US 1266667 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. DOIERING, IR.V& H. H. DOERING.
LIQUID COOLING ANDDISPENSING APPARATUS.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 7 I9I6.'
Patented. May 2l, 1918.
C. DOERING, JR. 2 H. HK QOERING.
LIQUID comme AND msPENsms APP/xmms. n' APPLICATION FlLEb FEB. 1915. D 1 25@ f, Patented May 1, i918 4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
il -f 5 f e i M C. DOERING, Jn. & H. H. DOERING.
moulu COOLING AND DISPENSING APPARATUS.
n v APPLICATION FILED FEB. Y; i916.
4 sHEEls-SHEH s.
Fatened May '0. DOERING, 1... (i. H.
LlQUiD COOLING AND DISPENSNG APPARATUS.
Hilf/.lilas I CHARLES DOEEING, JR.v CND HENRY H. lGEBIIG, @1F CHICGO, ILL'NOI'S.
. LQUD COOLNG AND Dl'Sk-ENSING AFPARATUS.
' Specioa'tion of Letters Faten't.
iaizen'eeii May 2. QS.
To all wj'iom it may concern Be ii. known hat we, (3i-mamas Doesn-TG, .'li'.. and HENRY El. Doninxo. citizens olf the lnilef. fiicai-s` iesieliiig ai Chicago, in the couniy 'of Coeliv and Siate of'llinois, have ini'eneccertain new and useful improvements in Liquid Cooling :mel Dispensing Apparatus" oi' which the following is Cle.- sf'l'ipiion, reference being had lo the accompanying drawings, which form a` part oi our speciieation.
Min' invention relates o an apparaus more especiall;T adapted for cooling einliing' water o1'E beveiages and dispensing the. sainev in predetermined quantities; the paitil-nini type of appai'atus Llisclosecl being intended to receivel its supplyv of liquid from a visible original coi'ilainei" or hostie; the in- Yvenlion contemplating; a Yali'eless construction or iauce; wheieby' the liquid .may be withdrawn in pii-\ lel1eiiiined quanlii ies; llow ol" liquid .from ine original c-.onaii'iei or lio-tile being auoinutiealljv iegulaieil or conteolleil by the liquid-supply in the appa-- ratus-piopei, as will be lieieinaitei seiI ioilh.
The invention also contemplates coin-operai'ied mechanismy whereby the liquid-(li,- pensing means is controlled: said ineclianis-ni being adapted in its initial movement to issue oi' eeil out a sanitary or paper cup; the initial oif 4 feeding n'ioveinent of said mechanism being aunoinatio lirough the insertion of a proper coin; while the ui'thei or second movement of said mechanism operates the liquid-dispensing mechanism; a complete operation of the mechanism resulting in a sanitary or paper cup being issued m the user andla predetermined quantity of liquid or beverage being' dispensed.
The above enumerated olijeos of the invention, as well as the advantages inherent in the, invention, will be more fully understood from the following detailed descrip-- Figuie l is a vei'tical sectional Wview 'of the liquid cooling and dispensing poi-tion of oui1 apparatus. with the coin-operated mechanism anal cup-oonlaiiiex9 as Well as the original 1 liquid-container being shown in full lines.
Fig. if) is a peispecuve view. of the liquidreceiving reservoir or container which is adapted izo be mounted in the cooling: chamber of the apparatus.
Fig. 3 is a. plan view oi' the apparatus sectional view' oi a inocliied 'form of oui' im- 60 piovecl apparatus.
Fig. :3 is a tical seoional View of a modified forni oit oui' invention, wherein the coin-ope ated mechanism and cup-issuing member ai'e dispensed with.
Fig. 6 a detail View, parsially in section, ol' The liquid-d' A ensing oiI valveless faucet member flisclosefl in Figs. l and 5.
Fig'. l is a sec nal View of said member Haken on the line 4 7 of Fig. C, looking in the diiecion of the arrows.
Fig. 8 illustrates die coin-operated and cup-dispensing means in elevation with the ouei' sliell or casing and a portion of the iop or cover of the cooling chamber of the apparatus shown in section.
