US 1267397 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. E. GARBOW. POTATO SEED CUTTING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED SEPT. n. 1917.
Patented May 28,1918.
2 SHEETS-SHEET WNESSES 26 I INVENTOR 4 $602396 E flaraw;
ATTORNEY s. E. GARBOW, POTATO SEED CUTTINGMACHINE. APPLICATIONFILED SEPT-l7.1917- 1 LQG'LEQ? Patented May28,191s.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2.
ATTO R N EY UNKTEE FFTQE.
GEORGE E. GARBOW, OF PIERSON, MICHIGAN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 28, 1918.
Application filed September 17, 1917. Serial No. 191,816.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE E. GARBow, a citizen of the United States, residin at Pierson, in the county of Montcalm an State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Potato-Seed-Cutting Machines, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to an improved po-' tato seeding machine and the principal object of the invention is to provide a machine so constructed that the potatoes may be carried up an endless belt into operative engagement with rotating cutting knives and sliced into sections, the sections being then brought into engagement with the removing plates serving to disconnect the sections rom the belt.
Another object of the invention is to so construct this belt that the potato engaging pins thereof will be so positioned or inclined that the potatoes will not be moved out of engagement therewith when out and will be so inclined that when the potatoes engage the removing plates, they may be easily dis connected from the penetrating pins.
Another object of the invention is to so construct this machine that if desired, the removing plates may be turned from an operative position thus permitting one plate to be left in an operative position to remove one section of the potato from the belt and permit the remaining section of the potato to be returned to the operator and again connected with the belt for cutting.
Another object of the invention is to so construct this machine that one person may operate the same if so desired.
This invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a view showing the improved potato seeding machine in side elevation,
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the improved machine with a small portion of the traveling belt or apron broken away,
ig. 3 is a view showing the improved machine in side elevation lookin from the opposite side of the machine rom the view shown in Fig. 1,
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary longitudinal sectioial view through the improved machine, an
Fig. 5 isa perspective view showing two of the removin plates.
The improve machine is provided with a base 10 having standards 11 and 12 extend ing therefrom and carrying side bars 13, the base, standards and side bars forming a frame. The apron or belt 1 1 will be formed of flexible material such as canvas, leather or any other suitable material and carries sprocket chains 15 passing about the sprocket wheels 16 mounted upon the upper and lower shafts 17 and 18. A table or supporting board 19 will be placed beneath the upper flight of this apron thus providing a support and preventing sagging of the upper flight when the machine is in use. In addition to the sprocket carrying shafts 17 and 18, there has been provided shafts 20 and 21 extending through the side bars 13, the shaft 21 carryin a gear 22 meshing with a gear 23 carried by the shaft 20 and the shaft 20 carrying a second gear 24 meshing with the gear 25 of the shafts 17. It will thus be seen that when the shaft 21 is rotated through the medium of the handle 26 carried by gear 27 rotary movement will be transmitted to the shaft 17 and further that rotary movement will be transmitted to the shaft 28 through the medium of the gear 29 mounted thereon and meshing with the gear. 27. This shaft 28 carries a fly wheel 30 and is provided intermediate its length with cutting disks 31 extending in operative relation to the apron 1 1. The apron 14 carries rows of pins 32 which extend at an angle as shown. in Figs. 1, 3 and a so that the pins of the upper flight of this apron will be inclined toward the lower end of the frame. These pins pass upon opposite sides of the cutting knives and it will be readily seen that when in operation, a potato placed upon the pins will be moved upwardly and car ried past the cutting disks with the cutting disks cutting the potato into sections. By having the pins inclined as shown, the potato may be out without danger of being moved oil of the pins through engagement with the cutting disks and further by havin the pins inclined as shown, the sections 0 the potato may be easily moved from the pins when the pins pass through the cutouts 33 of the removing plates 34:. These removing plates will be pivotally mounted upon a rod 35 and will be limited in their swinging movement in one direction by the cross bar or rod 36 so that they will be prevented from engaging the apron. It will be further noted that the plates will be provided with extensions 34: to engage the rod'36and'limit the swinging ofthe plates when moved 'up wardly.
