US 1269019 A
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Patented J 1mg 11, 1918.
2 SHEETS-SHEET I.
I vwehfoz 1 742162329? $Zmyf F. SZMYT. WAR PROTECTING SUIT. LICATI FILED AP 1,269,01 9. Patented June 11, 1918. 2 EEEE Ts- EEEEE 2.
INVENTOR Fmnczazei? 62 1118 ATTORNEY PATENT oFFIoE.
UNITED STATES FBANGISZEK 'sznr'r, or BAYONNE, iiEw annsnr.
wan rnoTncTme-sUI Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed April 22, 1918. Serial No. 230,008.
To all whom it may concern: 7
Be it known that I, FRANGISZEK SzMrT,
Y a citizen of Poland, residing at Bayonne,
county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful, Improvements in War Protecting- Suits, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in suits of armor as worn by soldiers and its special object is to provide-means for protecting the main portions of the body against projectiles and the like. I
"A further object is to provide a new form of armor plate comprised of super-imposed layersv of material, the various layers of the armor being so united as to permit entire freedom of action of the limbs and head.
These and other like objects are attained by the novel construction and combination of parts hereinafter described and shown in the accompanying drawings, forming a material part of this disclosure, and in which Figure 1 is a front elevational view showing .an armor made in accordance with the invention.
andback plates meeting closely together at the sides, while the front or breast plate is formed concavely, as at 14, for the throat of the wearer.
Engaged in the openings 15, which are formed partially in the front and back plates, are the shoulder armors 16, the same being held by the pins 18, in such manner as to allow the elements 16 to move freely thereon. 4
Connected with the shoulder armors'16,
which are substantially of'tubular construc-.
tion and slotted longitudinally at the lower side, as at 19, are the lower arm plates 20,
the same being slightly'conical and attached by flexible clips 21, as best shown in Fig. 3.
An armored apron 24 is secured at the front or waist, at the lower end of the front plate 10, by hinges 25, a similar rear apron 26 being secured by hinges 27 to the rear plate 11, these aprons extend partially over the legging 28, which are adjoined to the front plate and rear plate 11, by arenately curved triangular plates 29, pivoted Patented June 11, 1918.
at 30 to the plates 10 and 11, the armor leggmg s1des are connected by straps 32, so
as to be maintained adjacent to. the lower limbs of the wearer.
Formed with the rear plate 11 are extensions connecting by the-hinges 36 with the helmets 38, adapted to cover the head of the wearer, the helmet being normally drawn downward, due to the pull of the tension spring 39, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, while in the modification shown in Figs.
3 and 4, the spring is dispensed with and in place thereof is secured a strap 40, adaptedto passbelow the chin of the wearer,
holding the helmet in a downward position.
All these several armor plates are constructed-in a .novel manner, comprised of layers, the inner layer 42 of which is of strong cotton fabric like canvas, the center layer 43 being of glass, and "the outer layer 44 of paraflin fiber.
The inner cotton layer provides a cushionlike surface adapted to make contact with a the ordinary garments worn by the individual, while the center layer of glass, treated so as to be non-fragile, supplies the necessary resistance to the impact of a prov jectil'e, or the like, while the outer layer of V parafiin fiber, serves to receive and retard the missile, the several layers being fixedly united together, forming laminated plates of high resisting properties. i
Having thus described my inventlon what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is.
1. A laminated armor comprised of inner layer of cotton fabric, a center layer of glass, and another layer of paralfin fiber, all of said. layers being-firmly united tog'ether. p 2. In an armor, the combination with a plurality of plates suited to the body of a wearer, said plates being comprised of mner layers of cotton, middle layers of glass, and outer layers of paraflin fiber.
3. An armor, comprising a front and back plate, leggings attached thereto, said leggings covering the rear and front portion of. the limbs, connections between the elemerits of said leggings, armored aprons atsaid helmet in position, all of said plates tached hingedly to said front and rear being of laminated construction, comprised plates respectively, conical armored. coverof layers of cotton, glass and parafiin fiber 1c ings for the arms, said coverings being rerespectively.
5 movably engaged in said front and back In testimony whereof I have aflixed my plates, a helmet hingedly engaged With said signature. rear plate, and means for normally holding FRANCISZEK SZMYT.