US 1267084 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
L. L. KNOX.
APPLICATION min Nov. 4, 1913.
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APPucAnou FILED Nov. 4, i913.
Patented May 21,1918.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LUTHER L. KNOX, OF AVALON, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR T flLAW-KNOX COMPANY, OF PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA, A. CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
BUILDING STRUCTURE gplication filed November 4, 1933.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I Ln'runn L. Knox, a citizen of the United States, residing at Avalon, in the county of Allegheny and State'of Pennsylvania, have invented it new and useful Improvement in Building Structures, of which. the following is a full, clear,
and exact description, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a struc ture embodying my invention;
Fig. 2 is a similar view of the framework of the structure;
' 3 is a. transverse section through a portion of the frame;
Figs. 4 and 5 are vertical sections showing two different modifications;
Fig. 6 is a sectional plan view showing the construction of one of the lower front cocner portions of the frame;
- Fig. 7 is a side view showing the same parts as Fig. 6; and
Fig. 8 is a transverse section through a portion of the roof covering.
My invention has relation to building structures and while especially applicable to garages, may also be applied to other relatively small buildings. The object my invention is to provide a building strut ture which can be constructed, sold and erected at a relatively small cost, and in which the parts. can be fitted and prepared for erection in the shop and shipped to the erector in such form that they can he assembled by him chea ly and without the necessity for skilled la. 01'.
The nature of my invention will be best understood by reference to the accompanying drawings. which will now be described, it being premised. however, that the striicturc shown and described is capable of various modifications in its details withoutdcparting from the spirit and scope of the ap pended claim.
The main framework of the structure cornprises a series of vertical posts or studs 2, which are connected at the top and bottom by the longitudinal members 3 and 4-, re spectively, and by the transverse members 5, 6, 7 and 8. This frame may be conveniently and cheaply formed from standard rolled steel angles and bans. the connections between the members being made by directly riveting or bolting the parts together or Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 21, 1918.
Serial No. 799,138.
through the medium of gusset plates, such, as indicated at 9. The front end of the" strnrture is provided with additional ver- Heal posts it), to which the doors 11 are hinged. These posts are braced by the top connections '7 and also by the connection 6. The lower front corners may be further reintm'ced by means of the angular gusset plates 12, and braces 13. The frame is also provided with the arched roof-supporting members 14 and 1.5.
The roof and side covering of the struc ture preferably consist of corrugated iron sheets, such as indicated at 1.6, the eorrunations running vertically in the side sheath-- ing and transversely in the roof. The roof -shccts are bent to conform to the curvature of the supports 14 and 15 and are suitably overhung to form cares. I preferably secure the roof in place by means of offset clips, such shown at 17, these clips being shaped and spa ed so as to engage the edges of the longitudinal top angle members 3. In put' tinnthese roof sheets in place, they are sprung into somewhat greater arch form than that which they normally have and the clips are engaged with. these angle members. the reef plates tend to flatten out, the lips will be firmly engaged with the angle in nihew. inususuch as this will tend to cause :1 i'sjli'ing of the said members, I prefersibly provic'le the latter with a centrally arranged cross tie 18. consisting of a two part rod with hooked ends and united by a turn buckle 19. The turn buckle can be tightened after the roof plates have been'npplied so as to bring the frame back to its normal position. The adjacent roof plates are preferably overlapped, as indicated at 20 in Fig. 8.
The plates which form the side and end sheathing may be secured in substantially the sum! manner as the roof plates by pro vidingthem with the offset clips 21., as shown in Fig. 5. These clips are arranged to engage the vertical arms of the to and bottom angles. the sheets being slightly sprung in making this engagement in a manner similar to the roof plates or sheets. I may also employ the construction shown in Fig. 4:, in which instead of clips 21, at the upper portion of the sheets, I provide them with the bendable extensions 22, whose free edge portions may be bent around the edges of the top longitudinal angles and in trusses.
locking engagement therewith, as shown in this figure.
The structure may be erected on any suitable base. In Fig. 4, I have shown it as provided with a wood floor 23, supported on sleepers 24 the bottom an Ice being referably spiked or bolted to t e floor. 11 Fig. 5, I have shown the structure as having a dirt or concrete floor, the bottom angles being supported on the blocks or sills 25.
The frame members may be shipped in partially assembled form, the parts being provided with the necessary bolt or rivet holes, to enable the erector to complete the assembling.
My invention provides a structure which can be manufactured, sold and erected at a very small expense, and which will answer all purposes required of a small garage or similar structure. The frame being formed of standard rolled shapes, the parts can be quickly and cheaply cut to proper lengths and punched ready for assembling. By using a roof of curved form, I avoid the necessity for providing the frame with roof The curved end supports 14 and 15 are not necessary for the support of the roof, but are provided to form means for securing the end sheathing.
A knock-down building structure of the character described, comprisin a skeleton frame having top and bottom longitudinal. members, each top member having a down wardly projecting flange and an inwardly projecting flange, each of the bottom memers having an upwardly extending flange, a roof formed of metal sheets bent or sprun into arch form which extend over both 0 the top longitudinal members, said sheets having clips on their inner surfaces which are slprung'into engagement with the inward y projecting flanges of the top members and are held in position against 'said flanges by thespring of the sheets, and a sheet metal sheathing having upwardly and downwardly extending clips attached to the inner side, the upper chpsengaging the downwardly promoting flanges of the 'upper members. while the lower clips engage the upwardly extending flanges of the lower members, the arrangement being such that the sheathing and the roof sheets are held in position by the longitudinal members and the clips, su stantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
LUTHER L. KNOX.
Gno. H. PARMELEE, H. M. Coawm.