US 1272899 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
BAIII R00" FIXTURE.
APPLICATION mm uomza. ms.
Patented July 16, 1918..
mmvmn 572%? 521750 nrromns UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EMILE BERKO, OI BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOB TO CHARLES JAEGEB, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK.
Specification at Letters Patent.
Patented July 16, 1918.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EMILE Bruno, a subject of the Emperor of Austria, and a resident of the city of New York, borough of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Bath-Room Fixture of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to brackets or the.
the wall in an invisible manner and thereby Y avoid the objectionable and unsightly appearance of bolts, screws, or other fastening devices when the operation is completed.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, the invention consists in the-arran emcnt and combination of parts hereina 1 described and claimed, and while the invention is not restricted to the cxact'details of construction disclosed or suggested herein, still for the purpose of illustrating a practical embodiment thereof, reference is had to the accompanying drawings, in which like reference characters designate the same parts in the several views, and in which Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section through a soap dish and its supporting means embodying my improvements, the section being on t c line 1-1 of Fig. 2;
Fig: 2 is a plan view of the soap dish shown in Fig. 1 and indicating a transverse horizontal section through the anchoring device on the line 22 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse sectional dctail on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1;
Fi 4 is a front elevation of the fixed base mem r; and
Fig. 5 is a. rear elevation of the movable base member.
Referrin now more particularly to the drawings, show a soap dish comprising a bowl 10, a shank 11, and a fixed base 12. So far as my invention is concerned, however, the part representing the bowl may be understood as typifying the socket piece of a towel rack or other common or well known bath room fixture, the invention being limitcd to the manner of connecting the socket piece or bowl to the shank and the manner of connecting the shank to the fixed base. The main parts of my device are made preferably of porcelain or vitreous china and for the purpose of facilitating the manufacture of such parts, special fastening means must be provided between the bowl and shank portion. Accordingly the bowl is provided'with a central bore 13 countersunk at its upper or outer end at 14, this bore being provided for the accommodation of a screw bolt 15 or its equivalent, whose head is fitted within the counter-bore 14, making a neat flush finish for the interior of the bowl. The lower or inner end of the bolt 15 is screw threaded for cooperation with a nut 16.
The head 17 of the shank portion of the device is formed in one side with a socket 18, extending toward, but stopping short of the center thereof, forming an annular shoulder 19, but countcrborcd at 20 below the shoulder toaccomnlodate the threaded end of the bolt 15. The socket 18 is reamed or bored laterally, as shown at 21 on oppo vsite sides of the nut.
The not 16 seated upon the shoulder 19 is flared toward the center of the head 17 or tapered toward the head of the bolt. This particular form of the nut, however. may not that'the nut shal in some manner be provided with a lar r inner or lower end than its u per end. c nut, however, does not fill e lower end ofthe socket 18. The
space surroundin the nut and the side seats formed at 21 is lled with cement 22 or its equivalent, which is 'ada ted to harden, w iereby the nut will be 100 ed strongrl and permanently in place as indicated. e eement constitutes in elfcct a wedge or key which, coiiperating with the flaring or enlarged lower end of the nut, itively 5 1:- vents outward displacement o the nut. 1 0 ant, as usual, may be polygonal in cross section to facilitate the action of the cement in holding it from rotation.
The shank portion of the bowl is provided with a neck 23 projecting into the socket 18 uarely against the outer end of the nut an body of cement. The bore 13 be insisted u on, except that I prefer.
extends centrally through this neck as well as the main portion of the bowl. W'ith the nut in place and locked, as described, the bowl neck is slipped into the socket 18 and then the bolt is secured in place, cooperating with the nut. This construction makes a neat, close, strong connection between the bowl and the shank 11, but provides, however, that the bowl may be removed if necessary through the unscrewing of the bolt.
The shank portion 11 is provided with an anchoring base Ell, usually circular in form and having a flat rear wall This wall, however, is formed with an undercut or dovetail groove 26 extending upwardly from its lower edge as far as a square horizontal shoulder 27 just below its upper edge.
The above referred to fixed base 12 is made identical in shape and size with the removable base portion 24 just described. The fixed base is provided with a flat front surface 28, against which the flat rear face 25 of the shank member is slidably fitted. The fixed base also is provided with a dovetail tongue 29 extending from its lower edge up to the plane of the shoulder 27, the end of the tongue being adapted to abut squarely against said shoulder when the movable base member is slipped down into place along the fixed base. The fixed base 12 is adapted to be locked permanently to the wall by means of screws 30, or their equivalent, passing through holes 31 and counterbored at 32 to receive the head of the screws below the surface 28 of the base. The screws 30, or their equivalent as ordinarily applied to bath room fixtures, are passed through the base of the shank portion and hence are always visible and unsightly. Moreover, they are liable to become rusted, tarnished, or otherwise ugly in appearance and unsanitary. With this improvement, however, the fasteners are invisible and et the attachment means is strong and to all practical purposes permanent. The two base portions are fitted together so neatly that not only are the screws invisible, but the line of connection between the two base portions is either invisible or inconspicuous.
1. The herein described bath room fixture comprising a shank and a socket piece or bowl, said shank having a head with a socket formed radially in one side thereof forming a shoulder and counterbored below the shoulder, a nut seated squarely against said shoulder and spaced from the sides of the socket, a body of cement surrounding the nut and looking it rigidly in place. said socket piece having a neck projecting into said socket and having a central bore, and a bolt extending through said bore into cooperation with said nut to lock the parts together.
2. A bath room fixture comprising a shank member having a head formed in one side with a socket extending toward but short of the center of the head and also counterbored forming a shoulder, said socket being provided with side seats or extensions on opposite sides of the shoulder, a nut seated against the shoulder and spaced from the side seats and walls of the socket, anchoring means surrounding the nut extending into said side seats to lock the nut from movement, a bowl member having a shank extending into the socket and provided with a central bore registerin with the hole in the nut, and a threaded olt extending into and through said bore through the nut and into the counterbore, substantially as set forth.
3. The herein described bath room fixture comprising a shank member having a head formed with a socket in one side, the bottom of the socket constituting a square shoulder and the socket being provided with lateral extensions forming seats on opposite sides of the shoulder, a nut seated squarely against said shoulder and having a lateral enlargement below its upper end, said nut being spaced from the side walls of the socket, a body of cement filling the space around the nut and said side seats thereby holding the nut from movement on or from the shoulder, a bowl member having a neck fitted into the socket aforesaid and against the nut and the body of cement and having a central bore, and a threaded fastening member extending through the here into cooperation with the nut to lock the parts together.