|Publication number||US1272965 A|
|Publication date||Jul 16, 1918|
|Filing date||Apr 3, 1917|
|Priority date||Apr 3, 1917|
|Publication number||US 1272965 A, US 1272965A, US-A-1272965, US1272965 A, US1272965A|
|Original Assignee||Otto Kartzmark|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
APPLICATION FILED APR. a. 1911.
Patented July 16, 1918..
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
WITNESSES ATTORNEYS ms NORR.'S PETERS CO.,FHO1D-LITHO-. wAsumamn. o. c.
1 APPLICATION map APR. 3. 1912. Patented July 16 1918.
. 43 4a I 7.77 35/ .s
WITNESSES 7 26 l/WEN T01? BY I I v I 1 ATTORNEYS UNITED STATES PATENT OF IGE.
OTTO KARTZMARK, OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY.
Application filed April 3, 1917. Serial No. 159,447.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, OTTO KARTZMARK, a citizen ofthe United States, and resident of Jersey City, in the county ofHudson and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and Improved Match-Safe, 'of which the following is a full, clear, and exact ,description. I
This invention relates to match safes and has particular reference to such devices intended, among other things, for the single delivery of the matches from the bulk thereof contained in the match safe or holder.
Among the objects of the invention is to provide a single delivery match safe with improved match delivery controlling devices.
A further object of the invention is to provide a match safe construction having mner and outer telescopic sections the latter of which is adapted to be fixed rigidly and permanently to its support insuring that the match safe will not be accidentally dropped or thrown from its connections in practice. v V
Another object of the invention is to improvethe-top or lid construction constituting a part of the fixed casing, so that the manipulation of the inner section will be facilitated. i
With the foregoing andother objects in viewjthe invention consists in the arrangement and combination of parts hereinafter described and claimed, and while the inven tionis not restricted to the exact details of construction disclosed or suggested herein,
still for the purpose of illustrating a practical embodiment thereof reference is had to the accompanying drawings, in which like reference characters designate the same parts in the'several views, and in which- Figure 1 is a front perspective view showing my improvement in normal operative position.
Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional view of the same on the line 2 -2 of Fig. 4.
Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view.
Fig. 4: is a verticalsectional view on the line H of Fig. 1.
Fig.5 is a detail view corresponding to the lower portion of Fig. 4 showing the delivery action.
Fig. 6 is a 0 per corner structure 1n the manner of hingeing the lid to the main portionof the fixed detail view indicating the up- Fig. 7 is a front perspective view of the -inner casing detached.
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the burned match member or follower; and
Fig. 9 is a plan view of the blank used in forming the front and side portions of the .fix'ed casing.
As already premised, the device comprises 'two main telescopic casings '10 and 11, the former of which comprises a back panel 12 provided with any suitable number of countersunk holes 13 and 14 for accommodation of the heads of securing means, such as nails or screws 15 and 16. The peripher of the back panel 12 is preferably rolled su ciently to hold the main portion thereof spaced from the wall 17 or other support into which the nails are driven. This structure therefore is not only stiffened but accommodates itself immediately to the formation of the countersinks or depressions 13 and 14. As a further incident moreover to the rolling or beading of the edges of the back panel, there is provided adjacent to the up or end of theback panel a shoulder or 0 set 12. The fixed casing includes side panels 18 and 19, a front panel 20, and bottom wings or panels 21 and22. By reference to the blank in Fig. 9 the manner of forming the main part of the casing 10 and the relative shapes and sizes of the several parts thereof will be understood. The side panels 18 and 19 extend enough below the bottom of the front panelto provide'a slot 23 for the removal of the matches. The bottom panels 21 and 22 are formed as extensions of the side panels being bendable inwardly toward each other and in the same plane around the bending lines 24. These bottom panels, however, or those bent inwardly are spaced fromv each other as shown in the central part of Fig. 3. This space is bridged over by a wire yoke 25 of U-shape which serves several important functions among which is to stiffen this bottom structure, the yoke being held firmly in position by means of two pairs of lips 26 and 27 formed along the inner edges of the panels 21 and 22. The lips 27 are cut on two sides along the line 28 from the edges of the panels'and are bendable along the lines 29 so as to embrace the rear portion of the yoke. This slitting at 28 determines the length of the lips 26 which are bendable along lines 30 so as to embrace the side bars of the yoke- 25. It will thus be seen that in the design of the blank and the manner of cuttingout the parts thereof the element of economy in material is observed. The central part of the lower end of the panel is raisedjor' notched at 31 to provide clearance for the fingers for grasping the matches. The .rear,
edges of the panels 18 and 19 are provided with any suitable number of lugs32 "and 33' bending lines 34 around which the side panels are bent constitute upward extensions from the ends of the slot 23 so that there is no obstruction at the slot ends to interfere with the free removal of the matches.
