US 1270343 A
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APPLlcATroN man SEPT. 12. |917.
Patented J un 2 5% I ECD.
UNITED STATES PATENT oEErcE.
FBANCISZEK SZMYT, OF`COLLINSVILLE, OKLAHOMA.
a citizen of Russia, resid in the countyy of Rogers n State of Oklahoma, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bullet-Shields, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to armor and has particular reference to a compound armor or resisting projectiles. y
One object of the invention is to provide an improved form of non-metallic armor.
A second object of the invention is to provide an improved form of non-metallic armor so arranged and constructed that the shock of projectiles striking the armor will be absorbed and thus avold injury to the vessel or body protected by the armor.
A third obJect of the invention is to provide an improved armor of this description which ymay be used in connection with a ship without affecting the otation of the ship unduly.
With the above and other objects in view, as 'vill be ,hereinafter apparent the inventioi onsists in general of certainnovel de- I tails of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated 1n the accompanying drawing and specifically claimed.
In the accompanying drawin like characters of reference indicate lie parts in the several views, and
Figure 1 is a vertical section taken through a portion of the side of the shi and showinthe improved armor applie thereto.
ig. 2 is a face view o' a portion of the armor showing successive layers broken i away in order to disclose the construction.
Flg. 3 is a perspective view, partly broken away, showing one embodiment of the armor for use in connection with individual persons.
In the embodiment of the armor shown in the accompanying drawings there is disclosed an inner layer 10 of rubber. This inner layer of rubber consists of a series of sheets 11 of resilient rubber having between them sheets 12 of reinforcing fabric, the whole being so vulcanized together as to form one body. It will be noted, especially from Fig. 1 that the innermost sheet has its lower end projecting downward as at 13 and that its upper end is also elongated Specification of Letters Patent.
Application led September 12, 1917. Serial No. 190,962;
Patented Jane 25, 191s.
and extends over the tops of the remaining sheets 11. Covering the outermost of these sheets and extending down across the ends of the intermediate sheets 11 is a la er 15 of felted' cotton 15. This layer 15 a so extends down as at 16 to cover part of the Irojecting `portion 14 of the innermost sheet.
n the outside of this cotton layer is a layer 17 of cork which has been boiled in oil until it is thorou hly saturated and comparatively soft. The portion 14 of the innermost sheet is brought forward over the cotton and cork sheets and extends down as at 18 over the upper part of the outer surface of the cork sheet. In like manner the portion 13 of the inner rubber sheet is bent back over the lower portions of the cork and cotton sheets as at 19. The same arrangement may be used all around the edges as indicated at 20 in Fig. 3 and suitable straps 21 may be used to hold the armor on the body or in the case of a ship S bolts 22 may be used to hold the armor on the side of the ship. Now referrin especially to the armor for a ship it will e seen that the armor principall consists of the rubber which is of near y equal specific gravity with the water, cotton and cork and that thereby any excess of the specific avity of the rubber over water is neutra ed by the deficit of the s ecic gravity of the -to the penetration of project' es and there has thus been provided a simple and eiicient device of the kind described and for the purpose specified.
It is obvious that many minor changes maybe made in the form and construction of the invention without departing from the material principles thereof. It is not therefore desired to confine the invention to the exact form herein shown and described but it is wished to include all such as proper1 come within the scope claimed.
llav' thus described the invention, what is claime as new is A projectile resisting armor consisting .of an inner layer of rubber inclosin a pluralit of spaced sheets of reinforcing fabric whereby the rubber layer is also arranged in a plurality of sheets, the innermost rubber sheet being of greater dimensions vertically than the remaining sheets, and an ntermethe cotton and cork layers, and means to diate layer of felted cotton covering the hold said vlawyers together.
outer rubber shees lnd; a portn ofhthe In testimony whereof I affix my Signature. lower extremity o t e inner ru er s eet, T
5 an outer layer of cork saturated in oil and FRAB' CISZEK bZMYT covering the cotton layer, the upper and lower portions of the innermost rubber sheet enveloping .the top and. bottom portions of Witnesses:
B. R. KIRCHMER, JOE KAzMmRzAK.