshes with similar gears 31 carried by the upper end of the screw ele- The shaft -29 likewise has a beveled gear 32 mounted upon each end thereof, those glears adjacent the shaft 28 meshing 'with t e gears 30 carried by said latter shaft, while the other gears 32 mesh with the beveled gears 31 carried by the upper ends of the other screw elements 23. One of tbe gear casings 24 shovn at the left in Fig. 5, has mounted therein a shiftable crank member 33 having a gear 34 thereon -which meshes with an intermediate gear 35 which in turn drives another gear 36 carried by the shaft 28 and arranged contiguous to the gears 30 in said casing. It will thus be seen that when the gear 34 is in mesh with the gear 35 and the crank 33 is rotated in either direction, the shafts 28 and 29 together with the meshing gears will be rotated in such a manner as to either raise or lower the screw elements 23 according to which way said crank is being rotated.

A bath tub 37, preferably made of canvas or other flexible material, is detachably supported upon the side members 25 by means of hooks 38 secured to the upper edge of said tub so that the saine may be readily moved, when desired. The lower ends of the standards 20 are connected by braces 39 which may also be detached, if found necessary when removing a' patient from a bed onto the apparatus.

A member 40, preferably in the form of a flexible support made of canvas or other suitable material is adapted to be mounted above the bath tub 37 and is vertically adjustable relative thereto, and to this end, there is provided the upper revoluble side members 41 keyed to the shaft 42 and the upper end member 43 surrounding the shaft 44, the side members 41 being journaled in the bearings 45, as shown in Figs. 6 and 7. Each of the side members 41 is provided with a plurality of teeth or prongs 46, which are adapted to be inserted into the material of which the iiexible support 40 is made adjacent the longitudinal edges thereof, so as to firmly hold the support in position` upon the side members 41. The support 40 is woundupon each of the side members 41, as shown inv Fig. 4 and said side members are adapted to be rotated in opposite directions in order to .permit .of the support being lowered or raised, as desired. As shown in Fig. 5., the portion of the support 40 upon which the head of the patient would rest, is inclined upwardly asA indicated at 47 so that if desired, only the feet or legs of the patient resting upon the support need be immersed in the water when the support is lowered into the tub 37. Extending around the bottoni of the support 40 at intervals are a plurality of bracing` straps 48 provided at each end thereof with hooks 49 which engage over the lower side members 25, the same as the hooks 38 of the tub 37 These straps 48 are designed to sustain the weignt or' the patient when the flexible meniber 40 is bellied to the limit of its downward adjustment, thereby reinforcing the member 40 when lowered into the tub.

The inner end of the crank member 33 mounted in the gear casing 24 at the left in Fig. 5, is provided with a clutch 50 which meshes with a similar clutch 51 formed upon the adjacent end of the side member 41 and when these clutches are in engagement with each other, the gears 34 will be out of mesh with the gear 35 and the screw elements 23 will not be operated, but upon the turning of the crank 33 in the direction as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2, the side member 41 having the clutch 51 will also be rotated in a similar direction, as also indicated by the arrow. The side member 41 has a beveled gear 52 mounted thereon which meshes with a similar gear 53 carried by the adjacent end of the member 44, the opposite end of which also has a beveled gear 54, carried Athereon which meshes with a similar gear 55 carried by the adjacent end of the opposite side member 41, so that the saine will be rotated in a reverse direction from the first named side member 41, thus either winding or unwinding the support 40 from said side members. The members 41 may be rotated in the same direction in' order to wind the support 40 upon one of them, and to this end, the gear 54 is provided with clutch surface 54 adapted to be engaged by a slidable clutch sleeve 56 connected to an operating handle 56 projecting out of the gear casing 24 so that said portion may be grasped by the operator to shift the sleeve 56.0ut of mesh with the gear 54 into engagement with the gear 57 whereupon the member 41 which carries said gear 55 will be rotated in the same direction as the opposite member 41.

