US 1273222 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. HIGGIN @I J. HMSL WINDOW SCREEN. APPLICATION` FILED APR. 2. |917. y
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APPLICATION FILED'APR. 27. \917.
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HENRY HIGGIN AND JOSEPH -IAAS, F NEWPORT, KENTUCKY, ASSTGNORS T0 THE RIG-GIN MANUFACTURING COMPANY, 0F NEWPORT, KENTUCKY, A COEPOMTTON OF WEST VIRGIN IA.
To all whom z't may concern.'
Be it known that we, HENRY HIGGIN and JOSEPH HAAs, citizens of theUnited States,
' and residents of Newport solder, ished of the screen frame.
frame in the usual manner bell 'to provide for a simple and `netting with a proper in the county of Campbell and State of Kentucky, have invented certain 4 new and useful Improvements in Window-Screens, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings,l making part of this specification.
Our invention relates to window screens, particularly those which are pivotally hingedso as to swingopen away from the window frames in which they are mounted.
It is our object in screens of this character effective means for obtaining such a pin mounting, wherein particularly the one pin is adapted to be pulled inwardly by an easy operation. We
also desire to provide a simple and easily operated catch pin for the holding of this form of screen to the window frame.
In wide screens -where the tension on the wire netting is liable to draw the frame out of square, braces of various kinds have been used. These have all had to be fastened to the'frame with screws, rivets, clenches or which consumes time, and when Hnmars lthe appearance of the light metal frame screen.
llt is our desire in this invention to cut the brace to a ,correct length, so thatV the ends of the brace will butt against the inner edges The brace is then located on the wire netting by creasing the rod, and placing the rod in the groove. A lll-shaped molding is then-clamped on, almost enveloping therod and binding the wire netting rmly between the two parts. The wire netting is then attached tothe for this type of screen.
The combined strength of the wire netting thus confined, together with the brace and the close endwise fit of the brace, makes this method of bracing valuable for metal screen work.
ln the retaining of the wire in the frames, so as to be removable, splines are dropped into channels of the frame pieces, so as to confine the wire therein. 'To improve over past structures, this spline and the channel walls are made with no substantial s ring Specification of Letters Patent.
Application led April 27,
tool to receive a round Patented dimly' 23, llwll., 1917. serial No. laneta l small channel shoulder to lock the connection,
In the corner pieces of the molding of the new screen of this invention, we provide for a great simplification of the structures of the pastand also provide a corner brace which allows of'a pin, such as is used inI hanging the screens of this invention, to pass through them without any necessity of ,drilling out the corner pieces.
he 'above objects and advantages We accomplish by that certain construction and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter more specifically pointed out and claimed.
lin the drawings,
Figure l is a front elevation of the screen.
fig. 2 is a detail elevation of the Cornel; piece and means` for retaining the slidable hinge pin.
Fig. 3 is a vertical section of the screen frame showing the'corner pieces and the hinge pin.
Fig. 4 is a detail perspective view of one of the halves of a corner piece.
Fig. 5 is a rear plan 'View of the exterior plate of the sliding pin device. p
Fig. 6 is a side elevation of the corner brace.
F ig. 7 is a front elevational detail of the corner of the screen showing the sliding pin device.
Fig. 8 is a detail elevation of a screen re" inorced by the new reinforcing means.
Fig. 9 isa perspective detail of this reinforcing device.
Fig. 10 is a section through the screen frame showing the lower sprln Fig. l1 is a detail elevation o the pin or plunger of this catch.
Fig. l2 is a side elevation of the screen showing the manner of hanging thesame.
rThe part of the novelty of our invention herein, comprises a single sheet of metal bent around to form a rectangular hollow trame and a channel on the inner edge thereof for removably mounting screen wire 2, by means ola spline or bar The screen corner braces are made up of two pieces of metal which may or may not be welded together.
.The two pieces are alike and are assembled pin catch.
screen molding 1, which forms no iet y cut out at 8 so as notto interfere with the.
support of a and to permit the passages.
hinge pin in the passage 6, the pins to extend out from The pins may be welded in the passages for one side of the screens withv out preventing a mounting and withdrawal of the screens from their` hinged mounting,
It can be seen that the corner braces above.
described thus are not only an extremely simple and strong corner brac-e which is readily formed up out of sheet metal, but also that they adapt themselves .to hinge pin supported screens.
In mounting the hinge pins in the screens, the fixed 'pin 10 may, as stated, be welded Ain place 1n the passage along the edge of one of the corner braces. This brace is put into the screen in the ordinary manner at one of the upper' corners thereof, and the screen molding provided with an aperture to permit the passage of the pin.
