US 1266386 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. R'. BARR.
COMBINED ROLLER AND ICE SKATE.
APPLICATION FILED MAH. 3o. 1911.
1,266,386. V Patented May14,1918.
INVENTOR MMI 'Y ATTORNEYS CEABLES'R. BARR, 0F PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
ooMBiNEn ROLLER nim ion SKATE.
Patented' May i4, '1941s.
Appueatien siedi/:arch so, '19in sriai No: 158;48'9.
To all'whom #may concern.'
Beit known that CHARLES R. Benn, a citizen ofthe United States, residing in the city and county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvanimhave invented a nenr and useulfGombinedRoller and Ice Skate, of Which the' following is a" specification.
' My present invention relates tov a combin/'edv roller' and ice skate which is constrncted` in such- 'a` manner that itl may be readily converted `from one type of'skate to the other. lfnmy prior Patent No. 1,187 ,961, dated June 20th, 1916, IE have disclosed a novel'l combined roller and ice skate, wherein the side members of the clips are rigid and the fastening devices contact Withthe side 'Walls Vof the' keys carried by either the ice blade or the rollers. In' accordance With my Apresent invention, these clips are made resilient, land the fastening devices pass completely through` the keys so that' relative longitudinal movement of the base pla-te of the skate andthe keys is vpositively prevented andanyy side lmovement is prevented owing to the rictional engagement of the side plates with the keys.
With the above Ain view, Vmy invention consistsof-a novel construction of a combined roller and ice skate.
Other novelffea'tures' of construction and advantage ivillhereinaiter more clearly appear in the detailed description of my invention.
Forlthe purpose of illustrating my invention, l have shown in the accompanying drawings typical embodiments of it, which are Yat present preferred by me, since these embodiments will give in practice satisfac tory andreliable results, although it is to be understood that the various instrumentalities of which my invention consists can be variously arranged and organized and that my invention 'is not limited to the precise ar# rangement 'andorganization of these instrumentalities as herein shown anddescribed.
Figurefl represents, in side elevation and partly in section, a combined roller andice skate embodying my -in.fern ti'm.A
Fig. 2 represents a sectiononline 2-2 of Figsl. l
Fig.- 3A4 represents al section on line'3-3 of Figli.
Figs.y 4 and 5 represent sectional elevations of other embodiments of my invention.
Fig. 6 represents a section on line 6''-6 of Fig. 1.
' Fig. 7 represents'in front elevation, a set ot rollers and their adjunct'sf Fig. 8 represents, in perspective, a key and its'fcarryingy member 'for the rollers when constructed tooperate vvith the clips seen in Figs@J an'df.
Fig.v 9 represents a sectional elevation of another embodiment of my invention.
FiglO represents afs'ectional elevation of anotherembodiment of my invention.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parte.
Referringk to the drawings 1 designates a sectional base plate of a combined roller and ice skate embodying my invention, saidl plate comprising overlapping sections- Whiclrareslotted to receive a fastening device 2, thereby providing for the longitudinal adjustment of said sections with respect to each other. The means illustrated for securing the base plate with respect to the shoe of the user are illustrated conventionally and sincethese forni' no part per se of my present invention, a detailed description of such parte is believed to be unnecessary.
3 designates'a rear clip and 4 a front clip, each o'f which is constructed in a similar manner and may be formed integral, as seen in Figs. 1, 2, `3y andi?, or they may be formed of a' plurality of parts, as seen in Figs. 4, 5 and 10. Each of these Vclips 3 andv fl is constructed in a similar manner and therefore adescription of one will suttice for both. In the embodiment seenin Figs. 1, 2 and-3, a spring"clip,-such as'for example, 4, comprises a ltlat base portion 5, Which is upwardly: deflected at its sides, as indicated at 6, and is provided with a tongue 7, which extendsthroughthe base plate and is' riveted thereto, as` will be understood by reference to Figs. -2 and 3. Depending from the base plate 5 are the spring' plates 8, the inner walls `ozt which Figs.l 1, 2 yand 3 'areparallel so that the side Walls and the bottom Wall of the slot thus formed are at substantially right angles t0 each other.