The potatoes may be placed uponthepins:
with one hand and the driving shaft 21 rotated through the medium ofi'the'rhandlei 26? engaged by the second hand or one person can turn the driving shaft and another-wean feed the potatoes upon the apron, The potatoes will be placed upo'n'the pins and'will be carried upwardly past the cutting knives which knives will-'cut'them into sections. The sections will be carried upwardly to the" end'of the machine and when engaging theplates will be removed from the pins and will drop into suitable receptacle. If'a large potato is to be cut'and it is desired tocut the'potato more than once, it'will be placedupon the pins and one of the remov ing plates for the particular'setof pins will be swung backwardly out of" the way: This will permit the largersection of the potato to be passed down and be carried along the lower flightof the apron hile the smaller sectionwill be removed by the plates in an operative position and' will drop intoithe receptacle. The larger section can be removed from the aproni when itreaches the lower-end of the f-i'an'ie and it can beputi'n place so that the section will beagain cut. If so desired, large potatoes-could be cuton one side of the machine and'smaller' ones on the opposite side thu's-permitti'ng'the large potatoes to be putin place on one side and when out the larger sections removed and put in place upon the opposite side of the machine so that both sections would then be removed when the larger section is out.
There has therefore been provided a potato seed cutting machine which will be very convenient for use and which will be very efhcient in operation sin'cethepotatoes can be quickly and easily out; It will be further noted that by providing the board or table 19 a good support will-be provided for the potatothus preventing sagging of the upper flight of" the apron and further insuring'a good cut whenthe'potato passes beneath the cutting knife;
-What is claimed is 2- 1. A potato seed cutter comprisinga frame including a base, forward and rear standards extendii'ig from the base, side bars connected with t'he'standards and positioned at an incline, an; endless apron movably mounted between the sidebars, potato penetrating and carrying pins extending from the apron, cutting means positioned above the upper flight of the apron and in operative relation to the potato carrying pins, and means for engaging, cut sections of potato and removing the same from the pins.
2. Apotato cutting machine com-prisinga frame including standards, side bars carried by the standards and extending at an incline,
an endless apron "-movablyv mounted between the side bars; penetrating "pins extending from-the apron in longitudinally extending rows :with theypi-ns of the upper flight of the apron positioned at an incline toward thea-lowe'nrends of the side bars, cutting means rotatably mounted above the apron iniopera-tiive relation to the rowsaof:pcnjetrating pins, means for driving the cutting means and imparting movement to the p o and e ns for removingw liq d. ee tions of potato fromthe. penetrating,pins.
A 'potato seed cutting machine comprising a. frame, an endless apron movably mounted in: said frame, penetrating pins extending from the apron and inclined'toward the en-d thereof, cutting meansrcarriedby the frame and positionedin operative: re;
, lation to the apron andpin s carried thereby, and means'carriedfby, the frame for removing sliced potato sections from the pins.
s id s ch n o haracter. 1&- scrib'edcomprisingm frame including side bars, upper and lower shafts extending be; tween the side bars, sprockets arried:- by the shafts, an endless apron, sprocket. chains carried by the apron" and passing about the sprocket wheels-, carriers carried by the apron, a driven, shaft rotatably mounted above the apronand carryingcntt ingilmives extending in operative relation to the carrying elementsof"the-apron, means for imparting, rotary movement to the knife carrying shaft andt'oone of the first mentioned shafts, and means for removingsliced' arti- 1,00 cles from the carrying elementfof the-apron.
5. A slicing mach ne comprising; a conveyer frame including side bars, and standards for the side bars -with one set of standards extending above the; sidebars, upper andlower shafts extending between thefside bars, sprocket Wheels carried. by the upper and lower shafts, an endless" conveyer belt in the conveyer' frame, sprocket chains carried by thebelt' and engagingthe sprocket wheels, a ltnife carrying shaft-r tatabIy supported by the standards extending above the side bars with the knives of the knife carrying shaft positioned in operativerela tion to" the conveyerbelt, adriving-shaft, means for imparting rotary movement from thedriving'sha ft to; the knifecarrying shaft,
and means for imparting rotary-"move i;nent
the apron and provided with cutouts permitting passage of the pins, when the plates 1,30
are in an operative position, and means for supporting the plates in operative position and out of contact with the apron.
7. A potato seed cutter comprising a frame, an endless apron movably mounted in the frame, potato penetrating and carrying pins extending from the apron, cutting means positioned above the apron in an operative relation to the potato carrying pins, and means for engaging cut sections of a potato and removing the same from the pins.
8. A slicing machine of the character described comprising a conveyer frame, an
endless conveyer apron movably mounted in the frame, Carrying pins extending from the apron, cutting knives mounted in operative relation to the apron, and removing plates mounted in operative relation to the apron and having their free end portions extending toward the apron and provided with cutouts permitting passage of the pins when the plates are in an operative position.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
GEORGE E. GARBOW.
Witnesses FRED GARBow, CHARLES RIND.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. G.