Fig. 9 is a sin'iilai- View, illust-rating the mechanism released through the action of an inserted coing the cup-issuing1 mechanism being shown as paiially operated; while .its extreme outwai'cl o1' operated posiion is shown in dotted lines. v
Fig. l() is a. vertical sectional View taken on the line lO-l@ of Fig. 8, looking in the direction oi the arrows.
Fig. l1' is a 'vertical sectional View taken ou the offset line ll--ll oi' Fig. 10.. looking in the clieotion olif the aii'ows.
Fig. l?. is a iop plan View of the coin-operated meclianisnishown in Figs. 8 to l1, inclusive, with the outer cover or casing for said mechanism ienioveel0 Fig. 13 is a detail view in perspective` of the cup-issuing element or manipulating level'. i
Fig. le isa detail plan View of a portion of the outer covei` oi casing of the coin-operated and cup-issuing mechanism, with 'poi-tions broken away to more clearly illusfrate the coin-slofl controlling mechanism.
Fig. 15 is a perspective View of a suitable type of sanitary or paper cup which may be useclwih our improved apparatus.
Ylo is a perspective View of the coinreceiving receptaele.
ln the. exeniplicalion of our invent-ion, as disclosed in the first Jrhiee figures of the fliawings", the appara-ius comprises the main body oi'f'ank 2Oq preferably made cylindrical in shape and of suitable material, such as sheet metal.; the tank being divided into separate compartments ai'i'anged one above los the other; the upper compartment being provided with an insulating wall 21 so as to provide a suitable cooling chamber 22 adapted to be packed with ice; while the lower compartment is adapted to provide a suitable storage chamber for an original container' or bottle 24, is well as a drip and cupreceiving vessel 25.
In order to permit proper access to the storage chamber 23, the lower wall of the suitable means for draining the chamber, as,
for example, the drip-pipe 29 arranged in the bottom of the upper or cooling chamber 22 and at a fpoint immediately above the drip-vessel 25; the drip-pipe 29 being preferably in the nature ot a spigot, as shown, so that passage of air into the coolingV chamber will ordinarily be prevented.
,The cooling chamber 22 is provided with a liquid-receiving member or vessel 30, preferably made of vitreous ware, and given any desired shape or. configuration, which will permit it to be inserted into the cooling chamber and at the same time provide sufficient. ice-receiving space, as disclosed in Fig.
1. `We prefer to form the water-1eceiving vessel or member 30 with the two compartments or portions 31 and 32, see Fig. 3, having communication with each other at the lower end thereof, to wit,I beneath the intermediate or separating wall 33, see Fig. l. The portion 32 is adapted to extend some' what beyond the upper portion of the vessel 3() so as to permit it to pass through a suitable opening in the top member or cover 34 or'4 the apparatus; the extended neck of the portion 32 being preferably provided with a flared orifice to receive the neck of the inverted original container or` bottle 24, as shown in Fig. 1. We prefer to provide the flared orifice of the portion 32 with a resilient or rubber ring 35 Vto provide a proper cushion for the container or bottle 24, and
' at the same time provide a substantially airiight connection.
The portion 31, of the liquid-receiving receptacle 30, is provided with the forwardly presented outlet portion 36, preferably formed integral with the upper portion thereof. The portion. flis provided with a discharge spout :3T which is preferably detachably Secured inv the opening 38 in the lower part of the extension 3G, see Figs. 1 and 2. The portion 3l. within the extension 3G, is provided with an opening 3). see ltig. 2; and the walls on both sides oi. the. opening 39 are provided with the lugs 40. The lugs 40 are notched to provide a suitable bearing for the trunnions 41 formed integral with, or otherwise secured to, the spout 42 of the dipper or cup-member 43, thereby holding the member 43 in place and free to oscillate in the lugs or brackets 40; the cup or dip-member 43 being located within the portion 31 of the receptacle 30, while its spout 42 extends through opening 39 and into extension 36, as shown in Fig. 1. a
The spout 42 is shown provided with the upwardly presented extension or lug 44 which is provided with the elongated slot 45, adapted to receive a pin 46 on the lower end of an arm 47 of the coin-controlled mechanism. The cup or dipper-member 43 has the upwardly presented wall 48 at the forward portion thereof in order to prevent the liquid from spilling out over the top of thev member when it is tilted into the emptying or discharging position shown in full lines in Fig. 1; the dripping or intake-posi tion of the member 43 being shown in dotted lines in said iigure.