Another main function of the yoke 25 is to provide upwardly projecting feet 25' on the outsideof the casing which serve to prevent the dropping of any matches that'may be withdrawn from theinner casing. These feet or hooks 25 are spaced outwardly and directed upwardly so as to give ample clearance for the intended removal of the matches. V
Thecover 35 for the casing consists of a fiat rectangular piece of sheet'material and is provided with a pair offelongated holes 36nearits rear edge through which the' lugs 33 project. These lugs 33 are .of special form and bear a peculiar relation to the other parts of the structure. As will heappreciated especially from' Fig'. 9 these lugs are formed as arcs ofcircles of about 90 de grees,fthe centersof which lie substantially in the corners 37 ofthe side panels just above the uppermo'st'lugs 32. As shown, in Fig. '6 theselugs 32project through the'rear panel just below the offset 12'. whereby there is provided betweenthe offset portion of the rearpanel and the corners or shoulders37 recesses into which the lower edge of the cover, when in open position, lies and whereby the cover in said open position is held flatly against the offset portionof the rear panel and with its then outer surface lying either flush with themain portion of the main part of thesurface of the back panel or withinthe same. hvhem'however', thecover is to be closed it will swing freely downwardly over the lugs 33 .as hinges. The relation moreover between the upper or rear edge ofthe coverand the lines of connection between the sameand the arc. shaped lugs 33 is such that when the lid is closed said upper edge will lie closeagainst the rearpanel. 4 v The inner casingll is of substantially rectangular form and isl so made as to slip 1 with an easy sliding fit into the outercasing 10 when the lid: i'siup and in itsunobstructing position, with respectto the offs'ejt12. as
shown in Fig. 6. This inner casing comprises front and rear panels 38 and 39 connected by side panels All of these panels are substantially the same length except .the rear panel which is extended downwardly and bent forwardly as shown at 41,
wvhich portion is provided with two.;.s paced-- spring tongues 42. (See Fig. The space between the tongues corresponds to the notching at 31 and 43 at the bottom ofthe front portion of both casings and also approximatesjthe spacing of the side portions oft-h'e'yoke 25; The tongues 42 being unconnected with the front and, side portions of the innerca'sing are free to bend down -wardly'at 'their'front' ends asshown ig. 5 to permit thematche's'to be'withdra'wn singly. The-length of the spring tongues 42 correspondssubstantially to the width of the s'ide' panels 40 of the inner easing so that the ends thereof will j ustme'et the lower end of the front panel on o posite sides' of the notch 43." As will 'be' appreciatedfrom Fig.
7 the inner casing readilyremovable from V,
the outer casing and is" made of a siz'eito accommodate easily a standard box or care ton of matches. The manner of use of the device as hue far described is as follows:
A carton of matches is cut or broken at one end and While held in the! hand with the w open end upward the inner casing, in in-' verted position, is slipped directly over the v carton ,of matches, the carton almost filling said inner casing. The casing 11 is then turned uprlght agaln and the carton is withdrawn leaving. all of' the matches in.
order in the casing 11;as indicated in Figs. 7
1 to When,"however', the cartoniswithdrawn ample space is left at the topjto' accommodate a shallow rectangular tray. 44
which has an easyshding fit; up and dowe within the inner casing. This tra'y'has a closed, bottom and sides which] extend only "fair enough to prevent the likelihood of the tiltlngofthe tray in operation. After.
the matches' are thus intro'du ced iiito the casing 11 this casing i'sslipped into the'fixe'd casing to the positionshown in Fig. 4 where it will beheld upon the rear edge of; the
bottom inclined portion ofthe fixed casing,
The front panel 38 of the inner casingmay be .provided with a forwardly projecting flange or lip 38' to facilitate the removalbf the inner casing; With the matches thus in place the tray will be introduced intoith'e top of the device.restingnaturally upon the top ofthe bulk of ina'tches. The matches may then be readily withdrawn in the 'de-. sired manner from the bottom of the match safe and'whilethe bulk of matches will thus A be loweredby the withdrawalof the matches.
fromthebo'ttom, the tray settle :a c'cordingly The purpose. of the tray is'to receive e-bu n d m t h efwh bh my b d ii d directly thereinto beneath the cover.
viously the cover projects slightly b ybiid the main body of the match safe so that it is easily lifted for this purpose. A. striker lfymay be applied to the top or any other convenient portion of the device for its usual purpose. By the time the matches are all withdrawn from the bottom of the safe the tray will have settled all the way down giving ample room for all of the burned matches so that there is no likelihood that the burned matches will be thrown about to litter or endanger the premises. When the matches have all been used and the supply is to be replenished the operator simply throws the lid back to its upright position as shown in Fig. 6 and then withdraws the inner casing with its supply of burned matches. The lid being back of or within the plane of theback of the fixed casing offers no obstruction to the withdrawal of the inner casingnor is it liable to cause injury to the operators fingers since the lower edge thereof which may be otherwise eX- posed is guarded from contact by the offset 12 and the shoulders 87. The burned matches are then dumped into the stove or other proper place and the operation is repeated as already described.