The speed with which the support 40 may be raised or lowered is automatically controlled by means of a governor. As shown this governor comprises a shaft 60 connected by gears 62 and 63 to one of the longitudinal shafts 42. A brake member 59, splined to the shaft 60 and connected by the weighted governor arms 58 in the manner well understood, is adaptedto co-act with a brake member 61 and retard the movement of the support should the 4same tend to extoy naeaeii cessive speed. A ratchet wheel 64, secured to one of the shafts, is adapted t0 be engaged by means of a pawl 65 to hold the support 40 in an adjusted position. Fig. 8.

Referring now to Figs 11 to 1 3, inclusive, the operating table 66 preferably consists of a plurality of hingedly connected sections 67, each of which is provided upon its opposite longitudinal edges with the supporting arms 68 which extend exteriorly ofthe upper and lower side members 41 and 25 as shown in Fig. 13, said arms being secured in position by means of the lll-shaped fastening elements 69 which embrace said arms and have their ends secured to a base plate 70. Mounted in said plate 7 0l is a fastening screw 71, the inner end of which is mounted in a yoke member 72 which engages the adjacent side member 25, so that when said screw 71 is turned in one direction, the plate will be drawn outwardly and thus pull the arms 68 tightly against the iside member 25 and bind the same in position sov that the operating table 66 will be supported in its adjusted position, it being understood that the different sections 67 of said tableI may be shifted as desired.

From the construction shown in Fig. 12, it will also be apparent that the bath tub 37 may be supported upon the side members 25 in the same manner as previously described and shown in Fig. 5.

ln Figs. 14 and 15, the flexible support 40 is adapted to be mounted in the ordinary bath tub 7 3 and for this purpose a plurality of inverted lll-shaped members 94 are mounted upon the edges of the tub, and secured in position by means of screw 75 engaging bracing blocks 7 6. 'llhe side members 41 are mounted in the top of the members 94 and are operated by the crank and gear mechanism as shown Aand previously described.

As clearly set forth herein the frame comprises two sets of members and elevating mechanism therefor. One set of members comprises the shafts or side members 25 to which the bath tub 37 and the bracing strips 48 are attached. rlhe other set of members comprises the side members 41 to which the support 40- is attached. Both sets of members may be raised or lowered simultaneously by operating the crank 33 when the gear 34 is in mesh with the gear 35. By throwing the gear 34 out of mesh with the gear 35 and operating the crank 33 the set of members 41 will be operated only to effect independent adjustment of the support 40 to cause it to sag more or less as may be required.

I claim:

1. ln apparatus of the characterspecified a frame embodying two sets of members, elevating mechanism for raising and lowering both sets of members, a support connected with one set of the members, actuating means for operating the support sus-. taining members to effect independent adjustment of the support, and operating means for the elevating mechanism and the said actuating means including a shiftable element to admit both sets of'lmembers being simultaneously raised or lowered or the support sustaining members operated only to adjust the support.

2. In apparatus of the character specified, a frame embodying two sets of members, one set of such members being rotatable, elevating mechanism for raising and lowering both sets of members, a flexible support windably connected with the set of rotatable members` and operating means including a shiftable clen'ient to admit of simultaneous adjustment of both sets of members or in dependent rotation of the set of members having the flexible support attached thereto.

3. In apparatus of the character specified, a frame embodying two sets of members, one set of such members being rotatable, elevat- 4ing mechanism for raising and lowering both sets ot' members. a flexible vsupport windably connected with the set of rotatable members, sustaining means disposed below the support and attached to the remaining set of membersand operating means including a shittable element to admit of simultaneous adjustment ot' both sets of mem bers or independent rotation of the set 'of members having the flexible support at tached thereto.