' As the bottle or container 24 is provided with an extension or tube 49 which extends into a plane slightly beneath the horizontal plane occupied by the bottom wall 50 of the extension or portion 36, it is evident that the liquid in the receptacle 30 will form a seal for the bottle or container 24 as soon as the liquid vin the receptacle lrises 'to a height where the orifice of the extension or tube 49 will be covered or immersed and thereby prevent a'ir from entering the container or bottle 24. The top member or cover 34 of the cool ing chamber is provided with a cup-holder and vcndin(T device inclosed by the inner casing 51.
provided with a partial bottom 52, see Fig. 11, terminatingat the forward end of the receptacle in the narrow flanges 53, 53 arranged along the side walls of the receptacle, as shoyvn in Fig. 10. The partial bottom 52 and the side flanges 53 provide support for the superimposed sanitary paper cups 54, shown in section in Figs. 10 and ll, and in full lines in Fig? 15. The paper cups, however, need not necessarily be of the particu. lar construction or type illustrated, but of any suitable construction that will permit them to be collapsed and closely packed in the receptacle 51. The paper cups illustrated in the drawings are in the nature of an openended envelop, with the short wall presentled downwardly and the open end toward the rear oi' the casing, as shown in Fig. l1.
The front wall of the receptacle 51 is provided with a transversely disposed opening or slot for the passage of the plunger 5o which is adapted to slide between the side flanges 53, as shown in Fig. 10. The
he casing 5l is preferably of ,the rectangular construction shown, and is t-ae'n head TT and 7S being of a size slightly smaller than the diameter of the rom the composite slot is adapted to reeeive when the heads are in normal or the close position shown in Figi. H. ,so that` when a proper eoin is inserted and pressed sullieientl'v downward. as shown in Fig. S? at the heads otA the levers 73 and T4 will be `torced apart and oscillated on their respeetive pivotal points 75 and i't'i. turned to its normal position liv means of a suitable spring while lever 7l is held and returned to its normal position by means et" the spring: S1.
Lever 73 is shown provided with a socket Si adapted to reeeive the lower end of lever 74.- when the levers have heen oscillated into the separated position by means of a coin. as shown in Fig. t): the lower end of lever 7l normally being: adapted to engage with lever 78, as shown in Fig. 9. and thereby assist in maintaining the lower part of lever 73 in locking,r engagement with a raek 83 which is seein-ed to the slide or plunger 56; the rack S3 heineT seein-ed to slide or plunger 5G .hv means ot the hraeket Si show n in Fig.' 10, The. rack S?, therefore 'of'erlaps the lower edge ot' the short side Wall ot' easing 5l. as shown in Figs. 8. 9 and 10. The rael .QZ-l is provided with an upwardly presented arm H5. theupper end whereof has n shield or member .QG which is adapted to pass across the tops of the heads 77 and`78 of the levers 73 and 74. respectively. as indicated in Fig. 9. The shield. or member 86 will not only force the coin or token downward sui'lieienth7 so as to cause it. to become disengaged with the heads 77 and 78 and dropped into the coin-receptacle 87 located beneath the short side wall of the casing 51. butI also prevent any possibility of the coin beinelr withdrawn after the levers have. been sufficiently separated and the slide or plunger forced out.. vThe lower end of lever 73 is preferably shouldered so as to engagewith the teeth of the rack S3. ln order to prevent the too far 'movement of 'the lower endet the lever, we provide the stop 88. In the normal position of the@ mechanism, the lower end of lever 7 3 will be in engagement, with the first tooth of the rack 83, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 8, While complete operation of 'slide 'or plunger 56 will bring the rear end of rack 83 into engagement with the lower end of lever 73. The rack is l. provided with a number of notches or teeth with which the lever 73 will form locking engagementy during its partial. return to normal position.