9 designates a fastening device having a shoulder forming flange l0 near one end andV having its opposite end threaded, as at 1l, and one of the plates 8 is provided with a cylindrical aperture l2 therethrough, While the plate 8 at the opposite side is provided with a threaded aperture 13. The base plate 5 is of a proper thickness to provide for the movement of the plates S toward each other when the fastening device 9 is tightened, so that a frictional grip Will be maintained at such time with the rectangular shaped key le of the ice blade l5 or with the rectangular shaped key l@ carried by the member 17 to which the rollers are secured. rlhe manner of securing a key to the rollers corresponds in construction to that seen in my prior patent, to which l have hereinbefore referred, and a detailed description of such construction is therefore unnecessary. lThe key le of the ice blade is provided with a plurality of apertures 18 therethrough and the key of the rollers is provided with a plurality of apertures 19. Y
lt is also Within the scope of my present invention to construct the clips, as seen in Figs. 4, 5 and l0, in order to provide suiiicient resiliency for obtaining the resilient frictional grip With the side Walls of the keys. In this embodiment, each clip is constructed of side plates 20 having integral therewith or connected thereto the angles 21, which, if desired, may be separate pieces Welded or rivetedto said plate. The plates 20 are provided With the tongues 22 which are riveted to the base plate.
ln the form seen in Figs. 4: and 5, the inner side Walls of the angles 2l diverge inivardly, as indicated at 23, in order to form Wedgeshaped slot, the inner vvall of which is preferably substantially dat. lf desired, the clip having the wedge-shaped slot therein may be formed integral, as seen in Fig. 9. it Will be understood that in case the construction seen in Figs. fi, 5, or 9, is employed, the rollers would be provided with the Wedge-shapedkey, such as for example, the key 24, seen in Fig. 'i' 'f lf a rectangular shaped key, such as 14:, is employed, the spring clip may be made in .separate parts, as will be understood by reference to Fig; l0, wherein the side plates 25 are secured to the base plate in a similar manner to that already described and have integral therewith or connected thereto the angles 26 whichv form arectangular shaped slot to` receive thekeyfe or thefkey 16. 1 `lnfall the Ieinbodirments of amy invention hereinillustrated", thezikeys id, llpior 2'? are slidinto!y position init-heir respectiveslots,
messes and the fastening devices 9 are passed through the apertures in the side plates of the clips andthrough the desiredA aperture in the keys, so that When such fastening devices are tightened, the side plates of the clips Will be forced into frictional engagement with the side Walls of the keys, thus preventing any relative lateral movement between the keys and Vtheir clips. Since the fastening devices pass through the keys and also through the side'plates of the clips, any relative longitudinal movementof such parts is positively prevented. Giving to the provision of a plurality of apertures in the keys, the blades and the rollers are capable of longitudinal adjustment on the baseplate without rendering it necessary to adjust the base plate, ln the embodiment seen in Figs. l, 2 and 3, the spring clip has its base portion thin or narrowed down so that the spring plates 8 form spring members which can be drawn into frictional engagement with the key of the tread member by means'ofasuitable fastening device. lt will also be seen that in Figs. Li, 5 and l0, the base portion of the spring clip is reduced in thickness so that the depending plates form spring members.
My present invention can be very economically manufactured, and the parts are constructed in sucha manner that they are very durable and are not likely to get out oforder.
lt will now be apparentthat l have devised a novel and useful combined roller and ice skate, which embodies the features of advantage enumerated as desirable in the statement of the invention and the above description, and While l have, in the present instance, shown and described typical embodiments of it which will give in practice satisfactory and reliable results, it is to be understood that these embodiments are susA ceptible of modiiication in various particulars Without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention or sacricing any of its advantages.
Having thus described my invention, what l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
i. A convertible skate of the character described, comprising a base plate, a spring clip carried at each end of said base plate and comprising a body portion having depending side members, said body portion beinel of reduced thickness to provide for the resiliency of said side members, a tread having keys to seat between said members, and fastening devices passing through said and comprising a body portion having depending side members, said body portion being of reduced thickness to provide for the resiliency of said side members, a tread havsaid members into frietional engagement with said keys.
CHARLES R. BARR.
ing Wedge-shaped keys to seat between seid Witnesses: members, and fastening devices passing K. M. BROPHY, through said keys and side members to draw M. E. BYRNE.
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