The movable pin 11 is of considerable length plate 12, which has a screw hole 13 therein. The pin is inserted in the molding of the screen with the plate end of the pin extending into the rectangular portion of the molding. The molding has a small slot 11 therein located adjacent the position which the plate will take, and set over this slot is a small plate 15. This cover plate 15 forms a cover for the slot and in its rear face has a knob or lug 17 projecting inwardly. A. screw 16 is passed through the hole 16 in the cover plate 15 and takes into the threaded opening 13 i-n the plate12. The slot 14 in the molding is long enough to allow the lug 17 to engage in one end of the slot when the coverpplate is in parallel position with the molding strip. lt will be obvious from this constructionl that by loosening the screw 16 the lug 17 on the cover plate can be lifted from the slot 111 and thecover plate turned around and the plate 15 pushed to shift the screw 16 to the other end of the slot, and then the lug 17 when the screw is tightened will also engage in the slot.
To assemble the construction, the two niembe'rs'of the corner brace are placed together and the pin 11 with its plate 12 located in the open space of the brace with the pin projectingthrough the opening 8.
' These assembled parts are then inserted together, with the respective legs of the brace in the 'two molding strips that are to forni and has tightly secured to it a smalla corner, an aperture being provided at the end of the molding to allow for the pas- .sage of the pin.
The parts are' so proportioned that when the small exterior plate is set with its screw sujiporting end away from the protruding end of the pin, and with the screw in engagement. with the pin plate, then the protruding end of the pin will be about flush with the side molding of the screen.
lf .the exterior plate is set lengthwise with the molding slot and the screw fastened in, the knob on the plate will engage the other end of the slot and hold the device tightly locked against movement. vTo extend the pin the screw is loosened and the small plate pushed along to carry the screw toward the protruding end'of the pin, the screw moving in the slot. This will move out the pin, and the plate may be swung around and locked in position as before except that it is reversed in position.
The screen may, as is obvious, b e mounted by the above means in any desired journals at the upper corners of the window frame, and the screen thereby hinged so as to swing out from the window sill, as desired. A screw, a pin, two small plates of simple construction, a slot in the molding and the labor of welding the one plaie to the pin, makeup the entire device.
'At the base of the screen molding it is desirable to have some sortl of catch to prevent tlie screen from beingopened out from the outside by unauthorized persons. l? or this purpose, a piece of sheet metal is provided, which is bent around at one end to form a hollow plunger 20. The plate is then extended as a flat bar 21. ing of the screen has a round aperture; at the base to permit of insertion of the plunger from below, and the'walls of the molding above are slotted to permit of the passage of the flat bar portion.
A spring is placed in the hollow of the plunger portion and the device thrust up in the base molding until the bar portion protru'des above. A ring 22 is provided over which the bar is bent at 23. which holds the plunger from removal land provides a finger hold. The spring tends to force the ,plunger down, so that it will form a spring The moldln our new bracing device, .a round bar 30 of suitable metal is provided .which is of the exact size vto fit snugly between the inside edges of the frame where it is to be mounted. The wire is creased and the,
bar set in the crease, taking up in a usual case say one inch of the wlre netting. 'lhe netting is pressed over the bar and held confined in this position by the metal strip 3l which is bent around the bar over the wire.
A piece of netting so reinforced may then be set in a rewirable screen frame, as shown in the drawings, with no diiliculty. The economy of the structure, and its mounting seem apparent over prior devices.` lf proper care is taken, the ends .of the bar and of the confining strip as well will abut the inner sides of the frame pieces or moldings of the screen, and will hold stiiiiy in place Yai, the netting is tightly drawn. There will, under proper conditions,
' tendency to tilt or pull out of position.v
the reinforcing piece, but if there should, a drop of solder would make it absolutely rigid. The device will give a stiffness and strength to the netting along the line of reinforcement, and brace the screen in all its parts. thoroughly. So far as we are aware, no one in the past has devised a reinforcing member for screen netting which is secured to the netting itself, and accordingly we feel that the failure to mention `the various other means in which this could be accomplished should not be construed as a limitation of our claims for novelty on this feature.
