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Publication numberUS126547 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 7, 1872
Publication numberUS 126547 A, US 126547A, US-A-126547, US126547 A, US126547A
InventorsThomas K Hickcox
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in shingles for roofs and walls of buildings
US 126547 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

T. N. 'HlCKCOX.

Improvement in Shingles for Buildings and Walls of B dings.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

THOMAS N. HIGKOOX, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.

IMPROVEMENT IN SHINGLES FOR ROOFS AND WALLS 0F BUILDINGS.

Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 126,547, dated May 7, 1872; antedated April 26, 1872.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, THOMAS N. HICKCOX, of the city of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Shingle for the Roofs and Walls of Buildings; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawing forming part of this specification.

This invention consists in the combination, with a shingle made of straw-paper or binders board, of a metal spring, attached for the purpose of giving it, in its normal condition, a slightly-arched form, whereby, when in place, its overlapping ends are prevented from turning up, and are kept down snug upon the shingle or shingles underneath it.

Figure l in the drawing is a face view of one of my shingles. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the shingle without the spring. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal section of the shingle with the spring. Fig. 4 is a back View corresponding with Fig. 3.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.

To manufacture these shingles straw-board, binders board, or other suitable paper-board, is first cut into pieces of the required size and shape to form shingles. When the shingles are thus prepared, springsas shown in Figs. 3 and 4, consisting of a piece of steel-plate or other spring-steel, of a length somewhat less than the length of the shingle, and of, say, from half an inch to one inch wideare riveted or otherwise attached to and along the middle of the back of the board, after Which they may be covered with oil-paint, applied in one or more coats, either by a brush or by dipping the pieces into it, in such manner as to completely cover the surfaces and edges and ren der them perfectly water-proof; and before the last coat is dry they may be sprinkled with sand on the surface and edges which are to be exposed. The paint used may have for its basis white-lead, which may be tinted by the addition of umber or other suitable mineral coloring matter. Before painting it will be well to saturate the boards with linseed-oil or other paintoil by boiling them therein or by soaking them therein while the oil is in a heated state and afterward allowing the oil to dry.

The shingles thus made may be applied to buildings, and fastened by nails in the same way as ordinary shingles or slates. Such shingles, made with springs'a, applied to give them an arched form before they are put in place, their lower or outer and overlapping edges will hug so snugly and closely to the shingle or shingles underneath as to make a Very tight lap.

What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent as a new article. of manufacture, is-

The metal spring a in combination with a shingle of paper-board, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified.

THOMAS N. HIOKGOX.

Witnesses:

FRED. HAYNES,

R. E. RABEAU, SAMUEL FRosT, RICH. 0. REYNOLDS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4802320 *Nov 3, 1987Feb 7, 1989Keystone Retaining Wall Systems, Inc.Retaining wall block
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US5369929 *Feb 1, 1994Dec 6, 1994Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5474405 *Oct 15, 1993Dec 12, 1995Societe Civile Des Brevets Henri C. VidalLow elevation wall construction
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US5490363 *Oct 13, 1994Feb 13, 1996Anchor Wall Sytems, Inc.Composite masonry block
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US5589124 *Jun 6, 1995Dec 31, 1996Block Systems, Inc.Method of forming composite masonry blocks
US5611186 *Nov 30, 1994Mar 18, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5624211 *Feb 14, 1994Apr 29, 1997Societe Civile Des Brevets Henri C. VidalModular block retaining wall construction and components
US5666776 *Aug 30, 1995Sep 16, 1997Elk Corporation Of DallasLaminated roofing shingle
US5704183 *May 23, 1995Jan 6, 1998Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
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US6113318 *Aug 7, 1998Sep 5, 2000Anchor Wall Systems, Inc.Composite masonry block
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Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE04D1/26