B v reasonbf this construction. it is imporsilileior thel operator to so manipulate the slide or plunger 56, that the insertion of a single coin would enable him to secure more than one. cup and dispense or obtain more than one drink. With the, rack S3 pro lieier Til is held and re.
vided with a number ot' teeth or notches as shown. it is evident that a partial return otl the slide or plunger .'it, to normal position. will result in the rack. and therefore also slide or plunger 5o, becoming locked against a reverse. or outward movement..
The notch or socket 5:, formed in lever 725, permits the proper oseillation of lever 7l, namely out of locking engagement with lever T23, when a proper coin has been inserted. v
ln order to prevent. spring Si from d avv ingthe.\lower end of lever il bevond its locking eontart with lever 725. we .rovide e. stop'e'i); and the too iar separation of the heads 7tand in' otI the levers. by the iusertion of a slug or token' of improper diameter, is prevented h v the stop or lug Ut) with which thehead Th' contacts. while the front wall ot' the easingl would prevent the head 7T from being forced beyond proper position'. basingr 5l and the mechanism mounted thereon. as well as the coin-receiving; reeepta# ele $7. are all ineased b v an outer covering or easing Jl which is adapted to' be slid over the top of casing 5l and ItheI mechanism se cured thereto. The easing 91 is locked in place by means ot' a suitable lock. indicated at J2-in Fig. l1; easingr 51 beingY perinanently secured to the top or eorer 3l of the main portion of the apparat-us.
The to i or cover at one side to the main body or ta-nlr of the.
i apparatus. while the other side may be, prorided'with a suitable loelr so that' access to the interior oi the. water-reeelvingr Cooling, ehamher eannot he had b v unauthorized individuals.
rThe top ot' the outer shell or easing 91 is- 'Figa ll, pivotall)y mounted aty the point 97.
This disk 96 is provided with a number of slots 9S adapted to be brought into register with the enlarged slot'V or openingl 93 in the outer casing' ttl and the comparatively large slot, or opening 9i in the top of the inner shell or easing 51. The openings or slots 93 and. 9i are located immediately above the slotted heads 77 and 78 of the levers 73 and 74. shown in Fi 1 9. The slots 98 in the disk 9G are of di erentI sizes and also located at, different distances from the. center of the disk, so thatone of the slots 98 maybe brought beneath the'large slot or opening", .inthe outer casing.r and in alinement with the selected slot in the, heads 't' 7 and 78 of the iovers'73 and 74. For example.' the slot. 9S, shown in Fig. il, beneath slotl 9?v of the :il is preferably hinged.
outer shell creasing, is adapted to aline with ythe slots 7 9 adjacent the sides oi' heads 7 7 and 78; so that -thevdevica as just described, will merely lpermit the insertion of a `coin of iven dimensions, as, for example, a centw ile the other 'slot 98 1n disk 96,
when brought beneath the opening 93 of' the outer shell or casing, is adapted to register with an intermediate slot 7 9 in heads 77 and 78, thereby settin the devioe to receive a coin of diierent imensions as, for exanr ple, a five cent piece, rThe disk 96 maybe provided with additional slots at a proper distance from the center commensnratewith the width of heads 77 and 78, adapted to register with different sized slots in the heads "7 7 and 7 8, so that the device will loe adapted .lock 92 into unlocking position 'oy the use of a proper key. Loch 92 therefore not only v unlocks casing 9i from casing 5i, lout, 'by its' operation, is also put' into a position which will permit rotation of disk 96; access to thel disk 96 'only 'being had from the under side of shell or casing. 91.
In order to direct the inserted coin into the coin-receptacle 87, after the coin has passed through the composite slot oi' the heads 77 and 78, the side wall of the inner shell or casing 51 is shown provided with a suitable guide 100, see Figs. 8 and 9, the
lower end whereof is curved slightly awafy on the front wall from the side wall or shell 5l, therelijg? directing the 'coins to the side of `the levers.