As stated above, the splineswhich secure the Wire removably in the screen are made to lit into thel channel of the screen moldings. lt will be noted that the channel portions of the moldings have small beads .32 formed along their outer walls by a slight return bend of the metal from which they are constructed. rllhe splines are shaped so that they present alflat wall 33 to the :inner channel walls and a slight `longitudinal depression Slt-to the beaded edge of the outerv wall. The edges of the splines abut the bases of the channels.
lt is desirable in the rewirable metal screen frame, thaty the resiliency of the nietal either of the channel or the splines, should not be counted upon for the holding of the wire netting in place throughout the life of the screen. rllhus `the channel portions of the moldings and the splines in this construction are, neither of them resilientin any appreciable mannen the beaded edges of the channel walls, after vide a lock or seal to hold them in. As a i preferred form of such a member, we pro- `splines and prevent their jarring lloose.
be no ist y .The splines can be tipped into the grooves because of the clearance allowed by the depressions '34, but as is noted this depression leaves some clearance space between it and 7() the splines are in place. While `the splines might remain in place for .a long time without any other devices for holding them in, we have found that it is desirablevto pro.-
vide small pins 35 which are forced .into the place between the depressions of the splines. and tthebeads on the outer channel walls.. These pins act to wedge or lock the'splines in place until the pins are removed, force the inner walls of the splines firmly u p against the inner channel walls, f
and generally make a good tight fit for the After rewiring the screens, the splines will not always remain true to line, and the"Y pins will Akeep them flat and smooth in the channels, making a much neater job than is possible in the'other rewirable screens of the day. y
It is believed that in the above matter theV operation of the parts where not obvious.. has been explained and the advantages rey sulting from their construction and useggg; pointed out, so that it is not believed necessary to deal with them any further. v
This spring pin latch is also of 4Very simple construction, as it is made up of a single piece of metal, a ring and a. small spring.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is :w-
fl. In a screen adapted for hinging in suitable journals, a hollowframe for the screen, apin hinge sliding in the frame, means'on the pin adapted to be engaged by a screw or its equivalent, and an adjustable member on 'the .frame carrying such screw, 110 for. the purpose described.
2. In a screen, a hollow frame, a sliding hinge pin therein, said frame provided with a slot, a cover plate for said slot, means on the plate for engaging the pin, said plate adapted to be shifted for changing the position of the pin, for the purpose described.
3. lln a screen, a hollow frame member,'a hinge pin therein and extending therefrom, a plate secured to the pin, said frame provided with a slot, a cover plateadjustable pin, and means on the hinge pin for engaging the screw whereby the reversing of the position of the plate will work a longitudinal movement of the pin.
5. In a screen, hollow frame members adapted to be set against each other to form a rectangular structure, and ,Corner reinforcements for said frame comprising plates of angle form, having longitudinal depressions and set together with the depressed portions against eachl other, so that the walls of said depressions flare away.
6. In a screen, hollow frame members adapted to be set against each other to form a] rectangular structure, and corner reinforcements for said frame comprising plates of angle form, having longitudinal depressions and set together with the depressed portions against each other, so that the walls of said depressions Hare away, the outer walls having a return bend from said depressed portions thereby forming'a hollow passageway for a hinge pin or the like.
7. In a screen, hollow frame members set together to form a rectangular frame, and corner reinforcements Jfor said frame comprising two angle-shaped pieces of metal having depressions along the median line, and fla-ring walls therefrom, said pieces set with the depressed portions abutting each other, for .the purpose described.
8. In a screen, a hollow frame, a sliding pin therein, and corner braces for said hollow frame, 'said braces being formed of metal pieces so shaped and set together as to leave a passageway for the pin inside of the said brace. y
`9. In a screen, the combination with a hollow frame and a sliding pin to slide therein, a corner brace for said frame, said brace being expanded at its outer edge to form a passageway for the retention of the pin.
-10. A wire screen comprising a framework, with a unitary piece of wire mesh mounted therein, said wire mesh provided with a reinforcing member extending across the width of the wire, with means for ser curing the wire thereto, said reinforcing member being of a length to fit snugly between the sides of the frame without attachment to the frame.
11. A wire screen comprising a framework, with a unitary piece of wire mesh mounted therein, said wire mesh provided with a rodw extending across the width of the'. wire, with a metal strip bent around the wire to secure the same to the rod, said rod being of a length to lit snugly between the sides of the frame.
12. In a window screen, the combination of metal molding for the frame therefor, said moldings being formed with substantially non-resilient channels for receiving the gauze, substantially non-resilient wire retaining splines adapted to fit closely in the channels, and small pins set into the channelslongitudinally to lock the splines in place.
13. In a window screen, the combination of metal molding for the frame therefor, said moldings being formed with substan tially non-resilient channels for receiving the gauze, having a bead on the one upper edge thereof, substantially non-resilient wire retaining splines adapted to lit closely in the channels, and small pins set into the;v channels between the splines and the beads, longitudinally to lock the splines in place.
' HENRY HIGGIN. JOSEPH IIAAS.