4. ln apparatus of the character specified, a trame embodying two sets of members, one set of such members being rotatable, elevating mechanism for raising and lowering both sets of members. a flexible support windably connected with the set ot' rotatable members, a bath tub arranged below the support and connected to the remaining set of members, and operating means including a shiftable element to admit of simultaneous adjustment of both sets of members or independent. rotation of the set of members having the flexible support attached thereto.

5. ln apparatus of the character specified,

'a trame embodying two sets of members, one

set of such members being rotatable, elevating mechanism for raising and lowering both sets of members, a flexible support windably connected with the set of rotatable members, a plurality of straps disposed below the flexible support and attached to the remaining set. of members, and operating means including a shiftable element to admit of simultaneous adjustment of both sets of members or independent rotation of the set of members having the flexible support attached thereto. v

6. In apparatus of the character specified, a frame embodying two sets of members, one set of such members being rotatable, a Hexible support windably connected with the set of rotatable members, a plurality of straps disposed below the iiexible support and attached to the remaining set of members, abat-h tub suspended from the members ,to which the said straps are attached, and operating means including a shiftable element to admit of simultaneous adjustment of both sets of members and independent rotation of the .set of members having the flexible support attached thereto.

7.A In apparatus of the character specified, a frame including side members, a flexible support windably connected with the side members, means for rotating one of the members to cause the iexible support to sag, and a plurality of transversely arranged straps to receive and reinforce the support when adjusted to sagging position.

8. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame including sectional standards, the sections of which have vertical adjustment relative to each other, a bath tub supported by the adjustable sections of said standards and movable therewith, side members forming a part of said frame, and a flexible support carried by said side members and suspended above said tub. A 9. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frameincluding sectional standards the sections of which have vertical adjustment relative to each other, a bath tub supported by the adjustable sections of said standards and movable therewith, side members forming a art of said frame, a flexible support carried y said side members and suspended above said tub, and means for vertically adjusting said flexible support relative to said tub.l

10. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame including sectional standards, the sections of which have vertical adjustment relative to each other, a bath tub supported by the adjustable sections of said standards and movable there-` with, rotatable side members carried by the adjustable sections of said standards, and a iexible support adapted to be wound upon and unwound from said side members.

11. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame including secadjusting said bath tu tional standards, the sections of which have vertical adjustment relative to each other, a bath tub supported by the adjustable sections of said standards and movable therewith, rotatable side members carried by the adjustable sections of said standards, a {lexible support having its longitudinal edges wound upon said side members, and means for rotating said side members for winding and unwinding said support whereby to raise and lower the same.

12. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame including sectional standards, the sections of which have vertical adjustment relative to each other, a bath tub supported by the adjustable sections of said standards and movable therewith, rotatable side members carried by the adjustable sections of said standards, a ilexible supprort adapted to be wound and unwound om said side members, and a governor for controlling the operation of the last named means.

13. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame including sectional standards, the sections of which have vertical adjustment relative to each other, a, bath tub supported by the adjustable sections of said standards and movable therewith, side members forming a part of said frame, a exible support carried by said side members and suspended above the tub, and means for alternately adjusting said bath tub and said support vertically.

14. In an apparatus of the class described, the combination of a frame including sectional standards, the sections of which have vertical adjustment relative to each other, a bath tub supported by the adjustable sections of said standards and movable therewith a flexible support carried by said side members and suspended above the tub, and means including a series of intermeshing gears and a shlftable gear for alternately and said support vertically.