The outer shell or casing 9i may also he used asa means for holding suitable adver tisements or other inscription. 'We have shown the top of shell or easing 93. provided with the upwardly presented frame portion 101, formed so as to permit the insertion of a card, as at B, provided with the desired advertisement or inscription. The card B is preferably inserted within the trame 10i from the bottomv so as to prevent the ini proper removal thereof. lin order to permit access to frame 101, for the purpose of serting or withdrawing the card B, we have shown the frame 101 removably secured to the top wall of shell or casing '91 hy means of the butterfly nuts 102, see Fig. 10, which screw on the depending screw-rods 103 se cured to the frame-member 101 end. extending through suitable openings in the top Wall of outer shell or easing 2l.
In Fig. d, we show a inediti-ed 'forni of invention, in so iar as the cooling chamber is concerned, as well as a dierent method oi. mounting the cup or dip-member. instead of 'providing the upper portion of the body or tank 20 with an insulated wall. like that shown in Fig. l, the upper portion is adapted to receive a suitable receptacle or iceholding vessel iOi, composed oi' suitable inaterial such as liber and the like, arranged not to interfere with the insulation-holding portion 34. of the cover 34.
The receptacle or vessel 1.04 is provided with a liquid-holding vessel 30, preferably of vitreous ware, so made as to permit suticient. space for the insertion oi.' ice within the vessel 10d about the water-receiving .vessel 30s.
The water-receiving vessel 30a is provided 'with an intermediate wall or partition 105 which, with the rear wall of vessel 3G, is adapted to constitute' the hott-le of: containerreceiving portion; the upper ends of the intermediate wall 105 and the rear wall being extended through an opening in the top 311i oi. the tank and suitably tiered to receive the inverted container or hottie The front Wall the vessel 30?, like the vessel shown in Fig. 2, is proridedwith a suitable extension 36a to receive the liquid'discharge from the cup or dipper-1nemher 106; the extension 36a being provided with an. outlet to which is connected the discharge spout 3'?, as in the previously described construction.
The front Wall o?? the vessel 30, at a point within the extension 36', is provided an opening or slot for the passage ci the spout portion l0? of cup or dippersnemlser 106. in this construction, the spout 107 is so formed or bent that the cup or dippenniemher OG may be suspended from the front Wall or" receptacle 30E and therefore oscillate of the receptacle 30a, as shown in Fig. Li. The spout-portion 107, is shown provided with the semieiroular groove 108. :is more clearly shown in ig. The spout 107. like spout 42, is also provided with an upwardly pre ent/ed exten sion is provided with the elongated slot adapted to receive pin 46 on the lower i lever 4 7. which latter is operated through the manipulation or slide or plunger 56.
7lfhe neck' oi'the contaiiz or hoede 2Liis shown provided with an extension 4Q, like in Fig. l, in order to bring the outlet oii the hottie or container into horizontal plane beneath that ot the opening in the front nwall of Vessel 30a throughI which spout 107 passes, so that the level of the liquid in Vessel 30u may act as an automatic seal for container or bottle 24 and prevent the 50W therefrom except in quantities commensurate with the amount that is being; 'withdrawn from vessel 30?, from time to time, through operation. of cup or flipper-member 106.
nthe or dipper-rnemher 10d, shown in CII charge or spout-'portion so as to control the point. ol' outlet from the cup or clipper-member. The slot in the spout 10T, preferably terminatesl a short distance from the lower end of the spout so as to leave the imperforate portion 107n in the lower part ot the dipper, as shown in Fig. 6. This permits the encircling band or regulatil'ig member 11.0 to be moved upward a considerable distance without uncovering the lower end of slot 109. Such movement will prevent the liquid in the lower part ot' the cup or dipper-nieinber 106 draining or discharging therefrom. lt
is evident from this construction that the quantity of liquid to be dispensed with each operation of the device may be controlled by the positioning of encircling band or regulating member 110: for example. b v moving the band or member 110 upward on the spout-portion 107, without uncovering the lower end of the slot 109` a small quantity ot liquid will be obtained with each operation of the device. 0n the other hand` a. greater quantity ot' liquid would be dispensed with each operation ot the cup or dipper-lneinber 106. when the member or band 110 is moved to itsI extreme upward position so as to uncover the lower part of Slot 109, as thisl would allow the entire contents ot cup or dipper-meniber 100 to be drained therefrom. f
The apparatus` as disclosed in Figs. tand l. is provided with the drip-receiving funnel 111, mounted in the. same vertical plane as discharge-spout 3T. so as to receive the drip therefrom and direct the waste water into the waste vessel 25 located in the lower compartment of the tanlv' 20. The tunnel 111, as well as thev opening in the side wall ofthe tank 20. through which the lower end of the funnel passes. is made of a size sufficient to permit the passage ot' used or discarded cups. which will be directed into the drip and cup-receiving vessel 1n Fig. 5. we show a modification ol our invention adapted for privare use where the coin-controlled mechanism is not desired.