Another important'feature of this device resides in the formation of parallel ridges &6 in one or more of the vertical walls of the inner casing along which the match sticks are adapted to roll by direct contact, especially at the front panel. Each match being withdrawn from the front it follows that the bulk of the matches are glided down toward the bottom along the inner surface of the front panel. In the operation of single delivery match safes it is important that the bulk of the matches be maintained in true parallelism 5r in the same position in which they are received in the cartons. IIeretofore difficulty has been encountered because of the tendency of the heads of the. matches to cause the different ends thereof to advance at different speeds with the result that the matches became disarranged, interfering with the proper delivery. In
' this arrangement, however, the match heads have no bearing upon the walls of'the match safe since the ridges 46, as shown in Fig. 2, bear only upon the sticks. These ridges or tracks may be formed in any suitable manner upon the inner wall of the match holder.
1. In a single delivery match safe, the combination of an outer casing, means to fix the same in position, said casing having a delivery space at its bottom, a yoke bounding said space and comprising a U-shaped wire structure having its free ends projected forwardly and upwardly, a holder for matches fitted into the fixed casing and having a delivery space registering with the first mentioned space, said inner holder being provided with flexible means supporting the bulk of matches to permit the withdrawal of the same singly.
2. The herein described match safe com-.
panels, a U-shaped yoke bounding portions of the edges of said bottom panels stifiening and reinforcing the same, one portion of the yoke bridging the space between the panels, means comprising lips formed on the bottom panels and serving to hold the yoke rigidly in place, the free front ends of the yoke projecting forwardly beyond the casing and thence upwardly forming guard hooks, and means above the yoke to support a quantity of matches, said supporting means comprising a pair of flexible tongues spaced above the side portions of the yoke, the free front ends of the tongues being bendable downwardly under the force applied to a match to withdraw it therefrom.
3. In a match safe of the character set forth, the combination of 'a relatively stationary casing, a casing removably fitted within the stationary casing and adapted to carry a bulk of matches, the lower front portions of both casings being provided with registering spaces through which the matches may be grasped and withdrawn singly, guard means connected with both of the casings to control the delivery of matches therefrom, said guard means including spring members connected to the bottom of the inner casing, and having their free ends pro ecting forwardly above the guard means carried by the fixed casing.
4:. In a match safe, the combination of a fixed casing comprising a rear panel of sheet metal bent along a horizontal line to form an offset adjacent to .the upper end thereof, a flat thin cover hinged to the upper portion of the casing and adapted to seat rearwardly into said offset when being opened leaving the front surface of the main portion of the rear panel flush with the then front face of the cover, and an inner casing removably fitted to slide into and out of the fixed casing without obstruction past the cover when open, means being provided at the bottoms of both of the casings for the delivery of matches singly therefrom.
5. In a match safe, the combination of a casing having front, rear and side panels, the front and side panels being formed of a single piece of material and having rearwardly projecting lugs cooperating with the rear panels to hold the parts together, the uppermost lugs aforesaid consisting of are shaped members each concentric with the upper rear corner of a side panel, the lugs next to the uppermost lugs being located just below saidcorners, and a cover having holes through Which said arc shaped lugs project forming hinges, the rear edge of the cover When'open fitting between said lugsprQjectable through said holes to lockthe'partstogether, the uppermost lugs constituting are "shaped hinge members, said rear panel being offset along a horizontal line just below the uppermost lugs, and a flat cover having holes through which said are shaped lugs project providing for the rear' Wardmov'ement of the cover, the-lower edge Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing i i Washington, D.C.- v
of wvhich When open is seated in said offset of the rear panel, substantially asset forth; I
7.111 a match safe, the combination of-a fixed casing comprising a rearpanelhaving an offset adjacent to the upper end thereof,
a cover hingedto the upper portion of the casing and adapted to seat Within said oilset When open leavingythe front surface of the main portion of the rear panel flush with the then front face of the cover, an-
inner casing fitted to slide into the fixed cas- 1ng Wltll'OHtObStIllCtlOll past the cover When open, means at the bottom of thecasing providing for the single delivery of the matches,
and a burned match'tray slidaloly fitted into the upper end of the inner casing and sup- .ported therein upon the bulk of matches contained in theinner casing-below the tray.
the Commissioner of I'atents,
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|U.S. Classification||221/205, 221/102, D27/176, 221/191|