O. M. Suma, FLORA BILBNEY

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2560997 *Feb 21, 1947Jul 17, 1951Floyd O ThompsonHospital bed patient bathtub chair
US2562598 *Mar 25, 1948Jul 31, 1951Margaret BrownBath chair
US2565761 *Feb 16, 1948Aug 28, 1951Sebren B DeanInvalid lift and transfer device
US2603796 *Sep 27, 1946Jul 22, 1952Gen Bronze CorpHospital bathtub
US2604638 *Mar 5, 1947Jul 29, 1952Lewis P FurryMobile bathing and lift apparatus
US2655667 *Feb 18, 1948Oct 20, 1953Hilde SaligerWinding patient lift and turning mechanism
US2788527 *Mar 19, 1953Apr 16, 1957Ray L StevenAdjustable bathtub
US2850743 *Mar 7, 1957Sep 9, 1958White Carroll CSitz bath
US3041631 *Jun 29, 1960Jul 3, 1962Fogle Harry CAdjustable false bottom for swimming pools
US3045255 *Jul 24, 1961Jul 24, 1962Pirtle Edna LDevice and mechanism for raising and lowering invalids
US3108293 *Oct 4, 1961Oct 29, 1963King Benny IRelaxing couch
US3187350 *Jun 4, 1963Jun 8, 1965Ray L StevenBathtub construction
US3317928 *Sep 25, 1964May 9, 1967Anton RootLowering and raising seat for tubs and the like
US3457569 *Feb 1, 1967Jul 29, 1969Gerhard JagerLifting device for lifting a patient treated in a bathtub
US3467970 *Apr 26, 1965Sep 23, 1969Curt Adils IngemanssonTransporting and lifting device combined with a bathtub for invalids
US3593351 *Aug 14, 1969Jul 20, 1971Benjamin A DovePatient transfer device
US3692028 *Dec 31, 1970Sep 19, 1972Lewis C DuncanEmergency treatment tank
US4991243 *Aug 17, 1987Feb 12, 1991Rottermann AgRadiation-permeable body support
US5068931 *Jun 21, 1991Dec 3, 1991Smith Gene AApparatus for lifting and turning a patient confined to a bed
US5235712 *Dec 2, 1991Aug 17, 1993Ary Lift, Inc.Apparatus for bathing a patient confined to a bed
US5315723 *Sep 9, 1992May 31, 1994Ary Lift, Inc.Portable patient turning and lifting apparatus
US5697109 *May 12, 1995Dec 16, 1997Barton Medical CorporationPatient transport system
US5819339 *Oct 28, 1994Oct 13, 1998Barton Medical CorporationPatient transport system
US5996144 *Dec 12, 1997Dec 7, 1999Barton Medical CorporationPatient transport system
US6006376 *Apr 3, 1998Dec 28, 1999Williamson; TedPatient lifting and transport apparatus and method
US6098216 *Oct 28, 1998Aug 8, 2000Theodore A. WilliamsonConvertible patient transport apparatus and method of transporting a patient
US6289533 *Jun 16, 2000Sep 18, 2001Barton Medical CorporationPatient transport system
US6378148Apr 8, 1998Apr 30, 2002Ergodyne CorporationPatient transfer system
US6496991Apr 7, 2000Dec 24, 2002Ergodyne CorporationDevice for patient pullup, rollover, and transfer and methods therefor
US6507963Aug 7, 2001Jan 21, 2003Barton Medical CorporationPatient transport system
US6591435Sep 23, 1999Jul 15, 2003Graham L. HodgettsPatient transport system
US6701546Aug 31, 2001Mar 9, 2004Barton Medical CorporationPatient transport system
US6772456Apr 4, 2001Aug 10, 2004Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Portable device for patient pullup, rollover, and transfer and methods thereof
US6886194Mar 5, 2004May 3, 2005Barton Medical CorporationPatient transport system
US7111338Jun 13, 2003Sep 26, 2006Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus for pulling patient up in bed
US7290299Jan 10, 2005Nov 6, 2007Votel Thomas WDevice and method for positioning patients
US7487558Dec 21, 2005Feb 10, 2009Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Headboard for a pull-up-in-bed system
US7725964Aug 23, 2005Jun 1, 2010Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Apparatus with patient adjustment device coupled to architectural system
US8336138Mar 18, 2011Dec 25, 2012Hill-Rom Services, Inc.Radial arm system for patient care equipment
Classifications
U.S. Classification5/600, 187/213, 4/560.1, 4/538
Cooperative ClassificationA61G7/05