with the forwardly presented extension 36a, and the forward wall of the Vessel 30b is adapted to be in close iliroximity with the wall of the outer or ice receptacle 10st, so as to permit the discharge or spout; 107a of the cup or dipper-member 106a to extend througliiv a suitable opening in the wall of the outer vessel 104. The cup or clipper-member 106, like.' cup or dipper-member 100, has a portion extending through an opening inthe front wall of Water-receiving vessel 301 and is oscillatingly mounted thereon. The opening in the vessel 101 is provided with a' suitable shell 112, provided with a plunger 115, the lower end whereof rests on a suitable boss formed on the discharge member or spout 1071. It is evident from this construction that depression of plunger 113 will cause the cup or clipper-member 106a to be tilted upward out of the position shown in Fig. 5 and force the outlet end of spout 107 1 into a lower horizontal plane than the bottom of the cup or clipper-member 106, thereby allowing the liquid to be drained therefrom. The opening in the front wall of the liquid-receiving vessel 301 is in a horizontal plane above that of the mouth or orifice of the inverted bottle or container 24, so that the liquid in vessel 30" will automatically seal the container 2l and prevent flow from container or bottle 2l except when suticient liquid is taken from vessel 30b through the operation of the cup or dipper-member 106, whereby the level of the liquid would drop below the orifice of the bottle. 24. The liquidreceiving vessel 30",` like the liquid-receiving vessels previously described, is provided with the upwardlvT presented receiving-por-- tion 105. adapted to extend through a suitable opening in the cover 114 ot' the outer vessel 104.
lVe have shown and described several evemplifieations of our inventaon, but it will be understood that the constructions illustrated maT be altered incertain respects without` however, departing' fromA the spirit of our invention, and we. do not wish to be understocal therefore as limiting ourselves to the exact construetiims shown and described.
What we claim Ais:*
l, .ln an apparatus of the class described, coin-controlled locking means. comprising a pair of spring-controlled pivoted levers adapted to oscillat'e toward and from each other, said levers being` provided with heads The construction, so far as the cooler,or fiber ice-holding receptacle and cup or dippermember are concerned. is substantially identical with the similar elements used in the, construction shown in Fig. l. except thatY the water-receiving vessel l30h is not provided having (au-related coin-receiving slots of var ving dnnensions so that insertion of a predetermmml-coin will cause the head-portions of said levers to oscillate awa)vr from each other, in 'combination with a reciprocating men'iher with which one ofsaid levezs norn'lally engages. l ,l
Q, ln an apparatus of the class described.' coin-controlled locking means comprising 't plunger through the ilmertion ol' :x preselected coin, en outer easing for seid receptacle provided with :i eoi11-1'ece\'ing -dot, and n member movzlblj.' mounted beneath the slot in said outer casing wherehjy the requisite coin for unlocking said levers is determined.
10. 1n :in apparatus of the class described, a receptacle provided with :i coin-receiving opening, u plunger recipromltngly mounted in said receptacle, n lever pivotzilly mounted in the receptacle und nornmlly locking said plunger against outward moveimxnt, said lever being adapted to be moved out of locking engagement with the plunger through the. insertion of u' predetermined coin, :und n multiplelotted member rotatably mounted in the receptacle beneath the eonq'eeeving slot whereby the requisite coin i'o1.=1i1o\'inr the lever ont of locking engagement with the plunger is determined.
CHARLES DOEIHNG. Jn. HENK Y H. DOERING.
Witnesses J. Il.' B fiUMoAlrrMcn', MAX A. Domme.