US 1272684 A
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DRESS SHIELD AND PROCESS OF MAKING SAME.
APPLICATION HLE D M AY I5. 1916 Patented July 16, 1918.
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ROBERT LEVI, on NEW YORK, n. Y.
DRESS-SHIELD AND PROCESS OF MAKING SAME.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 16, 1918.
Application filed May 15, 1916. Serial No. 97,481.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, ROBERT LEVI, a citizen of the United States, residing in the borough of Manhattan, city, county, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Dress-Shields and Processes of Making Same, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to an improved dressshield and method of manufacturing the same. Dress-shields as ordinarily made have a binding or braid secured about the outside edges to give finish and to conceal the rough edges of the seams. Such bindings are relatively expensive and are also, stiff and uncomfortablefor the wearer. They also present the difficulty that it is impossible to have the braid properly match the colors of the lining and outside or cover portions of the shield in most instances. My invention does away with these difficulties by providing a dress-shield in which no braid orv binding is used, and a method of making the same, whereby the various members of the shield are so secured together that the rough edges of the seams are in the interior of the construction where they are out of the way, the visible portions of the shield thus presenting a neat appearance, without the use of the braid or binding referred to.
In order that a clearer understanding of my invention may be had, attention is hereby directed to the accompanying drawings forming part of this application and illustrating my improved process and product. In the drawings, Figure 1 represents in face view a pair of cover members secured together, this constituting the first step of the process; Fig. 2 represents in face view the members of the shield secured together as in the second step of the process; Fig. 3 is a vertical cross-section taken on line 33 of Fig. 2; Figs. 4, 5 and 6 represent face views of the shield in subsequent stages of construction; Fig. 7 is a face view of the finished shield and Fig. 8 is an enlarged, somewhat diagrammatic cross-sectiou taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 7
Referring to the drawings, a pair of cover members 1, 1, of shield or crescent shape, are first superposed and stitched together along the line 2 adjacent to the inside or concavelycurved edges 3 of the members. These cover members may be of any suitable material,
such as sateen, or the like, and are placed together as shown in Fig. 1 with their outer or finished sides together. The cover members 1, 1 are then reversed about the seam 9., so that the finished sides of the members will be outside and the rough edges or ridge of the seam inside.
The lining members 4, 4, of muslin, or the like, are then. laid upon the outside or finished surfaces of members 1, l and the moistureproof member 5, of rubber, or the like, is laid upon the opposite or unfinished faces of the cover members 1, 1. Each lining member is then stitched through the adjacent cover member to the moistureproof member along the lines 6, 6, adjacent to the outer or conveXly-curved. edges of the shield. This stage of the operation is represented in Figs. 2 and 3, in which the shield is shown as being thus secured together and folded about the concavely-curved seam 2, the up per leaf of the shield being folded back in Fig. 2 to show that the moistureproof member 5 is on the inside at this stage of the construction. The upper lining member 4 and the other members of the construction are also shown broken away in part, to show the relative position of the various members.
The result of the last operation is to form apair of pockets, the outer sheet of each being formed by a lining member 4 and the inner sheet being formed of the outer cover 1 and one-half of the moistureproof member 5, the outer cover 1 being next to the lining member 4. Also the rough edges 7 caused by the stitching (3 are on the outside. Accordingly, the next step of the operation consists in turning each pocket inside out, as is shown in Fig. 4. As is shown in this figure, the lining member 4 is'still on the outside, but the outside cover 1 new forms the inner surface of each pocket, the moistureproof member 5 now being between the lining 4 and the outer cover 1 of each pocket. Also, the ridge or rough edge of the outside seam formed by the stitching 6 around each pocket is now on the inside of the pocket.
The pockets of the shield now bein laid one upon the other, that is, the shield eing folded along the seam 2, as shown in Figs. 4 and 5, with the lining members 4, 4 at the top and the bottom, respectively, the lining members 4, 4 are now stitched together along the concavely-curved line 8, above the fold of the moistureproof member and adjacent to the concavely-curved or inside edges 9 of the lining members 1.
This having been done, it is only necessary to fold the shield in reverseposition,that is, to rotate the two members of the shield through 180 about the concavely-curved line thereof, so-that the outside, cover members 1 will be outside and the lining mem-' bers at will be inside, as is shown in Fig. 6. The seam S willnow be on the inside, as is shown in Fig. 6. It is now only necessary to iron and smooth the shield to finish the same.
The finished shield is illustrated in Fig. 7 and the arrangement of the members thereof is shown somewhat diagrammatically in :Fig. 8. The stitching 6 may be added,-ifdesired, as. shown in Figs. 7 and 8, to make a more finished appearance.
'It will :be understood that my invention is not limited strictly to all of the details above described, but that a resemblance .of equivalents is included therein.
:Having now particularly described'my invention, what I claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is as follows 1. As a -new article of manufacture a dress-shieldcomprising a lining,-an outside cover, and a moistureproof member extending betweenthe same, said lining, cover and moistureproof member :having rough convex edges, and being stitched together adjacent said edges, with the cover and lining meeting at the lines-of stitching, at the extreme outside edges of the shield, and having'their outer surfaces coextensive at such edges, the lining, cover and moistureproof member being bentback from the stitching toextend side by side therefrom to their rough edges, between the'liningrand the cover, the edges of the seams being concealed between the lining and cover.
2. The process of making a dress-shield, consisting in superposing a pair of shieldshaped'covermembers and stitching the same along the concavely-curvededge, reversing the members to place the ridge of the same of lining members upon the outer faces of the ,cover members, stitching together one leaf-of the moistureproof member and the itClJilCQIlt cover and lining members along the outside or convex edge andsimilarly stitchingtogether-the other leaf of the moistureproof member and the other cover and lining member, turning-each pocket thus formed inside out and folding the structure upon itself, along the concavely-curvedmedian line of the moistureproof member, withthe cover members superpo-sediand the lining members outside, and stitching the lining members together along the concavely-curved edges thereof, about the fold of the moistureproof member, substantially as set forth.
3. The processof making a dress-shield, consisting in superposing, on a moistureproof member, anouter covering and a pair of lining .members'on the outer covering, with the curved inside edges of the lining members adapted to-overlap, stitching each lining member through the outer covering to the moistureproof member, adjacent :the outside convexly curved edgesof all of .the same, turning each pocket thus formed insideout, to position the moistureproof-me1nbcr and-the ridges of theseams between the lining members and the outer covering, folding the structure upon itself along theconcavely-curved median line of the moistureproof member, with the lininginembers outside and the folded outer covering inside, and stitching the lining members together along the curved meeting edges thereof, about the foldof the moistureproof-member, substantially as set forth.
This specification signed this 12th day of May, 1916.
and witnessed Vitnesses S. O. EDMoNDs, I. MOIN'IOSH.
(lopies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner oflatents,
. Washington, I). 0.,