US 1265866 A
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' c, N. ACKERMANr EXPANSION BOLT.
APPLICATION FILED JAN, 31, I916.
Patented May 14, 1918.
CHARLES N. ACKERMAN, OF CHICAGO. ILLINOIS.
Application filed January 81, 1916.
T 0 all whom it may concern Be it known that 1, CHARLES N. ACKER- MAN, a citizen of the United States. residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Expansion-l3olts, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to bolt anchors, and, in some of its features more particularly to double-anchors for securing long bolts in concrete or the like. Among the objects of the invention are to provide a construction which is simple and inexpensive, easy to use, and which gives to the anchored bolt a tenacious grip against the surrounding recess-walls, locating the gripping areas most effectively with respect to the bolt length, and effectively sealing the bolt in its respective recess so as substan tially to protect the embedded metallic structure from entrance of water and resultant deterioration.
In the drawings wherein an embodiment of this invention is illustrated in one simple form for purposes of disclosure- Figure 1 shows a bolt equipped with one anchor element positioned in a receptive recess;
Fig. 2 shows the first anchor element seated in final position, and the other anchor element loosely positioned on the bolt;
Fig. 3 indicates the bolt completely secured.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal section on line 4& of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is a side elevation of a wedge-collar, and;
Fig. 6 is a sectional view of an expansion sleeve.
The bolt, or article to be positioned, generally illustrated at 10, may take various forms, that specifically shown comprising a stem portion 11, merging at its bottom into an upwardly tapering head 0 lower wedgemember 12 and the opposite end of the stem being threaded as at 13. The lower wedge 12, thus conveniently made integral with the bolt stem, may effectively be made longer than its greatest diameter, and its butt 1% may be nearly as great in diameter as the recess a that is to receive the bolt and anchor. To secure the lower end of the bolt firmly in a recess a made in a body A of rigid material, such as concrete or the like. a due-- Specification of Letters Patent. 1
near the mouth of the recess.
Patented May it, 1918.
Serial No. 75,250.
limiuarily shaped to interfit with portions of the stem and the lower wedge 12. Through part of its length the sleeve has a normal bore 15 substantially correspomling to the diameter of the stem 11, and in its lower portion it has atapcring counterbore 15 corresponding in taper with that ol' the head 12. The cylindrical exterior of the sleeve has an external diameter approximating that of the butt 12 of the head. and preferably is of a length slightly greater than the head 12. Such a sleeve is preferably preliminarily seated sclf-rel'ainingly on the bolt. normally with its lower edge somewhat. more than half way down the taper of head 12, and with its upper edge correspondingly well up on the stem 11, the length of the straight-bored portion being greater than the length of wedge left exposed below the sleeve. While the bolt stem is held upright. with its butt seated firmly on the bottom of the recess a this ductile sleeve 15 is driven down from the position shown in Fig. 1, to the position as indicated in Fig. 2, by means of a tubular tool indicated in dotted lines at B. As the sleeve is forced down over the tapering'head it expands, making firm contact with the periphery of the recess, and it should be tamped home until it is well compacted. so that the ductile material may fill any surface irregularities in the periphery of the recess, as rather exaggeratedly shown in Fig. 2.
For short bolts, not called for too-heavy service, such a single anchor will suffice,
and in that event the recess would preferably be made only about as deep as the recess-length below line ma: of Figs. 1 and 2, so that the expanded sleeve would preferably substantially fill the recess. and seal its mouth. 7
A long bolt thoroughly fastened at. two separated points, substantially at the bot tom and at the top of a recess, is very effectively positioned, and by this invention means are provided for securing a bolt stem in the recess a close to the top of said recess. Where the bolt is long, as shown in the drawings, a filler or spacer 20, preferably of rigid, non-ductile material, may be employed intervening between the expanded sleeve 15 and the stenrpositioning means Such spacer 20 is preferably an iron tube substantially corresponding in internal diameter with the size 0 thestein, and in external diameter 1,265 see encompassing portion, said flaring portion leaving normally exposed below it a portion of the wedge member shorter than the cylindrical portion of the sleeve.
52. The combination of a bolt carrying two tapering wedge members, the upper one of which is slidable on and removable from the bolt stem, and two ductile sleeves, respectively overlying the tapering portions of said wedges, said wedgemembers both tapering in the same direction, each sleeve having a cylindrical bolt-encompassing portion and a flaringly bored wedge-encompassing portion, said flaring portion leaving normally exposed below it a portion of the wedge member shorter than the cylindrical portion of the sleeve.
3. The combination of a bolt having an upwardly tapering head, a ductile sleeve thereon, externally cylindrical and internally fitting contiguous parts of the head and stem; a-spacer to overlie the said sleeve; a wedge collar upwardly tapering, mounted on the bolt above the spacer, and a second ductile sleeve on said collar, externally cylindrical and internally shaped substantially to conform to contiguous parts of the collar and stem.
In testimony whereof I hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing wit nesses.
CHARLES N. AOKERMAN.
In the presence of GEO; T. MAY, Jr., MARY F. ALLEN.